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2061 | Since 2005 임희재 | 블루티쳐학원 | 01033383436 | 200710 22:53:52




1. 2061-18


On behalf of Jeperson High School, I am writing this letter to request permission to conduct an industrial field trip in your factory.

(A) But of course, we need your blessing and support. 35 students would be accompanied by two teachers. 1

(B) And we would just need a day for the trip. I would really appreciate your cooperation. 2

(C) We hope to give some practical education to our students in regard to industrial procedures. With this purpose in mind, we believe your firm is ideal to carry out such a project. 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


2. 2061-19


Erda lay on her back in a clearing, watching drops of sunlight slide through the mosaic of leaves above her.

(A) Erda walked between the warm trunks of the trees. She felt all her concerns had gone away. 2

(B) She joined them for a little, moving with the gentle breeze, feeling the warm sun feed her. A slight smile was spreading over her face. 0

(C) She slowly turned over and pushed her face into the grass, smelling the green pleasant scent from the fresh wild flowers. Free from her daily burden, she got to her feet and went on. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


3. 2061-20


The dish you start with serves as an anchor food for your entire meal.

(A) Experiments show that people eat nearly 50 percent greater quantity of the food they eat first. If you start with a dinner roll, you will eat more starches, less protein, and fewer vegetables. 0

(B) If you are going to eat something unhealthy, at least save it for last. This will give your body the opportunity to fill up on better options before you move on to starches or sugary desserts. 2

(C) Eat the healthiest food on your plate first. As age‒old wisdom suggests, this usually means starting with your vegetables or salad. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


4. 2061-21


Authentic, effective body language is more than the sum of individual signals.

(A) When people work from this rote‒ memory, dictionary approach, they stop seeing the bigger picture, all the diverse aspects of social perception. Instead, they see a person with crossed arms and think, "Reserved, angry." They see a smile and think, "Happy." 0

(B) Your actions seem robotic; your body language signals are disconnected from one another. You end up confusing the very people you're trying to attract because your body language just rings false. 2

(C) They use a firm handshake to show other people "who is boss." Trying to use body language by reading a body language dictionary is like trying to speak French by reading a French dictionary. Things tend to fall apart in an inauthentic mess. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


5. 2061-22


A goal‒oriented mind‒set can create a "yo‒yo" effect.

(A) Many runners work hard for months, but as soon as they cross the finish line, they stop training. The race is no longer there to motivate them. When all of your hard work is focused on a particular goal, what is left to push you forward after you achieve it? 0

(B) True long‒term thinking is goal‒less thinking. It's not about any single accomplishment. It is about the cycle of endless refinement and continuous improvement. Ultimately, it is your commitment to the process that will determine your progress. 2

(C) This is why many people find themselves returning to their old habits after accomplishing a goal. The purpose of setting goals is to win the game. The purpose of building systems is to continue playing the game. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


6. 2061-23


Like anything else involving effort, compassion takes practice.

(A) At other times, helping involves some real sacrifice. "A bone to the dog is not charity," Jack London observed. 1

(B) We have to work at getting into the habit of standing with others in their time of need. Sometimes offering help is a simple matter that does not take us far out of our way ― remembering to speak a kind word to someone who is down, or spending an occasional Saturday morning volunteering for a favorite cause. 0

(C) "Charity is the bone shared with the dog, when you are just as hungry as the dog." If we practice taking the many small opportunities to help others, we'll be in shape to act when those times requiring real, hard sacrifice come along. 2

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


7. 2061-24


Every event that causes you to smile makes you feel happy and produces feel‒good chemicals in your brain.

(A) Researchers studied the effects of a genuine and forced smile on individuals during a stressful event. The researchers had participants perform stressful tasks while not smiling, smiling, or holding chopsticks crossways in their mouths (to force the face to form a smile). 1

(B) Force your face to smile even when you are stressed or feel unhappy. The facial muscular pattern produced by the smile is linked to all the "happy networks" in your brain and will in turn naturally calm you down and change your brain chemistry by releasing the same feel‒good chemicals. 0

(C) The results of the study showed that smiling, forced or genuine, during stressful events reduced the intensity of the stress response in the body and lowered heart rate levels after recovering from the stress. 2

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


8. 2061-25


The above graph shows what devices British people considered the most important when connecting to the Internet in 2014 and 2016.

