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OL12 | Since 2005 위스마트, 임희재 | WAYNE.TISTORY.COM | +821033383436 | 제작일 20180821


OL12 | Since 2005 위스마트, 임희재 | WAYNE.TISTORY.COM | +821033383436 | 제작일 20180821


가끔은 혁신을 추구하다 실수할 때도 있습니다. 하지만 빨리 인정하고 다른 혁신을 개선해 나가는 것이 최선입니다. Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations. -스티브 잡스

필수 단어

adjust 적응시키다 조정하다
afflicted 괴롭히다/가하다
complicate 복잡하게 하다
constantly 계속/끊임없이
contributing 공헌하다
corrective 교정하는
countryside 시골/지방
declines 감소하다
desires 바라다
discrimination 차별/편견
embark 배를 타다/시작하다
entire 완전한/전체의
gentry 신사 계급/상류 사회
highway 고속도로/간선도로
individual 개인의
instrument 기구/수단
itinerant 순회하는
journey 여행/여정
least 가장 적은/최소의
lens 렌즈/시점
lightbulb 전구
minicomputers 소형컴
necessitating ~을 필요로하다
objects 물건/대상
occasions 경우/기회
panel 위원단/패널
perform 공연하다
pondered ~을 깊이 생각하다
poorer 더 가난한
poses 포즈/제기하다
practitioner 개업자
presbyopia 노안
prior 앞의/이전의
profession 직업/직종
rarely 거의 ~하지 않는
refocusing 다시초점을맞추
remind 상기시키다/생각나게 하다
rural 농업의/시골의
spectrum 스펙트럼
stationary 정지된/고정된
stiffen 강화하다
travelling 이동/이동하는(순회하는)
troupe 일행/일단
uncertain 불확실한/불투명한
urban 도시의/도심의
vagabond 방랑하는/방랑자


필! 어휘의 이해

adjust
afflicted
complicate
constantly
contributing
corrective
countryside
declines
desires
discrimination
embark
entire
era
gentry
highway
individual
instrument
itinerant
journey
least
lens
lightbulb
minicomputers
necessitating
objects
occasions
panel
perform
pondered
poorer
poses
practitioner
presbyopia
prior
profession
rarely
refocusing
remind
rural
spectrum
stationary
stiffen
travelling
troupe
uncertain
urban
vagabond


주간 필수문법

♕ Ving
연구결과, <동→명→형→부>?의 빈도로 나타난다. ▽

∙This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

∙Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time.

♕ Ved/PP
#동→형→부? #Had_pp

∙This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

∙Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty.

♕ To
<명→형→부→전명→5V보어>?

∙We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon.

∙In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.

∙Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for.

∙Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time.

♕ Conj
<명접→형접→부접>? ex)that=접/관/동/부

∙Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today.

∙This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

∙We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon.

∙Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for.

∙Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty.

♕ It
<대명→가주→가목→강조>?

∙In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.


주간 필수문법AB

1. He often became an itinerant performer, [travelling / travelled]1 among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or to celebrate important occasions in the lives of the local gentry.

2. Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers [that / what / how]1 fit in our pockets.

3. Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer [ouring / to our]2 true desires or we reach the point we set out for.

4. New Year, and other festival times. Every great thing that was ever [starting / started]2 began in uncertainty.

5. Either we learn a lesson [that / what / how]1 brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for.

6. Until recently, in fact, a theater practitioner could hardly earn his [living / lived]1 with one stationary troupe.

7. New Year, and other festival times. Every great thing [that / what / how]1 was ever started began in uncertainty.

8. This is what causes difficulty in [seing / seen]1 close objects clearly ( [calling / called]2 presbyopia), [necessitating / necessitated]1 either longer arms or corrective lenses.

9. As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, [causing / caused]1 poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum.

10. Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect [that / what / how]1 society pays him or her today.

11. This also poses a major problem in driving. Because drivers are constantly [changing / changed]1 their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower [refocusing / refocused]1 time.

12. Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely [enjoying / enjoyed]2 the respect that society pays him or her today.

13. Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, contributing to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing [that / what / how]1 afflicted his profession for centuries.

14. This is [that / what / how]2 causes difficulty in seing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

15. Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers that fit in our pockets. In order [bringing / to bring]2 our ideas or dreams to life, we have [expecting / to expect]2 fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.

16. Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, [contributing / contributed]1 to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing that [afflicting / afflicted]2 his profession for centuries.

17. We must remind ourselves [that / what / how]1 there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon.

18. He often became an itinerant performer, travelling among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or [celebrating / to celebrate]2 important occasions in the lives of the local gentry.




주간 어려운 문장


<7> Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today. [올림 12-3]

<7> He often became an itinerant performer, travelling among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or to celebrate important occasions in the lives of the local gentry. [올림 12-3]

<7> Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, contributing to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing that afflicted his profession for centuries. [올림 12-3]

<6> As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum. [올림 12-3]

<6> This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses. [올림 12-3]

<7> Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time. [올림 12-3]

어렵문! 어순의 배열


1. Prior [modern / to / era, / the] the [rural / whether / actor, / Chinese] amateur [or / professional, / urban / rarely] enjoyed [respect / that / society / the] pays [her / today / or / him].
Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today.
2. He [became / itinerant / an / often] performer, [among / small / travelling / towns] and [to / perform / villages / rural] during [celebrate / or / to / festivals] important [the / lives / occasions / in] of [local / the / gentry].
He often became an itinerant performer, travelling among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or to celebrate important occasions in the lives of the local gentry.
3. Most [individual / were / actors / at] least [to / part-time / itinerants, / contributing] the [of / vagabond / the / image] good-for-nothing [his / profession / that / afflicted] for centuries.
Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, contributing to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing that afflicted his profession for centuries.
4. As [older, / the / grow / we] eye [more / lens / yellow, / becomes] causing [discrimination / color / poorer / in] the [end / green-blue-violet / of / the] spectrum.
As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum.
5. This [causes / difficulty / is / what] in [objects / close / seeing / clearly] (called [necessitating / presbyopia), / longer / either] arms [lenses / corrective / or].
This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.
6. Because [are / changing / drivers / constantly] their [the / focus / instrument / from] panel [autos / and / other / to] signs [the / highway, / on / older] drivers [miss / may / information / important] because [refocusing / of / their / slower] time.
Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time.


기회는 일어나는 것이 아니라 만들어내는 것이다. -크리스 그로서

올림 12-1
필! 글의 이해

1 Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today.

2 Until recently, in fact, a theater practitioner could hardly earn his living with one stationary troupe.

3 He often became an itinerant performer, travelling among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or to celebrate important occasions in the lives of the local gentry.

4 Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, contributing to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing that afflicted his profession for centuries.

5 In the imperial period, entire urban troupes might tour the countryside at harvest, New Year, and other festival times.



1 현대 시대 이전에는 시골의 아마추어든 도시의 전문배우든 상관없이 중국의 배우는 오늘날 사회가 그들에게 표하는 존경을 거 의 향유하지 못했다. 2 사실상 최근까지 전문 연기자는 한 지역에 정착하여 공연하는 극단으로는 거의 생계를 유지할 수 없었다. 3 그는 흔히 순회 연기자가 되어 축제기간 동안 공연하기 위해서 또는 지방 유지의 삶에서 중요한 행사를 축하하기 위해서 작은 도시와 시골 마을들을 여행하였다. 4 대부분의 개인 자 격의 배우들은 적어도 시간제로 일하는 순회배우였고, 수세기 동안 그의 직업에 폐를 끼친, 이리저리 떠도는 아무짝에도 쓸모없는 사람이라는 인식을 심어주는 데 기여하였다. 5 제국주의 시대에는 도시극단 전체가 추수철, 설날, 그리고 다른 축제 기간에 지방을 돌아다닐 수 도 있었다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

현대 시대 이전에는 시골의 아마추어든 도시의 전문배우든 상관없이 중국의 배우는 오늘날 사회가 그들에게 표하는 존경을 거 의 향유하지 못했다.
1 Prior to the modern er
a
, the Chinese actor, whether ru
ral
amateur or ur
ban
pr
ofessional
, ra
rely
enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today.

사실상 최근까지 전문 연기자는 한 지역에 정착하여 공연하는 극단으로는 거의 생계를 유지할 수 없었다.
2 Until recently, 연i
n
fact, a theater pr
actitioner
could hardly earn his living with one st
ationary
tr
oupe
.

