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From 1706 ๊ณ 1 2018 All Rights Reserved. Written by Wayne | Contact us: wayne36@daum.net | Web: wayne.tistory.com


MUSIC_BOX

18 ๋ชฉ์ 


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์•„์‹œ๋Š” ๋ฐ”์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด, 6๋…„๊ฐ„ ๋ฐฉ๊ณผํ›„ ํ•™๊ต ์ˆ˜์˜์ฝ”์น˜์˜€๋˜ Sandy Brown์ด ์ง€๋‚œ๋‹ฌ ์ฝ”์น˜์ง์—์„œ ์€ํ‡ดํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ Bredard Community College์—์„œ ์ˆ˜์˜ ์„ ์ˆ˜์ƒํ™œ์„ ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ์ „๊ตญ ๋Œ€ํšŒ์—์„œ ์ˆ˜์ฐจ๋ก€ ์ž…์ƒํ•œ Virginia Smith๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ํ•™๊ต์˜ ์ƒˆ ์ˆ˜์˜ ์ฝ”์น˜๋กœ ์ž„๋ช…๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋ฒˆ์ด ์ฝ”์น˜๋กœ์„œ์˜ ์ฒซ ์‹œ์ž‘์ด๊ณ , ๋‹ค์Œ ์ฃผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ทผ๋ฌด๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜คํ›„์— ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋ฉฐ, ์—ฌ๋ฆ„ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ๋„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ์ˆ˜์˜์˜ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์ƒ ์ด์ ์„ ์ฆ์ง„์‹œํ‚ด์œผ๋กœ์จ ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•ด์ง€๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
As you know, Sandy Brown, our after-school swimming coach for six years, retired from coaching last month. So, Virginia Smith, who swam for Bredard Community College and has won several awards in national competitions, has been named the school's new swimming coach. This is her first job as a coach, and she is going to start working from next week. She will teach her class in the afternoons, and continue with our summer program. By promoting the health benefits of swimming, she hopes that more students will get healthy through her instruction.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• As you know, Sandy Brown, our after-school swimming coach for six years, retired from coaching last month.
  
Need_Help?
as you
โ–ทknow
์•Œ๋‹ค, ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsandy
์ƒŒ๋””, ๋ชจ๋ž˜์˜ 
โ–ทbrown
๋ธŒ๋ผ์šด, ๊ฐˆ์ƒ‰ 
โ–ทafter
โ€ฆ์„ ๊ตฌํ•˜์—ฌ, โ€ฆ์„ ๋ณธ๋– ์„œ, โ€ฆ๋’ค์— 
โ–ทschool
ํ•™ํŒŒ, ํ•™๊ต 
โ–ทswimming
์ˆ˜์˜ 
โ–ทcoach
๊ฐ๋…, ์ฝ”์น˜ 
โ–ทyears
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด 
โ–ทcoaching
๊ฐ๋…, ์ฝ”์น˜ 
โ–ทlast
๊ฐ€์žฅ โ€ฆํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์ง€ ์•Š์€, ๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmonth
๋‹ฌ, ๊ฐœ์›” .
์•„์‹œ๋Š” ๋ฐ”์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด, 6๋…„๊ฐ„ ๋ฐฉ๊ณผํ›„ ํ•™๊ต ์ˆ˜์˜์ฝ”์น˜์˜€๋˜ Sandy Brown์ด ์ง€๋‚œ๋‹ฌ ์ฝ”์น˜์ง์—์„œ ์€ํ‡ดํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As you know, Sandy Brown, our after-school swimming coach for six years, retired from coaching last month.


 โ™• So, Virginia Smith, who swam for Bredard Community College and has won several awards in national competitions, has been named the school's new swimming coach.
  
Need_Help?
so,
โ–ทvirginia
๋ฒ„์ง€๋‹ˆ์•„, ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๋Œ€์„œ์–‘ ์—ฐ์•ˆ์˜ ์ฃผ 
โ–ทsmith
๊ธˆ์† ์„ธ๊ณต์ธ 
โ–ทswam
ํ—ค์—„์ณค๋‹ค 
โ–ทcommunity
์‚ฌํšŒ, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด 
โ–ทcollege
๋Œ€ํ•™, ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์†Œ 
โ–ทwon
์›, ์–ป์—ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทseveral
๋ช‡, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ 
โ–ทawards
(์‹ฌ์‚ฌํ•˜์—ฌ) ์ฃผ๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทnational
๊ตญ๊ฐ€์˜, ์ „๊ตญ๋ฏผ์˜ 
โ–ทcompetitions
๊ฒฝ์Ÿ, ๋Œ€ํšŒ 
โ–ทschool
ํ•™ํŒŒ, ํ•™๊ต 
โ–ทnew
์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด, ์ƒˆ 
โ–ทswimming
์ˆ˜์˜ 
โ–ทcoach
๊ฐ๋…, ์ฝ”์น˜ .
๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ Bredard Community College์—์„œ ์ˆ˜์˜ ์„ ์ˆ˜์ƒํ™œ์„ ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ์ „๊ตญ ๋Œ€ํšŒ์—์„œ ์ˆ˜์ฐจ๋ก€ ์ž…์ƒํ•œ Virginia Smith๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ํ•™๊ต์˜ ์ƒˆ ์ˆ˜์˜ ์ฝ”์น˜๋กœ ์ž„๋ช…๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: So, Virginia Smith *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whoโŒ‹ swam for Bredard Community College and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆhasโŒ‹ won several awards in national competitions, H.B.P_์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœ[has been named] the school's new swimming coach.


 โ™• This is her first job as a coach, and she is going to start working from next week.
  
Need_Help?
this is her first
โ–ทjob
์ผ, ์ง์—… 
โ–ทcoach
๊ฐ๋…, ์ฝ”์น˜ 
โ–ทgoing
๊ฐ€๊ธฐ, ๊ณ„์† 
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทworking
์ผ, ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทnext
๋‹ค์Œ์˜, ์ดํ›„์˜ 
โ–ทweek
์ฃผ, ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ .
์ด๋ฒˆ์ด ์ฝ”์น˜๋กœ์„œ์˜ ์ฒซ ์‹œ์ž‘์ด๊ณ , ๋‹ค์Œ ์ฃผ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ทผ๋ฌด๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: This is her first job as she *๋Œ€๋™์‚ฌโŒˆisโŒ‹ going to start working from next week.


 โ™• She will teach her class in the afternoons, and continue with our summer program.
  
Need_Help?
she
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทteach
๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…, ๊ณ„์ธต 
โ–ทafternoons
์˜คํ›„, ์ ์‹ฌ 
โ–ทcontinue
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€์†์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทsummer
์—ฌ๋ฆ„, ํ•˜๊ณ„ 
โ–ทprogram
ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ, ๊ณ„ํš .
์˜คํ›„์— ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋ฉฐ, ์—ฌ๋ฆ„ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ๋„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: She will teach her class in the afternoons, and continue with our summer program.


 โ™• By promoting the health benefits of swimming, she hopes that more students will get healthy through her instruction.
  
Need_Help?
by promoting the
โ–ทhealth
๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ๋ณด๊ฑด 
โ–ทbenefits
์ด์ต, ์€ํ˜œ 
โ–ทswimming
์ˆ˜์˜ 
โ–ทhopes
๋‘ ๋ฐœ๋กœ ๋›ฐ๊ธฐ, ๋›ฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ, ์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค, ์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทhealthy
๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•œ, ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์— ์ข‹์€ 
โ–ทthrough
ํ†ตํ•˜์—ฌ, ~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— 
โ–ทinstruction
์ง€์‹œ, ์„ค๋ช… .
๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ์ˆ˜์˜์˜ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์ƒ ์ด์ ์„ ์ฆ์ง„์‹œํ‚ด์œผ๋กœ์จ ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๊ฑด๊ฐ•ํ•ด์ง€๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: By promoting the health benefits of swimming, she hopes that more students will get healthy through her instruction.


19 ์‹ฌ๊ฒฝ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์‚ฐ์•… ๋Œ€ํ”ผ์†Œ๋Š” ๋„ค ๊ฐœ์˜ ๋ฒฝ๋ฉด์ด ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ  ์•ž์ชฝ ๋ฒฝ๋ฉด์—๋Š” 5ํ”ผํŠธ ํฌ๊ธฐ์˜ ํ†ต๋กœ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ตฌ์„์— ์ž๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์žก์•˜๋‹ค. ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋“ฑ์‚ฐ๊ฐ๋“ค์ด ๋„์ฐฉํ•˜์˜€๊ณ , ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋ฐค ๋Œ€ํ”ผ์†Œ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋“์ฐฐ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•˜๋‹ค. 7์‹œ๊ฐ€ ๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚ด ์ธ์ƒ ์ตœ์•…์˜ ๋ฐค ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๊ฐ€ ์‹œ์ž‘๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ์นจ๋‚ญ์œผ๋กœ ๊ธฐ์–ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๋‚ ์˜ ํž˜๋“  ๋“ฑ์‚ฐ์œผ๋กœ ๋•€์„ ๋งŽ์ด ํ˜๋ฆฐ ์ดํ›„ ๋‚˜์˜ ์†์˜ท์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์ถ•์ถ•ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์–ด๋–ค ์˜ท๋„ ๋งˆ๋ฅธ ์ƒํƒœ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•จ ์—ญ์‹œ ๋ฌด์‹œํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณต๊ธฐ์˜ ์›€์ง์ž„์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์ฒด์ทจ์™€ ์ –์€ ์นจ๋‚ญ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๊ฐ€ ํ‘œ๋ฉด์œผ๋กœ ์˜ฌ๋ผ์™”๋‹ค. ๋ถˆ์พŒํ•œ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ์— ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ์ธ ์ฑ„, ๋ถ๋น„๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ”ผ์†Œ์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ ๋ฐ”๋‹ฅ์— ๋ˆ„์›Œ ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ž ๋“ค ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.
The mountain shelter had four walls, with an opening about five feet wide in the front wall. I picked a spot in a corner. Other hikers arrived; it would be a full house tonight. It was seven o'clock and the start of one of the worst nights of my life. When I crawled into my sleeping bag, my underwear was still moist after sweating so much on the difficult climbs of the day, and none of my other clothing was dry. I could not ignore another inconvenience, either: the air movement brought to the surface all the smells of bodies and wet sleeping bags. Lying on the floor in the corner of the crowded shelter, surrounded by bad smells, I could not fall asleep.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• The mountain shelter had four walls, with an opening about five feet wide in the front wall.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทmountain
์‚ฐ, ๊ฑฐ๋Œ€ํ•œ 
โ–ทshelter
ํ”ผ๋‚œ(์ฒ˜), ํ”ผ๋‚œํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwalls
๋ฒฝ, ์žฅ๋ฒฝ 
โ–ทopening
๊ฐœ๋ง‰, ์—ฌ๋Š” 
โ–ทfeet
๋ฐœ, ํ”ผํŠธ 
โ–ทfront
์•ž, ์ „์„  
โ–ทwall
๋ฒฝ, ์žฅ๋ฒฝ .
์‚ฐ์•… ๋Œ€ํ”ผ์†Œ๋Š” ๋„ค ๊ฐœ์˜ ๋ฒฝ๋ฉด์ด ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ  ์•ž์ชฝ ๋ฒฝ๋ฉด์—๋Š” 5ํ”ผํŠธ ํฌ๊ธฐ์˜ ํ†ต๋กœ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The mountain shelter had four walls, with an opening about five feet wide in the front wall.


 โ™• I picked a spot in a corner.
  
Need_Help?
i
โ–ทpicked
์ง‘์—ˆ๋‹ค, ๋ฝ‘ํ˜”๋‹ค 
โ–ทspot
์žฅ์†Œ, ์ง€์  
โ–ทcorner
๋ชจํ‰์ด, ๊ตฌ์„ .
๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ตฌ์„์— ์ž๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์žก์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I picked a spot in a corner.


 โ™• Other hikers arrived; it would be a full house tonight.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทfull
๊ฐ€๋“ํ•œ, ์™„์ „ํ•œ 
โ–ทhouse
์ง‘, ์ฃผํƒ 
โ–ทtonight
์˜ค๋Š˜๋ฐค, ์˜ค๋Š˜ ์ €๋… .
๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋“ฑ์‚ฐ๊ฐ๋“ค์ด ๋„์ฐฉํ•˜์˜€๊ณ , ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋ฐค ๋Œ€ํ”ผ์†Œ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋“์ฐฐ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Other hikers arrived; it would be a full house tonight.


 โ™• It was seven o'clock and the start of one of the worst nights of my life.
  
Need_Help?
it was seven o' of์˜ ๋‹จ์ถ•ํ˜•, ์•„์ผ๋žœ๋“œ๊ณ„์˜ ์„ฑ์— ๋ถ™์ž„clock and the
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทworst
์ตœ์•…์˜, ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋‚˜์œ 
โ–ทnights
๋ฐค๋งˆ๋‹ค, ๋ฐค์—๋Š” ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทlife
์ƒ๋ฌผ, ์‹ค๋ฌผ .
7์‹œ๊ฐ€ ๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚ด ์ธ์ƒ ์ตœ์•…์˜ ๋ฐค ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๊ฐ€ ์‹œ์ž‘๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It was seven o'clock and the start of one of the worst nights of my life.


 โ™• When I crawled into my sleeping bag, my underwear was still moist after sweating so much on the difficult climbs of the day, and none of my other clothing was dry.
  
Need_Help?
when i
โ–ทcrawled
๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๊ธฐ์–ด๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทsleeping
์ž๋Š”, ์ž  
โ–ทbag
๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ, ๋ด‰์ง€ 
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทmoist
์ด‰์ด‰ํ•œ, ์Šตํ•œ 
โ–ทafter
โ€ฆ์„ ๊ตฌํ•˜์—ฌ, โ€ฆ์„ ๋ณธ๋– ์„œ, โ€ฆ๋’ค์— 
โ–ทsweating
๋•€์„ ํ˜๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์Šค์›จํŠธ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทdifficult
์–ด๋ ค์šด, ํž˜๋“  
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทnone
์•„๋ฌด๋„ ~์•Š๋‹ค, ์กฐ๊ธˆ๋„ ~์—†๋‹ค 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทclothing
์˜ท, ์˜๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทdry
๋งˆ๋ฅธ, ๋ง๋ฆฐ .
์นจ๋‚ญ์œผ๋กœ ๊ธฐ์–ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐˆ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๋‚ ์˜ ํž˜๋“  ๋“ฑ์‚ฐ์œผ๋กœ ๋•€์„ ๋งŽ์ด ํ˜๋ฆฐ ์ดํ›„ ๋‚˜์˜ ์†์˜ท์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์ถ•์ถ•ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์–ด๋–ค ์˜ท๋„ ๋งˆ๋ฅธ ์ƒํƒœ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: When I crawled into my sleeping bag, my underwear was still moist *๋ถ€์‚ฌ์ ˆ์ถ•์•ฝโŒˆafter sweatingโŒ‹ so much on the difficult climbs of the day, and none of my other clothing was dry.


 โ™• I could not ignore another inconvenience, either: the air movement brought to the surface all the smells of bodies and wet sleeping bags.
  
Need_Help?
i could not
โ–ทignore
๋ฌด์‹œํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ์ฒดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทanother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๋˜ ํ•˜๋‚˜ 
โ–ทinconvenience
๋ถˆํŽธ, ํ 
โ–ทeither
๋˜ํ•œ, ์–ด๋Š ์ชฝ 
โ–ทair
๊ณต๊ธฐ, ํ•ญ๊ณต์˜ 
โ–ทmovement
์šด๋™, ์›€์ง์ž„ 
โ–ทbrought
๊ฐ€์ ธ์™”๋‹ค, ๋ฐ๋ ค์™”๋‹ค 
โ–ทsurface
ํ‘œ๋ฉด, ๊ฒ‰์œผ๋กœ ๋“œ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsmells
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค 
โ–ทwet
์ –์€, ์Šตํ•œ 
โ–ทsleeping
์ž๋Š”, ์ž  
โ–ทbags
๊ฐ€๋ฐฉ, ๋ด‰์ง€  ๋‹ค๋Ÿ‰, ๋‹ค์ˆ˜.
๋‚˜๋Š” ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•จ ์—ญ์‹œ ๋ฌด์‹œํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I could not ignore another inconvenience, either: the air movement brought to the surface all the smells of bodies and wet sleeping bags.


 โ™• Lying on the floor in the corner of the crowded shelter, surrounded by bad smells, I could not fall asleep.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทlying
lie์˜ ํ˜„์žฌ ๋ถ„์‚ฌํ˜•, ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋งํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทfloor
์˜์›, ์ธต 
โ–ทcorner
๋ชจํ‰์ด, ๊ตฌ์„ 
โ–ทcrowded
๋ถ๋น„๋Š”, ํ˜ผ์žกํ•œ 
โ–ทshelter
ํ”ผ๋‚œ(์ฒ˜), ํ”ผ๋‚œํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsurrounded
๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ๋‹ค, ์ฃผ๋ณ€ 
โ–ทbad
๋‚˜์œ, ์ข‹์ง€ ์•Š์€ 
โ–ทsmells
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค 
โ–ทfall
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทasleep
์ž ๋“ค์–ด, ์กฐ๋Š” .
๊ณต๊ธฐ์˜ ์›€์ง์ž„์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์ฒด์ทจ์™€ ์ –์€ ์นจ๋‚ญ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๊ฐ€ ํ‘œ๋ฉด์œผ๋กœ ์˜ฌ๋ผ์™”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆLyingโŒ‹ on the floor in the corner of the crowded shelter, surrounded by bad smells, I could not fall asleep.


20 ์ฃผ์žฅ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ์–ธ์–ด ํ•™์Šต๊ณผ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ์— ์œ ์ตํ•˜๋‹ค. ๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋ฅผ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋™์ฐธํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๊ฐ€ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด๋‚ด๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์–ด๋ฅธ๋“ค์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ต์œก์  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์ด ๋œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ณธ์งˆ์„ ์žƒ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ์•„์ด๋“ค์€ ์ฐฝ์˜์ ์ด๊ณ  ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ธ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด์—์„œ ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์›€์„ ์ฐพ๊ณ , ์‹ค์—†๋Š” ๋ง์„ ํ•ด๋†“๊ณ  ์›ƒ๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๊ณ , ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด์˜ ์†๋„, ํƒ€์ด๋ฐ, ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ํ๋ฆ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฃผ๋„๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฐ€์งˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ํ•„์š”๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์•„์ด๋“ค์ด ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ์ „์‹œํ‚ค๋„๋ก ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•  ๋•Œ, ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์ด์ ์ด ์ƒ๊ธด๋‹ค.
Language play is good for children's language learning and development, and therefore we should strongly encourage, and even join in their language play. However, the play must be owned by the children. If it becomes another educational tool for adults to use to produce outcomes, it loses its very essence. Children need to be able to delight in creative and immediate language play, to say silly things and make themselves laugh, and to have control over the pace, timing, direction, and flow. When children are allowed to develop their language play, a range of benefits result from it.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Language play is good for children's language learning and development, and therefore we should strongly encourage, and even join in their language play.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทlearning
๋ฐฐ์šฐ๋‹ค, ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdevelopment
๊ฐœ๋ฐœ, ๋ฐœ์ „ 
โ–ทtherefore
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด 
โ–ทstrongly
๊ฐ•๋ ฅํžˆ, ๊ฐ•ํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทencourage
๊ฒฉ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค, ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทjoin
์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ž…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค .
์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ์–ธ์–ด ํ•™์Šต๊ณผ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ์— ์œ ์ตํ•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Language play is good for *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆchildren'sโŒ‹ language learning and development, and therefore we should strongly encourage, and even join in their language play.


 โ™• However, the play must be owned by the children.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทowned
~์˜ ์†Œ์œ ์ธ, ~์ด ์†Œ์œ ํ•˜๋Š”  by the children.
๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋ฅผ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋™์ฐธํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, the play must be owned by the children.


 โ™• If it becomes another educational tool for adults to use to produce outcomes, it loses its very essence.
  
Need_Help?
if it
โ–ทbecomes
์–ด์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทanother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๋˜ ํ•˜๋‚˜ 
โ–ทeducational
๊ต์œก์˜ 
โ–ทtool
๋„๊ตฌ, ์—ฐ์žฅ 
โ–ทadults
์„ฑ์ธ์šฉ์˜, ์„ฑ์ธ 
โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทproduce
~์„ ์ƒ์‚ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทoutcomes
๊ฒฐ๊ณผ, ์„ฑ๊ณผ 
โ–ทloses
์ง€๋‹ค, (์‹œ๊ณ„๊ฐ€)๋Šฆ๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ์žƒ๋‹ค 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทessence
๋ณธ์งˆ, ์ •์ˆ˜ .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๋Š” ์•„์ด๋“ค์˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If it becomes another educational tool for *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆadultsโŒ‹ to use to produce outcomes, it loses its very essence.


 โ™• Children need to be able to delight in creative and immediate language play, to say silly things and make themselves laugh, and to have control over the pace, timing, direction, and flow.
  
Need_Help?
children
โ–ทneed
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทable
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”, ์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทdelight
๊ธฐ์˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฆ๊ฒ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcreative
์ฐฝ์˜์ ์ธ, ์ฐฝ์กฐ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทimmediate
์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ธ, ๋‹น์žฅ 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsay
๋งํ•˜์ž๋ฉด, ๊ธ€์Ž„์š” 
โ–ทsilly
์–ด๋ฆฌ์„์€, ๋ฐ”๋ณด 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทthemselves
๊ทธ๋“ค ์ž์‹  
โ–ทlaugh
์›ƒ๋‹ค, ์›ƒ์Œ 
โ–ทcontrol
ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทpace
์†๋„, ํŽ˜์ด์Šค 
โ–ทdirection
๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ์ง€๋„ 
โ–ทflow
ํ๋ฅด๋‹ค, ํ๋ฆ„ .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด๊ฐ€ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด๋‚ด๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์–ด๋ฅธ๋“ค์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ต์œก์  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์ด ๋œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ณธ์งˆ์„ ์žƒ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Children need to be able to *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆdelight inโŒ‹ creative and immediate language play, to say silly things and make themselves laugh, and to have control over the pace *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, timingโŒ‹, direction, and flow.


 โ™• When children are allowed to develop their language play, a range of benefits result from it.
  
Need_Help?
when children are
โ–ทallowed
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdevelop
๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทrange
ring์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐํ˜• 
โ–ทbenefits
์ด์ต, ์€ํ˜œ 
โ–ทresult
๊ฒฐ๊ตญ, ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ  from it.
์•„์ด๋“ค์€ ์ฐฝ์˜์ ์ด๊ณ  ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ธ ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด์—์„œ ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์›€์„ ์ฐพ๊ณ , ์‹ค์—†๋Š” ๋ง์„ ํ•ด๋†“๊ณ  ์›ƒ๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๊ณ , ์–ธ์–ด ๋†€์ด์˜ ์†๋„, ํƒ€์ด๋ฐ, ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ํ๋ฆ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฃผ๋„๊ถŒ์„ ๊ฐ€์งˆ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ํ•„์š”๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: When children *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare allowedโŒ‹ to develop their language play, a range of benefits result from it.


21 ์š”์ง€


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ๊ฐ“ ๊ตฌ์šด ๋นต ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฑธ์–ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ„๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ฝค๋‚˜ ๊ธฐ๋ถ„ ์ข‹์€ ๊ทธ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๊ธˆ๋ฐฉ ์•Œ์•„์ฐจ๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ช‡ ๋ถ„ ๋™์•ˆ ๋ฐฉ์— ๋จธ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋ฉด ๊ทธ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค. ์‚ฌ์‹ค, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋‹ค์‹œ ์ผ๊นจ์šฐ๋Š” ์œ ์ผํ•œ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ๋ฐฉ์„ ๋‚˜๊ฐ„ ํ›„ ๋‹ค์‹œ ๋“ค์–ด์˜ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ •ํ™•ํžˆ ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฐœ๋…์ด ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ํฌํ•จํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์‚ถ์˜ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฉด์— ์ ์šฉ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ๋Š๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์•„๋งˆ๋„ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ๋™๋ฐ˜์ž, ๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ๋งŒ์กฑ์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด ์ง์—…, ๋ณด๊ธˆ์ž๋ฆฌ, ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ ์Œ์‹์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์ง€๋‚จ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ฐ€์ง„ ๊ฒƒ์— ์ต์ˆ™ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ , ๋งˆ์น˜ ๊ฐ“ ๊ตฌ์šด ๋นต ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์˜์‹ ์†์—์„œ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง„๋‹ค. ์†๋‹ด์—์„œ ๋งํ•˜๋“ฏ์ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์šฐ๋ฌผ์ด ๋งˆ๋ฅธ ํ›„์—์•ผ ๋ฌผ์˜ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•จ์„ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
If you walk into a room that smells of freshly baked bread, you quickly detect the rather pleasant smell. However, stay in the room for a few minutes, and the smell will seem to disappear. In fact, the only way to reawaken it is to walk out of the room and come back in again. The exact same concept applies to many areas of our lives, including happiness. Everyone has something to be happy about. Perhaps they have a loving partner, good health, a satisfying job, a roof over their heads, or enough food to eat. As time passes, however, they get used to what they have and, just like the smell of fresh bread, these wonderful assets disappear from their consciousness. As the old proverb goes, you never miss the water till the well runs dry.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• If you walk into a room that smells of freshly baked bread, you quickly detect the rather pleasant smell.
  
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if you
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค, ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทroom
๋ฐฉ, ์—ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทsmells
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค 
โ–ทbread
๋นต, ์ƒ๊ณ„ 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ, ๋น ๋ฅธ 
โ–ทdetect
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ํƒ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทrather
~๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š”, ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค 
โ–ทpleasant
์ฆ๊ฑฐ์šด, ์ข‹์€ 
โ–ทsmell
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ๊ฐ“ ๊ตฌ์šด ๋นต ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฑธ์–ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ„๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ฝค๋‚˜ ๊ธฐ๋ถ„ ์ข‹์€ ๊ทธ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๊ธˆ๋ฐฉ ์•Œ์•„์ฐจ๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If you walk into a room that smells of freshly baked bread, you quickly detect the rather pleasant smell.


 โ™• However, stay in the room for a few minutes, and the smell will seem to disappear.
  
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โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทstay
๋จธ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทroom
๋ฐฉ, ์—ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”, ๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทminutes
์ƒ์„ธํ•œ, ์‚ฌ์†Œํ•œ 
โ–ทsmell
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทseem
~๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค, ~๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทdisappear
์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋‹ค, ์—†์–ด์ง€๋‹ค .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ช‡ ๋ถ„ ๋™์•ˆ ๋ฐฉ์— ๋จธ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋ฉด ๊ทธ ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, stay in the room for a few minutes, and the smell will seem to disappear.