(A) In 2014, UK Internet users were the least likely to select a tablet as their most important device for Internet access. In contrast, they were the least likely to consider a desktop as their most important device for Internet access in 2016. 1

(B) More than a third of UK Internet users considered smartphones to be their most important device for accessing the Internet in 2016. In the same year, the smartphone overtook the laptop as the most important device for Internet access. 0

(C) The proportion of UK Internet users who selected a desktop as their most important device for Internet access decreased by half from 2014 to 2016. 2

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


9. 2061-26


Sigrid Undset was born on May 20, 1882, in Kalundborg, Denmark.

(A) None of her books leaves the reader unconcerned. She received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928. One of her novels has been translated into more than eighty languages. She escaped Norway during the German occupation, but she returned after the end of World War Ⅱ. 2

(B) She was the eldest of three daughters. She moved to Norway at the age of two. Her early life was strongly influenced by her father's historical knowledge. 0

(C) At the age of sixteen, she got a job at an engineering company to support her family. She read a lot, acquiring a good knowledge of Nordic as well as foreign literature, English in particular. She wrote thirty six books. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


10. 2061-29


Positively or negatively, our parents and families are powerful influences on us.

(A) The influence of peers, she argues, is much stronger than that of parents. "The world that children share with their peers," she says, "is what shapes their behavior and modifies the characteristics they were born with, and hence determines the sort of people they will be when they grow up." 2

(B) As a result, the pressure to conform to the standards and expectations of friends and other social groups is likely to be intense. Judith Rich Harris, who is a developmental psychologist, argues that three main forces shape our development: personal temperament, our parents, and our peers. 1

(C) But even stronger, especially when we're young, are our friends. We often choose friends as a way of expanding our sense of identity beyond our families. 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


11. 2061-30


The brain makes up just two percent of our body weight but uses 20 percent of our energy.

(A) Actually, per unit of matter, the brain uses by far more energy than our other organs. That means that the brain is the most expensive of our organs. But it is also marvelously efficient. 1

(B) Our brains require only about four hundred calories of energy a day — about the same as we get from a blueberry muffin. Try running your laptop for twenty‒four hours on a muffin and see how far you get. 2

(C) In newborns, it's no less than 65 percent. That's partly why babies sleep all the time — their growing brains exhaust them — and have a lot of body fat, to use as an energy reserve when needed. Our muscles use even more of our energy, about a quarter of the total, but we have a lot of muscle. 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


12. 2061-31


When reading another scientist's findings, think critically about the experiment.

(A) Are the sources of information reliable? You should also ask if the scientist or group conducting the experiment was unbiased. Being unbiased means that you have no special interest in the outcome of the experiment. 1

(B) For example, if a drug company pays for an experiment to test how well one of its new products works, there is a special interest involved: The drug company profits if the experiment shows that its product is effective. Therefore, the experimenters aren't objective. They might ensure the conclusion is positive and benefits the drug company. When assessing results, think about any biases that may be present! 2

(C) Ask yourself: Were observations recorded during or after the experiment? Do the conclusions make sense? Can the results be repeated? 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


13. 2061-32


Humans are champion long‒distance runners.

(A) As soon as a person and a chimp start running they both get hot. Chimps quickly overheat; humans do not, because they are much better at shedding body heat. 0

(B) Try wearing a couple of extra jackets — or better yet, fur coats — on a hot humid day and run a mile. Now, take those jackets off and try it again. You'll see what a difference a lack of fur makes. 2

(C) According to one leading theory, ancestral humans lost their hair over successive generations because less hair meant cooler, more effective long‒distance running. That ability let our ancestors outmaneuver and outrun prey. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


14. 2061-33


Recently I was with a client who had spent almost five hours with me.