그는 흔히 순회 연기자가 되어 축제기간 동안 공연하기 위해서 또는 지방 유지의 삶에서 중요한 행사를 축하하기 위해서 작은 도시와 시골 마을들을 여행하였다.
3 He often became an it
inerant
pe
rformer
, tr
avelling
among small towns and ru
ral
villages to pe
rform
during festivals or to celebrate important oc
casions
in the lives of the local ge
ntry
.

대부분의 개인 자 격의 배우들은 적어도 시간제로 일하는 순회배우였고, 수세기 동안 그의 직업에 폐를 끼친, 이리저리 떠도는 아무짝에도 쓸모없는 사람이라는 인식을 심어주는 데 기여하였다.
4 Most in
dividual
actors were at le
ast
part-time it
inerants
, co
ntributing
to the image of the va
gabond
good-for-nothing that af
flicted
his pr
ofession
for centuries.

제국주의 시대에는 도시극단 전체가 추수철, 설날, 그리고 다른 축제 기간에 지방을 돌아다닐 수 도 있었다.
5 In the imperial period, en
tire
ur
ban
tr
oupes
might tour the co
untryside
at harvest, New Year, and other festival times.

modern / era / rural / amateur / urban / professional / rarely / respect / society / 연in / theater / practitioner / earn / stationary / troupe / itinerant / performer / travelling / rural / perform / festivals / celebrate / important / occasions / local / gentry / individual / least / itinerants / contributing / image / vagabond / afflicted / profession / centuries / period / entire / urban / troupes / tour / countryside / harvest / festival



필! 순서의 이해
올림 12-1

Prior to the modern era, the Chinese actor, whether rural amateur or urban professional, rarely enjoyed the respect that society pays him or her today.

(    ) Most individual actors were at least part-time itinerants, contributing to the image of the vagabond good-for-nothing that afflicted his profession for centuries.
(    ) Until recently, in fact, a theater practitioner could hardly earn his living with one stationary troupe.
(    ) In the imperial period, entire urban troupes might tour the countryside at harvest, New Year, and other festival times.
(    ) He often became an itinerant performer, travelling among small towns and rural villages to perform during festivals or to celebrate important occasions in the lives of the local gentry.


∙Prior to ∙Until re ∙He often ∙Most ind ∙In the i



올림 12-2
필! 글의 이해

1 Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty.

2 Thomas Alva Edison asked, "Will this work" and now we experience the gift of the lightbulb.

3 Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers that fit in our pockets.

4 In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.

5 We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon.

6 Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for.



1 지금까지 시작된 위대한 모든 것은 불확실성에서 시작되었다. 2 Thomas Alva Edison은 "이것이 작동될까"라는 의문을 가졌고, 우리는 지금 전구라는 선물을 경험하고 있다. 3 Steve Jobs는 "이것이 필요할까"에 대해 곰곰이 생각했고, 지금 우리는 주머니에 딱 맞는 소형 컴퓨터를 가지고 있다. 4 우리의 아이디어나 꿈에 생기를 불어넣기 위해서, 우리는 두려움과 불확실성을 예상하고, 그것을 기꺼이 맞아들여야 하며, 일단 그것에 직면하면 그것은 더 이상 우리에게 지배력이 없다는 것을 알아야 한다. 5 우리는 우리 스스로에게 우리가 착수하는 모든 불확실한 여행에는 두 가지의 가능성 있는 결말이 있다는 것을 상기시켜야 한다. 6 우리의 진정한 욕망으로 한 발짝 더 다가서게 하는 교훈을 배우거나 또는 우리가 목표로 삼고 출발했던 지점에 도달하게 된다는 것을 말이다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

지금까지 시작된 위대한 모든 것은 불확실성에서 시작되었다.
1 Every great thing that was ever started began in un
certainty
.

Thomas Alva Edison은 "이것이 작동될까"라는 의문을 가졌고, 우리는 지금 전구라는 선물을 경험하고 있다.
2 Thomas Alva Edison asked, "Will this work" and now we experience the gift of the li
ghtbulb
.

Steve Jobs는 "이것이 필요할까"에 대해 곰곰이 생각했고, 지금 우리는 주머니에 딱 맞는 소형 컴퓨터를 가지고 있다.
3 Steve Jobs po
ndered
, "Is there a need for this" and now we have mi
nicomputers
that fit in our pockets.

우리의 아이디어나 꿈에 생기를 불어넣기 위해서, 우리는 두려움과 불확실성을 예상하고, 그것을 기꺼이 맞아들여야 하며, 일단 그것에 직면하면 그것은 더 이상 우리에게 지배력이 없다는 것을 알아야 한다.
4 In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and un
certainty
, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.

우리는 우리 스스로에게 우리가 착수하는 모든 불확실한 여행에는 두 가지의 가능성 있는 결말이 있다는 것을 상기시켜야 한다.
5 We must re
mind
ourselves that there are two possible ends to every un
certain
jo
urney
we em
bark
upon.

우리의 진정한 욕망으로 한 발짝 더 다가서게 하는 교훈을 배우거나 또는 우리가 목표로 삼고 출발했던 지점에 도달하게 된다는 것을 말이다.
6 Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true de
sires
or we reach the point we set out for.

started / uncertainty / experience / gift / lightbulb / pondered / minicomputers / fit / order / expect / fear / uncertainty / remind / possible / uncertain / journey / embark / desires / reach



필! 순서의 이해
올림 12-2

Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty.

(    ) We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon.
(    ) Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for.
(    ) Thomas Alva Edison asked, "Will this work" and now we experience the gift of the lightbulb.
(    ) In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us.
(    ) Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers that fit in our pockets.


∙Every gr ∙Thomas A ∙Steve Jo ∙In order ∙We must ∙Either w

문장의 삽입
올림 12-2
Thomas Alva Edison asked, "Will this work" and now we experience the gift of the lightbulb.

Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty. ① Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers that fit in our pockets. ② In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us. ③ We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon. ④ Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for. ⑤

문장의 삽입
올림 12-2
Steve Jobs pondered, "Is there a need for this" and now we have minicomputers that fit in our pockets.

Every great thing that was ever started began in uncertainty. ① Thomas Alva Edison asked, "Will this work" and now we experience the gift of the lightbulb. ② In order to bring our ideas or dreams to life, we have to expect fear and uncertainty, welcome it in, and know that once we face it, it no longer has a hold on us. ③ We must remind ourselves that there are two possible ends to every uncertain journey we embark upon. ④ Either we learn a lesson that brings us one step closer to our true desires or we reach the point we set out for. ⑤



올림 12-3
필! 글의 이해

1 As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum.

2 Also, the lens's ability to adjust and focus declines as the muscles around it stiffen.

3 This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

4 To complicate matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice versa) increases.

5 This also poses a major problem in driving.

6 Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time.



1 나이가 들어감에 따라 우리 눈의 수정체는 더 노랗게 변하면서 (빛의) 스펙트럼의 끝부분에 있는 초록-파랑-보라 색깔의 식별을 더 못하게 된다. 2 또한 수정체 주위의 근육이 경직되면서 조정하고 초점을 맞추는 수정체의 능력이 떨어진다. 3 이것이 가까운 물건을 명확하게 보는 것을 어렵게 만드는 (노안이라 부르는) 것인데, 더 긴 팔 이나 교정 렌즈를 필요하게 만든다. 4 문제를 더 복잡하게 만드는 것은 우리의 눈이 가까운 곳에서 먼 곳으로 (그 반대도 마찬가지이다) 초점을 바꾸는 데 필요한 시간이 늘어나는 것이다. 5 이것은 또한 운전을 할 때 심각한 문제를 제기한다. 6 운전자들은 계기판에서 다른 자동차와 고속도로 위의 표지판으로 끊임없이 자신의 초점을 변경하는데, 노인 운전자들은 초점을 다시 맞추는 시간이 더 오래 걸리기 때문에 중요한 정보를 놓칠 수 있다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

나이가 들어감에 따라 우리 눈의 수정체는 더 노랗게 변하면서 (빛의) 스펙트럼의 끝부분에 있는 초록-파랑-보라 색깔의 식별을 더 못하게 된다.
1 As we grow older, the eye le
ns
becomes more yellow, causing po
orer
color di
scrimination
in the green-blue-violet end of the sp
ectrum
.