 โ™• In fact, the only way to reawaken it is to walk out of the room and come back in again.
  
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in
โ–ทfact
์‚ฌ์‹ค, ์ผ 
โ–ทway
๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•, ๋ฐฉ์‹ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค, ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทroom
๋ฐฉ, ์—ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทcome
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ๋’ค  in again.
์‚ฌ์‹ค, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋‹ค์‹œ ์ผ๊นจ์šฐ๋Š” ์œ ์ผํ•œ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ๋ฐฉ์„ ๋‚˜๊ฐ„ ํ›„ ๋‹ค์‹œ ๋“ค์–ด์˜ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In fact, the only way to reawaken it is to walk out of the room and come back in again.


 โ™• The exact same concept applies to many areas of our lives, including happiness.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทexact
์ •ํ™•ํ•œ, ์™„์ „ํ•œ 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€, ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทconcept
๊ฐœ๋…, ์ƒ๊ฐ 
โ–ทareas
๋ฉด์ , ์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทlives
์‚ด๋‹ค, ์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทincluding
ํฌํ•จํ•ด, ๋“ฑ 
โ–ทhappiness
ํ–‰๋ณต, ๋งŒ์กฑ .
์ •ํ™•ํžˆ ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฐœ๋…์ด ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ํฌํ•จํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์‚ถ์˜ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฉด์— ์ ์šฉ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The exact same concept applies to many areas of our lives, *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆincludingโŒ‹ happiness.


 โ™• Everyone has something to be happy about.
  
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โ–ทeveryone
๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ๋ชจ๋‘ 
โ–ทsomething
๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€, ์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทhappy
๋ฉ‹์ง„, ์ ์ ˆํ•œ  about.
๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ๋Š๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Everyone has something to be happy about.


 โ™• Perhaps they have a loving partner, good health, a satisfying job, a roof over their heads, or enough food to eat.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทperhaps
์•„๋งˆ๋„, ~์ผ์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค 
โ–ทloving
์‚ฌ๋ž‘ํ•˜๋Š”, ~์„ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทpartner
ํŒŒํŠธ๋„ˆ, ์ƒ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทhealth
๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ๋ณด๊ฑด 
โ–ทsatisfying
๋งŒ์กฑ์‹œํ‚ค๋Š”, ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ 
โ–ทjob
์ผ, ์ง์—… 
โ–ทroof
์ง€๋ถ•, ์˜ฅ์ƒ 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทheads
์•ž์žฅ์„œ๋‹ค, ๋‚˜์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทenough
์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ, ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํžˆ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทeat
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹ .
์•„๋งˆ๋„ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ๋™๋ฐ˜์ž, ๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ๋งŒ์กฑ์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด ์ง์—…, ๋ณด๊ธˆ์ž๋ฆฌ, ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ ์Œ์‹์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Perhaps they have a loving partner, good health, a satisfying job, a roof over their heads, or enough food to eat.


 โ™• As time passes, however, they get used to what they have and, just like the smell of fresh bread, these wonderful assets disappear from their consciousness.
  
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as time
โ–ทpasses
ํ†ต๊ณผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค, ์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทused
์‚ฌ์šฉ๋œ, ์ด์šฉ๋œ 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทlike
์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsmell
๋ƒ„์ƒˆ, ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ๋ฅผ ๋งก๋‹ค 
โ–ทfresh
์‹ ์„ ํ•œ, ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด 
โ–ทbread
๋นต, ์ƒ๊ณ„ 
โ–ทthese
์ด ~๋“ค์˜, ์ด๋Ÿฐ 
โ–ทwonderful
๋ฉ‹์ง„, ํ›Œ๋ฅญํ•œ 
โ–ทassets
๊ฐ€์น˜์žˆ๋Š”๊ฒƒ,์ด์ ,์žฌ์‚ฐ,์ž์‚ฐ 
โ–ทdisappear
์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋‹ค, ์—†์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทconsciousness
์˜์‹, ์ธ์‹ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์ง€๋‚จ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ฐ€์ง„ ๊ฒƒ์— ์ต์ˆ™ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ , ๋งˆ์น˜ ๊ฐ“ ๊ตฌ์šด ๋นต ๋ƒ„์ƒˆ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์˜์‹ ์†์—์„œ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As time passes, however, they get *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆused toโŒ‹ what they have and, just like the smell of fresh bread, these wonderful assets disappear from their consciousness.


 โ™• As the old proverb goes, you never miss the water till the well runs dry.
  
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as the old
โ–ทproverb
์†๋‹ด 
โ–ทmiss
๊ทธ๋ฆฌ์›Œํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋†“์น˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทtill
๊ฒฝ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค, โ€ฆํ•˜๊ณ  ๋งˆ์นจ๋‚ด, โ€ฆ๊นŒ์ง€ 
โ–ทwell
์ž˜, ํ  
โ–ทruns
โ€ฆ๋ผ๊ณ  ์“ฐ์—ฌ ์žˆ๋‹ค, ๊ฒฝ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdry
๋งˆ๋ฅธ, ๋ง๋ฆฐ .
์†๋‹ด์—์„œ ๋งํ•˜๋“ฏ์ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์šฐ๋ฌผ์ด ๋งˆ๋ฅธ ํ›„์—์•ผ ๋ฌผ์˜ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•จ์„ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As the old proverb goes, you never miss the water till the well runs dry.


22 ์ฃผ์ œ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ€ ๋•Œ ์™œ ๋„˜์–ด์ง€์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”์ง€ ๊ถ๊ธˆํ•ด ๋ณธ ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๊ฐœ๋Š” ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์žฌ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ”์•ผ ํ•  ๋•Œ, ์ž๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชธ์˜ ์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ๋‚ด๋˜์ง„๋‹ค. ๊ฐœ์˜ ๋“ฑ์€ ํœ˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ชธ์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์›๋ž˜์˜ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๊ณ„์† ๊ฐ€๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ ์ด ํšŒ์ „ ๋™์ž‘์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๋ชธ์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ํฌ๊ฒŒ ํ”๋“ค๋ฆด ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ธ‰ํšŒ์ „์„ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•  ๋•Œ, ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ์›€์ง์ด๋Š” ์†๋„๋ฅผ ๋งŽ์ด ๋Šฆ์ถ”๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๋„˜์–ด์ง€๊ฒŒ ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐฉ์ง€ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋•๋Š”๋‹ค. ๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ํšŒ์ „ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋‚ด๋˜์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฒฝ๋กœ๋ฅผ ์ดํƒˆํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์„ ์ค„์ด๋Š” ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
Have you ever wondered why a dog doesn't fall over when he changes directions while running? When a dog is running and has to turn quickly, he throws the front part of his body in the direction he wants to go. His back then bends, but his hind part will still continue in the original direction. Naturally, this turning movement might result in the dog's hind part swinging wide. And this could greatly slow his rate of movement or even cause the dog to fall over as he tries to make a high-speed turn. However, the dog's tail helps to prevent this. Throwing his tail in the same direction that his body is turning serves to reduce the tendency to spin off course.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Have you ever wondered why a dog doesn't fall over when he changes directions while running?
  
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have you
โ–ทever
์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€, ์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทwondered
๊ถ๊ธˆํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ด์ƒํ•œ 
โ–ทwhy
์™œ, ์–ด๋•Œ์š” 
โ–ทdog
๊ฐœ, ์• ์™„๊ฒฌ 
โ–ทdoes
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfall
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทchanges
๋ณ€ํ™”, ๋ฐ”๊พธ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdirections
๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ์ง€๋„ 
โ–ทwhile
~๋™์•ˆ์—, ~์— ๋ฐ˜ํ•˜์—ฌ 
โ–ทrunning
๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š”, ์šด์˜ ?
๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ€ ๋•Œ ์™œ ๋„˜์–ด์ง€์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”์ง€ ๊ถ๊ธˆํ•ด ๋ณธ ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Have you ever wondered why a dog doesn't fall over when he changes directions while running?


 โ™• When a dog is running and has to turn quickly, he throws the front part of his body in the direction he wants to go.
  
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when a
โ–ทdog
๊ฐœ, ์• ์™„๊ฒฌ 
โ–ทrunning
๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š”, ์šด์˜ 
โ–ทturn
๋˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ, ๋น ๋ฅธ 
โ–ทthrows
๋˜์ง€๋‹ค, ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfront
์•ž, ์ „์„  
โ–ทpart
์—ญํ• , ๋ถ€๋ถ„ 
โ–ทbody
๋ชธ, ์‹ ์ฒด 
โ–ทdirection
๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ์ง€๋„ 
โ–ทwants
๋ถ€์กฑ, ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€์กฑํ•˜๋‹ค  to go.
๊ฐœ๋Š” ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์žฌ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ”์•ผ ํ•  ๋•Œ, ์ž๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชธ์˜ ์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ๋‚ด๋˜์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: When a dog is running and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆhasโŒ‹ to turn quickly, he throws the front part of his body in the direction *๋Œ“์ƒ๋žต he wants to go.


 โ™• His back then bends, but his hind part will still continue in the original direction.
  
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his
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ๋’ค 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทpart
์—ญํ• , ๋ถ€๋ถ„ 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทcontinue
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€์†์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทoriginal
์›๋ž˜์˜, ์›๋ณธ์˜ 
โ–ทdirection
๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ์ง€๋„ .
๊ฐœ์˜ ๋“ฑ์€ ํœ˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ชธ์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์›๋ž˜์˜ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๊ณ„์† ๊ฐ€๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: His back then bends, but *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆhisโŒ‹ hind part will still continue in the original direction.


 โ™• Naturally, this turning movement might result in the dog's hind part swinging wide.
  
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โ–ทnaturally
์ž์—ฐ์Šค๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ, ๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ 
โ–ทturning
๋˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmovement
์šด๋™, ์›€์ง์ž„ 
โ–ทmight
~์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค, ~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทresult
๊ฒฐ๊ตญ, ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ 
โ–ทdog
๊ฐœ, ์• ์™„๊ฒฌ 
โ–ทpart
์—ญํ• , ๋ถ€๋ถ„ 
โ–ทswinging
ํ™œ๋™์ ์ด๊ณ  ํ˜„๋Œ€์ ์ธ, ๊ธฐ์šด์ฐฌ  wide.
๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ ์ด ํšŒ์ „ ๋™์ž‘์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๋ชธ์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ํฌ๊ฒŒ ํ”๋“ค๋ฆด ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Naturally, this turning movement might result in the dog's hind part swinging wide.


 โ™• And this could greatly slow his rate of movement or even cause the dog to fall over as he tries to make a high-speed turn.
  
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and this could
โ–ทgreatly
ํฌ๊ฒŒ, ๋ชน์‹œ 
โ–ทslow
๋Š๋ฆฐ, ๋Šฆ์ถ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทrate
์š”๊ธˆ, ๋น„์œจ 
โ–ทmovement
์šด๋™, ์›€์ง์ž„ 
โ–ทcause
์ผ์œผํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์›์ธ 
โ–ทdog
๊ฐœ, ์• ์™„๊ฒฌ 
โ–ทfall
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทhigh
๋†’์€, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทturn
๋˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค .
๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ธ‰ํšŒ์ „์„ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•  ๋•Œ, ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ์›€์ง์ด๋Š” ์†๋„๋ฅผ ๋งŽ์ด ๋Šฆ์ถ”๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๋„˜์–ด์ง€๊ฒŒ ํ•  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: And *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆthisโŒ‹ could greatly slow his rate of movement or even cause the dog to fall over as he tries to make a high-speed turn.


 โ™• However, the dog's tail helps to prevent this.
  
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โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทdog
๊ฐœ, ์• ์™„๊ฒฌ 
โ–ทtail
๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ, ๋ 
โ–ทhelps
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทprevent
๋ง‰๋‹ค, ์˜ˆ๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค  this.
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐฉ์ง€ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋•๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, the dog's tail helps to prevent this.


 โ™• Throwing his tail in the same direction that his body is turning serves to reduce the tendency to spin off course.
  
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โ–ทthrowing
๋˜์ง€๋‹ค, ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทtail
๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ, ๋ 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€, ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทdirection
๋ฐฉํ–ฅ, ์ง€๋„ 
โ–ทbody
๋ชธ, ์‹ ์ฒด 
โ–ทturning
๋˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทserves
์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ณต๋ฌดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทreduce
์ค„์ด๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtendency
๊ฒฝํ–ฅ, ์ถ”์„ธ 
โ–ทspin
ํšŒ์ „, ๋Œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทoff
์—†์–ด์ ธ, ๋–จ์–ด์ ธ 
โ–ทcourse
๊ณผ์ •, ์ฝ”์Šค .
๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ํšŒ์ „ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๊ผฌ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋‚ด๋˜์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฒฝ๋กœ๋ฅผ ์ดํƒˆํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์„ ์ค„์ด๋Š” ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆThrowingโŒ‹ his tail in the same direction that his body is turning serves to reduce the tendency to spin off course.


23 ์ œ๋ชฉ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฒŒ์„ ํ‚ค์šฐ๋Š” ๋ฐ ์žˆ์–ด ์‹œ๊ณจ์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๋„“์€ ์ •์›์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ž˜๋ชป๋œ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ํƒ ํŠธ์ธ ๋“คํŒ์— ๋‚ ์•„๊ฐ€๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋„์‹œ์—์„œ๋ณด๋‹ค 5์›”์˜ ๊ณผ์ผ๋‚˜๋ฌด ๊ฝƒ๋“ค๊ณผ 6์›”์˜ ํฐ ๊ฝƒ ํด๋กœ๋ฒ„๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ณณ์—์„œ ๋ฒŒ์€ ๊ฟ€์„ ๋” ์ž˜ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌํ•œ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์—์„œ๋„ ๋ฒŒ์„ ํ‚ค์›Œ ์ด์ต์„ ๋‚ผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๋นŒ๋ผ์˜ ์ •์›์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฝƒ๋“ค์ด ์ด๋ฅธ ๋ด„์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์„๊นŒ์ง€ ๋Š์ž„์—†์ด ๊ฟ€์„ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•ด ์ฃผ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋ฒŒ์€ ๋Œ€๋„์‹œ์˜ ๊ต์™ธ ์ง€์—ญ์—์„œ ๊ฟ€์„ ์ž˜ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋กœ ๋ฒŒ์„ ์ง€๋‚˜์น˜๊ฒŒ ๋‘๋ ค์›Œํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•œ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฒŒ์„ ๊ธฐ๋ฅด๋ฉฐ ์ด์œค์„ ๋‚ด๊ณ  ์žฌ๋ฏธ๋ฅผ ๋Š๋‚„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
Many people suppose that to keep bees, it is necessary to have a large garden in the country; but this is a mistake. Bees will, of course, do better in the midst of fruit blossoms in May and white clovers in June than in a city where they have to fly a long distance to reach the open fields. However, bees can be kept with profit even under unfavorable circumstances. Bees do very well in the suburbs of large cities since the series of flowers in the gardens of the villas allow a constant supply of honey from early spring until autumn. Therefore, almost every person โ€• except those who are seriously afraid of bees โ€• can keep them profitably and enjoyably.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Many people suppose that to keep bees, it is necessary to have a large garden in the country; but this is a mistake.
  
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many
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทsuppose
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทkeep
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทnecessary
ํ•„์š”ํ•œ, ํ•„์ˆ˜์ ์ธ 
โ–ทlarge
ํฐ, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทgarden
์ •์›, ๊ฐ€๋“  
โ–ทcountry
๋‚˜๋ผ, ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทmistake
์‹ค์ˆ˜, ์ž˜๋ชป .
๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฒŒ์„ ํ‚ค์šฐ๋Š” ๋ฐ ์žˆ์–ด ์‹œ๊ณจ์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๋„“์€ ์ •์›์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many people suppose that to keep bees, *It๊ฐ€์ฃผ์–ด โŒˆit is necessary to haveโŒ‹ a large garden in the country; but *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆthisโŒ‹ is a mistake.


 โ™• Bees will, of course, do better in the midst of fruit blossoms in May and white clovers in June than in a city where they have to fly a long distance to reach the open fields.
  
Need_Help?
bees
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทcourse
๊ณผ์ •, ์ฝ”์Šค 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbetter
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋” ์ข‹์€ 
โ–ทmidst
ํ•œ๊ฐ€์šด๋ฐ, ~ํ•˜๋Š” ์ค‘์— ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfruit
๊ณผ์ผ, ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ 
โ–ทblossoms
๊ฝƒ 
โ–ทwhite
์กฐ๊ธˆ, ์†Œ๋Ÿ‰ 
โ–ทclovers
ํด๋กœ๋ฒ„, ํ† ๋ผํ’€ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””, ๊ณณ 
โ–ทfly
๋‚ ๋‹ค, ๋น„ํ–‰ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlong
๊พธ๋ฌผ๋Œ€๋Š”, ๋™๊ฒฝํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdistance
๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ, ๋จผ ๊ณณ 
โ–ทreach
๋„๋‹ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ด๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทopen
์—ด๋‹ค, ๊ฐœ๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfields
ํ•„์ฆˆ, ์˜๊ตญ์˜ ์—ฌ์„ฑ ๊ฐ€์ˆ˜ยท์ฝ”๋ฏธ๋””์–ธ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ž˜๋ชป๋œ ์ƒ๊ฐ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Bees will, of course, do better in the midst of fruit blossoms in May and white clovers in June than in a city where they have to fly a long distance to reach the open fields.


 โ™• However, bees can be kept with profit even under unfavorable circumstances.
  
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โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทkept
๊ณ„์†ํ–ˆ๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทprofit
์ด์ต, ์ˆ˜์ต 
โ–ทunder
์•„๋ž˜์˜, ~๋ฐ‘์— 
โ–ทunfavorable
๋ถˆ๋ฆฌํ•œ, ์ ๊ฐœ์‹ฌ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทcircumstances
ํ™˜๊ฒฝ, ์‚ฌ์ • .
๋ฌผ๋ก  ํƒ ํŠธ์ธ ๋“คํŒ์— ๋‚ ์•„๊ฐ€๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ์˜ค๋ž˜ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋„์‹œ์—์„œ๋ณด๋‹ค 5์›”์˜ ๊ณผ์ผ๋‚˜๋ฌด ๊ฝƒ๋“ค๊ณผ 6์›”์˜ ํฐ ๊ฝƒ ํด๋กœ๋ฒ„๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ณณ์—์„œ ๋ฒŒ์€ ๊ฟ€์„ ๋” ์ž˜ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, bees can be kept with profit even under unfavorable circumstances.


 โ™• Bees do very well in the suburbs of large cities since the series of flowers in the gardens of the villas allow a constant supply of honey from early spring until autumn.
  
Need_Help?
bees
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทwell
์ž˜, ํ  
โ–ทsuburbs
๊ต์™ธ, ๋ณ€๋‘๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทlarge
ํฐ, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทsince
~์ดํ›„, ~๋•Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 
โ–ทseries
์‹œ๋ฆฌ์ฆˆ, ์ผ๋ จ 
โ–ทflowers
๊ฝƒ, ๊ฝƒ์„ ํ”ผ์šฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทgardens
์ •์›, ๊ฐ€๋“  
โ–ทvillas
๋ณ„์žฅ, ๋Œ€์ €ํƒ 
โ–ทallow
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทconstant
์ง€์†์ ์ธ, ๊ณ„์†๋˜๋Š” 
โ–ทsupply
๊ณต๊ธ‰, ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhoney
์—ฌ๋ณด, ๊ฟ€ 
โ–ทearly
์ดˆ, ์ผ์ฐ 
โ–ทspring
ํŠ€์–ด์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์˜ ์ž์†์ด๋‹ค, ์šฉ์ˆ˜์ฒ  
โ–ทuntil
~ํ•  ๋•Œ๊นŒ์ง€, ~๊นŒ์ง€ 
โ–ทautumn
๊ฐ€์„ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌํ•œ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์—์„œ๋„ ๋ฒŒ์„ ํ‚ค์›Œ ์ด์ต์„ ๋‚ผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Bees do very well in the suburbs of large cities since the series of flowers in the gardens of the villas allow a constant supply of honey from early spring until autumn.


 โ™• Therefore, almost every person โ€• except those who are seriously afraid of bees โ€• can keep them profitably and enjoyably.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทtherefore
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด 
โ–ทalmost
๊ฑฐ์˜, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„ 
โ–ทevery
๋ชจ๋“ , ๋งˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทexcept
์ œ์™ธํ•˜๋‹ค, ~์™ธ์—๋Š” 
โ–ทthose
์ €, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทseriously
์‹ฌ๊ฐํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ์ง„์ง€ํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทafraid
๋‘๋ ค์šด, ~์ธ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค 
โ–ทkeep
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค  them profitably and enjoyably.
๋นŒ๋ผ์˜ ์ •์›์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฝƒ๋“ค์ด ์ด๋ฅธ ๋ด„์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์„๊นŒ์ง€ ๋Š์ž„์—†์ด ๊ฟ€์„ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•ด ์ฃผ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋ฒŒ์€ ๋Œ€๋„์‹œ์˜ ๊ต์™ธ ์ง€์—ญ์—์„œ ๊ฟ€์„ ์ž˜ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Therefore, almost every person โ€• except those who are seriously afraid of bees โ€• can keep them profitably and enjoyably.


25 ์ผ์น˜


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


Nauru๋Š” ๋‚จ์„œ ํƒœํ‰์–‘์— ์žˆ๋Š” ์„ฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๋‹ค. ์†”๋กœ๋ชฌ ์ œ๋„์˜ ๋ถ๋™์ชฝ ์•ฝ 800๋งˆ์ผ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•ด ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ์ด์›ƒ์€ ๋™์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์•ฝ 200๋งˆ์ผ ๋–จ์–ด์ง„ Banaba ์„ฌ์ด๋‹ค. Nauru๋Š” ๊ณต์‹ ์ˆ˜๋„๋Š” ์—†์ง€๋งŒ, ์ •๋ถ€ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ๋“ค์ด Yaren์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์•ฝ 10,000๋ช…์˜ ์ธ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„ Nauru๋Š” ๋‚จํƒœํ‰์–‘์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ž‘์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๊ณ  ๋ฉด์ ์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ์„ธ ๋ฒˆ์งธ๋กœ ์ž‘์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ตญ๊ธฐ์— ์žˆ๋Š” 12๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ผญ์ง“์ ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„ ๋ณ„์ด ์ƒ์ง•ํ•˜๋“ฏ์ด Nauru ์›์ฃผ๋ฏผ์€ 12๊ฐœ์˜ ๋ถ€์กฑ์œผ๋กœ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ ธ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์ด๋“ค์€ Micronesia์ธ, Polynesia์ธ, Melanesia์ธ์ด ํ˜ผํ•ฉ๋œ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง„๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ๋ชจ๊ตญ์–ด๋Š” Nauru์–ด์ด์ง€๋งŒ, ์˜์–ด๊ฐ€ ํ–‰์ • ๋ฐ ์ƒ์—…์ ์ธ ๋ชฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋„๋ฆฌ ์“ฐ์ธ๋‹ค.
Nauru is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is located about 800 miles to the northeast of the Solomon Islands; its closest neighbor is the island of Banaba, some 200 miles to the east. Nauru has no official capital, but government buildings are located in Yaren. With a population of about 10,000, Nauru is the smallest country in the South Pacific and the third smallest country by area in the world. The native people of Nauru consist of 12 tribes, as symbolized by the 12-pointed star on the Nauru flag, and are believed to be a mixture of Micronesian, Polynesian, and Melanesian. Their native language is Nauruan, but English is widely spoken as it is used for government and business purposes.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Nauru is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
  
Need_Help?
nauru is an
โ–ทisland
์„ฌ, ๋„ 
โ–ทcountry
๋‚˜๋ผ, ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทpacific
ํƒœํ‰์–‘, ํผ์‹œํ”ฝ 
โ–ทocean
๋ฐ”๋‹ค, ํ•ด์–‘ .
Nauru๋Š” ๋‚จ์„œ ํƒœํ‰์–‘์— ์žˆ๋Š” ์„ฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Nauru is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.


 โ™• It is located about 800 miles to the northeast of the Solomon Islands; its closest neighbor is the island of Banaba, some 200 miles to the east.
  
Need_Help?
it is
โ–ทlocated
~์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•œ 
โ–ทmiles
๋งˆ์ผ, ๋จผ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทnortheast
๋ถ๋™, ๋ถ๋™์˜ 
โ–ทsolomon
์†”๋กœ๋ชฌ, ๋Œ€ํ˜„์ธ 
โ–ทislands
์„ฌ, ๋„ 
โ–ทclosest
๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด, ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ทผ์ ‘ํ•œ 
โ–ทneighbor
์ด์›ƒ, ์ฃผ๋ณ€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทisland
์„ฌ, ๋„ 
โ–ทmiles
๋งˆ์ผ, ๋จผ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทeast
๋™์ชฝ, ๋™ .
์†”๋กœ๋ชฌ ์ œ๋„์˜ ๋ถ๋™์ชฝ ์•ฝ 800๋งˆ์ผ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•ด ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด ์ด์›ƒ์€ ๋™์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์•ฝ 200๋งˆ์ผ ๋–จ์–ด์ง„ Banaba ์„ฌ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis locatedโŒ‹ about 800 miles to the northeast of the Solomon Islands; its closest neighbor *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆisโŒ‹ the island of Banaba, some 200 miles to the east.


 โ™• Nauru has no official capital, but government buildings are located in Yaren.
  
Need_Help?
nauru has no
โ–ทofficial
๊ณต์‹์˜, ๊ณต๋ฌด์ƒ์˜ 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทgovernment
์ •์น˜, ์ •๋ถ€ 
โ–ทbuildings
๊ฑด๋ฌผ, ๊ฑด์ถ• 
โ–ทlocated
~์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•œ  in yaren.
Nauru๋Š” ๊ณต์‹ ์ˆ˜๋„๋Š” ์—†์ง€๋งŒ, ์ •๋ถ€ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ๋“ค์ด Yaren์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Nauru has no official capital, but government buildings *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare locatedโŒ‹ in Yaren.


 โ™• With a population of about 10,000, Nauru is the smallest country in the South Pacific and the third smallest country by area in the world.
  
Need_Help?
with a
โ–ทpopulation
์ธ๊ตฌ, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค 
โ–ทcountry
๋‚˜๋ผ, ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทsouth
๋‚จ, ๋‚จ์ชฝ 
โ–ทpacific
ํƒœํ‰์–‘, ํผ์‹œํ”ฝ 
โ–ทcountry
๋‚˜๋ผ, ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทarea
๋ฉด์ , ์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทworld
์„ธ๊ณ„, ์„ธ์ƒ .
์•ฝ 10,000๋ช…์˜ ์ธ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„ Nauru๋Š” ๋‚จํƒœํ‰์–‘์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ž‘์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๊ณ  ๋ฉด์ ์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ์„ธ ๋ฒˆ์งธ๋กœ ์ž‘์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: With a population of about 10,000, Nauru is the smallest country in the South Pacific and the third smallest country by area in the world.