(A) Here was a case where my client's language and most of his body revealed nothing but positive feelings. His feet, however, were the most honest communicators, and they clearly told me that as much as he wanted to stay, duty was calling. 2

(B) "Yes," he admitted. "I am so sorry. I didn't want to be rude but I have to call London and I only have five minutes!" 1

(C) As we were parting for the evening, we reflected on what we had covered that day. Even though our conversation was very collegial, I noticed that my client was holding one leg at a right angle to his body, seemingly wanting to take off on its own. At that point I said, "You really do have to leave now, don't you?" 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


15. 2061-34


One of the main reasons that students may think they know the material, even when they don't, is that they mistake familiarity for understanding.

(A) In fact, familiarity can often lead to errors on multiple‒choice exams because you might pick a choice that looks familiar, only to find later that it was something you had read, but it wasn't really the best answer to the question. 2

(B) As you read it over, the material is familiar because you remember it from before, and this familiarity might lead you to think, "Okay, I know that." The problem is that this feeling of familiarity is not necessarily equivalent to knowing the material and may be of no help when you have to come up with an answer on the exam. 1

(C) Here is how it works: You read the chapter once, perhaps highlighting as you go. Then later, you read the chapter again, perhaps focusing on the highlighted material. 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


16. 2061-35


Given the widespread use of emoticons in electronic communication, an important question is whether they help Internet users to understand emotions in online communication.

(A) Emoticons, particularly character‒based ones, are much more ambiguous relative to face‒to‒face cues and may end up being interpreted very differently by different users. 0

(B) One study of 137 instant messaging users revealed that emoticons allowed users to correctly understand the level and direction of emotion, attitude, and attention expression and that emoticons were a definite advantage in non‒verbal communication. Similarly, another study showed that emoticons were useful in strengthening the intensity of a verbal message, as well as in the expression of sarcasm. 2

(C) Nonetheless, research indicates that they are useful tools in online text‒based communication. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


17. 2061-36


Students work to get good grades even when they have no interest in their studies.

(A) Soon everyone is standing, just to be able to see as well as before. Everyone is on their feet rather than sitting, but no one's position has improved. And if someone refuses to stand, he might just as well not be at the game at all. 1

(B) People seek job advancement even when they are happy with the jobs they already have. It's like being in a crowded football stadium, watching the crucial play. A spectator several rows in front stands up to get a better view, and a chain reaction follows. 0

(C) When people pursue goods that are positional, they can't help being in the rat race. To choose not to run is to lose. 2

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


18. 2061-37


When we compare human and animal desire we find many extraordinary differences.

(A) Animals tend to eat with their stomachs, and humans with their brains. When animals' stomachs are full, they stop eating, but humans are never sure when to stop. 0

(B) Therefore, they eat as much as possible while they can. It is due, also, to the knowledge that, in an insecure world, pleasure is uncertain. Therefore, the immediate pleasure of eating must be exploited to the full, even though it does violence to the digestion. 2

(C) When they have eaten as much as their bellies can take, they still feel empty, they still feel an urge for further gratification. This is largely due to anxiety, to the knowledge that a constant supply of food is uncertain. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


19. 2061-38


Currently, we cannot send humans to other planets.

(A) Because of these obstacles, most research missions in space are accomplished through the use of spacecraft without crews aboard. These explorations pose no risk to human life and are less expensive than ones involving astronauts. The spacecraft carry instruments that test the compositions and characteristics of planets. 2

(B) Another obstacle is the harsh conditions on other planets, such as extreme heat and cold. Some planets do not even have surfaces to land on. 1

(C) One obstacle is that such a trip would take years. A spacecraft would need to carry enough air, water, and other supplies needed for survival on the long journey. 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


20. 2061-39


Our brains are constantly solving problems.