또한 수정체 주위의 근육이 경직되면서 조정하고 초점을 맞추는 수정체의 능력이 떨어진다.
2 연A
lso
, the le
ns
's ability to ad
just
and focus de
clines
as the muscles around it st
iffen
.

이것이 가까운 물건을 명확하게 보는 것을 어렵게 만드는 (노안이라 부르는) 것인데, 더 긴 팔 이나 교정 렌즈를 필요하게 만든다.
3 This is what causes difficulty in seeing close ob
jects
clearly (called pr
esbyopia
), ne
cessitating
either longer arms or co
rrective
le
nses
.

문제를 더 복잡하게 만드는 것은 우리의 눈이 가까운 곳에서 먼 곳으로 (그 반대도 마찬가지이다) 초점을 바꾸는 데 필요한 시간이 늘어나는 것이다.
4 To co
mplicate
matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice ve
rsa
) increases.

이것은 또한 운전을 할 때 심각한 문제를 제기한다.
5 This 연a
lso
po
ses
a major problem in driving.

운전자들은 계기판에서 다른 자동차와 고속도로 위의 표지판으로 끊임없이 자신의 초점을 변경하는데, 노인 운전자들은 초점을 다시 맞추는 시간이 더 오래 걸리기 때문에 중요한 정보를 놓칠 수 있다.
6 Because drivers are co
nstantly
changing their focus from the in
strument
pa
nel
to other autos and signs on the hi
ghway
, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower re
focusing
time.

older / lens / causing / poorer / discrimination / spectrum / 연Also / lens / ability / adjust / focus / declines / muscles / stiffen / difficulty / objects / presbyopia / necessitating / corrective / lenses / complicate / matters / further / focus / versa / increases / 연also / poses / constantly / focus / instrument / panel / autos / highway / older / important / refocusing



필! 순서의 이해
올림 12-3

As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum.

(    ) Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time.
(    ) This also poses a major problem in driving.
(    ) To complicate matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice versa) increases.
(    ) Also, the lens's ability to adjust and focus declines as the muscles around it stiffen.
(    ) This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.


∙As we gr ∙Also, th ∙This is ∙To compl ∙This als ∙Because

문장의 삽입
올림 12-3
Also, the lens's ability to adjust and focus declines as the muscles around it stiffen.

As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum. ① This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses. ② To complicate matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice versa) increases. ③ This also poses a major problem in driving. ④ Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time. ⑤

문장의 삽입
올림 12-3
This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses.

As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum. ① Also, the lens's ability to adjust and focus declines as the muscles around it stiffen. ② To complicate matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice versa) increases. ③ This also poses a major problem in driving. ④ Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time. ⑤

문장의 삽입
올림 12-3
This also poses a major problem in driving.

As we grow older, the eye lens becomes more yellow, causing poorer color discrimination in the green-blue-violet end of the spectrum. ① Also, the lens's ability to adjust and focus declines as the muscles around it stiffen. ② This is what causes difficulty in seeing close objects clearly (called presbyopia), necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses. ③ To complicate matters further, the time our eyes need to change focus from near to far (or vice versa) increases. ④ Because drivers are constantly changing their focus from the instrument panel to other autos and signs on the highway, older drivers may miss important information because of their slower refocusing time. ⑤



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rp13 | Since 2005 위스마트, 임희재 | WAYNE.TISTORY.COM | +821033383436 | 제작일 20180821


rp13 | Since 2005 위스마트, 임희재 | WAYNE.TISTORY.COM | +821033383436 | 제작일 20180821


교육이라는 기술은 그저 젊은이들의 자연스런 호기심을 깨우는 기술로, 나중에 그 호기심을 충족시키는 것이 목적이다. The whole art of teaching is only the art of awakening the natural curiosity of young minds for the purpose of satisfying it afterwards. -아나톨 프랑스

필수 단어

adequate 적당한/부족하지않은
adventurous 모험을 좋아하는
afterwards 나중에
agricultural 농업의/농예의
aided 도움
alternatively 대안으로
articles 기사/논설
aspects 양상/국면
associated 관련시키다/연관
attitude 태도
audience 관객/청중
average 평균(의)
beats 이기다/때리다
colonial 식민지의/일제 강점기
colonies 식민지
colonists 식민지 주
conclusions 결론/종료결말
consider 고려하다
constantly 계속/끊임없이
control 제어하다/통제하다
convey 나르다/전하다
conveying 나르다/전하다
cradle 요람/발상지
degree 정도/학위
detail 상세
detailed 상세
details 상세
development 개발/발전
digital 디지털의/전자제품의
dimensional 차원의
distraction 주의 산만/혼란
document 문서/기록하다
edge 가장자리/끝
effective 효율적인
efficient 효율적인/효과적
encouraged 격려하다
exhaustion 기진맥진/고갈
expansion 확장
facility 손쉬움/ (편위)시설/기관
frontiers 변경/영역
frustrations 좌절 욕구불만
guilty 유죄의
handout 인쇄물
immediately 즉시
imperialism 제국주의
imperialists 제국주의자
industrial 산업의/공업의
instrumental 주된 역할을 하는/기악
instruments 기구/수단
interactive 대화식의
investigative 조사하는
lifelong 평생의/일생 동안의
manufactured 제조~
material 물질/물질적인
materials 물질/물질적인
opportunities 기회들
oral 구두의/입의
overflow 넘치다/범람하다
participation 참여/참가
perpetual 영구적인/영원한
personally 개인적으로/몸소
phrase 말/구절
poll 여론조사/선거
populations 인구/사람들
presentation 프레젠테이션/발표
process 경과/과정
provided 제공하다
replacement 교체/대체
reporter 기자/리포터
resources 자원/부
respond 대응하다
respondents 응답하는
revolution 혁명 회전
rhythm 리듬/박자
rhythmical 리드미컬
rhythms 리듬/박자
social 사회의/소셜
societies 사회들
surrounded 둘러싸다
tapping 두드리다
technical 기술의/전문의
technology 과학기술
traditional 전통적인/구식의
untouched 아직 손대지 않은/미답의
urge 몰아대다/격려하다
valuable 가치있는/귀중한
widespread 널리 퍼진/광범위한


필! 어휘의 이해

adequate
adventurous
afterwards
agricultural
aided
alternatively
articles
aspects
associated
attitude
audience
average
beats
colonial
colonies
colonists
conclusions
consider
constantly
control
convey
cradle
degree
detail
development
digital
dimensional
distraction
document
edge
effective
efficient
encouraged
exhaustion
expansion
facility
frontiers
frustrations
guilty
handout
immediately
imperialism
imperialists
industrial
instrumental
instruments
interactive
investigative
lifelong
manufactured
material
opportunities
oral
overflow
participation
perpetual
personally
phrase
poll
populations
presentation
process
provided
raw
replacement
reporter
resources
respond
respondents
revolution
rhythm
rhythmical
rhythms
social
societies
surrounded
tapping
technical
technology
traditional
untouched
urge
valuable
widespread


주간 필수문법

♕ Ving
연구결과, <동→명→형→부>?의 빈도로 나타난다. ▽

∙Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.

∙An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.

∙When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be.

∙Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.

♕ Ved/PP
#동→형→부? #Had_pp

∙An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.

∙Children in traditional African societies are constantly surrounded by instrumental music, song, and dance.

∙These European imperialists needed colonies for trade and raw materials for their new factories built during the Industrial Revolution.

∙Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

∙They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.

∙Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm.

∙Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.

∙So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

♕ To
<명→형→부→전명→5V보어>?

∙Their crowded populations needed new territory to overflow into.

∙Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.

∙Use your presentation to draw out the key conclusions or take-home messages, and invite the audience to find the extra detail elsewhere.

∙An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.

∙They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.

∙Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

∙So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

♕ Conj
<명접→형접→부접>? ex)that=접/관/동/부

∙In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

∙Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications.

∙They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.

∙According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.

∙When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be.

∙So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

∙Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.


주간 필수문법AB

1. In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel [noting / noted]2 that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

2. On the backs of their relatives, they experience the rhythms [associating / associated]2 with work.

3. According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said [that / what / how]1 more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.

4. So if you want to convey raw data or lots of [detailing / detailed]2 information, consider [pushing / pushed]1 that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

5. Children are encouraged [beginning / to begin]2 tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.

6. So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing [that / what / how]1 material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

7. When you are [creating / created]1 your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be. An oral presentation is not [going / gone]1 to be as effective or efficient as a written report in [conveying / conveyed]1 technical facts.