 โ™• The native people of Nauru consist of 12 tribes, as symbolized by the 12-pointed star on the Nauru flag, and are believed to be a mixture of Micronesian, Polynesian, and Melanesian.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทnative
์›์ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜, ํƒœ์ƒ์˜ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทconsist
์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง€๋‹ค, ๊ตฌ์„ฑ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtribes
๋ถ€์กฑ, ์ง‘๋‹จ 
โ–ทstar
์Šคํƒ€, ๋ณ„ 
โ–ทflag
๊ตญ๊ธฐ, ๊นƒ๋ฐœ 
โ–ทmixture
ํ˜ผํ•ฉ, ์„ž์ธ  of micronesian, polynesian, and melanesian.
๊ตญ๊ธฐ์— ์žˆ๋Š” 12๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ผญ์ง“์ ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„ ๋ณ„์ด ์ƒ์ง•ํ•˜๋“ฏ์ด Nauru ์›์ฃผ๋ฏผ์€ 12๊ฐœ์˜ ๋ถ€์กฑ์œผ๋กœ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ ธ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์ด๋“ค์€ Micronesia์ธ, Polynesia์ธ, Melanesia์ธ์ด ํ˜ผํ•ฉ๋œ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The native people of Nauru consist of 12 tribes, as symbolized by the 12-pointed star on the Nauru flag, and *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare believedโŒ‹ to be a mixture of Micronesian, Polynesian, and Melanesian.


 โ™• Their native language is Nauruan, but English is widely spoken as it is used for government and business purposes.
  
Need_Help?
their
โ–ทnative
์›์ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜, ํƒœ์ƒ์˜ 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทenglish
์˜์–ด, ์˜๋ฌธํ•™ 
โ–ทwidely
๋„๋ฆฌ, ๊ฐ€์žฅ 
โ–ทspoken
๋งํ•ด ๋ณธ, ๊ตฌ์–ด์˜ 
โ–ทused
์‚ฌ์šฉ๋œ, ์ด์šฉ๋œ 
โ–ทgovernment
์ •์น˜, ์ •๋ถ€ 
โ–ทbusiness
๊ธฐ์—…, ์‚ฌ์—… 
โ–ทpurposes
๋ชฉ์ , ๋ชฉํ‘œ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ๋ชจ๊ตญ์–ด๋Š” Nauru์–ด์ด์ง€๋งŒ, ์˜์–ด๊ฐ€ ํ–‰์ • ๋ฐ ์ƒ์—…์ ์ธ ๋ชฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋„๋ฆฌ ์“ฐ์ธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Their native language is Nauruan, but English is widely spoken as it *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis usedโŒ‹ for government and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆbusinessโŒ‹ purposes.


28 ์–ด๋ฒ•


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ๊ฐ•์ ๊ณผ ์•ฝ์ ์— ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์—๊ฒŒ ์ •์งํ•œ๊ฐ€? ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ์•Œ๊ณ  ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์•ฝ์ ์ด ๋ฌด์—‡์ธ์ง€๋ฅผ ํŒŒ์•…ํ•˜๋ผ. ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ์— ์žˆ์–ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์˜ ์—ญํ• ์„ ๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…๋„ ๋‹น์‹  ์•ˆ์— ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•จ์„ ์˜๋ฏธํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ํŠน์ • ๋ถ„์•ผ์— ์•ฝ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๋ฐฐ์›Œ์„œ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ํ•ด์•ผ๋งŒ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ํ–‰ํ•˜๋ผ. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€๊ฐ€ ํ˜•ํŽธ์—†๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์—ฌ๋‹ค๋ณด๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์กฐ์น˜๋ฅผ ์ทจํ•˜๋ผ, ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋‹น์žฅ. ๋‹น์‹ ์€ ์‚ถ์— ๋Œ€์‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์„ ํƒํ•  ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋‹น์žฅ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ณ€๋ช…์„ ๋๋‚ด๊ธฐ๋กœ ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋Š” ์ผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์—๊ฒŒ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฉˆ์ถฐ๋ผ. ์„ฑ์žฅ์˜ ์‹œ์ž‘์€ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์„ ํƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฑ…์ž„์„ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ๋•Œ ์ผ์–ด๋‚œ๋‹ค.
Are you honest with yourself about your strengths and weaknesses? Get to really know yourself and learn what your weaknesses are. Accepting your role in your problems means that you understand the solution lies within you. If you have a weakness in a certain area, get educated and do what you have to do to improve things for yourself. If your social image is terrible, look within yourself and take the necessary steps to improve it, TODAY. You have the ability to choose how to respond to life. Decide today to end all the excuses, and stop lying to yourself about what is going on. The beginning of growth comes when you begin to personally accept responsibility for your choices.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Are you honest with yourself about your strengths and weaknesses?
  
Need_Help?
are you
โ–ทhonest
์ •์งํ•œ, ์†”์งํ•œ 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทstrengths
ํž˜, ๊ฐ•์  
โ–ทweaknesses
์•ฝ์ , ๋ถ€์ง„ ?
๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ๊ฐ•์ ๊ณผ ์•ฝ์ ์— ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์—๊ฒŒ ์ •์งํ•œ๊ฐ€?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Are you honest with yourself about your strengths and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆweaknessesโŒ‹?


 โ™• Get to really know yourself and learn what your weaknesses are.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค, ์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทreally
์ •๋ง, ์•„์ฃผ 
โ–ทknow
์•Œ๋‹ค, ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทlearn
๋ฐฐ์šฐ๋‹ค, ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทweaknesses
์•ฝ์ , ๋ถ€์ง„  are.
์Šค์Šค๋กœ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ํ™•์‹คํžˆ ์•Œ๊ณ  ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์•ฝ์ ์ด ๋ฌด์—‡์ธ์ง€๋ฅผ ํŒŒ์•…ํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Get to really know yourself and learn what your weaknesses are.


 โ™• Accepting your role in your problems means that you understand the solution lies within you.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทaccepting
๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทrole
์—ญํ• , ๋ฐฐ์—ญ 
โ–ทproblems
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทmeans
์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค, โ€ฆํ•  ์ž‘์ •์ด๋‹ค, ์ค‘๊ฐ„์˜ 
โ–ทunderstand
์ดํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทsolution
ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…, ๋ฐฉ์•ˆ 
โ–ทlies
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง, ๋ˆ•๋‹ค 
โ–ทwithin
~์•ˆ์—, ~์ด๋‚ด์—  you.
๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ์— ์žˆ์–ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์˜ ์—ญํ• ์„ ๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์ฑ…๋„ ๋‹น์‹  ์•ˆ์— ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•จ์„ ์˜๋ฏธํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆAcceptingโŒ‹ your role in your problems means that you understand the solution lies within you.


 โ™• If you have a weakness in a certain area, get educated and do what you have to do to improve things for yourself.
  
Need_Help?
if you have a
โ–ทweakness
์•ฝ์ , ๋ถ€์ง„ 
โ–ทcertain
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ, ์–ด๋–ค 
โ–ทarea
๋ฉด์ , ์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค, ์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทimprove
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง„๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ํŠน์ • ๋ถ„์•ผ์— ์•ฝ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๋ฐฐ์›Œ์„œ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ํ•ด์•ผ๋งŒ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ํ–‰ํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If you have a weakness in a certain area, get educated and do what you have to do to improve things for yourself.


 โ™• If your social image is terrible, look within yourself and take the necessary steps to improve it, TODAY.
  
Need_Help?
if your
โ–ทsocial
์‚ฌํšŒ์˜, ์†Œ์…œ 
โ–ทimage
์ƒ(ๅƒ), ๊ผญ ๋‹ฎ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ(๋ฌผ๊ฑด) 
โ–ทterrible
๋ฌด์‹œ๋ฌด์‹œํ•œ, ์ง€๋…ํ•œ 
โ–ทlook
๋ณด๋‹ค, ์ฐพ๋‹ค 
โ–ทwithin
~์•ˆ์—, ~์ด๋‚ด์— 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทtake
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทnecessary
ํ•„์š”ํ•œ, ํ•„์ˆ˜์ ์ธ 
โ–ทsteps
๋„์ •, ํ–‰์ • 
โ–ทimprove
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง„๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtoday
์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ , ์˜ค๋Š˜ .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€๊ฐ€ ํ˜•ํŽธ์—†๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์—ฌ๋‹ค๋ณด๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์กฐ์น˜๋ฅผ ์ทจํ•˜๋ผ, ์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋‹น์žฅ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If your social image is terrible, look within yourself and take the necessary steps to improve it, TODAY.


 โ™• You have the ability to choose how to respond to life.
  
Need_Help?
you have the
โ–ทability
๋Šฅ๋ ฅ, ์žฌ๋Šฅ 
โ–ทchoose
์„ ํƒํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ณ ๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทrespond
๋Œ€์‘ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐ˜์‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlife
์ƒ๋ฌผ, ์‹ค๋ฌผ .
๋‹น์‹ ์€ ์‚ถ์— ๋Œ€์‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์„ ์„ ํƒํ•  ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You have the ability to choose how to respond to life.


 โ™• Decide today to end all the excuses, and stop lying to yourself about what is going on.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทdecide
๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•˜๊ธฐ๋กœ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtoday
์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ , ์˜ค๋Š˜ 
โ–ทend
์ข…๋ฃŒ, ๋๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทexcuses
๋ณ€๋ช…, ํ•‘๊ณ„ 
โ–ทstop
๋ฉˆ์ถ”๋‹ค, ์ค‘๋‹จํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlying
lie์˜ ํ˜„์žฌ ๋ถ„์‚ฌํ˜•, ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋งํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทgoing
๊ฐ€๊ธฐ, ๊ณ„์†  on.
์˜ค๋Š˜ ๋‹น์žฅ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ณ€๋ช…์„ ๋๋‚ด๊ธฐ๋กœ ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋Š” ์ผ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์Šค์Šค๋กœ์—๊ฒŒ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฉˆ์ถฐ๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Decide today to end all the excuses, and stop lying to yourself about what is going on.


 โ™• The beginning of growth comes when you begin to personally accept responsibility for your choices.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทbeginning
์‹œ์ž‘, ์ดˆ 
โ–ทgrowth
์„ฑ์žฅ, ๋ฐœ์ „ 
โ–ทcomes
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๊ด€ํ•ด 
โ–ทbegin
์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpersonally
๊ฐœ์ธ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ๋ชธ์†Œ 
โ–ทaccept
๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทresponsibility
์ฑ…์ž„, ์˜๋ฌด 
โ–ทchoices
๊ณ ๊ธ‰์˜, ์„ ํƒ .
์„ฑ์žฅ์˜ ์‹œ์ž‘์€ ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์„ ํƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฑ…์ž„์„ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ๋ฐ›์•„๋“ค์ด๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ๋•Œ ์ผ์–ด๋‚œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The beginning of growth comes when you begin to personally accept responsibility for your choices.


29 ์–ดํœ˜


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋งŽ์€ ์„ฑ๊ณต์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ทจ์นจ ์ „์— ํ•˜๋Š” ์ข‹์€ ์Šต๊ด€์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ž ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์ง์ „, ๋‚ฎ ๋™์•ˆ์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚ฌ๋˜ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์šด ์„ธ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋Œ์•„๋ณด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ ์–ด ๋ณด๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋Š” ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ผ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ถ์˜ ์–ด๋– ํ•œ ์ธก๋ฉด์—์„œ๋“  ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ ๋‚  ์ด๋ฃฌ ๋ฐœ์ „์„ ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ํŠนํžˆ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์–ด๋ ค์›€์„ ๊ฒช์„ ๋•Œ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ•ด ์ฃผ๋Š” ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ ์ธ ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ํž˜๋“  ํ•˜๋ฃจ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์˜ค๋Š” ๋ถ€์ •์ ์ธ ์žฅ๋ฉด๋“ค์„ ๋˜ํ’€์ดํ•ด ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋ซ์— ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ๋น ์ง„๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ ๋‚  ํ•˜๋ฃจ๊ฐ€ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ํž˜๋“ค์—ˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—†์ด, ์„ฑ๊ณต์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋Œ€๊ฐœ ๋ถ€์ •์ ์ธ ์ž๊ธฐ ๋Œ€ํ™”์˜ ๋ซ์„ ํ”ผํ•œ๋‹ค. ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ์ŠคํŠธ๋ ˆ์Šค๋ฅผ ์œ ๋ฐœํ•  ๋ฟ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์•Œ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
Many successful people tend to keep a good bedtime routine. They take the time just before bed to reflect on or write down three things that they are thankful for that happened during the day. Keeping a diary of things that they appreciate reminds them of the progress they made that day in any aspect of their lives. It serves as a key way to stay motivated, especially when they experience a hardship. In such case, many people fall easily into the trap of replaying negative situations from a hard day. But regardless of how badly their day went, successful people typically avoid that trap of negative self-talk. That is because they know it will only create more stress.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Many successful people tend to keep a good bedtime routine.
  
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many
โ–ทsuccessful
์„ฑ๊ณตํ•œ, ์ž˜๋œ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทtend
โ€ฆ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค, ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค 
โ–ทkeep
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทbedtime
์ทจ์นจ ์‹œ๊ฐ„, ์ž๊ธฐ ์ „์˜ 
โ–ทroutine
์ผ์ƒ์ ์ธ ์ผ, ํ‹€์— ๋ฐ•ํžŒ .
๋งŽ์€ ์„ฑ๊ณต์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ทจ์นจ ์ „์— ํ•˜๋Š” ์ข‹์€ ์Šต๊ด€์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many successful people tend to keep a good bedtime routine.


 โ™• They take the time just before bed to reflect on or write down three things that they are thankful for that happened during the day.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทtake
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทbed
์นจ๋Œ€, ์žฌ์šฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทreflect
๋ฐ˜์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwrite
์“ฐ๋‹ค, ์ ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทthankful
๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋Š”, ๊ณ ๋ง™๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทhappened
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทduring
~๋™์•ˆ, ~์ค‘์—๋„ 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ž ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์ง์ „, ๋‚ฎ ๋™์•ˆ์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚ฌ๋˜ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์šด ์„ธ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋Œ์•„๋ณด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ ์–ด ๋ณด๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They take the time just before bed to reflect on or write down three things that they are thankful for that happened during the day.


 โ™• Keeping a diary of things that they appreciate reminds them of the progress they made that day in any aspect of their lives.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทkeeping
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdiary
์ผ๊ธฐ, ๋‹ค์ด์–ด๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทappreciate
๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทreminds
์ƒ๊ธฐ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐ๋‚˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทprogress
์ง„ํ–‰, ์ง„๋ณด 
โ–ทmade
๋งŒ๋“ , ๊พธ๋ฉฐ๋‚ธ 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทaspect
์–‘์ƒ, ๊ตญ๋ฉด 
โ–ทlives
์‚ด๋‹ค, ์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค .
๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋Š” ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ผ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ถ์˜ ์–ด๋– ํ•œ ์ธก๋ฉด์—์„œ๋“  ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ ๋‚  ์ด๋ฃฌ ๋ฐœ์ „์„ ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆKeepingโŒ‹ a diary of things that they appreciate ์ˆ™์–ด[ reminds them of the progress ] they made that day in any aspect of their lives.


 โ™• It serves as a key way to stay motivated, especially when they experience a hardship.
  
Need_Help?
it
โ–ทserves
์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ณต๋ฌดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทkey
ํ•ต์‹ฌ, ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ 
โ–ทway
๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•, ๋ฐฉ์‹ 
โ–ทstay
๋จธ๋ฌด๋ฅด๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทespecially
ํŠนํžˆ, ๋”์šฑ 
โ–ทexperience
๊ฒฝํ—˜, ๊ฒช๋‹ค 
โ–ทhardship
๊ณ ๋‚œ, ์–ด๋ ค์›€ .
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ํŠนํžˆ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์–ด๋ ค์›€์„ ๊ฒช์„ ๋•Œ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ•ด ์ฃผ๋Š” ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ ์ธ ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It serves as a key way to stay motivated, especially when they experience a hardship.


 โ™• In such case, many people fall easily into the trap of replaying negative situations from a hard day.
  
Need_Help?
in such
โ–ทcase
์‹ค์ •, ์‚ฌ์‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทfall
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทeasily
์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ, ์ž˜ 
โ–ทtrap
๊ฐ€๋‘๋‹ค, ๋ซ 
โ–ทnegative
๋ถ€์ •์˜, ๋งˆ์ด๋„ˆ์Šค์˜ 
โ–ทsituations
์œ„์น˜, ์‚ฌํƒœ 
โ–ทhard
์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ, ์–ด๋ ค์šด 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ํž˜๋“  ํ•˜๋ฃจ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์˜ค๋Š” ๋ถ€์ •์ ์ธ ์žฅ๋ฉด๋“ค์„ ๋˜ํ’€์ดํ•ด ๋– ์˜ฌ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋ซ์— ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ๋น ์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In such case, many people fall easily into the trap of replaying negative situations from a hard day.


 โ™• But regardless of how badly their day went, successful people typically avoid that trap of negative self-talk.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทregardless
์ƒ๊ด€์—†์ด, ๊ด€๊ณ„์—†์ด 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทbadly
์‹ฌํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ๋‚˜์˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทsuccessful
์„ฑ๊ณตํ•œ, ์ž˜๋œ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทavoid
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ํšŒํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtrap
๊ฐ€๋‘๋‹ค, ๋ซ 
โ–ทnegative
๋ถ€์ •์˜, ๋งˆ์ด๋„ˆ์Šค์˜ 
โ–ทself
์ž๊ธฐ, ์ž์‹  -talk.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ ๋‚  ํ•˜๋ฃจ๊ฐ€ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ํž˜๋“ค์—ˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—†์ด, ์„ฑ๊ณต์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋Œ€๊ฐœ ๋ถ€์ •์ ์ธ ์ž๊ธฐ ๋Œ€ํ™”์˜ ๋ซ์„ ํ”ผํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆregardlessโŒ‹ of how badly their day went, successful people typically avoid that trap of negative self-talk.


 โ™• That is because they know it will only create more stress.
  
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that is
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทknow
์•Œ๋‹ค, ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทcreate
๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด ๋‚ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทstress
์ŠคํŠธ๋ ˆ์Šค, ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•˜๋‹ค .
์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ์ŠคํŠธ๋ ˆ์Šค๋ฅผ ์œ ๋ฐœํ•  ๋ฟ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์•Œ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: That is because they know it will only create more stress.


30 ์ง€์นญ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ํ˜ธ์ˆ˜ ์œ„์—์„œ ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ์žฅ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š๋ผ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ ์ผํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ˆˆ์„ ํŽผ์ณ ๊ณ ๋ฅด๊ณ  ์–ผ์Œ์— ๋ฌผ์„ ๋ถ€์–ด ๋งค๋„๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค์—ˆ๋‹ค. "์ž", ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด Tommy๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜์ž์— ์•‰ํžˆ๋ฉด์„œ ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค. "๋„ค๊ฐ€ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ฒซ ๋ฒˆ์งธ๋Š” ๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜์ž๋ฅผ ๋ถ™์žก๊ณ  ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์•ผ." "๋„ค"๋ผ๊ณ  Tommy๊ฐ€ ๋Œ€๋‹ตํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์˜์ž์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ๋ถ™์žก์•˜๋‹ค. ์ฒ˜์Œ์—๋Š” ์•ฝ๊ฐ„ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ๋„˜์–ด์กŒ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋งค์šฐ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ตํ˜”๋‹ค. "๋‚ด ์ƒ๊ฐ์—๋Š” ์˜์ž ์—†์ด๋„ ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒˆ ์ค€๋น„๊ฐ€ ๋œ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๊ตฌ๋‚˜."๋ผ๊ณ  ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ์ฒ˜์Œ์—๋Š” Tommy์˜ ์†์„ ์žก๊ณ  ์–ผ์Œ ์œ„์—์„œ ๋’ค๋กœ ๊ฑธ์—ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋†“์•„์ฃผ์ž Tommy๋Š” ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€ ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์ด๋™ํ•ด ์™”๋‹ค. ์–ผ๋งˆ ์ง€๋‚˜์ง€ ์•Š์•„ Tommy๋Š” ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํ˜ผ์ž์„œ ํƒ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋งค์šฐ ์ž๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์› ๋‹ค.
Grandfather had worked hard building an ice rink on the lake. He had spread the snow, watered the ice, and made it smooth. "Now," said Grandfather, setting Tommy down on a wooden chair to explain things to him. "The first thing you will do is to hold onto the wooden chair and try to skate with it." "Okay," said Tommy, taking a hold of the back of the chair. It was a little difficult at first and he did end up falling a few times. However, he learned pretty quickly. "I think you are ready to try to skate without the chair," said Grandfather. He walked backward on the ice, at first holding Tommy's hands, but then he let go and Tommy moved toward him. Soon, Tommy was skating all by himself. Grandfather was so proud of him.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Grandfather had worked hard building an ice rink on the lake.
  
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โ–ทgrandfather
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€, ์กฐ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทworked
๊ฐ€๊ณตํ•œ, ์„ธ๊ณตํ•œ 
โ–ทhard
์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ, ์–ด๋ ค์šด 
โ–ทbuilding
๊ฑด๋ฌผ, ๊ฑด์ถ• 
โ–ทice
์–ผ์Œ, ์•„์ด์Šค 
โ–ทlake
ํ˜ธ์ˆ˜, ์—ฐ๋ชป .
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ํ˜ธ์ˆ˜ ์œ„์—์„œ ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ์žฅ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š๋ผ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ ์ผํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Grandfather *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad workedโŒ‹ hard building an ice rink on the lake.


 โ™• He had spread the snow, watered the ice, and made it smooth.
  
Need_Help?
he had
โ–ทspread
ํผ์ง€๋‹ค, ํ™•์‚ฐ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsnow
๋ˆˆ, ๋ˆˆ์ด ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทwatered
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทice
์–ผ์Œ, ์•„์ด์Šค 
โ–ทmade
๋งŒ๋“ , ๊พธ๋ฉฐ๋‚ธ 
โ–ทsmooth
์›ํ™œํ•œ, ๋ถ€๋“œ๋Ÿฌ์šด .
๋ˆˆ์„ ํŽผ์ณ ๊ณ ๋ฅด๊ณ  ์–ผ์Œ์— ๋ฌผ์„ ๋ถ€์–ด ๋งค๋„๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: He had spread the snow, watered the ice, and made it smooth.


 โ™• "Now," said Grandfather, setting Tommy down on a wooden chair to explain things to him.
  
Need_Help?
" now,"
โ–ทsaid
๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทgrandfather
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€, ์กฐ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทsetting
์„ธ์šฐ๋‹ค, ํ™˜๊ฒฝ 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทwooden
๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜, ๋ชฉ์ œ์˜ 
โ–ทchair
์˜์ž, ์˜์žฅ 
โ–ทexplain
์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ  to him.
"์ž", ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด Tommy๋ฅผ ๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜์ž์— ์•‰ํžˆ๋ฉด์„œ ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "Now," said Grandfather *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, settingโŒ‹ Tommy down on a wooden chair to explain things to him.


 โ™• "The first thing you will do is to hold onto the wooden chair and try to skate with it."
  
Need_Help?
" the first
โ–ทthing
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhold
๊ฐœ์ตœ(๊ฑฐํ–‰)ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทonto
์œ„์—, ์œ„๋กœ์˜ 
โ–ทwooden
๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜, ๋ชฉ์ œ์˜ 
โ–ทchair
์˜์ž, ์˜์žฅ 
โ–ทtry
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทskate
์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธํ™”, ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ  with it."
"๋„ค๊ฐ€ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ฒซ ๋ฒˆ์งธ๋Š” ๋‚˜๋ฌด์˜์ž๋ฅผ ๋ถ™์žก๊ณ  ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์•ผ."
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "The first thing you will do is to hold onto the wooden chair and try to skate with it."


 โ™• "Okay," said Tommy, taking a hold of the back of the chair.
  
Need_Help?
" okay,"
โ–ทsaid
๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทtaking
๋“ฃ๋Š”, ์‘์‹œ 
โ–ทhold
๊ฐœ์ตœ(๊ฑฐํ–‰)ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค, ๋’ค 
โ–ทchair
์˜์ž, ์˜์žฅ .
"๋„ค"๋ผ๊ณ  Tommy๊ฐ€ ๋Œ€๋‹ตํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์˜์ž์˜ ๋’ท๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ๋ถ™์žก์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "Okay," said Tommy *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, takingโŒ‹ a hold of the back of the chair.


 โ™• It was a little difficult at first and he did end up falling a few times.
  
Need_Help?
it was a
โ–ทlittle
์ข€, ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทdifficult
์–ด๋ ค์šด, ํž˜๋“  
โ–ทend
์ข…๋ฃŒ, ๋๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfalling
๋–จ์–ด์ง€๋Š”, ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋Š” 
โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”, ๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทtimes
๋ฒˆ, ๋ฐฐ .
์ฒ˜์Œ์—๋Š” ์•ฝ๊ฐ„ ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ๋„˜์–ด์กŒ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It was a little difficult at first and he did *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆend up fallingโŒ‹ a few times.


 โ™• However, he learned pretty quickly.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทlearned
๋ฐฐ์› ๋‹ค, ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpretty
๊ฝค, ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ, ๋น ๋ฅธ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋งค์šฐ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ์ตํ˜”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, he learned pretty quickly.


 โ™• "I think you are ready to try to skate without the chair," said Grandfather.
  
Need_Help?
"i
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ™๋‹ค 
โ–ทready
๊ธฐ๊บผ์ด โ€ฆํ•˜๋Š”, ๊ฐ์˜ค๊ฐ€ ๋œ, ์ค€๋น„๋œ 
โ–ทtry
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทskate
์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธํ™”, ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ 
โ–ทwithout
~์—†์ด, ~ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  
โ–ทchair
์˜์ž, ์˜์žฅ 
โ–ทsaid
๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทgrandfather
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€, ์กฐ๋ถ€ .
"๋‚ด ์ƒ๊ฐ์—๋Š” ์˜์ž ์—†์ด๋„ ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒˆ ์ค€๋น„๊ฐ€ ๋œ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๊ตฌ๋‚˜."๋ผ๊ณ  ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "I think you are ready to try to skate without the chair," said Grandfather.


 โ™• He walked backward on the ice, at first holding Tommy's hands, but then he let go and Tommy moved toward him.
  