(A) Every time we learn, or remember, or make sense of something, we solve a problem. Some psychologists have characterized all infant language‒learning as problem‒solving, extending to children such scientific procedures as "learning by experiment," or "hypothesis‒testing." 0

(B) In order to learn language, an infant must make sense of the contexts in which language occurs; problems must be solved. We have all been solving problems of this kind since childhood, usually without awareness of what we are doing. 2

(C) Grown‒ups rarely explain the meaning of new words to children, let alone how grammatical rules work. Instead they use the words or the rules in conversation and leave it to children to figure out what is going on. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


21. 2061-40


Have you noticed that some coaches get the most out of their athletes while others don't?

(A) Naturally, your mind recreates what it just "saw" based on what it's been told. Not surprisingly, you walk on the court and drop the ball. What does the good coach do? 1

(B) He or she points out what could be improved, but will then tell you how you could or should perform: "I know you'll catch the ball perfectly this time." Sure enough, the next image in your mind is you catching the ball and scoring a goal. Once again, your mind makes your last thoughts part of reality — but this time, that "reality" is positive, not negative. 2

(C) A poor coach will tell you what you did wrong and then tell you not to do it again: "Don't drop the ball!" What happens next? The images you see in your head are images of you dropping the ball! 0

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


22. 2061-4142


Marketers have known for decades that you buy what you see first.

(A) That same shelf is now filled with healthy snacks, which makes good decisions easy. Foods that sit out on tables are even more critical. When you see food every time you walk by, you are likely to grab and eat it. So to improve your choices, leave good foods like apples and pistachios sitting out instead of crackers and candy. 2

(B) You are far more likely to purchase items placed at eye level in the grocery store, for example, than items on the bottom shelf. There is an entire body of research about the way "product placement" in stores influences your buying behavior. This gives you a chance to use product placement to your advantage. Healthy items like produce are often the least visible foods at home. You won't think to eat what you don't see. 0

(C) This may be part of the reason why 85 percent of Americans do not eat enough fruits and vegetables. If produce is hidden in a drawer at the bottom of your refrigerator, these good foods are out of sight and mind. The same holds true for your pantry. I used to have a shelf lined with salty crackers and chips at eye level. When these were the first things I noticed, they were my primary snack foods. 1

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


23. 2061-4345


"Grandma," asked Amy, "are angels real?"

(A) "Are you an angel?" asked Amy. The lady gave no reply, but stared coldly at her, leaving without saying a word. "That was not an angel!" said Amy. "No, indeed!" said Grandmother. So Amy walked ahead again. Then, she met a beautiful woman who wore a dress as white as snow. "You must be an angel!" cried Amy. "You dear little girl, do I really look like an angel?" she asked. "You are an angel!" replied Amy. 1

(B) "Some people say so," said Grandmother. Amy told Grandmother that she had seen them in pictures. But she also wanted to know if her grandmother had ever actually seen an angel. Her grandmother said she had, but they looked different than in pictures. "Then, I am going to find one!" said Amy. "That's good! But I will go with you, because you're too little," said Grandmother. Amy complained, "But you walk so slowly." "I can walk faster than you think!" Grandmother replied, with a smile. So they started, Amy leaping and running. Then, she saw a horse coming towards them. On the horse sat a wonderful lady. When Amy saw her, the woman sparkled with jewels and gold, and her eyes were brighter than diamonds. 0

(C) But suddenly the woman's face changed when Amy stepped on her dress by mistake. "Go away, and go back to your home!" she shouted. As Amy stepped back from the woman, she stumbled and fell. She lay in the dusty road and sobbed. "I am tired! Will you take me home, Grandma?" she asked. "Sure! That is what I came for," Grandmother said in a warm voice. They started to walk along the road. Suddenly Amy looked up and said, "Grandma, you are not an angel, are you?" "Oh, honey," said Grandmother, "I'm not an angel." "Well, Grandma, you are an angel to me because you always stay by my side," said Amy. 2

① A-C-B ② B-A-C ③ B-C-A ④ C-A-B ⑤ C-B-A


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