8. Children in traditional African societies are constantly surrounded by instrumental music, song, and dance. Their musical training is a lifelong process [that / what / how]1 begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.

9. When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself [that / what / how]3 technical you really need to be.

10. They also needed new markets [which / in which]2 to sell their manufactured goods.

11. In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe [turning / turned]2 its eyes toward Africa.

12. Children are [encouraging / encouraged]2 to begin [tapping / tapped]1 out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is [developing / developed]2, and at the age of three or four they begin [making / made]1 their own instruments.

13. Children in traditional African societies are constantly [surrounding / surrounded]2 by instrumental music, song, and dance. Their musical [training / trained]1 is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.

14. Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average. Furthermore, some people feel an urge [responding / to respond]2 to emails immediately and feel guilty if they don't.

15. Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the [sounding / sounded]1 of three beats against two beats and are thereby [aiding / aided]2 in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm.

16. So if you want [conveying / to convey]2 raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

17. Use your presentation [drawing / to draw]2 out the key conclusions or take-home messages, and invite the audience [finding / to find]2 the extra detail elsewhere.

18. Industrial Revolution. They also needed new markets in which to sell their [manufacturing / manufactured]2 goods. Their [crowding / crowded]2 populations needed new territory to overflow into.

19. How many emails can push one over the edge, past the threshold of exhaustion? According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day [causing / caused]2 stress, many [using / used]1 the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.

20. Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology [that / what / how]1 most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications.

21. Industrial Revolution. They also needed new markets in which [selling / to sell]2 their manufactured goods.

22. At festivals and other social events, their relatives dance with them on their backs until they are old enough [joining / to join]2 the activities for themselves.

23. In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted [that / what / how]1 people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

24. An oral presentation is not going [being / to be]2 as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.

25. Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" [explaining / to explain]2 their frustrations.

26.




주간 어려운 문장


<9> Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists. [13-4]

<6> Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life. [13-4]

<11> Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm. [13-4]

<10>"Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments. [13-4]

<8> An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts. [13-4]

<11> So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience. [13-4]

<6> Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details. [13-4]

<7> Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications. [13-4]

<6> In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average. [13-4]

<7> According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations. [13-4]

어렵문! 어순의 배열


1. Africa, [mineral / with / its / untouched] and [presented / a / resources, / agricultural] valuable [source / offered / of / materials,] opportunities [for / new / and / markets,] provided [new / for / adventurous / frontiers] colonists.
Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists.
2. Their [is / a / musical / training] lifelong [that / at / process / begins] birth [and / cradle / songs / with] prepares [for / participation / in / them] all [of / aspects / adult / life].
Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.
3. Rhythmical [is / into / built / facility] their [that, / so / lives, / everyday] for [example, / experience / children / the] the [beats / three / of / sounding] against [two / and / are / beats] thereby [the / in / aided / development] of [rhythm / to / "two-dimensional / attitude / a].
Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm.
4. "Children [are / to / encouraged / begin] tapping [soon / out / rhythms / as] as [of / adequate / degree / an] arm [developed, / control / and / is] at [of / the / three / age] or [begin / four / making / they] their [instruments / own].
"Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.
5. An [presentation / not / is / oral] going [effective / to / as / be] or [written / efficient / a / as] report [technical / conveying / facts / in].
An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.
6. So [want / you / to / if] convey [raw / lots / data / or] of [consider / pushing / detailed / information,] that [your / of / material / out] presentation [handout / and / into / a] or [you / document / a / can] email [audience / your / out / to].
So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.
7. Alternatively, [offer / to / personally / meet] afterwards [with / are / who / those] interested [details / important / the / in].
Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details.
8. Perhaps [most / the / widespread / stress] from [technology / that / most / people] experience [perpetual / distraction / is / the] of [and / email / the / replacement] of [face-to-face / digital / conversation / with] communications.
Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications.
9. In [series / of / a / one] of [for / articles / 2010 / in] the [technology / York / New / Times,] investigative [reporter / noted / Richtel / Matt] that [email / up / check / people] to [an / times / 37 / hour] on average.
In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.
10. According [a / to / Harris / Interactive] poll, [that / respondents / more / said] than [50 / per / day / emails] caused [using / the / many / stress,] phrase ["email / explain / to / stress"] their frustrations.
According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.


배움은 우연히 얻어지는 것이 아니라 열성을 다해 갈구하고 부지런히 집중해야 얻을 수 있는 것이다. Learning is not attained by chance, it must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence. -애비게일 애덤스

13-1
필! 글의 이해

1 In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe turned its eyes toward Africa.

2 Colonial expansion in Africa is one example (China was another) of European imperialism in the nineteenth century.

3 These European imperialists needed colonies for trade and raw materials for their new factories built during the Industrial Revolution.

4 They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.

5 Their crowded populations needed new territory to overflow into.

6 Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists.

1 19세기 후반에, 유럽은 아프리카로 시선을 돌렸다.

2 아프리카에서의 식민지 확장은 19세기 유럽 제국주의 정책의 한 가지 예(중국이 또 다른 예)였다.

3 이러한 유럽 제국주의자들은, 무역 및 산업 혁명 중에 세워진 새 공장을 위한 원료를 위해 식민지를 필요로 했다.

4 그들은 또한 제조된 물건을 팔 수 있는 새로운 시장이 필요했다.

5 그들의 혼잡한 인구에게는 흘러 들어갈 수 있는 새로운 영토가 필요했다.

6 손대지 않은 광물과 농업 자원을 가진 아프리카는 재료의 귀중한 원천을 제공하였고, 새로운 시장에 대한 기회를 제공하였으며, 모험적인 식민주의자들에게 새로운 미개척지를 제공했다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

19세기 후반에, 유럽은 아프리카로 시선을 돌렸다.
1 In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe turned its eyes toward Africa.

아프리카에서의 식민지 확장은 19세기 유럽 제국주의 정책의 한 가지 예(중국이 또 다른 예)였다.
2 Colonial ex
pansion
in Africa is one example (China was another) of European im
perialism
in the nineteenth century.

이러한 유럽 제국주의자들은, 무역 및 산업 혁명 중에 세워진 새 공장을 위한 원료를 위해 식민지를 필요로 했다.
3 These European im
perialists
needed co
lonies
for trade and ra
w
ma
terials
for their new factories built during the In
dustrial
Re
volution
.

그들은 또한 제조된 물건을 팔 수 있는 새로운 시장이 필요했다.
4 They 연a
lso
needed new markets in which to sell their ma
nufactured
goods.

그들의 혼잡한 인구에게는 흘러 들어갈 수 있는 새로운 영토가 필요했다.
5 Their crowded po
pulations
needed new territory to ov
erflow
into.

손대지 않은 광물과 농업 자원을 가진 아프리카는 재료의 귀중한 원천을 제공하였고, 새로운 시장에 대한 기회를 제공하였으며, 모험적인 식민주의자들에게 새로운 미개척지를 제공했다.
6 Africa, with its un
touched
mineral and ag
ricultural
re
sources
, presented a va
luable
source of ma
terials
, offered op
portunities
for new markets, and pr
ovided
new fr
ontiers
for ad
venturous
co
lonists
.

second / century / toward / Colonial / expansion / imperialism / century / imperialists / colonies / trade / raw / materials / factories / Industrial / Revolution / 연also / manufactured / crowded / populations / overflow / untouched / mineral / agricultural / resources / presented / valuable / source / materials / offered / opportunities / provided / frontiers / adventurous / colonists



필! 순서의 이해
13-1

In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe turned its eyes toward Africa.

(    ) Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists.
(    ) Colonial expansion in Africa is one example (China was another) of European imperialism in the nineteenth century.
(    ) These European imperialists needed colonies for trade and raw materials for their new factories built during the Industrial Revolution.
(    ) They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.
(    ) Their crowded populations needed new territory to overflow into.