Need_Help?
he
โ–ทwalked
๊ฑท๋‹ค, ์‚ฐ์ฑ…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทice
์–ผ์Œ, ์•„์ด์Šค 
โ–ทholding
๊ฐœ์ตœ(๊ฑฐํ–‰)ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhands
์ผ๊พผ, ์†œ์”จ 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทlet
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค, ~ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทtoward
~์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ, ํ–ฅํ•ด์„œ  him.
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ์ฒ˜์Œ์—๋Š” Tommy์˜ ์†์„ ์žก๊ณ  ์–ผ์Œ ์œ„์—์„œ ๋’ค๋กœ ๊ฑธ์—ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋†“์•„์ฃผ์ž Tommy๋Š” ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€ ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์ด๋™ํ•ด ์™”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: He walked backward on the ice, at first holding Tommy's hands, but then he let go and Tommy *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆmoved towardโŒ‹ him.


 โ™• Soon, Tommy was skating all by himself.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทsoon
๊ณง, ๋นจ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทskating
์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ ํƒ€๊ธฐ, ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ 
โ–ทhimself
์ž์‹ , ์Šค์Šค๋กœ .
์–ผ๋งˆ ์ง€๋‚˜์ง€ ์•Š์•„ Tommy๋Š” ์Šค์ผ€์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํ˜ผ์ž์„œ ํƒ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Soon, Tommy was skating all by himself.


 โ™• Grandfather was so proud of him.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทgrandfather
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€, ์กฐ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทproud
์ž๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด, ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์ด ๊ฐ•ํ•œ  of him.
ํ• ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋งค์šฐ ์ž๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์› ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Grandfather was so proud of him.


31 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ํ–‰์„ฑ์—์„œ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ํ•  ์ผ์ด ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ดํ•ดํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ  ๊ณผํ•™์„ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ด์œ ๋„ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ž„์˜์ ์ด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋งค์šฐ ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋ฐฉ์‹์œผ๋กœ ๋ณ€ํ•˜๋Š” ์˜ˆ์ธก ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ์„ธ์ƒ์—์„œ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ทธ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์—ญ์‹œ, ๊ณผํ•™ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ฒ•์น™์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ๋ณ€ํ•˜๋Š”, ๊ทธ ์ค‘๊ฐ„์˜ ์šฐ์ฃผ์— ์‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ณต์ค‘์œผ๋กœ ๋˜์ง€๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ํ•ญ์ƒ ์•„๋ž˜๋กœ ๋–จ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค. ํ•ด๊ฐ€ ์„œ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์ง€๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‚  ์•„์นจ ๋˜๋‹ค์‹œ ๋™์ชฝ์—์„œ ๋– ์˜ค๋ฅธ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™์„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์‚ถ์„ ํ–ฅ์ƒ์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
If we lived on a planet where nothing ever changed, there would be little to do. There would be nothing to figure out and there would be no reason for science. And if we lived in an unpredictable world, where things changed in random or very complex ways, we would not be able to figure things out. Again, there would be no such thing as science. But we live in an in-between universe, where things change, but according to rules. If I throw a stick up in the air, it always falls down. If the sun sets in the west, it always rises again the next morning in the east. And so it becomes possible to figure things out. We can do science, and with it we can improve our lives.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• If we lived on a planet where nothing ever changed, there would be little to do.
  
Need_Help?
if we
โ–ทlived
~์˜ ์ƒ๋ช…์„ ์ง€๋‹Œ 
โ–ทplanet
์œ ์„ฑ, ํ˜น์„ฑ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””, ๊ณณ 
โ–ทnothing
์—†์Œ, ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ~์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทever
์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€, ์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทlittle
์ข€, ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค .
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ํ–‰์„ฑ์—์„œ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ํ•  ์ผ์ด ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If we lived on a planet where nothing ever changed, there would be little to do.


 โ™• There would be nothing to figure out and there would be no reason for science.
  
Need_Help?
there would be
โ–ทnothing
์—†์Œ, ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ~์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfigure
์ˆ˜์น˜, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทreason
์ด์„ฑ, ์ด์œ  
โ–ทscience
๊ณผํ•™, ์‚ฌ์ด์–ธ์Šค .
์ดํ•ดํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ๋„ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ  ๊ณผํ•™์„ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ด์œ ๋„ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: There would be nothing to figure out and there would be no reason for science.


 โ™• And if we lived in an unpredictable world, where things changed in random or very complex ways, we would not be able to figure things out.
  
Need_Help?
and if we
โ–ทlived
~์˜ ์ƒ๋ช…์„ ์ง€๋‹Œ 
โ–ทworld
์„ธ๊ณ„, ์„ธ์ƒ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””, ๊ณณ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทrandom
๋ฌด์ž‘์œ„์˜, ์ž„์˜์˜ 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทcomplex
๋ณต์žกํ•œ, ๋‹จ์ง€ 
โ–ทways
๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ, ํ˜•์šฉ์‚ฌยท๋ช…์‚ฌ์— ๋ถ™์—ฌ์„œ ใ€Œ๋ฐฉํ–ฅใ€ ใ€Œ์œ„์น˜ใ€ ใ€Œ์–‘ํƒœใ€๋ฅผ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด๋Š” ๋ถ€์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ฆ 
โ–ทable
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”, ์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทfigure
์ˆ˜์น˜, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ  out.
๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ž„์˜์ ์ด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋งค์šฐ ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋ฐฉ์‹์œผ๋กœ ๋ณ€ํ•˜๋Š” ์˜ˆ์ธก ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ์„ธ์ƒ์—์„œ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ทธ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: And if we lived in an unpredictable world *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ things changed in random or very complex ways, we would not be able to figure things out.


 โ™• Again, there would be no such thing as science.
  
Need_Help?
again, there would be no such
โ–ทthing
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทscience
๊ณผํ•™, ์‚ฌ์ด์–ธ์Šค .
์—ญ์‹œ, ๊ณผํ•™ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Again, there would be no such thing as science.


 โ™• But we live in an in-between universe, where things change, but according to rules.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทlive
์‚ด๋‹ค, ์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทuniverse
์šฐ์ฃผ, ์ „์„ธ๊ณ„ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””, ๊ณณ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทchange
๋ณ€ํ™”, ๋ฐ”๊พธ๋‹ค 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทaccording
๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋Š”, ์˜ํ•œ 
โ–ทrules
๊ทœ์น™, ๊ทœ์ • .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ฒ•์น™์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ๋ณ€ํ•˜๋Š”, ๊ทธ ์ค‘๊ฐ„์˜ ์šฐ์ฃผ์— ์‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But we live in an in-between universe *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ things change, but according to rules.


 โ™• If I throw a stick up in the air, it always falls down.
  
Need_Help?
if i
โ–ทthrow
๋˜์ง€๋‹ค, ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstick
๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ, ๊ณ ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทair
๊ณต๊ธฐ, ํ•ญ๊ณต์˜ 
โ–ทalways
ํ•ญ์ƒ, ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทfalls
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ณต์ค‘์œผ๋กœ ๋˜์ง€๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ํ•ญ์ƒ ์•„๋ž˜๋กœ ๋–จ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If I throw a stick up in the air, it always falls down.


 โ™• If the sun sets in the west, it always rises again the next morning in the east.
  
Need_Help?
if the
โ–ทsun
ํƒœ์–‘, ํ•ด 
โ–ทsets
์„ธ์šฐ๋‹ค, ์ •ํ•ด์ง„ 
โ–ทwest
์„œ๋ถ€, ์„œ์–‘ 
โ–ทalways
ํ•ญ์ƒ, ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทrises
์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทnext
๋‹ค์Œ์˜, ์ดํ›„์˜ 
โ–ทmorning
์•„์นจ, ์˜ค์ „ 
โ–ทeast
๋™์ชฝ, ๋™ .
ํ•ด๊ฐ€ ์„œ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์ง€๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ ๋‹ค์Œ ๋‚  ์•„์นจ ๋˜๋‹ค์‹œ ๋™์ชฝ์—์„œ ๋– ์˜ค๋ฅธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If the sun sets in the west, it always rises again the next morning in the east.


 โ™• And so it becomes possible to figure things out.
  
Need_Help?
and so it
โ–ทbecomes
์–ด์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpossible
๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ, ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทfigure
์ˆ˜์น˜, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ  out.
๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ํ˜„์ƒ๋“ค์„ ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: And so it becomes possible to figure things out.


 โ™• We can do science, and with it we can improve our lives.
  
Need_Help?
we can
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทscience
๊ณผํ•™, ์‚ฌ์ด์–ธ์Šค 
โ–ทimprove
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง„๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlives
์‚ด๋‹ค, ์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค .
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™์„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์‚ถ์„ ํ–ฅ์ƒ์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: We can do science, and with it we can improve our lives.


32 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


1995๋…„ South Dakota ์ฃผ Miner County์—์„œ ํ•œ ๋ฌด๋ฆฌ์˜ ๊ณ ๋“ฑํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ถ€ํฅ์„ ๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ฃฝ์–ด๊ฐ€๋Š” ์ง€์—ญ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ฅผ ๋ถ€ํฅ์‹œํ‚ฌ์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅผ ๋ฌด์—‡์ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์—ˆ๋‹ค. Miner County๋Š” ์˜ค๋žซ๋™์•ˆ ์นจ์ฒด๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋†์žฅ๊ณผ ์‚ฐ์—… ์ผ์ž๋ฆฌ๋“ค์ด ์ฒœ์ฒœํžˆ ๊ณ ๊ฐˆ๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ๋Œ€์ฒดํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ์กฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ํŠนํžˆ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์„ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜ ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜์ด ๊ทธ ์ง€์—ญ ๋ฐ–์—์„œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ํ•œ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์šด์ „ํ•˜์—ฌ Sioux Falls๋กœ ๊ฐ€์„œ ๋” ํฐ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์—์„œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ํ†ต์ œํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๋งค์šฐ ์ž˜ ํ†ต์ œ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๊ทธ ์ง€์—ญ ์•ˆ์—์„œ ๋ˆ์„ ์“ฐ๋„๋ก ์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์ฒซ ๋ฒˆ์งธ ์Šฌ๋กœ๊ฑด์„ ์ฐพ์•„๋ƒˆ๋‹ค: Miner์˜ ๋ˆ์€ Miner County ์•ˆ์— ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜์ž.
In 1995, a group of high school students in Miner County, South Dakota, started planning a revival. They wanted to do something that might revive their dying community. Miner County had been failing for decades. Farm and industrial jobs had slowly dried up, and nothing had replaced them. The students started investigating the situation. One finding in particular disturbed them. They discovered that half of the residents had been shopping outside the county, driving an hour to Sioux Falls to shop in larger stores. Most of the things that could improve the situation were out of the students' control. But they did uncover one thing that was very much in their control: inviting the residents to spend money locally. They found their first slogan: Let's keep Miner dollars in Miner County.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• In 1995, a group of high school students in Miner County, South Dakota, started planning a revival.
  
Need_Help?
in 1995, a
โ–ทgroup
๊ทธ๋ฃน, ๋‹จ์ฒด 
โ–ทhigh
๋†’์€, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทschool
ํ•™ํŒŒ, ํ•™๊ต 
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ, ์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทminer
๊ด‘๋ถ€, ๊ด‘์‚ฐ์—…์ž 
โ–ทcounty
์ฃผ, ๊ตฐ 
โ–ทsouth
๋‚จ, ๋‚จ์ชฝ 
โ–ทdakota
๋‹ค์ฝ”ํƒ€, ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์ค‘๋ถ€์˜ ์ง€๋ฐฉ 
โ–ทstarted
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทplanning
๊ณ„ํš, ์˜ˆ์ • 
โ–ทrevival
๋ถ€ํ™œ, ๋ถ€ํฅ .
1995๋…„ South Dakota ์ฃผ Miner County์—์„œ ํ•œ ๋ฌด๋ฆฌ์˜ ๊ณ ๋“ฑํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ถ€ํฅ์„ ๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In 1995, a group of high school students in Miner County, South Dakota, started planning a revival.


 โ™• They wanted to do something that might revive their dying community.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทwanted
๋ถ€์กฑ, ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€์กฑํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsomething
๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€, ์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทmight
~์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค, ~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทrevive
์†Œ์ƒ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ๋˜์‚ด์•„๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdying
์ฃฝ์–ด๊ฐ€๋Š”, ์‚ฌ๋ง 
โ–ทcommunity
์‚ฌํšŒ, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ฃฝ์–ด๊ฐ€๋Š” ์ง€์—ญ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ฅผ ๋ถ€ํฅ์‹œํ‚ฌ์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅผ ๋ฌด์—‡์ธ๊ฐ€๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They wanted to do something that might revive their dying community.


 โ™• Miner County had been failing for decades.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทminer
๊ด‘๋ถ€, ๊ด‘์‚ฐ์—…์ž 
โ–ทcounty
์ฃผ, ๊ตฐ 
โ–ทfailing
โ€ฆํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋‹ค, ์‡ ์•ฝํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทdecades
์‹ญ๋…„๊ฐ„, ์ˆ˜์‹ญ๋…„ .
Miner County๋Š” ์˜ค๋žซ๋™์•ˆ ์นจ์ฒด๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Miner County *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad beenโŒ‹ failing for *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆdecadesโŒ‹.


 โ™• Farm and industrial jobs had slowly dried up, and nothing had replaced them.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทfarm
๋†์žฅ, ์–‘์‹์žฅ 
โ–ทindustrial
์‚ฐ์—…์˜, ๊ณต์—…์˜ 
โ–ทjobs
์ผ, ์ง์—… 
โ–ทslowly
์ฒœ์ฒœํžˆ, ๋Š๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทdried
๋ง๋ฆฐ, ๋ง๋ผ๋ถ™์€ 
โ–ทnothing
์—†์Œ, ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ~์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค  had replaced them.
๋†์žฅ๊ณผ ์‚ฐ์—… ์ผ์ž๋ฆฌ๋“ค์ด ์ฒœ์ฒœํžˆ ๊ณ ๊ฐˆ๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ๋Œ€์ฒดํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Farm and industrial jobs *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad slowly driedโŒ‹ up, *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand nothingโŒ‹ *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad replacedโŒ‹ them.


 โ™• The students started investigating the situation.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ, ์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทstarted
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsituation
์œ„์น˜, ์‚ฌํƒœ .
ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ์กฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The students started investigating the situation.


 โ™• One finding in particular disturbed them.
  
Need_Help?
one
โ–ทfinding
์ฐพ์•„๋‚ด๋Š”, ๋ฐํžˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทparticular
ํŠน์ˆ˜ํ•œ, ๊นŒ๋‹ค๋กœ์šด 
โ–ทdisturbed
๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ˜ผ๋ž€์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค  them.
ํŠนํžˆ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์„ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: One finding in particular disturbed them.


 โ™• They discovered that half of the residents had been shopping outside the county, driving an hour to Sioux Falls to shop in larger stores.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทdiscovered
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhalf
์ ˆ๋ฐ˜, ์ „๋ฐ˜์ „ 
โ–ทresidents
์ฃผ๋ฏผ, ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทshopping
์‡ผํ•‘, ์‚ฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทoutside
๋ฐ–์˜, ๋ฐ”๊นฅ๋ฉด์˜ 
โ–ทcounty
์ฃผ, ๊ตฐ 
โ–ทdriving
์šด์ „, ์ฐจ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทsioux
์ˆ˜์กฑ์˜, ์ˆ˜์กฑ์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทfalls
ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์„ 
โ–ทshop
์‡ผํ•‘ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทstores
์ €์žฅ, ๊ฐ€๊ณ„ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์˜ ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜์ด ๊ทธ ์ง€์—ญ ๋ฐ–์—์„œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ทธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ํ•œ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์šด์ „ํ•˜์—ฌ Sioux Falls๋กœ ๊ฐ€์„œ ๋” ํฐ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์—์„œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They discovered that half of the residents *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad beenโŒ‹ shopping outside the county *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, drivingโŒ‹ an hour to Sioux Falls to shop in larger stores.


 โ™• Most of the things that could improve the situation were out of the students' control.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทimprove
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง„๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsituation
์œ„์น˜, ์‚ฌํƒœ 
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ, ์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทcontrol
ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค .
๊ทธ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๊ฐœ์„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ํ†ต์ œํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Most of the things that could improve the situation were out of the students' control.


 โ™• But they did uncover one thing that was very much in their control: inviting the residents to spend money locally.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทuncover
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐํžˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทthing
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทcontrol
ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinviting
์ดˆ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋Š”, ์œ ํ˜น์ ์ธ 
โ–ทresidents
์ฃผ๋ฏผ, ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทspend
๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค, ์“ฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmoney
๋ˆ, ์ž๊ธˆ 
โ–ทlocally
์–ด๋–ค ์ง€๋ฐฉ์—, ์›์‚ฐ์ง€์— .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๋งค์šฐ ์ž˜ ํ†ต์ œ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But they did uncover one thing that was very much in their control: inviting the residents to spend money locally.


 โ™• They found their first slogan: Let's keep Miner dollars in Miner County.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทfound
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค, ์ฐพ์•„๋ƒˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทlet
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค, ~ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทkeep
๊ณ„์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทminer
๊ด‘๋ถ€, ๊ด‘์‚ฐ์—…์ž 
โ–ทdollars
๋‹ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทminer
๊ด‘๋ถ€, ๊ด‘์‚ฐ์—…์ž 
โ–ทcounty
์ฃผ, ๊ตฐ .
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ฃผ๋ฏผ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๊ทธ ์ง€์—ญ ์•ˆ์—์„œ ๋ˆ์„ ์“ฐ๋„๋ก ์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They found their first slogan: Let's keep Miner dollars in Miner County.


33 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜ ๋†์ดŒ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌผ์„ ๊ธธ์–ด ์˜ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•˜๋ฃจ์— 5ํ‚ฌ๋กœ๋ฏธํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ํ•ด๋ฐ”๋ผ๊ธฐ, ์žฅ๋ฏธ, ์ปคํ”ผ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ํ™˜๊ธˆ ์ž‘๋ฌผ ๋ฐญ์„ ์ง€๋‚  ๋•Œ ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ƒ๊ฐ์„ ํ• ๊นŒ? ์ผ๋ถ€ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ์ž๊ตญ๋ฏผ๋“ค์„ ๋จน์—ฌ ์‚ด๋ฆฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์‹์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›€์„ ๊ฒช๊ณ  ์žˆ์Œ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ท€ํ•œ ๋ฌผ์€ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ ์‹œ์žฅ์— ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๋Š” ์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ์ƒ์‚ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋œ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๋†๋ฏผ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ž‘๋ฌผ๋“ค์„ ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†๋‹ค. ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ ์ž‘๋ฌผ๋“ค์€ ์–ผ๋งˆ ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ์†Œ๋“์› ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค. ์–ด๋–ค ์˜๋ฏธ๋กœ๋Š” ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์žฌ๋ฐฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ ์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋ฌผ์„ ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌผ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋˜ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์žฌ๋ฐฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋ฌผ์„ ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•  ํ•„์š”๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ™˜๊ฒฝ ๋ณดํ˜ธ ์••๋ ฅ ๋‹จ์ฒด๋“ค์€ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์‚ฐ ์ปคํ”ผ์™€ ๊ฝƒ์„ ๊ตฌ๋งคํ•˜๋Š” ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์˜ ์†Œ๋น„์ž๋“ค์ด ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜ ๋ฌผ ๋ถ€์กฑ์„ ์•…ํ™”์‹œํ‚ค๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ฃผ์žฅํ•œ๋‹ค.
What do rural Africans think as they pass fields of cash crops such as sunflowers, roses, or coffee, while walking five kilometers a day to collect water? Some African countries find it difficult to feed their own people or provide safe drinking water, yet precious water is used to produce export crops for European markets. But, African farmers cannot help but grow those crops because they are one of only a few sources of income for them. In a sense, African countries are exporting their water in the very crops they grow. They need water, but they also need to export water through the crops they produce. Environmental pressure groups argue that European customers who buy African coffee or flowers are making water shortages worse in Africa.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• What do rural Africans think as they pass fields of cash crops such as sunflowers, roses, or coffee, while walking five kilometers a day to collect water?
  
Need_Help?
what
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทrural
์‹œ๊ณจ์˜, ๋†์—…์˜ 
โ–ทafricans
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜, ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์ธ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ™๋‹ค 
โ–ทpass
ํ†ต๊ณผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทfields
ํ•„์ฆˆ, ์˜๊ตญ์˜ ์—ฌ์„ฑ ๊ฐ€์ˆ˜ยท์ฝ”๋ฏธ๋””์–ธ 
โ–ทcash
ํ˜„๊ธˆ, ๋ˆ 
โ–ทcrops
๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ, ์ˆ˜ํ™• 
โ–ทsuch
as ~๊ฐ™์€, ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ 
โ–ทroses
์˜ฌ๋ž๋‹ค, ๋กœ์ฆˆ 
โ–ทcoffee
์ปคํ”ผ 
โ–ทwhile
~๋™์•ˆ์—, ~์— ๋ฐ˜ํ•˜์—ฌ 
โ–ทwalking
๊ฑท๋Š”, ๋ณดํ–‰์šฉ์˜ 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทcollect
๋ชจ์œผ๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค ?
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜ ๋†์ดŒ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌผ์„ ๊ธธ์–ด ์˜ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•˜๋ฃจ์— 5ํ‚ฌ๋กœ๋ฏธํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ๊ฑธ์œผ๋ฉด์„œ ํ•ด๋ฐ”๋ผ๊ธฐ, ์žฅ๋ฏธ, ์ปคํ”ผ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ํ™˜๊ธˆ ์ž‘๋ฌผ ๋ฐญ์„ ์ง€๋‚  ๋•Œ ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ƒ๊ฐ์„ ํ• ๊นŒ?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: What do rural Africans think as they pass fields of cash crops such as sunflowers, roses, or coffee, while walking five kilometers a day to collect water?


 โ™• Some African countries find it difficult to feed their own people or provide safe drinking water, yet precious water is used to produce export crops for European markets.
  
Need_Help?
some
โ–ทafrican
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜, ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์ธ 
โ–ทfind
์ฐพ๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdifficult
์–ด๋ ค์šด, ํž˜๋“  
โ–ทfeed
๋จน์ด, ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทown
์ž์‹ ์˜, ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทprovide
โ€ฆ์„ ์ฃผ๋‹ค, ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsafe
์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ, ๋ฌด์‚ฌํ•œ 
โ–ทdrinking
๋งˆ์‹œ๊ธฐ ์•Œ๋งž์€, ์Œ์ฃผ์˜ 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทyet
์•„์ง, ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทprecious
์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ, ๊ท€์ค‘ํ•œ 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทused
์‚ฌ์šฉ๋œ, ์ด์šฉ๋œ 
โ–ทproduce
~์„ ์ƒ์‚ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทexport
์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์ถœ(ํ’ˆ) 
โ–ทcrops
๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ, ์ˆ˜ํ™• 
โ–ทeuropean
์œ ๋Ÿฝ์˜ 
โ–ทmarkets
์‹œ์žฅ, ๋งˆ์ผ“ .
์ผ๋ถ€ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ์ž๊ตญ๋ฏผ๋“ค์„ ๋จน์—ฌ ์‚ด๋ฆฌ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์‹์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์–ด๋ ค์›€์„ ๊ฒช๊ณ  ์žˆ์Œ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ท€ํ•œ ๋ฌผ์€ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ ์‹œ์žฅ์— ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๋Š” ์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ์ƒ์‚ฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Some African countries ๋น„ํƒ€๋™์‚ฌ[ find it difficult to feed ] their own people or *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆprovide safe drinking water, yet precious water *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis usedโŒ‹ toโŒ‹ produce export crops for European markets.


 โ™• But, African farmers cannot help but grow those crops because they are one of only a few sources of income for them.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทafrican
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜, ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์ธ 
โ–ทfarmers
๋†๋ฏผ, ๋†๋ถ€ 
โ–ทcannot
can not์˜ ๋ณตํ•ฉํ˜• 
โ–ทhelp
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทgrow
์„ฑ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ž๋ผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทthose
์ €, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทcrops
๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ, ์ˆ˜ํ™• 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”, ๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทsources
์ •๋ณด์›, ์›์ฒœ 
โ–ทincome
์†Œ๋“, ์ˆ˜์ž…  for them.
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๋†๋ฏผ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ž‘๋ฌผ๋“ค์„ ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But, African farmers cannot help but grow those crops because they are one of only a few sources of income for them.


 โ™• In a sense, African countries are exporting their water in the very crops they grow.
  
Need_Help?
in a
โ–ทsense
๊ฐ๊ฐ, ์˜๋ฏธ 
โ–ทafrican
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜, ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์ธ 
โ–ทexporting
์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์ถœ(ํ’ˆ) 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทcrops
๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ, ์ˆ˜ํ™• 
โ–ทgrow
์„ฑ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ž๋ผ๋‹ค .
์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ ์ž‘๋ฌผ๋“ค์€ ์–ผ๋งˆ ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ์†Œ๋“์› ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In a sense, African countries are exporting their water in the very crops they grow.


 โ™• They need water, but they also need to export water through the crops they produce.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทneed
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทalso
๋˜ํ•œ, ์—ญ์‹œ 
โ–ทneed
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทexport
์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์ถœ(ํ’ˆ) 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทthrough
ํ†ตํ•˜์—ฌ, ~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— 
โ–ทcrops
๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ, ์ˆ˜ํ™• 
โ–ทproduce
~์„ ์ƒ์‚ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค .
์–ด๋–ค ์˜๋ฏธ๋กœ๋Š” ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์žฌ๋ฐฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ ์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋ฌผ์„ ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They need water, but they also need to export water through the crops they produce.


 โ™• Environmental pressure groups argue that European customers who buy African coffee or flowers are making water shortages worse in Africa.
  
Need_Help?
environmental
โ–ทpressure
์••๋ ฅ, ์••๋ฐ• 
โ–ทgroups
๊ทธ๋ฃน, ๋‹จ์ฒด 
โ–ทargue
์ฃผ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋…ผ์Ÿํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทeuropean
์œ ๋Ÿฝ์˜ 
โ–ทcustomers
๊ณ ๊ฐ, ์†Œ๋น„์ž 
โ–ทbuy
์‚ฌ๋‹ค, ๊ตฌ์ž… 
โ–ทafrican
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์˜, ์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด์ธ 
โ–ทcoffee
์ปคํ”ผ 
โ–ทflowers
๊ฝƒ, ๊ฝƒ์„ ํ”ผ์šฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmaking
๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ, ์ œ์ž‘ 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ, ๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทshortages
~๋‚œ, ๋ถ€์กฑ 
โ–ทworse
๋” ๋‚˜์œ, ์•…ํ™”๋˜์–ด ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทafrica
์•„ํ”„๋ฆฌ์นด .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌผ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋˜ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์žฌ๋ฐฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋†์ž‘๋ฌผ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋ฌผ์„ ์ˆ˜์ถœํ•  ํ•„์š”๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Environmental pressure groups argue that European customers who buy African coffee or *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆflowersโŒ‹ are making water shortages worse in Africa.