∙In the s ∙Colonial ∙These Eu ∙They als ∙Their cr ∙Africa,

문장의 삽입
13-1
Colonial expansion in Africa is one example (China was another) of European imperialism in the nineteenth century.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe turned its eyes toward Africa. ① These European imperialists needed colonies for trade and raw materials for their new factories built during the Industrial Revolution. ② They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods. ③ Their crowded populations needed new territory to overflow into. ④ Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists. ⑤

문장의 삽입
13-1
They also needed new markets in which to sell their manufactured goods.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, Europe turned its eyes toward Africa. ① Colonial expansion in Africa is one example (China was another) of European imperialism in the nineteenth century. ② These European imperialists needed colonies for trade and raw materials for their new factories built during the Industrial Revolution. ③ Their crowded populations needed new territory to overflow into. ④ Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists. ⑤



13-2
필! 글의 이해

1 Children in traditional African societies are constantly surrounded by instrumental music, song, and dance.

2 Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.

3 On the backs of their relatives, they experience the rhythms associated with work.

4 At festivals and other social events, their relatives dance with them on their backs until they are old enough to join the activities for themselves.

5 Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm.

6 "Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.

1 전통적인 아프리카 사회의 아이들은 기악, 노래, 그리고 춤에 끊임없이 둘러싸인다.

2 그들의 음악 훈련은 태어날 때 요람에서 듣는 노래로 시작해서 성인의 삶의 모든 측면에 참여하도록 그들을 준비시키는 평생의 과정이다.

3 그들은 친척의 등에 업혀서 일과 관련된 노래를 경험한다.

4 축제와 다른 사교적인 행사에서 그들의 친척은 그들이 혼자서 활동에 참여할 수 있을 만큼 충분히 나이를 먹을 때까지 등에 그들을 업고서 춤을 춘다.

5 리듬과 관련된 재능이 일상적인 삶 속에 형성되고, 그래서 예를 들어, 아이들은 2박자 대비 3박자의 소리내기를 경험하고, 그렇게 함으로써 '리듬에 대한 이차원적인 태도'를 계발하는 데 도움을 받는다.

6 적절한 정도의 팔 제어 능력이 생기는 즉시, 아이들은 리듬에 맞추어 두드리기 시작하도록 권장되며, 서너 살이 되면 자신의 악기를 만들기 시작한다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

전통적인 아프리카 사회의 아이들은 기악, 노래, 그리고 춤에 끊임없이 둘러싸인다.
1 Children in tr
aditional
African so
cieties
are co
nstantly
su
rrounded
by in
strumental
music, song, and dance.

그들의 음악 훈련은 태어날 때 요람에서 듣는 노래로 시작해서 성인의 삶의 모든 측면에 참여하도록 그들을 준비시키는 평생의 과정이다.
2 Their musical training is a li
felong
pr
ocess
that begins at birth with cr
adle
songs and prepares them for pa
rticipation
in all as
pects
of adult life.

그들은 친척의 등에 업혀서 일과 관련된 노래를 경험한다.
3 On the backs of their relatives, they experience the rh
ythms
as
sociated
with work.

축제와 다른 사교적인 행사에서 그들의 친척은 그들이 혼자서 활동에 참여할 수 있을 만큼 충분히 나이를 먹을 때까지 등에 그들을 업고서 춤을 춘다.
4 At festivals and other so
cial
events, their relatives dance with them on their backs until they are old enough to join the activities for themselves.

리듬과 관련된 재능이 일상적인 삶 속에 형성되고, 그래서 예를 들어, 아이들은 2박자 대비 3박자의 소리내기를 경험하고, 그렇게 함으로써 '리듬에 대한 이차원적인 태도'를 계발하는 데 도움을 받는다.
5 Rhythmical fa
cility
is built into their everyday lives, so that, 연f
or
example, the children experience the sounding of three be
ats
against two be
ats
and are thereby ai
ded
in the de
velopment
of a "two-dimensional at
titude
to rh
ythm
.

적절한 정도의 팔 제어 능력이 생기는 즉시, 아이들은 리듬에 맞추어 두드리기 시작하도록 권장되며, 서너 살이 되면 자신의 악기를 만들기 시작한다.
6 "Children are en
couraged
to begin ta
pping
out rh
ythms
as soon as an ad
equate
de
gree
of arm co
ntrol
is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own in
struments
.

traditional / societies / constantly / surrounded / instrumental / musical / lifelong / process / cradle / prepares / participation / aspects / relatives / experience / rhythms / associated / festivals / social / events / relatives / activities / Rhythmical / facility / everyday / 연for / experience / beats / against / beats / aided / development / attitude / rhythm / encouraged / tapping / rhythms / adequate / degree / control / developed / instruments



필! 순서의 이해
13-2

Children in traditional African societies are constantly surrounded by instrumental music, song, and dance.

(    ) Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm.
(    ) "Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments.
(    ) At festivals and other social events, their relatives dance with them on their backs until they are old enough to join the activities for themselves.
(    ) Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life.
(    ) On the backs of their relatives, they experience the rhythms associated with work.


∙Children ∙Their mu ∙On the b ∙At festi ∙Rhythmic ∙"Childre



13-3
필! 글의 이해

1 When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be.

2 An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.

3 So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

4 Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details.

5 Use your presentation to draw out the key conclusions or take-home messages, and invite the audience to find the extra detail elsewhere.

1 발표 자료를 만들고 있을 때, 정말로 얼마나 전문적일 필요가 있을지 항상 자신에게 물어보라.

2 전문적인 사실을 전달할 때 구두 발표는 서면 보고서만큼 효과적이거나 효율적이지 않을 것이다.

3 그래서 만약 가공 전 데이터나 많은 세세한 정보를 전달하고 싶으면, 그 자료를 발표에서 빼서, 배포용 인쇄물이나 청중에게 이메일로 보낼 수 있는 문서에 넣는 것을 고려해 보라.

4 그렇지 않으면, 중요한 세부 내용에 관심이 있는 사람들과 나중에 개인적으로 만나겠다고 말하라.

5 중요한 결론이나 주요한 메시지를 끌어내기 위해 프레젠테이션을 이용하고, 청중에게 추가적인 세부 내용은 다른 곳에서 찾도록 권하라.

필! 빈칸의 완성

발표 자료를 만들고 있을 때, 정말로 얼마나 전문적일 필요가 있을지 항상 자신에게 물어보라.
1 When you are creating your pr
esentation
, always ask yourself how te
chnical
you really need to be.

전문적인 사실을 전달할 때 구두 발표는 서면 보고서만큼 효과적이거나 효율적이지 않을 것이다.
2 An or
al
pr
esentation
is not going to be as ef
fective
or ef
ficient
as a written report in co
nveying
te
chnical
facts.

그래서 만약 가공 전 데이터나 많은 세세한 정보를 전달하고 싶으면, 그 자료를 발표에서 빼서, 배포용 인쇄물이나 청중에게 이메일로 보낼 수 있는 문서에 넣는 것을 고려해 보라.
3 So if you want to co
nvey
ra
w
data or lots of de
tailed
information, co
nsider
pushing that ma
terial
out of your pr
esentation
and into a ha
ndout
or a do
cument
you can email out to your au
dience
.

그렇지 않으면, 중요한 세부 내용에 관심이 있는 사람들과 나중에 개인적으로 만나겠다고 말하라.
4 Alternatively, offer to meet pe
rsonally
af
terwards
with those who are interested in the important de
tails
.

중요한 결론이나 주요한 메시지를 끌어내기 위해 프레젠테이션을 이용하고, 청중에게 추가적인 세부 내용은 다른 곳에서 찾도록 권하라.
5 Use your pr
esentation
to draw out the key co
nclusions
or take-home messages, and invite the au
dience
to find the extra de
tail
elsewhere.

creating / presentation / technical / oral / presentation / effective / efficient / report / conveying / technical / convey / raw / detailed / consider / material / presentation / handout / document / audience / Alternatively / offer / personally / afterwards / interested / important / details / presentation / conclusions / messages / invite / audience / extra / detail



필! 순서의 이해
13-3

When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be.

(    ) An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts.
(    ) Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details.
(    ) So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.
(    ) Use your presentation to draw out the key conclusions or take-home messages, and invite the audience to find the extra detail elsewhere.


∙When you ∙An oral ∙So if yo ∙Alternat ∙Use your

문장의 삽입
13-3
So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience.

When you are creating your presentation, always ask yourself how technical you really need to be. ① An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts. ② Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details. ③ Use your presentation to draw out the key conclusions or take-home messages, and invite the audience to find the extra detail elsewhere. ④ ⑤



13-4
필! 글의 이해

1 Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications.

2 In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.

3 Furthermore, some people feel an urge to respond to emails immediately and feel guilty if they don't.

4 How many emails can push one over the edge, past the threshold of exhaustion?

5 According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.

1 아마도 대부분의 사람들이 경험하는, 기술로부터 오는 가장 널리 퍼져 있는 스트레스는 이메일로 인한 끊임없는 주의 집중 방해와 디지털 통신에 의한 대면 대화의 대체일 것이다.

2 '뉴욕 타임즈'에 실린 2010년의 연재 기사 중 하나에서, 기술 분야 취재 기자 Matt Richtel은 사람들이 시간당 평균 37번까지 이메일을 확인한다고 언급했다.

3 더욱이 일부 사람들은 이메일에 바로 답장을 보내고자 하는 충동을 느끼며, 그렇게 하지 않으면 죄책감을 느낀다.

4 얼마나 많은 이메일이 우리를 미칠 정도로 밀어붙여 탈진의 경계를 넘어서게 할 수 있을까?

5 Harris Interactive 사의 여론 조사에 따르면, 응답자들은 하루에 50건이 넘는 이메일이 스트레스를 일으킨다고 말했는데, 많은 사람들은 '이메일 스트레스'라는 어구를 사용하여 좌절감을 표현했다.

필! 빈칸의 완성

아마도 대부분의 사람들이 경험하는, 기술로부터 오는 가장 널리 퍼져 있는 스트레스는 이메일로 인한 끊임없는 주의 집중 방해와 디지털 통신에 의한 대면 대화의 대체일 것이다.
1 Perhaps the most wi
despread
stress from te
chnology
that most people experience is the pe
rpetual
di
straction
of email and the re
placement
of face-to-face conversation with di
gital
communications.

'뉴욕 타임즈'에 실린 2010년의 연재 기사 중 하나에서, 기술 분야 취재 기자 Matt Richtel은 사람들이 시간당 평균 37번까지 이메일을 확인한다고 언급했다.
2 In one of a series of ar
ticles
in 2010 for the New York Times, te
chnology
in
vestigative
re
porter
Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on av
erage
.

더욱이 일부 사람들은 이메일에 바로 답장을 보내고자 하는 충동을 느끼며, 그렇게 하지 않으면 죄책감을 느낀다.
3 연F
urthermore
, some people feel an ur
ge
to re
spond
to emails im
mediately
and feel gu
ilty
if they don't.

얼마나 많은 이메일이 우리를 미칠 정도로 밀어붙여 탈진의 경계를 넘어서게 할 수 있을까?
4 How many emails can push one over the ed
ge
, past the threshold of ex
haustion
?

Harris Interactive 사의 여론 조사에 따르면, 응답자들은 하루에 50건이 넘는 이메일이 스트레스를 일으킨다고 말했는데, 많은 사람들은 '이메일 스트레스'라는 어구를 사용하여 좌절감을 표현했다.
5 According to a Harris In
teractive
po
ll
, re
spondents
said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the ph
rase
"email stress" to explain their fr
ustrations
.

widespread / stress / technology / experience / perpetual / distraction / replacement / conversation / digital / communications / articles / technology / investigative / reporter / check / average / 연Furthermore / urge / respond / immediately / guilty / edge / past / exhaustion / Interactive / poll / respondents / stress / phrase / stress / explain / frustrations



필! 순서의 이해
13-4

Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications.

(    ) In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average.
(    ) Furthermore, some people feel an urge to respond to emails immediately and feel guilty if they don't.
(    ) According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations.
(    ) How many emails can push one over the edge, past the threshold of exhaustion?


∙Perhaps ∙In one o ∙Furtherm ∙How many ∙Accordin




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주간 필수어휘 

Alternatively Colonial Industrial Interactive Revolution Rhythmical activities adequate adventurous afterwards against agricultural aided articles aspects associated attitude audience average beats century check colonies colonists communications conclusions consider constantly control conversation convey cradle creating crowded degree detail developed development digital dimensional distraction document edge effective efficient encouraged events everyday exhaustion expansion experience explain extra facility factories festivals frontiers frustrations guilty handout immediately imperialism imperialists important instrumental instruments interested investigative invite lifelong manufactured material messages mineral musical offer opportunities oral overflow participation past perpetual personally phrase poll populations prepares presentation presented process provided raw relatives replacement report resources respond respondents rhythm second social societies source stress surrounded tapping technical technology toward trade traditional untouched urge valuable widespread


주간 어려운 문장



<9> Africa, with its untouched mineral and agricultural resources, presented a valuable source of materials, offered opportunities for new markets, and provided new frontiers for adventurous colonists. [13-1]


<6> Their musical training is a lifelong process that begins at birth with cradle songs and prepares them for participation in all aspects of adult life. [13-2]


<11> Rhythmical facility is built into their everyday lives, so that, for example, the children experience the sounding of three beats against two beats and are thereby aided in the development of a "two-dimensional attitude to rhythm. [13-2]


<10>"Children are encouraged to begin tapping out rhythms as soon as an adequate degree of arm control is developed, and at the age of three or four they begin making their own instruments. [13-2]


<8> An oral presentation is not going to be as effective or efficient as a written report in conveying technical facts. [13-3]


<11> So if you want to convey raw data or lots of detailed information, consider pushing that material out of your presentation and into a handout or a document you can email out to your audience. [13-3]


<6> Alternatively, offer to meet personally afterwards with those who are interested in the important details. [13-3]


<7> Perhaps the most widespread stress from technology that most people experience is the perpetual distraction of email and the replacement of face-to-face conversation with digital communications. [13-4]


<6> In one of a series of articles in 2010 for the New York Times, technology investigative reporter Matt Richtel noted that people check email up to 37 times an hour on average. [13-4]


<7> According to a Harris Interactive poll, respondents said that more than 50 emails per day caused stress, many using the phrase "email stress" to explain their frustrations. [13-4]



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iGram



Been/Being

긴동사→긴준동사


Learn from it, move on, and don't look back! Don't try to be someone that you are not. [Try being a] little kinder to those around you.

To

명→형→부→5V보어


One of the secrets [to] happiness is contentment. The two hardest things [to] handle in life are failure and success.
The best way [to] predict the future is [to] invent it.
Happy are those who are content with their lives. Things only change when we want [to] change them.
For a happier life, quit living according [to] others' expectations. If you decide [to] achieve a certain task, achieve it at all costs.
Men never plan [to] be failures; they simply fail [to] plan [to] be successful.
Great storytellers manage [to] grab the attention of the readers from page one.
Some people plant rice in their fields and expect [to] harvest corn.
Can you tell me which bus [to] take [to] get [to] City Hall?
He didn't admit giving money [to] local politicians. Many people put off going [to] the dentist because of their fear of treatment.
You begin [to] feel thirsty when your body loses 1% of its water.
When things are tough, remember [to] remain calm and rational.
Successful people prefer [to] treat fear as a motivating force. Men love [to] wonder, and that is the seed of science.
Have an aim in life - then don't forget [to] pull the trigger.
I'll never forget hearing this music for the first time. We regret [to] say that we are unable [to] help you.
Learn from it, move on, and don't look back! Don't try [to] be someone that you are not.
Try being a little kinder [to] those around you.
I'm on the right path in life. When you invite guests for dinner, it's wise [to] ask if anyone is vegetarian.
He thought it better [to] tell the truth. I made it clear that I objected [to] the proposal.
Many educators believe it wise [to] emphasize self-directed learning. He considered it best [to] say nothing about the matter.
As far as I can, I make it a rule [to] plan for each day's work in the morning.
Life is too short. I learn much more by traveling by myself. Doing your best [to] the end is great in itself.
In traveling abroad, it is necessary [to] know something of foreign customs. Man seems [to] insist on ignoring the lessons available from history.
People increasingly object [to] using animals for the testing of cosmetics.
The beginning is the most important part of the work. We seem [to] learn life's best lessons at the worst times.
Preserving our cultural heritage is of utmost importance. Our prime purpose in this life is [to] help others.
All you have [to] do is vary your routine a little.