34 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚  ๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ… ์‚ฐ์—…์˜ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์‹ค์งˆ์  ๊ด€์‹ฌ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋ฆฌ๋ชจ์ปจ๊ณผ ์ด๋™ ํ†ต์‹  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์˜ ์‹œ๋Œ€์— ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๊ด‘๊ณ  ๋…ธ์ถœ ์ „์Ÿ์—์„œ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์Šน๋ฆฌํ•˜๋Š”๊ฐ€์ด๋‹ค. ๋””์ง€ํ„ธ ์˜์ƒ ๋…นํ™” ์žฅ์น˜์˜ ์ธ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•จ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์†Œ๋น„์ž๋“ค์€ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ์Œ์†Œ๊ฑฐํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๊ฐ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฑด๋„ˆ๋›ธ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์–ด๋–ค ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ TV ๊ด‘๊ณ  ํ”„๋ ˆ์ž„ ์†์— ์ฟ ํฐ์„ ๋ชฐ๋ž˜ ์ˆจ๊ฒจ ๋†“์œผ๋ฉฐ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋“ค์— ์ ์‘ํ•˜๋ ค ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ ์‹œ์ฒญ์ž๋“ค์ด ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ๊ฑด๋„ˆ๋›ฐ์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์˜ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์ข€ ๋” ํฅ๋ฏธ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•„์‚ฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ TV ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ํฌ๊ธฐํ•ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค. ์ผ๋ถ€ ์‚ฐ์—… ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๊ตฌ๋งค์ž๋“ค์ด ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋„๋ก ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์œ ์„  ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๊ณต๊ธ‰์ž์™€ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์ด ์œ ์ธ์ฑ…์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•  ์ˆ˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์˜ˆ์ƒํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์œ ์ธ์ฑ…์€ ์ฟ ํฐ ๋˜๋Š” ๊ด‘๊ณ  ์‹œ์ฒญ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ์œ ์„  ๋ฐฉ์†ก ์ˆ˜์‹ ๋ฃŒ ๊ฐ๋ฉด์˜ ํ˜•ํƒœ๋ฅผ ๋จ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
One real concern in the marketing industry today is how to win the battle for broadcast advertising exposure in the age of the remote control and mobile devices. With the growing popularity of digital video recorders, consumers can mute, fast-forward, and skip over commercials entirely. Some advertisers are trying to adapt to these technologies, by planting hidden coupons in frames of their television commercials. Others are desperately trying to make their advertisements more interesting and entertaining to discourage viewers from skipping their ads; still others are simply giving up on television advertising altogether. Some industry experts predict that cable providers and advertisers will eventually be forced to provide incentives in order to encourage consumers to watch their messages. These incentives may come in the form of coupons, or a reduction in the cable bill for each advertisement watched.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• One real concern in the marketing industry today is how to win the battle for broadcast advertising exposure in the age of the remote control and mobile devices.
  
Need_Help?
one
โ–ทreal
์ง„์งœ์˜, ์‹ค์ œ์˜ 
โ–ทconcern
์šฐ๋ ค, ๊ฑฑ์ • 
โ–ทmarketing
๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ…, ํ™๋ณด 
โ–ทindustry
๊ทผ๋ฉด, ์‚ฐ์—… 
โ–ทtoday
์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ , ์˜ค๋Š˜ 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทwin
์šฐ์Šนํ•˜๋‹ค, ์Šน๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbattle
์ „ํˆฌ, ์‹ธ์›€ 
โ–ทbroadcast
๋ฐฉ์†กํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐฉ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทadvertising
๊ด‘๊ณ , ๊ด‘๊ณ  ์‚ฌ์—… 
โ–ทexposure
๋…ธ์ถœ, ํญ๋กœ 
โ–ทage
๋‚˜์ด, ์‹œ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทremote
๋จผ, ๋จผ ๊ณณ์˜ 
โ–ทcontrol
ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmobile
ํœด๋Œ€์ „ํ™”, ๋ชจ๋ฐ”์ผ 
โ–ทdevices
๊ณ ์•ˆ, ์žฅ์น˜ .
์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚  ๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ… ์‚ฐ์—…์˜ ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์‹ค์งˆ์  ๊ด€์‹ฌ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋ฆฌ๋ชจ์ปจ๊ณผ ์ด๋™ ํ†ต์‹  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์˜ ์‹œ๋Œ€์— ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๊ด‘๊ณ  ๋…ธ์ถœ ์ „์Ÿ์—์„œ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์Šน๋ฆฌํ•˜๋Š”๊ฐ€์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: One real concern in the marketing industry today is how to win the battle for broadcast advertising exposure in the age of the remote control and mobile devices.


 โ™• With the growing popularity of digital video recorders, consumers can mute, fast-forward, and skip over commercials entirely.
  
Need_Help?
with the
โ–ทgrowing
์ฆ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋Š”, ์„ฑ์žฅํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทpopularity
์ธ๊ธฐ, ์ธ์ง€๋„ 
โ–ทdigital
๋””์ง€ํ„ธ์˜, ์ „์ž์ œํ’ˆ์˜ 
โ–ทconsumers
์†Œ๋น„์ž, ๊ณ ๊ฐ 
โ–ทmute
๋ฌด์–ธ์˜, ์•ฝ์Œ๊ธฐ 
โ–ทfast
๋‹จ์‹, ๊ณ ์ •๋œ 
โ–ทskip
๊ฑฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค, ๋นผ๋จน๋‹ค 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทcommercials
์ƒ์—…์šฉ์˜, ์ƒ์—…์ ์ธ 
โ–ทentirely
์ „์ ์œผ๋กœ, ์™„์ „ํžˆ .
๋””์ง€ํ„ธ ์˜์ƒ ๋…นํ™” ์žฅ์น˜์˜ ์ธ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•จ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์†Œ๋น„์ž๋“ค์€ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ์Œ์†Œ๊ฑฐํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๊ฐ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฑด๋„ˆ๋›ธ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: With the growing popularity of digital video recorders, consumers can mute, fast-forward, and skip over commercials entirely.


 โ™• Some advertisers are trying to adapt to these technologies, by planting hidden coupons in frames of their television commercials.
  
Need_Help?
some advertisers are
โ–ทtrying
๊ดด๋กœ์šด, ์‹œํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทadapt
~์„ ์ ์‘์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์ˆœ์‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthese
์ด ~๋“ค์˜, ์ด๋Ÿฐ 
โ–ทplanting
์‹ฌ๊ธฐ, ์‹์žฌ 
โ–ทhidden
๊ฐ์ถฐ์ง„, ์ˆจ์€ 
โ–ทframes
๊ตฌ์กฐ, ๊ณจ๊ฒฉ 
โ–ทcommercials
์ƒ์—…์šฉ์˜, ์ƒ์—…์ ์ธ .
์–ด๋–ค ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ TV ๊ด‘๊ณ  ํ”„๋ ˆ์ž„ ์†์— ์ฟ ํฐ์„ ๋ชฐ๋ž˜ ์ˆจ๊ฒจ ๋†“์œผ๋ฉฐ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋“ค์— ์ ์‘ํ•˜๋ ค ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Some advertisers are trying to adapt to these technologies, by planting hidden coupons in frames of their television commercials.


 โ™• Others are desperately trying to make their advertisements more interesting and entertaining to discourage viewers from skipping their ads; still others are simply giving up on television advertising altogether.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทothers
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทdesperately
ํ•„์‚ฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ์ ˆ์‹คํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทtrying
๊ดด๋กœ์šด, ์‹œํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทadvertisements
๊ด‘๊ณ  
โ–ทinteresting
ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กœ์šด, ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทentertaining
์ฆ๊ฒ๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค, ๋งˆ์Œ์— ํ’ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdiscourage
๋‚™๋‹ด์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ๋‹จ๋…์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทothers
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทsimply
๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ, ๊ฐ„๋‹จํžˆ 
โ–ทgiving
๋งˆ์Œ์ด ๋„“์€, ํ˜ธ๊ธฐ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทadvertising
๊ด‘๊ณ , ๊ด‘๊ณ  ์‚ฌ์—… 
โ–ทaltogether
์ „์ ์œผ๋กœ, ๋ชจ๋‘ ํ•จ๊ป˜ .
๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ ์‹œ์ฒญ์ž๋“ค์ด ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ๊ฑด๋„ˆ๋›ฐ์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์˜ ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์ข€ ๋” ํฅ๋ฏธ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•„์‚ฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Others are desperately trying to make their advertisements more interesting *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand entertainingโŒ‹ to discourage viewers from skipping their ads; still others are simply giving up on television advertising altogether.


 โ™• Some industry experts predict that cable providers and advertisers will eventually be forced to provide incentives in order to encourage consumers to watch their messages.
  
Need_Help?
some
โ–ทindustry
๊ทผ๋ฉด, ์‚ฐ์—… 
โ–ทexperts
์ต์ˆ™ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทpredict
์˜ˆ์ธกํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ „๋งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcable
์ผ€์ด๋ธ”, ์œ ์„  ์‚ฌ์—…์ž 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทeventually
๊ฒฐ๊ตญ, ์ตœ์ข…์ ์œผ๋กœ 
โ–ทforced
๊ฐ•์š”๋œ, ๊ฐ•์ œ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทprovide
์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ณต๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทincentives
์ธ์„ผํ‹ฐ๋ธŒ, ์œ ์ธ 
โ–ทorder
์ฃผ๋ฌธ(ํ•˜๋‹ค), ์งˆ์„œ 
โ–ทencourage
๊ฒฉ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค, ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทconsumers
์†Œ๋น„์ž, ๊ณ ๊ฐ 
โ–ทwatch
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๊ด€๋žŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmessages
๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€, ๋ฉ”๋ชจ .
๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์€ TV ๊ด‘๊ณ ๋ฅผ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ํฌ๊ธฐํ•ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Some industry experts predict that cable *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆproviders and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆadvertisersโŒ‹ will eventually be forced to provide incentives in order to 5ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌ[ encourage consumers to ]โŒ‹ watch their messages.


 โ™• These incentives may come in the form of coupons, or a reduction in the cable bill for each advertisement watched.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทthese
์ด ~๋“ค์˜, ์ด๋Ÿฐ 
โ–ทincentives
์ธ์„ผํ‹ฐ๋ธŒ, ์œ ์ธ 
โ–ทcome
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทform
ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ˜•ํƒœ 
โ–ทreduction
๊ฐ์ถ•, ๊ฐ์†Œ 
โ–ทcable
์ผ€์ด๋ธ”, ์œ ์„  ์‚ฌ์—…์ž 
โ–ทbill
๋ฒ•์•ˆ, ๋นŒ 
โ–ทeach
๊ฐ~, ๊ฐ์ž 
โ–ทadvertisement
๊ด‘๊ณ  
โ–ทwatched
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๊ด€๋žŒํ•˜๋‹ค .
์ผ๋ถ€ ์‚ฐ์—… ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๊ตฌ๋งค์ž๋“ค์ด ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋„๋ก ์žฅ๋ คํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์œ ์„  ๋ฐฉ์†ก ๊ณต๊ธ‰์ž์™€ ๊ด‘๊ณ ์ฃผ๋“ค์ด ์œ ์ธ์ฑ…์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•  ์ˆ˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์˜ˆ์ƒํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: These incentives may come in the form of coupons, or a reduction in the cable bill for each advertisement watched.


35 ์ˆœ์„œ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


19์„ธ๊ธฐ ์ดˆ ๋Ÿฐ๋˜์—์„œ Charles Dickens๋ผ๋Š” ์ด๋ฆ„์˜ ํ•œ ์ Š์€์ด๋Š” ์ž‘๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๋˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฐ•ํ•œ ์—ด๋ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ƒํ™ฉ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌํ•œ ๋“ฏ ๋ณด์˜€๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” 4๋…„ ์ด์ƒ ํ•™๊ต์— ๋‹ค๋‹ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค. ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ๋นš์„ ๊ฐš์ง€ ๋ชปํ•ด ๊ฐ์˜ฅ์— ์ˆ˜๊ฐ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์ด ์ Š์€์ด๋Š” ์ข…์ข… ๋ฐฐ๊ณ ํ””์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ณ ํ†ต์„ ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค. ๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๊ธ€์“ฐ๊ธฐ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋ถ€์กฑํ•˜์—ฌ ์•„๋ฌด๋„ ์ž์‹ ์„ ๋น„์›ƒ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋„๋ก ๋ฐค์— ๋ชฐ๋ž˜ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์„ ํŽธ์ง‘์ž์—๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์€ ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ๊ฑฐ์ ˆ๋‹นํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋˜ ์–ด๋Š ๋‚  ํ•œ ํŽธ์ง‘์ž๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ์•Œ์•„๋ณด๊ณ  ์นญ์ฐฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์ด ์ถœํŒ๋จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ์–ป๊ฒŒ ๋œ ์นญ์ฐฌ์€ ๊ทธ์˜ ์ผ์ƒ์„ ๋ฐ”๊พธ์–ด ๋†“์•˜๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ๋“ค์€ ๋„๋ฆฌ ์ฝํ˜€์™”๊ณ  ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ํฐ ์ธ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋ˆ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค.
In early 19th century London, a young man named Charles Dickens had a strong desire to be a writer. But everything seemed to be against him. He had never been able to attend school for more than four years. His father had been in jail because he couldn't pay his debts, and this young man often knew the pain of hunger. Moreover, he had so little confidence in his ability to write that he mailed his writings secretly at night to editors so that nobody would laugh at him. Story after story was refused. But one day, one editor recognized and praised him. The praise that he received from getting one story in print changed his whole life. His works have been widely read and still enjoy great popularity.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• In early 19th century London, a young man named Charles Dickens had a strong desire to be a writer.
  
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in
โ–ทearly
์ดˆ, ์ผ์ฐ 
โ–ทyoung
์ Š์€, ์–ด๋ฆฐ 
โ–ทdickens
๋””ํ‚จ์Šค, ์•…๋งˆ 
โ–ทstrong
๊ฐ•ํ•œ, ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ 
โ–ทdesire
์‹ถ๋‹ค, ์›ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwriter
์ž‘๊ฐ€, ์ €์ž .
19์„ธ๊ธฐ ์ดˆ ๋Ÿฐ๋˜์—์„œ Charles Dickens๋ผ๋Š” ์ด๋ฆ„์˜ ํ•œ ์ Š์€์ด๋Š” ์ž‘๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๋˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฐ•ํ•œ ์—ด๋ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In early 19th century London, a young man named Charles Dickens had a strong desire to be a writer.


 โ™• But everything seemed to be against him.
  
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โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทeverything
๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ, ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทseemed
~๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค, ~๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทagainst
~์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ, ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ  him.
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ƒํ™ฉ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌํ•œ ๋“ฏ ๋ณด์˜€๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But everything seemed to be against him.


 โ™• He had never been able to attend school for more than four years.
  
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he had never been
โ–ทable
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”, ์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทattend
์ฐธ์„ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทschool
ํ•™ํŒŒ, ํ•™๊ต 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทyears
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด .
๊ทธ๋Š” 4๋…„ ์ด์ƒ ํ•™๊ต์— ๋‹ค๋‹ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: He *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad never beenโŒ‹ able to attend school for more than four years.


 โ™• His father had been in jail because he couldn't pay his debts, and this young man often knew the pain of hunger.
  
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his
โ–ทfather
์•„๋ฒ„์ง€, ๋ถ€์นœ 
โ–ทjail
๊ฐ์˜ฅ, ์ง•์—ญ 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทpay
์ง€๋ถˆํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ž„๊ธˆ 
โ–ทdebts
์˜๋ฆฌ, ์€ํ˜œ 
โ–ทyoung
์ Š์€, ์–ด๋ฆฐ 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…, ์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทknew
know์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐํ˜• 
โ–ทpain
๊ณ ํ†ต, ํ†ต์ฆ 
โ–ทhunger
๊ธฐ์•„, ๊ฐˆ๋ง .
์•„๋ฒ„์ง€๋Š” ๋นš์„ ๊ฐš์ง€ ๋ชปํ•ด ๊ฐ์˜ฅ์— ์ˆ˜๊ฐ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์ด ์ Š์€์ด๋Š” ์ข…์ข… ๋ฐฐ๊ณ ํ””์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ณ ํ†ต์„ ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: His father *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad beenโŒ‹ in jail because he couldn't pay his debts, and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆthisโŒ‹ young man often knew the pain of hunger.


 โ™• Moreover, he had so little confidence in his ability to write that he mailed his writings secretly at night to editors so that nobody would laugh at him.
  
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โ–ทmoreover
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€, ๋”์šฑ์ด 
โ–ทlittle
์ข€, ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทconfidence
์ž์‹ ๊ฐ, ์‹ ๋ขฐ 
โ–ทability
๋Šฅ๋ ฅ, ์žฌ๋Šฅ 
โ–ทwrite
์“ฐ๋‹ค, ์ ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmailed
์ด๋ฉ”์ผ, ๋ถ€์น˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwritings
์“ฐ๊ธฐ, ์ž‘๋ฌธ 
โ–ทsecretly
๋น„๋ฐ€, ๋ชฐ๋ž˜ 
โ–ทnight
๋ฐค, ์ €๋… 
โ–ทeditors
ํŽธ์ง‘์ž, ํŽธ์ง‘์žฅ 
โ–ทnobody
๋ณด์ž˜๊ฒƒ ์—†๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์•„๋ฌด๋„ โ€ฆ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทlaugh
์›ƒ๋‹ค, ์›ƒ์Œ  at him.
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ๊ธ€์“ฐ๊ธฐ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์ด ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋ถ€์กฑํ•˜์—ฌ ์•„๋ฌด๋„ ์ž์‹ ์„ ๋น„์›ƒ์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋„๋ก ๋ฐค์— ๋ชฐ๋ž˜ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์„ ํŽธ์ง‘์ž์—๊ฒŒ ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Moreover, he had so little confidence in his ability to write that he mailed his writings secretly at night to editors so that nobody would laugh at him.


 โ™• Story after story was refused.
  
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โ–ทstory
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ, ์†Œ์„ค 
โ–ทafter
โ€ฆ์„ ๊ตฌํ•˜์—ฌ, โ€ฆ์„ ๋ณธ๋– ์„œ, โ€ฆ๋’ค์— 
โ–ทstory
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ, ์†Œ์„ค  was refused.
๊ทธ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์€ ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ๊ฑฐ์ ˆ๋‹นํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Story after story *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆwas refusedโŒ‹.


 โ™• But one day, one editor recognized and praised him.
  
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โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทday
์ „์„ฑ๊ธฐ, ์Šน๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทeditor
ํŽธ์ง‘์ž, ํŽธ์ง‘์žฅ 
โ–ทrecognized
์ธ์ •๋ฐ›์€, ์•Œ๋ ค์ง„  and praised him.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋˜ ์–ด๋Š ๋‚  ํ•œ ํŽธ์ง‘์ž๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ์•Œ์•„๋ณด๊ณ  ์นญ์ฐฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But one day, one editor recognized and praised him.


 โ™• The praise that he received from getting one story in print changed his whole life.
  
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the
โ–ทpraise
์นญ์ฐฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฐฌ์‚ฌ 
โ–ทreceived
๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค, ์ˆ˜์ƒํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทgetting
์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทstory
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ, ์†Œ์„ค 
โ–ทprint
์ธ์‡„ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ธ์‡„๋ฌผ 
โ–ทwhole
์ „์ฒด, ์ „ 
โ–ทlife
์ƒ๋ฌผ, ์‹ค๋ฌผ .
์ž์‹ ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์ด ์ถœํŒ๋จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ์–ป๊ฒŒ ๋œ ์นญ์ฐฌ์€ ๊ทธ์˜ ์ผ์ƒ์„ ๋ฐ”๊พธ์–ด ๋†“์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The praise that he received from getting one story in print changed his whole life.


 โ™• His works have been widely read and still enjoy great popularity.
  
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his
โ–ทworks
์ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ž‘ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทwidely
๋„๋ฆฌ, ๊ฐ€์žฅ 
โ–ทread
โ€ฆ๋ผ๊ณ  ์“ฐ์—ฌ ์žˆ๋‹ค, ์ฝ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทpopularity
์ธ๊ธฐ, ์ธ์ง€๋„ .
๊ทธ์˜ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ๋“ค์€ ๋„๋ฆฌ ์ฝํ˜€์™”๊ณ  ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ํฐ ์ธ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋ˆ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: His works have been widely read and still enjoy great popularity.


36 ์ˆœ์„œ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์–ด๋Š ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋“  ๋‚ด๋ฆด ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํ•„์ˆ˜์ ์ธ ์„ ํƒ ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋Š๋ƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋Š”์ง€๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‹จ๋…์œผ๋กœ ๋‚ด๋ฆด ๊ฒฐ์ •์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ์›์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ํ˜น์€ ํŠน์ • ๋ฌธํ™”์™€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์— ์†ํ•ด ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋งŽ์€ ์š”์ธ๋“ค์ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ผ๋“ค์„ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ฐœ์ธ์ด ์„ ํƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์—ฌ์ง€๋Š” ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ†ต์ œ๊ถŒ์€ ์–ด๋Š ์ •๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์† ์•ˆ์— ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์–ต์••์ ์ธ ์‚ฐ์—…ํ˜๋ช…์˜ ์‹œ๋Œ€์— ์กฐ์ฐจ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ž์œ  ์˜์ง€๋ฅผ ํฌ๊ธฐํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค. ์ด ์‹œ๊ธฐ์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๊ณต์žฅ์—์„œ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 80์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ด์ƒ ์ผํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋‹ค์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์ˆ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€๋Š” ๋Œ€์‹ , ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์˜ ์–ผ๋งˆ ์•ˆ ๋˜๋Š” ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ์ž์œ  ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ๋…์„œ๋‚˜ ์ •์น˜ ์ฐธ์—ฌ์— ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ์ผ๋ถ€์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋„ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
One of the most essential decisions any of us can make is how we invest our time. Of course, how we invest time is not our decision alone to make. Many factors determine what we should do either because we are members of the human race, or because we belong to a certain culture and society. Nevertheless, there is room for personal choice, and control over time is to a certain extent in our hands. Even in the most oppressive decades of the Industrial Revolution, people didn't give up their free will when it came to time. During this period, people worked for more than eighty hours a week in factories. But there were some who spent their few precious free hours reading books or getting involved in politics instead of following the majority into the pubs.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• One of the most essential decisions any of us can make is how we invest our time.
  
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one of the
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทessential
๋ณธ์งˆ์ ์ธ, ํ•„์ˆ˜์˜ 
โ–ทdecisions
๊ฒฐ์ •, ํŒ๊ฒฐ 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทinvest
ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค  our time.
์–ด๋Š ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋“  ๋‚ด๋ฆด ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํ•„์ˆ˜์ ์ธ ์„ ํƒ ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋Š๋ƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: โŒˆOne ofโŒ‹ of *์›์˜ค๋ณต๋ช…๊ฐ€์™•์ด์ฆˆโŒˆusโŒ‹ make โŒˆisโŒ‹ how we invest our time.


 โ™• Of course, how we invest time is not our decision alone to make.
  
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of
โ–ทcourse
๊ณผ์ •, ์ฝ”์Šค 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทinvest
ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdecision
๊ฒฐ์ •, ํŒ๊ฒฐ 
โ–ทalone
ํ˜ผ์ž, ํ™€๋กœ 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค .
๋ฌผ๋ก  ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋Š”์ง€๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‹จ๋…์œผ๋กœ ๋‚ด๋ฆด ๊ฒฐ์ •์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Of course, how we invest time is not our decision alone to make.


 โ™• Many factors determine what we should do either because we are members of the human race, or because we belong to a certain culture and society.
  
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many
โ–ทfactors
์š”์ธ, ์š”์†Œ 
โ–ทdetermine
๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทeither
๋˜ํ•œ, ์–ด๋Š ์ชฝ 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทmembers
์ผ์›, ํšŒ์› 
โ–ทhuman
์ธ๊ฐ„์˜, ์ธ๊ฐ„๋‹ค์šด 
โ–ทrace
์ธ์ข…, ๋ฏผ์กฑ 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทbelong
์†ํ•˜๋‹ค, ~์˜ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทcertain
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ, ์–ด๋–ค 
โ–ทculture
๊ต์–‘, ๋ฌธํ™” 
โ–ทsociety
ํšŒ(ๆœƒ), ๋‹จ์ฒด, ์‚ฌ๊ต๊ณ„ .
์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ์›์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ํ˜น์€ ํŠน์ • ๋ฌธํ™”์™€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์— ์†ํ•ด ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๋งŽ์€ ์š”์ธ๋“ค์ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ผ๋“ค์„ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many factors determine what we should do either because we are members of the human race, or because we belong to a certain culture and society.


 โ™• Nevertheless, there is room for personal choice, and control over time is to a certain extent in our hands.
  
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โ–ทnevertheless
๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ ‡์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทthere
is ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทroom
๋ฐฉ, ์—ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทpersonal
๊ฐœ์ธ์˜, ์ž์‹ ์˜ 
โ–ทchoice
๊ณ ๊ธ‰์˜, ์„ ํƒ 
โ–ทcontrol
ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ  
โ–ทcertain
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ, ์–ด๋–ค 
โ–ทextent
๋ฒ”์œ„, ์ •๋„ 
โ–ทhands
์ผ๊พผ, ์†œ์”จ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿผ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ฐœ์ธ์ด ์„ ํƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์—ฌ์ง€๋Š” ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ†ต์ œ๊ถŒ์€ ์–ด๋Š ์ •๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์† ์•ˆ์— ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Nevertheless, *Xvs๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆthere is roomโŒ‹ for personal choice, and control over time is to a certain extent in our hands.


 โ™• Even in the most oppressive decades of the Industrial Revolution, people didn't give up their free will when it came to time.
  
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even in the
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทoppressive
์••์ œ์ ์ธ, ๊ฐ€ํ˜นํ•œ 
โ–ทdecades
์‹ญ๋…„๊ฐ„, ์ˆ˜์‹ญ๋…„ 
โ–ทindustrial
์‚ฐ์—…์˜, ๊ณต์—…์˜ 
โ–ทrevolution
ํ˜๋ช…, (์ฒœ์ฒด์˜) ์šดํ–‰ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทgive
์ฃผ๋‹ค, ์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfree
๋ฌด๋ฃŒ์˜, ๋ฉด์„ธ์˜ 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทcame
์™”๋‹ค  to time.
๊ฐ€์žฅ ์–ต์••์ ์ธ ์‚ฐ์—…ํ˜๋ช…์˜ ์‹œ๋Œ€์— ์กฐ์ฐจ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ž์œ  ์˜์ง€๋ฅผ ํฌ๊ธฐํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Even in the most oppressive decades of the Industrial Revolution, people didn't give up their free will when it came to time.