Ving

동→명→형→부


The best way to predict the future is to invent it. People [liv+ing] in town don't know the pleasures of country life.
The sweater which you are [look+ing] for is in the drawer.
Things only change when we want to change them. For a happier life, quit [liv+ing] [accord+ing] to others' expectations.
Can you tell me which bus to take to get to City Hall? Do not avoid [tak+ing] responsibility for your actions in any situation.
He didn't admit [giv+ing] money to local politicians. Many people put off [go+ing] to the dentist because of their fear of treatment.
When things are tough, remember to remain calm and rational. I remember [hear+ing] many words of wisdom from my grandfather.
Successful people prefer to treat fear as a [motivat+ing] force.
Have an aim in life - then don't forget to pull the trigger. I'll never forget [hear+ing] this music for the first time.
We regret to say that we are unable to help you. Don't regret [mak+ing] a wrong decision.
You could make a difference in someone's life. We couldn't stop [laugh+ing] because the comedy show was so funny.
Children like [talk+ing] about themselves.
We should enjoy ourselves while we can. Life is too short. I learn much more by [travel+ing] by myself.
Doing your best to the end is great in itself. The sun is [shin+ing] brightly behind the clouds.
Don't be afraid of [grow+ing] slowly, be afraid only of [stand+ing] still. In [travel+ing] abroad, it is necessary to know something of foreign customs.
Man seems to insist on [ignor+ing] the lessons available from history. People increasingly object to [us+ing] animals for the [test+ing] of cosmetics.
Working parents are busy [balanc+ing] their work and home responsibilities. Even highly skilled workers had difficulty [find+ing] work during the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The [beginn+ing] is the most important part of the work.
We seem to learn life's best lessons at the worst times. My point is that we're [spend+ing] too much time on details.
All you have to do is vary your routine a little. Love is [putt+ing] someone else's needs before yours.

피피

동→형→부


People living in town don't know the pleasures of country life. A book [written] by a famous writer is not always a good book.
Never does a wise man quit when he fails. Not a single mistake did I find in your composition. Only through [dedicated] work does a man fulfill himself.
Learn from it, move on, and don't look back! Don't try to be someone that you are not. Try being a little kinder to those around you.
You could make a difference in someone's life. We couldn't stop laughing because the comedy show was so funny.
People may doubt what you say, but they'll always believe what you do. He [thought] it better to tell the truth. I [made] it clear that I [objected] to the proposal.
Many educators believe it wise to emphasize [self-directed] learning. He [considered] it best to say nothing about the matter.
Our prime purpose in this life is to help others. All you have to do is vary your routine a little.
Love is putting someone else's needs before yours. The last scene of the movie was so touching. You should stay [focused] on the day-to-day practice.

대명→가주어/가목적어→강조


If you decide to achieve a certain task, achieve [it] at all costs.
He thought [it] better to tell the truth. I made [it] clear that I objected to the proposal.
Many educators believe [it] wise to emphasize self-directed learning. He considered [it] best to say nothing about the matter.
As far as I can, I make [it] a rule to plan for each day's work in the morning.
You should keep [it] in mind that time and tide wait(s) for no man.
Write [it] on your heart that every day is the best day of the year.
In traveling abroad, [it] is necessary to know something of foreign customs.
Be certain of your decision regardless of whether [it] is a small or significant one.

수동

이거레알! 수동+투/명/형


Bamboo products useful for everyday life [are made] + {by} highly skilled workers.

제주명요

제주명요 S (should) RV!!!


still. In traveling abroad, [it is necessary] to know something of foreign customs.

주비

부접 + (주비생략) + ving/pp/adj


When things are tough, remember to remain calm and rational.

도치

ㅇㄱㄹㅇ


[Little] did I know that the movie would take so long.
[Never] does a wise man quit when he fails.

전+which

ㅇㄱㄹㅇ


Even highly skilled workers had difficulty finding work during the Great Depression of the 1930s. The future depends {on} + [what] we do in the present.

접속사

댓=접관동부


Little did I know [that] the movie would take so long.
Men love to wonder, and [that] is the seed of science.
We regret to say [that] we are unable to help you.
Don't try to be someone [that] you are not.
Impossible" only means [that] you haven't found the solution yet.
Psychologists remind us [that] most of us use only about 10 percent of our mind's capacity.
Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know [what] you're gonna get.
Don't put off until tomorrow [what] you can do today.
People may doubt [what] you say, but they'll always believe [what] you do.
You should keep it in mind [that] time and tide wait(s) for no man.
Write it on your heart [that] every day is the best day of the year.
Great Depression of the 1930s. The future depends on [what] we do in the present.
Your attitude can make all the difference in [how] your day will begin and end.
Be certain of your decision regardless of [whether] it is a small or significant one.
My point is [that] we're spending too much time on details.
We all have ability. The difference is [how] we use it.
The question is not [whether] we will die, but [how] we will live.


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1001b2

 

iRead


1 Bamboo products useful for everyday life are made by highly skilled workers.

2 One of the secrets to happiness is contentment.

3 The two hardest things to handle in life are failure and success.

4 The best way to predict the future is to invent it.

5 People living in town don't know the pleasures of country life.

6 A book written by a famous writer is not always a good book.

7 The sweater which you are looking for is in the drawer.

8 Those who are good at excuses are seldom good at anything else.

9 Little did I know that the movie would take so long.

10 Never does a wise man quit when he fails.

11 Not a single mistake did I find in your composition.

12 Only through dedicated work does a man fulfill himself.

13 There is no substitute for hard work.

14 Now comes the best part of the movie.

15 In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.

16 Happy are those who are content with their lives.

17 Things only change when we want to change them.

18 For a happier life, quit living according to others' expectations.

19 If you decide to achieve a certain task, achieve it at all costs.

20 Men never plan to be failures; they simply fail to plan to be successful.

21 Great storytellers manage to grab the attention of the readers from page one.

22 Some people plant rice in their fields and expect to harvest corn.

23 I don't know what to do.

24 Can you tell me which bus to take to get to City Hall?

25 Do not avoid taking responsibility for your actions in any situation.

26 He didn't admit giving money to local politicians.

27 Many people put off going to the dentist because of their fear of treatment.

28 You begin to feel thirsty when your body loses 1% of its water.

29 When things are tough, remember to remain calm and rational.

30 I remember hearing many words of wisdom from my grandfather.

31 Successful people prefer to treat fear as a motivating force.

32 Men love to wonder, and that is the seed of science.

33 Have an aim in life - then don't forget to pull the trigger.

34 I'll never forget hearing this music for the first time.

35 We regret to say that we are unable to help you.

36 Don't regret making a wrong decision.

37 Learn from it, move on, and don't look back!

38 Don't try to be someone that you are not.

39 Try being a little kinder to those around you.

40 You could make a difference in someone's life.

41 We couldn't stop laughing because the comedy show was so funny.

42 I believe that success is a journey, not a destination.

43 "Impossible" only means that you haven't found the solution yet.

44 I think the first duty of society is justice.

45 Psychologists remind us that most of us use only about 10 percent of our mind's capacity.

46 I sometimes wonder whether I'm on the right path in life.

47 When you invite guests for dinner, it's wise to ask if anyone is vegetarian.

48 Life is like a box of chocolates.

49 You never know what you're gonna get.

50 Sometimes we cannot exactly explain why we like something.

51 Tell me which of the two colors you like better.

52 Don't put off until tomorrow what you can do today.

53 People may doubt what you say, but they'll always believe what you do.

54 He thought it better to tell the truth.

55 I made it clear that I objected to the proposal.

56 I found it difficult to finish the task in two hours.

57 Many educators believe it wise to emphasize self-directed learning.

58 He considered it best to say nothing about the matter.

59 As far as I can, I make it a rule to plan for each day's work in the morning.

60 I take it for granted that opportunities don't always last.

61 You should keep it in mind that time and tide wait(s) for no man.

62 Write it on your heart that every day is the best day of the year.

63 - Children like talking about themselves.