 โ™• During this period, people worked for more than eighty hours a week in factories.
  
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โ–ทduring
~๋™์•ˆ, ~์ค‘์—๋„ 
โ–ทperiod
๊ธฐ๊ฐ„, ์‹œ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทworked
๊ฐ€๊ณตํ•œ, ์„ธ๊ณตํ•œ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทweek
์ฃผ, ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ  in factories.
์ด ์‹œ๊ธฐ์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๊ณต์žฅ์—์„œ ์ผ์ฃผ์ผ์— 80์‹œ๊ฐ„ ์ด์ƒ ์ผํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆDuringโŒ‹ this period, people worked for more than eighty hours a week in factories.


 โ™• But there were some who spent their few precious free hours reading books or getting involved in politics instead of following the majority into the pubs.
  
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โ–ทbut
โ€ฆ์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋งŒ 
โ–ทthere
were ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทspent
๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋‹ค, ์ง€์ถœํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”, ๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทprecious
์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ, ๊ท€์ค‘ํ•œ 
โ–ทfree
๋ฌด๋ฃŒ์˜, ๋ฉด์„ธ์˜ 
โ–ทreading
โ€ฆ๋ผ๊ณ  ์“ฐ์—ฌ ์žˆ๋‹ค, ์ฝ๋‹ค 
โ–ทbooks
์ฑ…, ๋„์„œ 
โ–ทgetting
์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทinvolved
๊ด€๋ จ๋œ, ๊ด€์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทpolitics
ํ˜„๋ช…ํ•œ, ์ •์น˜ ์—ญํ•™ 
โ–ทinstead
๋Œ€์‹ ์—, ๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทfollowing
๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ์„œ โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค, ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทmajority
๋Œ€๋‹ค์ˆ˜, ์ „๊ณตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpubs
์ˆ ์ง‘, ํŽ .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋‹ค์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๋”ฐ๋ผ ์ˆ ์ง‘์— ๊ฐ€๋Š” ๋Œ€์‹ , ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์˜ ์–ผ๋งˆ ์•ˆ ๋˜๋Š” ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ์ž์œ  ์‹œ๊ฐ„์„ ๋…์„œ๋‚˜ ์ •์น˜ ์ฐธ์—ฌ์— ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ์ผ๋ถ€์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋„ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: But *Xvs๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆthere were someโŒ‹ who spent their few precious free hours reading books or getting *๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ_์ˆ˜๋™โŒˆinvolved inโŒ‹ politics *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆinstead ofโŒ‹ following the majority into the pubs.


37 ๋ฌธ์žฅ ๋„ฃ๊ธฐ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํ•œ ํ†ตํ•ฉ๊ณผ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์˜ ์ง€์†์ ์ธ ๋ถ„์—ด์€ ๋ชจ๋‘ ์˜ค๋žœ ์—ญ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ง€๋‹ˆ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ์ด ๋†’์€ ์ง€์—ญ๋“ค์€ ๊ธฐ์› ์ „ 221๋…„์— ์ฒ˜์Œ ์ •์น˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ†ตํ•ฉ๋˜์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๊ทธ ์ดํ›„ ์ค„๊ณง ๊ทธ ์ƒํƒœ๋ฅผ ์œ ์ง€ํ•ด ์™”๋‹ค. ์ค‘๊ตญ์€ ์ฒ˜์Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋‹จ ํ•˜๋‚˜์˜ ๋ฌธ์ž ์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์˜ค๋žœ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ๋™์•ˆ ๋‹จ ํ•˜๋‚˜์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์–ธ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ  2000๋…„ ๋™์•ˆ ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๋ฌธํ™”์  ํ†ตํ•ฉ์„ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด ์™”๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ์ •์น˜์  ํ†ต์ผ์— ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ๊ทผ์ ‘ํ•œ ์ ์ด ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค. ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ๊ธฐ์› ํ›„ 1500๋…„์—๋Š” 500๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค๋กœ ๋ถ„์—ด๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ , 1980๋…„๋Œ€์—๋Š” ๋ถ„์—ด๋œ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์˜ ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ์ตœ์†Œ 25๊ฐœ๋กœ ๊ฐ์†Œํ–ˆ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์žฌ๋Š” ๋‹ค์‹œ 40๊ฐœ ์ด์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 45๊ฐœ์˜ ์–ธ์–ด์™€ ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ํฐ ๋ฌธํ™”์  ๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์„ ํ†ตํ•ฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์ตœ๊ทผ์˜ ์˜๊ฒฌ ๋ถˆ์ผ์น˜๋Š” ์œ ๋Ÿฝ ๋ถ„์—ด์˜ ์ „ํ˜•์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ ์ค€๋‹ค.
China's frequent times of unity and Europe's constant disunity both have a long history. The most productive areas of modern China were politically joined for the first time in 221 BC, and have remained so for most of the time since then. It has had only a single writing system from the beginning, a single principal language for a long time, and solid cultural unity for two thousand years. In contrast, Europe has never come close to political unification. It was divided into 500 states in AD 1500, got down to a minimum of 25 states in the 1980s, and is now up again to over 40. It still has 45 languages, and even greater cultural diversity. The current disagreements about the issue of unifying Europe are typical of Europe's disunity.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• China's frequent times of unity and Europe's constant disunity both have a long history.
  
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โ–ทchina
์ค‘๊ตญ, ๋„์ž๊ธฐ 
โ–ทfrequent
์ž์ฃผ, ์žฆ์€ 
โ–ทtimes
๋ฒˆ, ๋ฐฐ 
โ–ทunity
๋‹จ์ผ,ํ†ต์ผ์ฒด,์ผ์น˜,ํ™”ํ•ฉ 
โ–ทconstant
์ง€์†์ ์ธ, ๊ณ„์†๋˜๋Š” 
โ–ทboth
๋‘˜ ๋ชจ๋‘์—๊ฒŒ, ๋‘ ~ 
โ–ทlong
๊พธ๋ฌผ๋Œ€๋Š”, ๋™๊ฒฝํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhistory
์—ญ์‚ฌ, ์ด๋ ฅ .
์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํ•œ ํ†ตํ•ฉ๊ณผ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์˜ ์ง€์†์ ์ธ ๋ถ„์—ด์€ ๋ชจ๋‘ ์˜ค๋žœ ์—ญ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ง€๋‹ˆ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: China's frequent times of unity and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆEurope'sโŒ‹ constant disunity both have a long history.


 โ™• The most productive areas of modern China were politically joined for the first time in 221 BC, and have remained so for most of the time since then.
  
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the
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทproductive
์ƒ์‚ฐ์ ์ธ, ๊ฑด์„ค์ ์ธ 
โ–ทareas
๋ฉด์ , ์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทmodern
ํ˜„๋Œ€์˜, ๊ทผ๋Œ€์˜ 
โ–ทchina
์ค‘๊ตญ, ๋„์ž๊ธฐ 
โ–ทpolitically
์ •์น˜์ ์œผ๋กœ, ์ •๋žต์ ์œผ๋กœ 
โ–ทjoined
์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ž…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทremained
์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ โ€ฆ๋Œ€๋กœ์ด๋‹ค, ๋‚จ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทsince
~์ดํ›„, ~๋•Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ  then.
ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ์ด ๋†’์€ ์ง€์—ญ๋“ค์€ ๊ธฐ์› ์ „ 221๋…„์— ์ฒ˜์Œ ์ •์น˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ†ตํ•ฉ๋˜์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๊ทธ ์ดํ›„ ์ค„๊ณง ๊ทธ ์ƒํƒœ๋ฅผ ์œ ์ง€ํ•ด ์™”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The most productive areas of modern China were politically joined for the first time in 221 BC, and have remained so for most of the time since then.


 โ™• It has had only a single writing system from the beginning, a single principal language for a long time, and solid cultural unity for two thousand years.
  
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it has had only a
โ–ทsingle
๋…์‹ ์˜, ๋ฝ‘์•„๋‚ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทwriting
์“ฐ๊ธฐ, ์ž‘๋ฌธ 
โ–ทsystem
์‹œ์Šคํ…œ, ์ œ๋„ 
โ–ทbeginning
์‹œ์ž‘, ์ดˆ 
โ–ทsingle
๋…์‹ ์˜, ๋ฝ‘์•„๋‚ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทprincipal
์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ, ์žฅ(้•ท), ๊ต์žฅ 
โ–ทlanguage
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทlong
๊พธ๋ฌผ๋Œ€๋Š”, ๋™๊ฒฝํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsolid
๊ณ ์ฒด์˜, ๊ฒฌ์‹คํ•œ 
โ–ทcultural
๋ฌธํ™”์˜, ๊ต์–‘์˜ 
โ–ทunity
๋‹จ์ผ,ํ†ต์ผ์ฒด,์ผ์น˜,ํ™”ํ•ฉ 
โ–ทyears
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด .
์ค‘๊ตญ์€ ์ฒ˜์Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋‹จ ํ•˜๋‚˜์˜ ๋ฌธ์ž ์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์˜ค๋žœ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ๋™์•ˆ ๋‹จ ํ•˜๋‚˜์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์–ธ์–ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ  2000๋…„ ๋™์•ˆ ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๋ฌธํ™”์  ํ†ตํ•ฉ์„ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด ์™”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It has had only a single writing system from the beginning, a single principal language for a long time, and solid cultural unity for two thousand *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆyearsโŒ‹.


 โ™• In contrast, Europe has never come close to political unification.
  
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in
โ–ทcontrast
๋Œ€์กฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ€์กฐ๋ฅผ ์ด๋ฃจ๋‹ค 
โ–ทcome
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทclose
๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šด, ๋‹ซ๋‹ค 
โ–ทpolitical
์ •์น˜์˜, ์ •๊ณ„์˜ 
โ–ทunification
ํ†ต์ผ,๋‹จ์ผํ™” .
๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ์ •์น˜์  ํ†ต์ผ์— ๊ฒฐ์ฝ” ๊ทผ์ ‘ํ•œ ์ ์ด ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In contrast, Europe has never come close to political unification.


 โ™• It was divided into 500 states in AD 1500, got down to a minimum of 25 states in the 1980s, and is now up again to over 40.
  
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it was divided into 500
โ–ทstates
๊ตญ๊ฐ€, ์ƒํƒœ 
โ–ทgot
get์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐยท๊ณผ๊ฑฐ ๋ถ„์‚ฌํ˜• 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทminimum
์ตœ์†Œ, ์ตœ์ € 
โ–ทstates
๊ตญ๊ฐ€, ์ƒํƒœ 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ   40.
์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ๊ธฐ์› ํ›„ 1500๋…„์—๋Š” 500๊ฐœ์˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค๋กœ ๋ถ„์—ด๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์—ˆ๊ณ , 1980๋…„๋Œ€์—๋Š” ๋ถ„์—ด๋œ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์˜ ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ์ตœ์†Œ 25๊ฐœ๋กœ ๊ฐ์†Œํ–ˆ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์žฌ๋Š” ๋‹ค์‹œ 40๊ฐœ ์ด์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆwas dividedโŒ‹ into 500 states in AD 1500, got down to a minimum of 25 states in the 1980s, and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆisโŒ‹ now up again to over 40.


 โ™• It still has 45 languages, and even greater cultural diversity.
  
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it
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทlanguages
์–ธ์–ด, ~์–ด 
โ–ทgreater
๋”, ํฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทcultural
๋ฌธํ™”์˜, ๊ต์–‘์˜ 
โ–ทdiversity
๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ, ์ƒ์ด .
์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 45๊ฐœ์˜ ์–ธ์–ด์™€ ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ํฐ ๋ฌธํ™”์  ๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It still has 45 languages, and even greater cultural diversity.


 โ™• The current disagreements about the issue of unifying Europe are typical of Europe's disunity.
  
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the
โ–ทcurrent
์œ ํ–‰์˜, ํ˜„์žฌ์˜ 
โ–ทdisagreements
์ด๊ฒฌ, ๋ถˆ์ผ์น˜ 
โ–ทissue
๋ฌธ์ œ, ๋ฐœํ–‰ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทunifying
ํ†ต์ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtypical
์ „ํ˜•์ ์ธ, โ€ฆ์„ ๋Œ€ํ‘œํ•˜๋Š”  of europe's disunity.
์œ ๋Ÿฝ์„ ํ†ตํ•ฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ์ตœ๊ทผ์˜ ์˜๊ฒฌ ๋ถˆ์ผ์น˜๋Š” ์œ ๋Ÿฝ ๋ถ„์—ด์˜ ์ „ํ˜•์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ ์ค€๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The current disagreements about the issue of unifying Europe are typical of Europe's disunity.


38 ๋ฌธ์žฅ ๋„ฃ๊ธฐ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์Œ์•…์€ ์–ด๋ฆฐ ์•„์ด๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ทจํ•™ ์ „ ์•„๋™๋“ค์ด ๋ฆฌ๋“ฌ๊ณผ ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์„ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์–ผ๊ตด๊ณผ ๋ชธ์„ ๋ณด๋ผโ€•์–ผ๊ตด์€ ํ™˜ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ , ๋ชธ์€ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ, ์—ด์ •์ ์œผ๋กœ ์›€์ง์ธ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์Œ์•…๊ณผ ์ƒํ˜ธ ์ž‘์šฉํ•  ๋•Œ ํŽธ์•ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์†Œํ†ตํ•˜๊ณ  ์ฐฝ์˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ํ‘œํ˜„ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์‚ฌ๊ณ ์™€ ๊ฐ์ •์„ ํ‘œ์ถœํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๋งˆ๋””๋กœ ๋งํ•ด ์–ด๋ฆฐ ์•„์ด๋“ค์€ ์Œ์•…์„ ๋งค์šฐ ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋กœ ์ด ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ์ตœ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ™œ์šฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ•ด๋ผ. ์ฃผ์ €ํ•จ์„ ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์Œ์•…์ ์œผ๋กœ ์žฌ๋Šฅ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ํ˜น์€ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฅผ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์•…๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์—ฐ์ฃผํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฑฑ์ •๋“ค์„ ๋ชจ๋‘ ์žŠ์–ด๋ผ. ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์•„์ด์™€ ์Œ์•…์„ ์ฆ๊ธธ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์ € ์•„์ด๋“ค์ด ์ด๋„๋Š” ๋Œ€๋กœ ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๊ณ , ์ฆ๊ธฐ๊ณ , ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๋…ธ๋ž˜ํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์Œ์•…์„ ๋“ฃ๊ณ , ๋ชธ์„ ์›€์ง์ด๊ณ , ์ถค์ถ”๊ณ , ์ฆ๊ฒจ๋ผ.
Music appeals powerfully to young children. Watch preschoolers' faces and bodies when they hear rhythm and sound โ€• they light up and move eagerly and enthusiastically. They communicate comfortably, express themselves creatively, and let out all sorts of thoughts and emotions as they interact with music. In a word, young children think music is a lot of fun, so do all you can to make the most of the situation. Throw away your own hesitation and forget all your concerns about whether you are musically talented or whether you can sing or play an instrument. They don't matter when you are enjoying music with your child. Just follow his or her lead, have fun, sing songs together, listen to different kinds of music, move, dance, and enjoy.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Music appeals powerfully to young children.
  
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โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜ 
โ–ทappeals
ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ„์ฒญํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpowerfully
๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ์œ ๋ ฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทyoung
์ Š์€, ์–ด๋ฆฐ  children.
์Œ์•…์€ ์–ด๋ฆฐ ์•„์ด๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Music appeals powerfully to young children.


 โ™• Watch preschoolers' faces and bodies when they hear rhythm and sound โ€• they light up and move eagerly and enthusiastically.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทwatch
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๊ด€๋žŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfaces
์–ผ๊ตด, ์ง๋ฉดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhear
๋“ฃ๋‹ค, ์†Œ์‹์„ ๋“ฃ๋‹ค 
โ–ทrhythm
๋ฆฌ๋“ฌ, ๋ฐ•์ž 
โ–ทsound
โ€ฆํ•œ ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค, ์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทlight
๋ฐ๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค, ์กฐ๋ช… 
โ–ทmove
๊ฐ๋™์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์ œ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทeagerly
๊ฐ„์ ˆํžˆ, ๊ณ ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ  and enthusiastically.
์ทจํ•™ ์ „ ์•„๋™๋“ค์ด ๋ฆฌ๋“ฌ๊ณผ ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์„ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์–ผ๊ตด๊ณผ ๋ชธ์„ ๋ณด๋ผโ€•์–ผ๊ตด์€ ํ™˜ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ , ๋ชธ์€ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ, ์—ด์ •์ ์œผ๋กœ ์›€์ง์ธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Watch preschoolers' faces and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆbodiesโŒ‹ when they hear rhythm and sound โ€• they light up and move eagerly and enthusiastically.


 โ™• They communicate comfortably, express themselves creatively, and let out all sorts of thoughts and emotions as they interact with music.
  
Need_Help?
they
โ–ทcommunicate
์˜์‚ฌ์†Œํ†ตํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcomfortably
ํŽธ์•ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ํŽธ๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทexpress
ํ‘œํ˜„ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทthemselves
๊ทธ๋“ค ์ž์‹  
โ–ทlet
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค, ~ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทsorts
๋ถ„๋ฅ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ณจ๋ผ๋‚ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทthoughts
์ƒ๊ฐ, ์˜ˆ์ƒ 
โ–ทemotions
์ •์„œ, ๊ฐ์ • 
โ–ทinteract
์ƒํ˜ธ์ž‘์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ์Œ์•…๊ณผ ์ƒํ˜ธ ์ž‘์šฉํ•  ๋•Œ ํŽธ์•ˆํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์†Œํ†ตํ•˜๊ณ  ์ฐฝ์˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ํ‘œํ˜„ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์‚ฌ๊ณ ์™€ ๊ฐ์ •์„ ํ‘œ์ถœํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They communicate comfortably, express themselves creatively, and let out all sorts of thoughts and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆemotionsโŒ‹ as they interact with music.


 โ™• In a word, young children think music is a lot of fun, so do all you can to make the most of the situation.
  
Need_Help?
in a
โ–ทword
๋ง, ๋‹จ์–ด 
โ–ทyoung
์ Š์€, ์–ด๋ฆฐ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ฐ™๋‹ค 
โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜ 
โ–ทlot
์šด๋ช…, ์ œ๋น„ 
โ–ทfun
์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋Š”, ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์šด 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทsituation
์œ„์น˜, ์‚ฌํƒœ .
ํ•œ๋งˆ๋””๋กœ ๋งํ•ด ์–ด๋ฆฐ ์•„์ด๋“ค์€ ์Œ์•…์„ ๋งค์šฐ ์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In a word, young children think music is a lot of fun, so do all *๋Œ“์ƒ๋žต you can to make the most of the situation.


 โ™• Throw away your own hesitation and forget all your concerns about whether you are musically talented or whether you can sing or play an instrument.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทthrow
๋˜์ง€๋‹ค, ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทaway
๋–จ์–ด์ ธ, ๋– ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทown
์ž์‹ ์˜, ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทhesitation
๋ง์„ค์ž„, ์ฃผ์ € 
โ–ทforget
์žŠ๋‹ค, ๊นœ๋นกํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทconcerns
์šฐ๋ ค, ๊ฑฑ์ • 
โ–ทwhether
์–ด๋–จ์ง€, ~์ด๋“  ์•„๋‹ˆ๋“  
โ–ทtalented
์žฌ๋Šฅ ์žˆ๋Š”, ๋›ฐ์–ด๋‚œ 
โ–ทwhether
์–ด๋–จ์ง€, ~์ด๋“  ์•„๋‹ˆ๋“  
โ–ทsing
๋…ธ๋ž˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทplay
์—ฐ์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinstrument
๊ธฐ๊ตฌ, ์ˆ˜๋‹จ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋ฏ€๋กœ ์ด ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ์ตœ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ™œ์šฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ•ด๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Throw away your own hesitation and forget all your concerns about whether you are musically talented or whether you can sing or play an instrument.


 โ™• They don't matter when you are enjoying music with your child.
  
Need_Help?
they don't
โ–ทmatter
์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์™€ ๊ด€๊ณ„๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค, ์ผ 
โ–ทenjoying
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜  with your child.
์ฃผ์ €ํ•จ์„ ๋ฒ„๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์Œ์•…์ ์œผ๋กœ ์žฌ๋Šฅ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ํ˜น์€ ๋…ธ๋ž˜๋ฅผ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ์•…๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์—ฐ์ฃผํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฑฑ์ •๋“ค์„ ๋ชจ๋‘ ์žŠ์–ด๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They don't matter when you are enjoying music with your child.


 โ™• Just follow his or her lead, have fun, sing songs together, listen to different kinds of music, move, dance, and enjoy.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทfollow
๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ์„œ โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค, ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทlead
์ง€๋‚ด๋‹ค, ์ธ๋„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfun
์žฌ๋ฏธ์žˆ๋Š”, ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์šด 
โ–ทsing
๋…ธ๋ž˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ€๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทsongs
๋…ธ๋ž˜, ๊ณก 
โ–ทtogether
ํ•จ๊ป˜, ๊ฐ™์ด 
โ–ทlisten
๋“ฃ๋‹ค, ๊ท€๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์šธ์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทdifferent
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ 
โ–ทkinds
์ข…๋ฅ˜, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜ 
โ–ทmove
๊ฐ๋™์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์ œ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdance
์ถค, ์ถ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค .
๋‹น์‹ ์ด ์•„์ด์™€ ์Œ์•…์„ ์ฆ๊ธธ ๋•Œ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Just follow his or her lead, have fun *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, singโŒ‹ songs together, listen to different kinds of music, move, dance, and enjoy.


39 ๋ฌด๊ด€ํ•œ ๋ฌธ์žฅ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋‚˜๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ํšŒ์‚ฌ๋“ค์ด ์ œํ’ˆ๊ณผ ์„œ๋น„์Šค๋ฅผ ์‹œ์žฅ์— ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์„œ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ ์ถœ์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ณด์•˜๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฐ ํ–‰๋™์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ๋Š” ๋น„์šฉ์„ ๋งŒํšŒํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ œ์ถœ ๋งˆ๊ฐ์„ ๋งž์ถ”๋ ค๋Š” ํ•„์š”๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•˜์—ฌ ๋งŽ์€ ์ด์œ ๋“ค์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ง€๋‚˜์น˜๊ฒŒ ๊ธ‰ํ•œ ํ–‰๋™์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ์ ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ฐฝ์˜์  ๊ณผ์ •์— ํ•ด๋กœ์šด ์˜ํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฏธ์นœ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์œ„๋Œ€ํ•œ ์•„์ด๋””์–ด๋“ค์€ ํ›Œ๋ฅญํ•œ ์™€์ธ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ์ ์ ˆํ•œ ์ˆ™์„ฑ, ์ฆ‰ ์™„๋ฒฝํ•œ ํ’๋ฏธ์™€ ํ’ˆ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๋ฐ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์ฐฝ์˜์  ๊ณผ์ •์„ ์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ถ”๊ฐ€์ ์ธ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ํ™•๋ณด๋˜๋ฉด ์„ฑ์ทจ๋  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์„ ํƒ์›”ํ•œ ์ˆ˜์ค€์„ ๋ฐ‘๋„๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ์ดˆ๋ž˜ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
I have seen many companies rush their products or services to market too quickly. There are many reasons for taking such an action, including the need to recover costs or meet deadlines. The problem with moving too quickly, however, is that it has a harmful impact on the creative process. Great ideas, like great wines, need proper aging: time to bring out their full flavor and quality. Rushing the creative process can lead to results that are below the standard of excellence that could have been achieved with additional time.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• I have seen many companies rush their products or services to market too quickly.
  
Need_Help?
i have
โ–ทseen
๋ณด์ด๋Š”, ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง„ 
โ–ทrush
์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค, ๊ธ‰ํ•œ 
โ–ทproducts
์ œํ’ˆ, ์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทservices
์„œ๋น„์Šค, ๋ด‰์‚ฌ 
โ–ทmarket
์‹œ์žฅ, ๋งˆ์ผ“ 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ, ๋น ๋ฅธ .
๋‚˜๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ํšŒ์‚ฌ๋“ค์ด ์ œํ’ˆ๊ณผ ์„œ๋น„์Šค๋ฅผ ์‹œ์žฅ์— ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์„œ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ ์ถœ์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ณด์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I have seen many companies rush their products or *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆservicesโŒ‹ to market too quickly.


 โ™• There are many reasons for taking such an action, including the need to recover costs or meet deadlines.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทthere
are ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทreasons
์ด์„ฑ, ์ด์œ  
โ–ทtaking
๋“ฃ๋Š”, ์‘์‹œ 
โ–ทaction
ํ–‰๋™, ์ „ํˆฌ 
โ–ทincluding
ํฌํ•จํ•ด, ๋“ฑ 
โ–ทneed
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทrecover
ํšŒ๋ณตํ•˜๋‹ค, ํšŒ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcosts
๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— โ€ฆ์„ ์žƒ๋‹ค, ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmeet
๋งŒ์กฑ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค, ์‘ํ•˜๋‹ค  deadlines.
์ด๋Ÿฐ ํ–‰๋™์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ๋Š” ๋น„์šฉ์„ ๋งŒํšŒํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ œ์ถœ ๋งˆ๊ฐ์„ ๋งž์ถ”๋ ค๋Š” ํ•„์š”๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•˜์—ฌ ๋งŽ์€ ์ด์œ ๋“ค์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *Xvs๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆThere are manyโŒ‹ reasons for taking such an action, *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆincludingโŒ‹ the need to recover costs or meet deadlines.


 โ™• The problem with moving too quickly, however, is that it has a harmful impact on the creative process.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทproblem
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทmoving
์›€์ง์ด๋Š”, ๊ฐ๋™์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ, ๋น ๋ฅธ 
โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทharmful
ํ•ด๋กœ์šด, ์œ ํ•ดํ•œ 
โ–ทimpact
์ถฉ๋Œ,์ถฉ๊ฒฉ,๋นฝ๋นฝํ•œ 
โ–ทcreative
์ฐฝ์˜์ ์ธ, ์ฐฝ์กฐ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทprocess
๊ฒฝ๊ณผ, ๊ณผ์ • .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ง€๋‚˜์น˜๊ฒŒ ๊ธ‰ํ•œ ํ–‰๋™์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ์ ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ฐฝ์˜์  ๊ณผ์ •์— ํ•ด๋กœ์šด ์˜ํ–ฅ์„ ๋ฏธ์นœ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The problem with moving too quickly, however, is that it has a harmful impact on the creative process.


 โ™• Great ideas, like great wines, need proper aging: time to bring out their full flavor and quality.
  
Need_Help?
great
โ–ทideas
์ƒ๊ฐ, ์•„์ด๋””์–ด 
โ–ทlike
์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwines
์šฐ์Šนํ•˜๋‹ค, ์Šน๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทneed
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทproper
์ ์ ˆํ•œ, ์ œ๋Œ€๋กœ 
โ–ทbring
๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค, ์ผ์œผํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทfull
๊ฐ€๋“ํ•œ, ์™„์ „ํ•œ 
โ–ทflavor
๋ง›, ํ–ฅ 
โ–ทquality
์งˆ, ํŠน์งˆ .
์œ„๋Œ€ํ•œ ์•„์ด๋””์–ด๋“ค์€ ํ›Œ๋ฅญํ•œ ์™€์ธ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์ด ์ ์ ˆํ•œ ์ˆ™์„ฑ, ์ฆ‰ ์™„๋ฒฝํ•œ ํ’๋ฏธ์™€ ํ’ˆ์งˆ์„ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๋ฐ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Great ideas, like great wines, need proper aging: time to bring out their full flavor and quality.


 โ™• Rushing the creative process can lead to results that are below the standard of excellence that could have been achieved with additional time.
  
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โ–ทrushing
์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค, ๊ธ‰ํ•œ 
โ–ทcreative
์ฐฝ์˜์ ์ธ, ์ฐฝ์กฐ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทprocess
๊ฒฝ๊ณผ, ๊ณผ์ • 
โ–ทlead
์ง€๋‚ด๋‹ค, ์ธ๋„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทresults
๊ฒฐ๊ตญ, ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ 
โ–ทbelow
์•„๋ž˜์—, ~์ดํ•˜์˜ 
โ–ทstandard
ํ‘œ์ค€(์˜), ๋ชจ๋ฒ”(์ ์ธ) 
โ–ทexcellence
์šฐ์ˆ˜ํ•จ, ์žฅ์  
โ–ทachieved
๋‹ฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋‹ค, ์„ฑ์ทจํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทadditional
์ถ”๊ฐ€์˜, ๋”  time.
์ฐฝ์˜์  ๊ณผ์ •์„ ์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ถ”๊ฐ€์ ์ธ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ํ™•๋ณด๋˜๋ฉด ์„ฑ์ทจ๋  ์ˆ˜๋„ ์žˆ์„ ํƒ์›”ํ•œ ์ˆ˜์ค€์„ ๋ฐ‘๋„๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ์ดˆ๋ž˜ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆRushingโŒ‹ the creative process can lead to results that are below the standard of excellence that could H.B.P_์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœ[have been achieved] with additional time.


40 ์š”์•ฝ๋ฌธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


ํ˜ธ์ฃผ์˜ ํ•œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉด, ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๋ถ€์—Œ์—์„œ์˜ ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์€ ์ž์‹ ์ด ์ฆ๊ฒจ ๋จน๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์Œ์‹์˜ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์™€ ์—ฐ๊ด€์„ฑ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ๋น„๊ตํ•ด ๋ณด๋ฉด, ์ž์‹ ์ด ๋งŒ๋“  ์š”๋ฆฌ์— ์ž๋ถ€์‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ฑ„์‹๊ณผ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์— ์ข‹์€ ์Œ์‹์„ ์ข€ ๋” ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€, ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ง‘๋‹จ์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ์™€ ํ•ด์‚ฐ๋ฌผ ์š”๋ฆฌ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ–„๋ฒ„๊ฑฐ์™€ ๊ฐ์žํŠ€๊น€์— ์ด๋ฅด๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์Œ์‹์„ ๋จน๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ๋” ๋งŽ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ, "๋‚˜๋Š” ์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ์ฐจ๋ผ๋ฆฌ ์ฒญ์†Œ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค"๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์Œ์‹์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์—ด์ •์„ ๊ณต์œ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์Œ์‹์„ ์ฆ๊ธธ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋‚ฎ๋‹ค. ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ํŒจ์ŠคํŠธํ‘ธ๋“œ ์Œ์‹์ ์—์„œ ๋จน๋Š” ๋•Œ๋ฅผ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ ๋Š” ์™ธ์‹์„ ๋œ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
According to an Australian study, a person's confidence in the kitchen is linked to the kind of food that he or she tends to enjoy eating. Compared to the average person, those who are proud of the dishes they make are more likely to enjoy eating vegetarian food and health food. Moreover, this group is more likely than the average person to enjoy eating diverse kinds of food: from salads and seafood to hamburgers and hot chips. In contrast, people who say "I would rather clean than make dishes" don't share this wide-ranging enthusiasm for food. They are less likely than the average person to enjoy different types of food. In general, they eat out less than the average person except for when it comes to eating at fast food restaurants.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• According to an Australian study, a person's confidence in the kitchen is linked to the kind of food that he or she tends to enjoy eating.
  
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โ–ทaccording
๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋Š”, ์˜ํ•œ 
โ–ทstudy
์„œ์žฌ, ๊ณต๋ถ€ 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทconfidence
์ž์‹ ๊ฐ, ์‹ ๋ขฐ 
โ–ทkitchen
๋ถ€์—Œ, ์ฃผ๋ฐฉ 
โ–ทlinked
์—ฐ๊ด€๋œ, ์—ฐ์‡„๋œ 
โ–ทkind
์ข…๋ฅ˜, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทtends
โ€ฆ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค, ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทeating
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹  ๋จน๋Š”, ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋Š”.
ํ˜ธ์ฃผ์˜ ํ•œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉด, ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๋ถ€์—Œ์—์„œ์˜ ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์€ ์ž์‹ ์ด ์ฆ๊ฒจ ๋จน๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์Œ์‹์˜ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์™€ ์—ฐ๊ด€์„ฑ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆAccordingโŒ‹ to an Australian study, a person's confidence in the kitchen *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis linkedโŒ‹ to the kind of food that he or she tends to enjoy eating.


 โ™• Compared to the average person, those who are proud of the dishes they make are more likely to enjoy eating vegetarian food and health food.
  
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compared to the
โ–ทaverage
ํ‰๊ท , ๋ณดํ†ต์˜ 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทthose
์ €, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทproud
์ž๋ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด, ์ž์‹ ๊ฐ์ด ๊ฐ•ํ•œ 
โ–ทdishes
์„ค๊ฑฐ์ง€๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”, ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทeating
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทhealth
๊ฑด๊ฐ•, ๋ณด๊ฑด 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ .
ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ๋น„๊ตํ•ด ๋ณด๋ฉด, ์ž์‹ ์ด ๋งŒ๋“  ์š”๋ฆฌ์— ์ž๋ถ€์‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ฑ„์‹๊ณผ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์— ์ข‹์€ ์Œ์‹์„ ์ข€ ๋” ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Compared to the average person, those who are proud of the dishes they make are more likely to enjoy eating vegetarian food and health food.


 โ™• Moreover, this group is more likely than the average person to enjoy eating diverse kinds of food: from salads and seafood to hamburgers and hot chips.
  
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โ–ทmoreover
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€, ๋”์šฑ์ด 
โ–ทgroup
๊ทธ๋ฃน, ๋‹จ์ฒด 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”, ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทaverage
ํ‰๊ท , ๋ณดํ†ต์˜ 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทeating
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹ 
โ–ทdiverse
๋ช‡ ๊ฐœ์˜, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ 
โ–ทkinds
์ข…๋ฅ˜, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทsalads
์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ 
โ–ทhot
๋”์šด, ๋œจ๊ฑฐ์šด 
โ–ทchips
์นฉ์Šค ์„ ์ƒ, ๋ฐฐ๋ชฉ์ˆ˜ .
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€, ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ง‘๋‹จ์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ์ƒ๋Ÿฌ๋“œ์™€ ํ•ด์‚ฐ๋ฌผ ์š”๋ฆฌ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ํ–„๋ฒ„๊ฑฐ์™€ ๊ฐ์žํŠ€๊น€์— ์ด๋ฅด๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์Œ์‹์„ ๋จน๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋Š” ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์ด ๋” ๋งŽ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Moreover, this group is more likely than the average person to enjoy eating diverse kinds of food: from salads and seafood to hamburgers and hot chips.


 โ™• In contrast, people who say "I would rather clean than make dishes" don't share this wide-ranging enthusiasm for food.
  
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in
โ–ทcontrast
๋Œ€์กฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋Œ€์กฐ๋ฅผ ์ด๋ฃจ๋‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทsay
๋งํ•˜์ž๋ฉด, ๊ธ€์Ž„์š” 
โ–ทrather
~๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š”, ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค 
โ–ทclean
๊นจ๋—ํ•œ, ์ฒญ์†Œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทdishes
์„ค๊ฑฐ์ง€๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทshare
๋ถ„๋ฐฐํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ถ„๋‹ดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทenthusiasm
์—ด์ •, ์—ด๊ด‘ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ .
๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ, "๋‚˜๋Š” ์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ์ฐจ๋ผ๋ฆฌ ์ฒญ์†Œ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค"๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์Œ์‹์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์—ด์ •์„ ๊ณต์œ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In contrast, people who say "I *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆwould rather cleanโŒ‹ than make dishes" don't share this wide-ranging enthusiasm for food.


 โ™• They are less likely than the average person to enjoy different types of food.
  
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they are
โ–ทless
launch ์ง„์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทescape
ํƒˆ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsystem
์‹œ์Šคํ…œ, ์ œ๋„ 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”, ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทaverage
ํ‰๊ท , ๋ณดํ†ต์˜ 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdifferent
๋‹ค๋ฅธ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ 
โ–ทtypes
์ข…๋ฅ˜, ์œ ํ˜• 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์Œ์‹์„ ์ฆ๊ธธ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋‚ฎ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They are less likely than the average person to enjoy different types of food.


 โ™• In general, they eat out less than the average person except for when it comes to eating at fast food restaurants.
  
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in
โ–ทgeneral
์ผ๋ฐ˜์˜, ์žฅ๊ตฐ 
โ–ทeat
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹ 
โ–ทless
launch ์ง„์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทescape
ํƒˆ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsystem
์‹œ์Šคํ…œ, ์ œ๋„ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทaverage
ํ‰๊ท , ๋ณดํ†ต์˜ 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ์ธ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทexcept
์ œ์™ธํ•˜๋‹ค, ~์™ธ์—๋Š” 
โ–ทcomes
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๊ด€ํ•ด 
โ–ทeating
๋จน๋‹ค, ์Œ์‹ 
โ–ทfast
๋‹จ์‹, ๊ณ ์ •๋œ 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹, ์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทrestaurants
์‹๋‹น, ๋ ˆ์Šคํ† ๋ž‘ .
์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํ‰๊ท ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋ณด๋‹ค ํŒจ์ŠคํŠธํ‘ธ๋“œ ์Œ์‹์ ์—์„œ ๋จน๋Š” ๋•Œ๋ฅผ ์ œ์™ธํ•˜๊ณ ๋Š” ์™ธ์‹์„ ๋œ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In general, they eat out less than the average person except for when it comes to eating at fast food restaurants.


41-42 ์ œ๋ชฉ-๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ˆ˜์ฒœ ๊ฐœ์˜ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์ฑ„๋„, ๋ฌธ์ž ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ „ํ™” ํ†ตํ™”๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๋งค์ฒด์˜ ํ™์ˆ˜์— ๋น ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋…ธํŠธ๋ถ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋กœ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€์—๊ฒŒ ์ „์ž ์šฐํŽธ์„ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋ฉด์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ์˜ ์ง€์†์ ์ธ ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€์˜ ๋ฐฉํ•ด๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›๋Š” ์™€์ค‘์— ์Œ์•…๋„ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ๋“ฑ, ์ข…์ข… ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์œผ๋กœ ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค. ์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋„์™€์ค„ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฐ์šด ๊ฒƒ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค. ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์— ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋งค์ฒด์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋ผ. ๋Œ€๊ฐœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋งค์šฐ ์ œํ•œ๋œ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์— ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์ข…์ข… ์ถฉ๋Œํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋ง์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ํ–‰์œ„ ์ž์ฒด๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์ž‘๋™ ๊ธฐ์–ต์˜ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์ฐจ์ง€ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ์ฃผ์ œ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๋™์‹œ์— ์šด์ „์„ ์ž˜ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ์• ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ํ•œ๊ณ„์ ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฐ€์–ด๋ถ™์ธ๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์ข‹์€ ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋Ÿฌ ์˜ํ™”๊ด€์— ๊ฐ€๋Š” ์ด์œ  ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋‹ค. ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ์„ ๊บผ ๋‘๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์˜จ์ „ํ•œ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์ด ๋œ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ํ˜•ํƒœ์˜ ์˜์‚ฌ์†Œํ†ต ์ˆ˜๋‹จ๋“ค์„ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์— ํ•˜๋‚˜์”ฉ ์ œ๋Œ€๋กœ ์ฆ๊ธธ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค.
With thousands of websites, television channels, text messages, and phone calls, it is easy to become drowned in a flood of media. We often try to absorb too much in too many ways, to enjoy music while at the same time e-mailing someone on our laptops and being interrupted by constant messages on our mobile phones. Is there any one thing I have learned to help me survive? Yes. Try to stick to one type of media at a time. To a large extent we have a very limited ability to focus. If we try to absorb too many things at once, they often conflict. Just the action of talking takes up much of our working memory. Trying to talk about complex subjects and drive well at the same time pushes our abilities to their limits. This is one of the reasons why people still go to cinemas for good films; it is a full experience because all mobile phones are switched off. Many forms of communication are only really enjoyed one at a time.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• With thousands of websites, television channels, text messages, and phone calls, it is easy to become drowned in a flood of media.
  
Need_Help?
with
โ–ทthousands
์ฒœ์˜ ์ž๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทchannels
ํ•ดํ˜‘, ๊ฒฝ๋กœ 
โ–ทtext
๊ธ€, ๋ฌธ์ž 
โ–ทmessages
๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€, ๋ฉ”๋ชจ 
โ–ทphone
์ „ํ™”, ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ 
โ–ทcalls
๋ถ€๋ฅด๋‹ค, ์ „ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทeasy
์‰ฌ์šด 
โ–ทbecome
์–ด์šธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdrowned
์ต์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฌผ์— ๋น ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทflood
ํ™์ˆ˜, ์นจ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmedia
๋งค์Šค ๋ฏธ๋””์–ด, ๋งค์ฒด .
์ˆ˜์ฒœ ๊ฐœ์˜ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „ ์ฑ„๋„, ๋ฌธ์ž ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ „ํ™” ํ†ตํ™”๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๋งค์ฒด์˜ ํ™์ˆ˜์— ๋น ์ง€๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: With thousands of websites, television channels, text messages, and phone calls, *It๊ฐ€์ฃผ์–ด โŒˆit is easy to becomeโŒ‹ drowned in a flood of media.


 โ™• We often try to absorb too much in too many ways, to enjoy music while at the same time e-mailing someone on our laptops and being interrupted by constant messages on our mobile phones.
  
Need_Help?
we
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…, ์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทtry
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทabsorb
ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ด์ค‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทways
๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ, ํ˜•์šฉ์‚ฌยท๋ช…์‚ฌ์— ๋ถ™์—ฌ์„œ ใ€Œ๋ฐฉํ–ฅใ€ ใ€Œ์œ„์น˜ใ€ ใ€Œ์–‘ํƒœใ€๋ฅผ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด๋Š” ๋ถ€์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ฆ 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmusic
์Œ์•…, ๋…ธ๋ž˜ 
โ–ทwhile
~๋™์•ˆ์—, ~์— ๋ฐ˜ํ•˜์—ฌ 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€, ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทsomeone
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€, ์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทbeing
~๊ฒƒ, ~๋จ 
โ–ทinterrupted
๊ฐ€๋กœ๋ง‰ํžŒ, ์ค‘๋‹จ๋œ 
โ–ทconstant
์ง€์†์ ์ธ, ๊ณ„์†๋˜๋Š” 
โ–ทmessages
๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€, ๋ฉ”๋ชจ 
โ–ทmobile
ํœด๋Œ€์ „ํ™”, ๋ชจ๋ฐ”์ผ 
โ–ทphones
์ „ํ™”, ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ .
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋…ธํŠธ๋ถ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ๋กœ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€์—๊ฒŒ ์ „์ž ์šฐํŽธ์„ ๋ณด๋‚ด๋ฉด์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ์˜ ์ง€์†์ ์ธ ๋ฉ”์‹œ์ง€์˜ ๋ฐฉํ•ด๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›๋Š” ์™€์ค‘์— ์Œ์•…๋„ ์ฆ๊ธฐ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ๋“ฑ, ์ข…์ข… ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์œผ๋กœ ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: We often try to absorb too much in too many ways, to enjoy music while at the same time e-mailing someone on our laptops and *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆbeingโŒ‹ interrupted by constant messages on our mobile phones.


 โ™• Is there any one thing I have learned to help me survive?
  
Need_Help?
is there any one
โ–ทthing
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทlearned
๋ฐฐ์› ๋‹ค, ์•Œ์•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhelp
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทsurvive
์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋‹ค, โ€ฆ๋ณด๋‹ค ์˜ค๋ž˜์‚ด๋‹ค ?
์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋„์™€์ค„ ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฐ์šด ๊ฒƒ์ด ์žˆ๋Š”๊ฐ€?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Is there any one thing I have learned to help me survive?


 โ™• Yes.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทyes
๋„ค, ๊ทธ๋ ‡์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค .
๊ทธ๋ ‡๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Yes.


 โ™• Try to stick to one type of media at a time.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทtry
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทstick
๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ, ๊ณ ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtype
์ข…๋ฅ˜, ์œ ํ˜• 
โ–ทmedia
๋งค์Šค ๋ฏธ๋””์–ด, ๋งค์ฒด  at a time.
ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์— ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋งค์ฒด์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Try to stick to one type of media at a time.


 โ™• To a large extent we have a very limited ability to focus.
  
Need_Help?
to a
โ–ทlarge
ํฐ, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทextent
๋ฒ”์œ„, ์ •๋„ 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทlimited
์ œํ•œ, ์ œํ•œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทability
๋Šฅ๋ ฅ, ์žฌ๋Šฅ 
โ–ทfocus
์ดˆ์ , ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋‹ค .
๋Œ€๊ฐœ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋งค์šฐ ์ œํ•œ๋œ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: To a large extent we have a very limited ability to focus.


 โ™• If we try to absorb too many things at once, they often conflict.
  
Need_Help?
if we
โ–ทtry
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทabsorb
ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์—ด์ค‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทonce
ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ, ํ•œ๋•Œ 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…, ์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทconflict
ํˆฌ์Ÿ, ์‹ธ์šฐ๋‹ค .
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ์— ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์ข…์ข… ์ถฉ๋Œํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If we try to absorb too many things at once, they often conflict.


 โ™• Just the action of talking takes up much of our working memory.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทaction
ํ–‰๋™, ์ „ํˆฌ 
โ–ทtalking
ํšŒ๋‹ด, ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtakes
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทworking
์ผ, ํšจ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทmemory
๊ธฐ์–ต, ์ถ”์–ต .
๋ง์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ํ–‰์œ„ ์ž์ฒด๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์ž‘๋™ ๊ธฐ์–ต์˜ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์ฐจ์ง€ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Just the action of talking takes up much of our working memory.


 โ™• Trying to talk about complex subjects and drive well at the same time pushes our abilities to their limits.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทtrying
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ•ด๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทtalk
ํšŒ๋‹ด, ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcomplex
๋ณต์žกํ•œ, ๋‹จ์ง€ 
โ–ทsubjects
๋ฐ›๊ธฐ์‰ฌ์šด, ์ง€๋ฐฐ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›๋Š”, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทdrive
์šด์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฐจ๋กœ 
โ–ทwell
์ž˜, ํ  
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€, ๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทpushes
์ถ”์ง„ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทlimits
์ œํ•œ, ์ œํ•œํ•˜๋‹ค .
๋ณต์žกํ•œ ์ฃผ์ œ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๋™์‹œ์— ์šด์ „์„ ์ž˜ ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ์• ์“ฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ํ•œ๊ณ„์ ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฐ€์–ด๋ถ™์ธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆTryingโŒ‹ to talk about complex subjects and drive well at the same time pushes our abilities to their limits.


 โ™• This is one of the reasons why people still go to cinemas for good films; it is a full experience because all mobile phones are switched off.
  
Need_Help?
this is one of the
โ–ทreasons
์ด์„ฑ, ์ด์œ  
โ–ทwhy
์™œ, ์–ด๋•Œ์š” 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทstill
์•„์ง๋„, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทfilms
์˜ํ™”๊ณ„, ์˜ํ™” 
โ–ทfull
๊ฐ€๋“ํ•œ, ์™„์ „ํ•œ 
โ–ทexperience
๊ฒฝํ—˜, ๊ฒช๋‹ค 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทmobile
ํœด๋Œ€์ „ํ™”, ๋ชจ๋ฐ”์ผ 
โ–ทphones
์ „ํ™”, ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ 
โ–ทswitched
๋ฐ”๊พธ๋‹ค, ์ „ํ™˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทoff
์—†์–ด์ ธ, ๋–จ์–ด์ ธ .
์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์ข‹์€ ์˜ํ™”๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋Ÿฌ ์˜ํ™”๊ด€์— ๊ฐ€๋Š” ์ด์œ  ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: This is one of the reasons why people still go to cinem*ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆas forโŒ‹ good films; it is a full experience because all mobile phones *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare switchedโŒ‹ off.


 โ™• Many forms of communication are only really enjoyed one at a time.
  
Need_Help?
many
โ–ทforms
ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๋‹ค, ํ˜•ํƒœ 
โ–ทcommunication
ํ†ต์‹ , ์†Œํ†ต 
โ–ทreally
์ •๋ง, ์•„์ฃผ 
โ–ทenjoyed
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค  one at a time.
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ํœด๋Œ€ํฐ์„ ๊บผ ๋‘๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์˜จ์ „ํ•œ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์ด ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many forms of communication are only really enjoyed one at a time.


43-45 ์ˆœ์„œ-์ง€์นญ-๋‚ด์šฉ ์ผ์น˜


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋ง๋ ˆ์ด์‹œ์•„ Kuching์— ์ฐฉ๋ฅ™ํ•œ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ €๋…์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์™ธ๋กœ์›€๊ณผ ํ–ฅ์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๋Š๊ผˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ•™์—์„œ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ณตํ•™๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ฒ˜์Œ์œผ๋กœ ์ง‘์„ ๋– ๋‚œ, ๋‘๋ฐ”์ด์—์„œ ์ž๋ž€ 19์‚ด์˜ ์•„์ด์˜€๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๊ณตํ•ญ ์ถœ๊ตฌ๋กœ ํ–ฅํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฃผ๋ณ€์„ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด์•˜๊ณ  ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค๋‹ ๋Œ€ํ•™ ์ด๋ฆ„์ด ์ ํžŒ ๊ทธ์˜ ํšŒ์ƒ‰ ์Šนํ•ฉ์ฐจ ์•ž์—์„œ ๋‚˜๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ•ญ์„ ๋– ๋‚  ๋•Œ, ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ทธ ๋„์‹œ์™€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์šด์ „ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋งค์šฐ ์ข‹์•„ํ–ˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ž๋™์ฐจ์™€ Kuching์—์„œ์˜ ์šด์ „์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋กœ ์˜ฎ๊ฒจ ๊ฐ”๋‹ค. "Kuching ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ํ™”๋‚˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”,"๋ผ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ๊ณ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. "์šด์ „์ž์˜ ๋‚œํญํ–‰๋™์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”. ๋งค์šฐ ์œ„ํ—˜ํ•ด์š”!" ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ์šด์ „์ž์˜ ๋‚œํญ ํ–‰๋™์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ์—ด๊ฑฐํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋งค์šฐ ์กฐ์‹ฌ์Šค๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ ์šด์ „ํ•˜๋ผ๊ณ  ์กฐ์–ธํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์ž ์‹œ ํ›„, ๋’ค์ชฝ์˜ ์ž๋™์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰ ์กฐ๋ช…์„ ๋น„์ถ”๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋”์šฑ ๊ณต๊ฒฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ณ„์†๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์˜ ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋‹นํ™ฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒฝ์ ๊ณผ ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰ ์กฐ๋ช…์ด ๋’ค๋”ฐ๋ž๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ์Šนํ•ฉ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๊ธธ๊ฐ€์— ์„ธ์› ๋‹ค. ๋’ค์ฐจ์—์„œ ๋‚ด๋ฆฐ ๊ทธ ๋‚จ์ž๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์™”์„ ๋•Œ ๋‚˜์˜ ์‹ฌ์žฅ์€ ๋‘๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋ ธ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์— ๋‹ค๋‹ค๋ž์„ ๋•Œ, ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์„ ๋‚ด๋ ค ๊ทธ์˜ ์†์„ ๋‚ด๋ ค๋‹ค๋ณด์•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ ์ง€๊ฐ‘์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ณตํ•ญ์— ๋‘๊ณ  ์™”์—ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ•ญ์„ ๋– ๋‚œ ์ดํ›„๋กœ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๊ณ„์† ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋˜๋Œ๋ ค ์ฃผ๋ ค๊ณ  ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์•˜๋‹ค. ์•ˆ๋„์˜ ์ˆจ์„ ๋‚ด์‰ฌ๋ฉฐ, ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‚˜์˜ ์ง€๊ฐ‘์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋˜๋Œ๋ ค ์ฃผ์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ฌ์„ ๋”์ฐํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ƒ์ƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ๋‚จ์ž๋Š” ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ Kuching์— ์˜จ ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ™˜์˜ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๋ชฐ๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋ฒ„๋ ธ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜์˜ ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋ฅผ ๋‚ด๋ ค์คฌ์„ ๋•Œ, ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฏธ์†Œ ์ง€์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋‚˜์˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™ ๊ณต๋ถ€์— ํ–‰์šด์„ ๋นŒ์–ด ์ฃผ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์นœ์ ˆํ•จ ๋•๋ถ„์— ์ง‘์„ ๋– ๋‚˜ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•  ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ ๊ฐ€์กŒ๋˜ ์ฒ˜์Œ์˜ ์˜๊ตฌ์‹ฌ์ด ํฌ๋ง๊ณผ ํฅ๋ถ„์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐ”๋€Œ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
It was evening when I landed in Kuching, Malaysia. I felt alone and homesick. I was a 19-year-old Dubai-raised kid away from home for the first time to start my university studies in mechanical engineering. I took my luggage and headed to the airport exit. I looked around and found my driver waiting for me in front of his gray van with the name of my university on it. As we left the airport, he began talking about the city and its people. As I loved driving very much, we moved onto talking about cars and driving in Kuching. "Never make Kuching people angry," he warned. "No road rage. Very dangerous!" He then went on to list his experiences of road rage and advised me to drive very cautiously. A bit later, the car behind started to flash its lights at us. This continued more aggressively and my driver started to panic. Honks and more flashes followed, so he pulled the van over to the roadside. My heart was pounding as the man from the car behind approached us. As he reached my window, I lowered it and then looked down at his hands to see that he was holding my wallet. I had left it in the airport and I realized he had been trying to return it to me ever since we had left the airport. With a sigh of relief, I took my wallet and thanked him. I could imagine a horrible scenario if he had not returned it. The man welcomed me to Kuching and drove away. As my driver dropped me off, he smiled and wished me luck with my university studies. Thanks to the kindness of these strangers, the initial doubt I had had about my decision to study away from home was replaced with hope and excitement.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• It was evening when I landed in Kuching, Malaysia.
  