64 If you can't forgive yourself, I am sure you can't forgive anyone else.

65 A young man should improve himself in every possible way.

66 I will devote myself to something that makes my life more interesting.

67 Guests of our hotel can avail themselves of various outdoor recreational activities and indoor sports.

68 We should enjoy ourselves while we can.

69 Life is too short.

70 I learn much more by traveling by myself.

71 Doing your best to the end is great in itself.

72 The sun is shining brightly behind the clouds.

73 Don't be afraid of growing slowly, be afraid only of standing still.

74 In traveling abroad, it is necessary to know something of foreign customs.

75 Man seems to insist on ignoring the lessons available from history.

76 People increasingly object to using animals for the testing of cosmetics.

77 Working parents are busy balancing their work and home responsibilities.

78 Even highly skilled workers had difficulty finding work during the Great Depression of the 1930s.

79 The future depends on what we do in the present.

80 Your attitude can make all the difference in how your day will begin and end.

81 Be certain of your decision regardless of whether it is a small or significant one.

82 I admire him in that he has overcome his physical disability.

83 The beginning is the most important part of the work.

84 We seem to learn life's best lessons at the worst times.

85 My point is that we're spending too much time on details.

86 Success is never permanent, and failure is never final.

87 Preserving our cultural heritage is of utmost importance.

88 Our prime purpose in this life is to help others.

89 All you have to do is vary your routine a little.

90 Love is putting someone else's needs before yours.

91 The last scene of the movie was so touching.

92 You should stay focused on the day-to-day practice.

93 We all have ability.

94 The difference is how we use it.

95 The question is not whether we will die, but how we will live.

96 A plan is simply what you decide to consistently focus on.

97 We make our own fortunes and we call them fate.

98 Experience makes even fools wise.

99 They unanimously appointed him a manager for his excellent leadership.

100 I think a man's actions the best indication of his thoughts.

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[1001B-1]

 

#123,842 빅데이터 연구결과 #'분석'하라!' 
뽑아내지말고 우선순위대로 지워라


명→형→부→5V보어


Every vote counts in an election. There is no royal road [to] learning.
Just be yourself, and stay true [to] your values.
Our health always seems much more valuable after we lose it. Their complaints sound reasonable [to] me.
He put his hands in his pockets. According [to] an old saying, great hopes make great men.
Analysts are discussing possible causes of the air crash. We all want [to] help one another.
Human beings are like that. What kind of food would you like [to] have for lunch?
Nobody can bring you peace but yourself. Andy promised his teacher not [to] cheat on an exam again.
She kept me waiting for a long time. Do you want me [to] leave you alone?
To climb steep hills requires a slow pace at first. Trying [to] see the other person's point of view is a good rule in life.
How the universe began cannot be explained clearly. In making a proposal, why you want [to] achieve your purpose should be clear and logical.
Whoever gossips [to] you will gossip about you.
Whatever is begun in anger ends in shame. It's a delight [to] trust somebody so completely.
It is true that health is above wealth. It's better [to] light a candle than [to] curse the darkness.
It's no wonder that too much fast food can contribute [to] obesity.
It is no use crying over spilt milk. Sometimes it is worth challenging our thinking [to] create a new attitude.
It is nice making new friends with common interests. It is necessary for us [to] recycle waste.
Real leaders make space for others [to] shine. It is impossible for us [to] make progress without practicing every day.
It is illegal for people [to] sell alcoholic beverages [to] anyone under 19.
He has created a special spot for his cat [to] go play outside.
It was careless of you [to] lose your umbrella again. It was rude of him [to] go away without saying goodbye.
It is considerate of you not [to] want [to] trouble others.
It's very generous of you [to] offer financial help for the elderly who live alone.
It took me 40 years [to] write my first book.
February, 1979. How far is it from here [to] the nearest subway station?
It's really noisy in here, so speak a little louder. It appears [to] me that Susan has lost her temper.

Ving

동→명→형→부


The next flight will be at 2:00 pm. Friendship is love with [understand+ing]. This [r+ing] looks too tight for your finger.
After two hours, we finally reached the coast. Analysts are [discuss+ing] possible causes of the air crash.
What kind of food would you like to have for lunch? I really enjoy [talk+ing] one-to-one.
Jeju a World Natural Heritage Site. I got my arm broken yesterday. Let me explain what's [go+ing] on.
The noise from outside kept me awake all night. She kept me [wait+ing] for a long time.
Cramming for an important exam is never a good idea! To conquer fear is the [beginn+ing] of wisdom.
Remembering people's names is the first step towards relationship building. Not [gett+ing] enough sleep is a common cause of dark circles under the eyes.
How the universe began cannot be explained clearly. In [mak+ing] a proposal, why you want to achieve your purpose should be clear and logical.
It is no use [cry+ing] over spilt milk. Sometimes it is worth [challeng+ing] our thinking to create a new attitude.
It is so much fun [shar+ing] new and creative ideas with others. It is nice [mak+ing] new friends with common interests.
It is impossible for us to make progress without [practic+ing] every day.
It was rude of him to go away without [say+ing] goodbye.
To my surprise, it happened that I got an A in math. The day most [excit+ing] for kids is Christmas.

피피

동→형→부


Change doesn't happen suddenly. Many opportunities exist in the world. Your success grows from your struggles in life. Success runs away from cowards.
Age doesn't matter in love. The vegetarian diet [worked] well for my health.
Worry often gives a small thing a big shadow. Nobody can bring you peace but yourself. Andy [promised] his teacher not to cheat on an exam again.
Can I ask you a favor? All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. I [found] some documentaries on TV very educational.
In 2007, UNESCO [named] Jeju a World Natural Heritage Site. I [got] my arm [broken] yesterday.
Let me explain what's going on. The noise from outside [kept] me awake all night. She [kept] me waiting for a long time.
Do you want me to leave you alone? You drive me crazy. Sports commentators [thought] him this year's best hitter. I [heard] someone call my name from behind.
That she likes you is certain. Whether you will [succeed] or not in the future depends on your will.
It is a mystery why he [left] his seat all of a sudden. It is no use crying over [spilt] milk.
It took me 40 years to write my first book. It seems that the medicine helps his recovery. It [snowed] in the Sahara desert for 30minutes on the 18th of February, 1979.
It's Monday morning, and there's a long week ahead of us. It's really noisy in here, so speak a little louder.
It appears to me that Susan has lost her temper. To my surprise, it happened that I [got] an A in math.
The day most exciting for kids is Christmas. A leader without vision is a [stamped] letter without address; it can never reach its destination.

대명→가주어/가목적어→강조


[It] is true that health is above wealth.
[It] is not certain whether there are aliens out there.
[It] is a mystery why he left his seat all of a sudden.
[It] is no use crying over spilt milk. Sometimes [it] is worth challenging our thinking to create a new attitude.
[It] is so much fun sharing new and creative ideas with others.
[It] is nice making new friends with common interests.
[It] is necessary for us to recycle waste.
[It] is impossible for us to make progress without practicing every day.
[It] is illegal for people to sell alcoholic beverages to anyone under 19.
[It] was careless of you to lose your umbrella again.
[It] was rude of him to go away without saying goodbye.
[It] is considerate of you not to want to trouble others.
[It] took me 40 years to write my first book.
[It] seems that the medicine helps his recovery.
[It] snowed in the Sahara desert for 30minutes on the 18th of February, 1979.
How far is [it] from here to the nearest subway station?
[It] didn't seem that they were close friends.
[It] appears to me that Susan has lost her temper.
To my surprise, [it] happened that I got an A in math.
Christmas. A leader without vision is a stamped letter without address; [it] can never reach its destination.

수동

이거레알! 수동+투/명/형


Who our next-door neighbors will be is my mom's biggest concern. How the universe began cannot [be explained] + {clearly.
Whoever}
 gossips to you will gossip about you. Whatever [is begun] + {in} anger ends in shame.

제주명요

제주명요 S (should) RV!!!


To climb steep hills [requires] a slow pace at first.
friends with common interests. [It is necessary] for us to recycle waste.

접속사

댓=접관동부


What you do today can improve all your tomorrows. Sometimes [what] looks like bad luck may not be so bad.
It's a delight to trust somebody so completely. It is true [that] health is above wealth.
It's no wonder [that] too much fast food can contribute to obesity.
It is not certain [whether] there are aliens out there.
It seems [that] the medicine helps his recovery.
It didn't seem [that] they were close friends.
It appears to me [that] Susan has lost her temper.
To my surprise, it happened [that] I got an A in math.

1V

1형식동사는 수동이 안된다.


Change doesn't [happen] suddenly.
Your success grows from your struggles in life. Success runs away from cowards. Age doesn't [matter] in love.
It's no wonder that too much fast food can [contribute] to obesity.
It's really noisy in here, so speak a little louder. It [appears] to me that Susan has lost her temper.
To my surprise, it [happened] that I got an A in math.

5V

목적격보어자리 잘봐!


She kept me waiting for a long time. Do you [want] me to leave you alone?

연결

예/역/첨/인


Your new hair style suits you well. After two hours, we [finally] reached the coast.


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