Need_Help?
it was
โ–ทevening
์ €๋…, ์ €๋…์šฉ์˜ 
โ–ทlanded
ํ† ์ง€์˜, ํ† ์ง€๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง„  in kuching, malaysia.
๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋ง๋ ˆ์ด์‹œ์•„ Kuching์— ์ฐฉ๋ฅ™ํ•œ ๋•Œ๋Š” ์ €๋…์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It was evening when I landed in *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆKuchingโŒ‹, Malaysia.


 โ™• I felt alone and homesick.
  
Need_Help?
i
โ–ทfelt
๋Š๊ปด์ง€๋Š”, ๋Š๊ผˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทalone
ํ˜ผ์ž, ํ™€๋กœ 
โ–ทhomesick
ํ–ฅ์ˆ˜๋ณ‘์˜, ์ง‘์„ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ์›Œํ•˜๋Š” .
๋‚˜๋Š” ์™ธ๋กœ์›€๊ณผ ํ–ฅ์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ๋Š๊ผˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I felt alone and homesick.


 โ™• I was a 19-year-old Dubai-raised kid away from home for the first time to start my university studies in mechanical engineering.
  
Need_Help?
i was a 19-year-old dubai-raised
โ–ทkid
์•„์ด, ์–ด๋ฆฐ์ด 
โ–ทaway
๋–จ์–ด์ ธ, ๋– ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทhome
์ ˆ์‹คํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ๊ฐ€์Šด์— ์‚ฌ๋ฌด์น˜๊ฒŒ, ์ค‘์‹ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทuniversity
๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต 
โ–ทmechanical
๊ธฐ๊ณ„์ ์ธ, ์ž๋™์ ์ธ 
โ–ทengineering
๊ธฐ์ˆ ์ž, ์—”์ง€๋‹ˆ์–ด .
๋‚˜๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ•™์—์„œ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ณตํ•™๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ฒ˜์Œ์œผ๋กœ ์ง‘์„ ๋– ๋‚œ, ๋‘๋ฐ”์ด์—์„œ ์ž๋ž€ 19์‚ด์˜ ์•„์ด์˜€๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I was a 19-year-old Dubai-raised kid away from home for the first time to start my university studies in mechanical engineering.


 โ™• I took my luggage and headed to the airport exit.
  
Need_Help?
i
โ–ทtook
๊ฑธ๋ ธ๋‹ค, ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทluggage
์ง, ์ˆ˜ํ™”๋ฌผ 
โ–ทheaded
์•ž์žฅ์„œ๋‹ค, ๋‚˜์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทexit
์ถœ๊ตฌ, ๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค .
๋‚˜๋Š” ์ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๊ณตํ•ญ ์ถœ๊ตฌ๋กœ ํ–ฅํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I took my luggage and *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆheaded toโŒ‹ the airport exit.


 โ™• I looked around and found my driver waiting for me in front of his gray van with the name of my university on it.
  
Need_Help?
i
โ–ทlooked
๋ณด๋‹ค, ์ฐพ๋‹ค 
โ–ทaround
์ฃผ๋ณ€์—, ์ฃผ์œ„์— 
โ–ทfound
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค, ์ฐพ์•„๋ƒˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdriver
์šด์ „์ž, ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ 
โ–ทwaiting
๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์‹œ๊ฐ„, ์„ฌ๊ธฐ๋Š” 
โ–ทfront
์•ž, ์ „์„  
โ–ทgray
ํšŒ์ƒ‰, ์ฐฝ๋ฐฑํ•œ 
โ–ทvan
์ „์œ„, ํ‚ค 
โ–ทuniversity
๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต  on it.
๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฃผ๋ณ€์„ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด์•˜๊ณ  ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค๋‹ ๋Œ€ํ•™ ์ด๋ฆ„์ด ์ ํžŒ ๊ทธ์˜ ํšŒ์ƒ‰ ์Šนํ•ฉ์ฐจ ์•ž์—์„œ ๋‚˜๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I looked around and *V+N+vingโŒˆfound my driver waitingโŒ‹ for me in front of his gray van with the name of my university on it.


 โ™• As we left the airport, he began talking about the city and its people.
  
Need_Help?
as we
โ–ทleft
๋‚จ์•˜๋‹ค, ๋– ๋‚ฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทbegan
์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทtalking
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ, ๋งํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ .
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ•ญ์„ ๋– ๋‚  ๋•Œ, ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ทธ ๋„์‹œ์™€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋งํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As we left the airport, he began talking about the city and *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆitsโŒ‹ people.


 โ™• As I loved driving very much, we moved onto talking about cars and driving in Kuching.
  
Need_Help?
as i loved
โ–ทdriving
์šด์ „, ์ฐจ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทonto
์œ„์—, ์œ„๋กœ์˜ 
โ–ทtalking
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ, ๋งํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทcars
์ฐจ, ์ž๋™์ฐจ 
โ–ทdriving
์šด์ „, ์ฐจ๋กœ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค  in kuching.
๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์šด์ „ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋งค์šฐ ์ข‹์•„ํ–ˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ž๋™์ฐจ์™€ Kuching์—์„œ์˜ ์šด์ „์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋กœ ์˜ฎ๊ฒจ ๊ฐ”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As I loved driving very much, we moved onto talking about cars *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand drivingโŒ‹ in *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆKuchingโŒ‹.


 โ™• "Never make Kuching people angry," he warned.
  
Need_Help?
" never
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทangry
ํ™”๋‚œ, ์„ฑ๋‚œ 
โ–ทwarned
๊ฒฝ๊ณ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฃผ์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค .
"Kuching ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ํ™”๋‚˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”,"๋ผ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ๊ณ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "Never make *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆKuchingโŒ‹ people angry," he warned.


 โ™• "No road rage.
  
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" no
โ–ทroad
๋„๋กœ, ๊ธธ 
โ–ทrage
๊ฒฉ๋…ธ, ๊ฒฉ๋…ธํ•˜๋‹ค .
"์šด์ „์ž์˜ ๋‚œํญํ–‰๋™์€ ์•ˆ ๋ผ์š”.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: "No road rage.


 โ™• Very dangerous!"
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทdangerous
์œ„ํ—˜ํ•œ !"
๋งค์šฐ ์œ„ํ—˜ํ•ด์š”!"
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Very dangerous!"


 โ™• He then went on to list his experiences of road rage and advised me to drive very cautiously.
  
Need_Help?
he then went on to
โ–ทlist
๋ชฉ๋ก, ๋ช…๋‹จ 
โ–ทexperiences
๊ฒฝํ—˜, ๊ฒช๋‹ค 
โ–ทroad
๋„๋กœ, ๊ธธ 
โ–ทrage
๊ฒฉ๋…ธ, ๊ฒฉ๋…ธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทadvised
์‹ ์ค‘ํ•œ, ๊ณฐ๊ณฐ์ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ 
โ–ทdrive
์šด์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ฐจ๋กœ 
โ–ทvery
๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ทธ, โ€ฆ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„, ๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทcautiously
์กฐ์‹ฌํ•˜์—ฌ, ์‹ ์ค‘ํžˆ .
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ์šด์ „์ž์˜ ๋‚œํญ ํ–‰๋™์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ทธ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ์—ด๊ฑฐํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋งค์šฐ ์กฐ์‹ฌ์Šค๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ ์šด์ „ํ•˜๋ผ๊ณ  ์กฐ์–ธํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: He then went on to list his experiences of road rage and advised me to drive very cautiously.


 โ™• A bit later, the car behind started to flash its lights at us.
  
Need_Help?
a
โ–ทbit
์กฐ๊ธˆ, ์•ฝ๊ฐ„ 
โ–ทlater
ํ›„์—, ๋‚˜์ค‘์— 
โ–ทcar
์ฐจ, ์ž๋™์ฐจ 
โ–ทbehind
๋’ค์˜, ์ˆจ๊ฒจ์ง„ 
โ–ทstarted
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทflash
ํ”Œ๋ž˜์‹œ, ๋ฒˆ์ฉ์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทlights
๋ฐ๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค, ์กฐ๋ช…  at us.
์ž ์‹œ ํ›„, ๋’ค์ชฝ์˜ ์ž๋™์ฐจ๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰ ์กฐ๋ช…์„ ๋น„์ถ”๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: A bit later, the car behind started to flash its lights at us.


 โ™• This continued more aggressively and my driver started to panic.
  
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this
โ–ทcontinued
๊ณ„์†์ ์ธ, ์—ฐ์†๋œ 
โ–ทdriver
์šด์ „์ž, ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ 
โ–ทstarted
(๋†€๋ผ)์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpanic
๊ณตํ™ฉ, ๋‹นํ™ฉ .
์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋”์šฑ ๊ณต๊ฒฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ณ„์†๋˜์—ˆ๊ณ , ๋‚˜์˜ ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๋‹นํ™ฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Th*์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis continuedโŒ‹ more aggressively and my driver started to panic.


 โ™• Honks and more flashes followed, so he pulled the van over to the roadside.
  
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honks and more
โ–ทflashes
ํ”Œ๋ž˜์‹œ, ๋ฒˆ์ฉ์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทfollowed
๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ์„œ โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค, ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋‹ค 
โ–ทpulled
๋ฝ‘์•˜๋‹ค, ๊บผ๋ƒˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทvan
์ „์œ„, ํ‚ค 
โ–ทover
โ€ฆ์ด์ƒ, โ€ฆํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ, โ€ฆ์œ„์—, ๋๋‚˜๊ณ   to the roadside.
๊ฒฝ์ ๊ณผ ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰ ์กฐ๋ช…์ด ๋’ค๋”ฐ๋ž๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ์Šนํ•ฉ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๊ธธ๊ฐ€์— ์„ธ์› ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Honks and more flashes followed, so he pulled the van over to the roadside.


 โ™• My heart was pounding as the man from the car behind approached us.
  
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my
โ–ทheart
์‹ฌ์žฅ, ๋งˆ์Œ 
โ–ทpounding
ํŒŒ์šด๋“œ, ๋งŽ์€ 
โ–ทcar
์ฐจ, ์ž๋™์ฐจ 
โ–ทbehind
๋’ค์˜, ์ˆจ๊ฒจ์ง„ 
โ–ทapproached
์ ‘๊ทผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ ‘๊ทผ๋ฒ•  us.
๋’ค์ฐจ์—์„œ ๋‚ด๋ฆฐ ๊ทธ ๋‚จ์ž๊ฐ€ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์™”์„ ๋•Œ ๋‚˜์˜ ์‹ฌ์žฅ์€ ๋‘๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋ ธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: My heart was pounding as the man from the car behind approached us.


 โ™• As he reached my window, I lowered it and then looked down at his hands to see that he was holding my wallet.
  
Need_Help?
as he
โ–ทreached
๋‡Œ๋ฌผ์„ ๋จน์€, ๋ถ€ํŒจํ•œ 
โ–ทwindow
์ฐฝ๋ฌธ, ์ฐฝ 
โ–ทlowered
๋‚ฎ์ถ”๋‹ค, ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทlooked
๋ณด๋‹ค, ์ฐพ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทhands
์ผ๊พผ, ์†œ์”จ 
โ–ทsee
๋ณด๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทholding
๊ฐœ์ตœ(๊ฑฐํ–‰)ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwallet
์ง€๊ฐ‘ .
๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์— ๋‹ค๋‹ค๋ž์„ ๋•Œ, ๋‚˜๋Š” ์ฐฝ๋ฌธ์„ ๋‚ด๋ ค ๊ทธ์˜ ์†์„ ๋‚ด๋ ค๋‹ค๋ณด์•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์˜ ์ง€๊ฐ‘์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As he reached my window, I lowered it and then looked down at his hands to see that he was holding my wallet.


 โ™• I had left it in the airport and I realized he had been trying to return it to me ever since we had left the airport.
  
Need_Help?
i had
โ–ทleft
๋‚จ์•˜๋‹ค, ๋– ๋‚ฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทtrying
๊ดด๋กœ์šด, ์‹œํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทreturn
๋Œ์•„์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋ณต๊ท€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทever
์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€, ์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทsince
~์ดํ›„, ~๋•Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 
โ–ทleft
๋‚จ์•˜๋‹ค, ๋– ๋‚ฌ๋‹ค  the airport.
๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ณตํ•ญ์— ๋‘๊ณ  ์™”์—ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋Š” ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ณตํ•ญ์„ ๋– ๋‚œ ์ดํ›„๋กœ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๊ณ„์† ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋˜๋Œ๋ ค ์ฃผ๋ ค๊ณ  ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋˜ ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I had left it in the airport and I realized he *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad beenโŒ‹ trying to return it to me ever since we had left the airport.


 โ™• With a sigh of relief, I took my wallet and thanked him.
  
Need_Help?
with a
โ–ทsigh
ํ•œ์ˆจ, ์•ˆ๋„์˜ ์ˆจ์„ ์‰ฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทrelief
๊ตฌ์ œ, ์•ˆ์‹ฌ 
โ–ทtook
๊ฑธ๋ ธ๋‹ค, ๋ฐ›์•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwallet
์ง€๊ฐ‘  and thanked him.
์•ˆ๋„์˜ ์ˆจ์„ ๋‚ด์‰ฌ๋ฉฐ, ๋‚˜๋Š” ๋‚˜์˜ ์ง€๊ฐ‘์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ์—๊ฒŒ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: With a sigh of relief, I took my wal์‚ฌ์—ญ๋™์‚ฌ[ *์‚ฌ์—ญ๋™์‚ฌโŒˆlet and thankedโŒ‹ ] him.


 โ™• I could imagine a horrible scenario if he had not returned it.
  
Need_Help?
i could
โ–ทimagine
์ƒ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhorrible
๋”์ฐํ•œ, ๋ฌด์„œ์šด 
โ–ทreturned
๋Œ์•„์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋ณต๊ท€ํ•˜๋‹ค  ๋Œ๋ ค ๋ณด๋‚ด์ง„, ๋Œ์•„์˜จ it.
๋‚˜๋Š” ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋˜๋Œ๋ ค ์ฃผ์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ฌ์„ ๋”์ฐํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ƒ์ƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: I could imagine a horrible scenario if he *๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์™„๋ฃŒ/๋Œ€๊ณผ๊ฑฐโŒˆhad not returnedโŒ‹ it.


 โ™• The man welcomed me to Kuching and drove away.
  
Need_Help?
the man welcomed me to kuching and
โ–ทdrove
drive์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐํ˜•, ๊ฐ€์ถ• ๋–ผ 
โ–ทaway
๋–จ์–ด์ ธ, ๋– ๋‚˜ .
๊ทธ ๋‚จ์ž๋Š” ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ Kuching์— ์˜จ ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ™˜์˜ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ์ฐจ๋ฅผ ๋ชฐ๊ณ  ๊ฐ€๋ฒ„๋ ธ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The man welcomed me to *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆKuchingโŒ‹ and drove away.


 โ™• As my driver dropped me off, he smiled and wished me luck with my university studies.
  
Need_Help?
as my
โ–ทdriver
์šด์ „์ž, ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ 
โ–ทdropped
์ฒ˜์ง 
โ–ทoff
์—†์–ด์ ธ, ๋–จ์–ด์ ธ 
โ–ทwished
๋ฐ”๋ผ๋‹ค, ~์ข‹๊ฒ ์–ด 
โ–ทluck
ํ–‰์šด, ์šด 
โ–ทuniversity
๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต  studies.
๋‚˜์˜ ์šด์ „๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜๋ฅผ ๋‚ด๋ ค์คฌ์„ ๋•Œ, ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฏธ์†Œ ์ง€์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋‚˜์˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™ ๊ณต๋ถ€์— ํ–‰์šด์„ ๋นŒ์–ด ์ฃผ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: As my driver dropped me off, he smiled and wished me luck with my university studies.


 โ™• Thanks to the kindness of these strangers, the initial doubt I had had about my decision to study away from home was replaced with hope and excitement.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทthanks
to ~๋•๋ถ„์— 
โ–ทkindness
์นœ์ ˆ, ํ˜ธ์˜ 
โ–ทthese
์ด ~๋“ค์˜, ์ด๋Ÿฐ 
โ–ทstrangers
๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ, ๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทinitial
์ฒ˜์Œ์˜, ๋จธ๋ฆฌ๋ฌธ์ž 
โ–ทdoubt
์˜์‹ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ์˜ํ˜น 
โ–ทdecision
๊ฒฐ์ •, ํŒ๊ฒฐ 
โ–ทstudy
์„œ์žฌ, ๊ณต๋ถ€ 
โ–ทaway
๋–จ์–ด์ ธ, ๋– ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทhome
์ ˆ์‹คํ•˜๊ฒŒ, ๊ฐ€์Šด์— ์‚ฌ๋ฌด์น˜๊ฒŒ, ์ค‘์‹ฌ์ง€ 
โ–ทhope
๋‘ ๋ฐœ๋กœ ๋›ฐ๊ธฐ, ๋›ฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทexcitement
ํฅ๋ถ„, ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์›€ .
์ด ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์นœ์ ˆํ•จ ๋•๋ถ„์— ์ง‘์„ ๋– ๋‚˜ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•  ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ ๊ฐ€์กŒ๋˜ ์ฒ˜์Œ์˜ ์˜๊ตฌ์‹ฌ์ด ํฌ๋ง๊ณผ ํฅ๋ถ„์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐ”๋€Œ์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Thanks to the kindness of these strangers, the initial doubt I had had about my decision to study away from home *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆwas replacedโŒ‹ with hope and excitement.

๐Ÿ‘โค๐ŸฟVOCAB. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ฒˆ ์“ฐ๋ฉด์„œ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜์„ธ์š”!!!
absorb  ํก์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค;์—ด์ค‘ํ•˜๊ฒŒ
accord  ์ผ์น˜
adapt  ์ ์‘์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค
addition  ์ถ”๊ฐ€;๋ถ€๊ฐ€
additional  ๋ถ€๊ฐ€์ ์ธ
advertisement  ๊ด‘๊ณ 
advis  
aggress  
aggressive  ๊ณต๊ฒฉ์ ์ธ
allowed to  ~ํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ—ˆ์šฉ
appeal  ๋งค๋ ฅ;ํ˜ธ์†Œ๋ ฅ
appreciate  ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค
approach  ๋‹ค๊ฐ€๊ฐ€๋‹ค;์ ‘๊ทผํ•˜๋‹ค
asleep  ์ž ๋“ค์–ด
aspect  ์–‘์ƒ;๊ตญ๋ฉด
asset  ์ž์‚ฐ
award  ์ƒ์ฃผ๋‹ค
backward  ๋’ค์ชฝ์˜
capital  ์ž๋ณธ;์ˆ˜๋„
cautious  
circumstance  ์ƒํ™ฉ
commercial  ์ƒ์—…์ ์ธ
competition  ๊ฒฝ์Ÿ;์‹œํ•ฉ
concern  ๊ฑฑ์ •
confide  
confidence  ์ž์‹ ;ํ™•์‹ 
conflict  ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ;๋…ผ์Ÿ
conscious  ์˜์‹ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š”;์•Œ๊ณ 
consciousness  ์ž๊ฐ;์˜์‹ ์˜์‹
consist  
constant  ์ง€์†์ ์ธ
continued  ๊ณ„์†๋˜๋Š”
control  ํ†ต์ œ
crawl  
current  (๋ฌผ์˜) ํ๋ฆ„
decade  ์‹ญ๋…„
desperate  ์ ˆ๋ง์ ์ธ;ํ•„์‚ฌ์ ์ธ
detect  ํƒ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค
determin  ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
differ  
direction  ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ
disagree  ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค
disagreement  ๋ถˆ์ผ์น˜
disappear  ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋‹ค
discourage  ๋‚™๋‹ด์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค
disturb  ๋ฐฉํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค
diverse  ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ
diversity  ๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ
drown  
dy  
eager  ์—ด๋งํ•˜๋Š”
educational  ๊ต์œก์ ์ธ
encourage  ๊ฒฉ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค;ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค
enthusiasm  ์—ด์ •
enthusiastic  ์—ด์ •์ ์ธ
entire  ์ „์ฒด์˜
essence  ๋ณธ์งˆ;ํ•ต์‹ฌ
essential  ๋ณธ์งˆ์ ์ธ
eventual  ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ
excel  ๋›ฐ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค
excitement  ํฅ๋ถ„
exit  ์ถœ๊ตฌ
expos  ๋…ธ์ถœ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค
exposure  ๋…ธ์ถœ;์ ‘ํ•˜๊ฒŒ
extent  ๋ฒ”์œ„
figure  ์ˆ˜์น˜;์ธ๋ฌผ
flood  ํ™์ˆ˜;๋ฒ”๋žŒํ•˜๋‹ค
flow  ํ๋ฅด๋‹ค;๋„˜์ณํ๋ฅด๋‹ค
force  ๊ฐ•์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค
frame  ๊ตฌ๋„;ํ‹€
frequent  ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํ•œ
gene  ์œ ์ „์ž
govern  ํ†ต์น˜ํ•˜๋‹ค;๋‹ค์Šค๋ฆฌ๋‹ค
hardship  ๊ณ ๋‚œ;๊ณ ์ดˆ
heal  ์น˜๋ฃŒํ•˜๋‹ค
hesitat  
hidden  ์ˆจ๊ฒจ์ง„
horrible  
hung  
hunger  ๊ตถ์ฃผ๋ฆผ;๋ฐฐ๊ณ ํ””
ignore  ๋ฌด์‹œํ•˜๋‹ค;์†Œํ™€ํžˆ
immediate  ์ฆ‰๊ฐ์ ์ธ
incentive  ๋™๊ธฐ;์ž๊ทน
including  (์ „์น˜์‚ฌ)ํฌํ•จํ•˜์—ฌ
income  ์ˆ˜์ž…
industrial  
initial  ์ฒ˜์Œ์˜
instruct  ์ง€์‹œํ•˜๋‹ค
instruction  ๊ต์œก
instrument  ์•…๊ธฐ;๋„๊ตฌ
interact  ์ƒํ˜ธ์ž‘์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค
interrupt  ๊ฐ€๋กœ๋ง‰๋‹ค;์ €์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค
invest  ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋‹ค
investi  
involv  ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋‹ค
involved  ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋‹ค
kindness  ์นœ์ ˆ
lie  ~์— ์žˆ๋‹ค;๋†“์—ฌ์žˆ๋‹ค
limited  ์ œํ•œ๋œ
lying  ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋งํ•˜๋Š”
majority  ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„;๋Œ€๋‹ค์ˆ˜
matter  ๋ฌธ์ œ;์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค
means  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ
mechanic  ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๊ณต
mechanical  ๊ธฐ๊ณ„์— ์˜ํ•œ;๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋กœ
midst  ์ค‘์•™
minimum  ์ตœ์†Œ
minimum  ์ตœ์†Œ์˜ ์–‘
mixture  ํ˜ผํ•ฉ;ํ˜ผํ•ฉ๋ฌผ
mob  ๊ตฐ์ค‘
mode  ๋ฐฉ์‹
moist  
motivat  ๋™๊ธฐ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
motivated  ์ ๊ทน์ ์ธ;๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
mount  ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค;์Šน๋งˆ
movement  ์›€์ง์ž„;์šด๋™
official  ์ง์›;๊ณต๋ฌด์›
oppress  ์–ต์••ํ•˜๋‹ค
origin  ๊ธฐ์›;์œ ๋ž˜
outcome  ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ
panic  ๊ณตํฌ
plea  
pleasant  ์ฆ๊ฑฐ์šด;์œ ์พŒํ•œ
political  ์ •์น˜์ ์ธ
politically  
politics  ์ •์น˜;์ •์น˜ํ•™ ์ •์น˜
popularity  ์ธ๊ธฐ
populat  
predict  ์˜ˆ์ธกํ•˜๋‹ค
pressure  ์••๋ ฅ
principal  ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ;์šฐ๋‘๋จธ๋ฆฌ;๊ต์žฅ
process  ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ
productive  ์ƒ์‚ฐ์ ์ธ;๋น„์˜ฅํ•œ
profit  ์ด์ต
progress  ์ง„๋ณด
proper  ์ ๋‹นํ•œ
prove  ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค
rage  ๊ฒฉ๋…ธ
random  ๋ฌด์ž‘์œ„์˜
range  ๋ฒ”์œ„;์˜์—ญ
recognize  ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค
reduction  ๊ฐ์†Œ
reflect  ๋ฐ˜์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค;๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค
regard  ๊ฐ„์ฃผํ•˜๋‹ค
regardless of  ~์—๊ด€๊ณ„์—†์ด
relief  ๊ฒฝ๊ฐ;์•ˆ์‹ฌ
remind  
resid  
resident  ์ฃผ๊ฑฐํ•˜๋Š”;๊ฑฐ์ฃผ์ž
responsibility  ์ฑ…์ž„
reti  
retired  
reviv  
revival  ๋ถ€ํ™œ
ris  ๋– ์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค
routine  ์ผ์ƒ์˜;์ผ์ƒ์˜
shelter  ํ”ผ๋‚œ์ฒ˜
shortage  ๋ถ€์กฑ;๊ฒฐํ•
sigh  ํ•œ์ˆจ
silly  ์–ด๋ฆฌ์„์€
slogan  
source  ์›์ฒœ;๊ทผ์›
spin  ๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค
stick  ๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ
subject  ๋Œ€์ƒ;๋ฌผ์ฒด
suburb  ๊ต์™ธ์ง€์—ญ
sum  
suppose  ๊ฐ€์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค;์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค
surf  ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค
surround  ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ๋‹ค
survive  ์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋‹ค
swing  ํ”๋“ค๋‹ค
symbolize  ์ƒ์ง•ํ•˜๋‹ค
tendency  ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ;์„ฑํ–ฅ
tribe  ๋ถ€์กฑ
typical  ์ „ํ˜•์ ์ธ
uncover  ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค
unification  ํ†ต์ผ;๋‹จ์ผํ™”
unify  ํ†ต์ผํ•˜๋‹ค
unity  ๋‹จ๊ฒฐ;ํ†ต์ผ
unpredictable  ์˜ˆ์ธกํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋Š”
warn  ๊ฒฝ๊ณ ํ•˜๋‹ค
weakness  ์•ฝ์ ;๊ฒฐ์  ์•ฝ์ 

# #010-3338-3436 #์œ„์Šค๋งˆํŠธ #๊ตฌ๋ฆฌ์‹œ #์ธ์ฐฝ๋™ #์˜์–ดํ•™์› #๊ณ ๋“ฑ #์ค‘๋“ฑ #๋‚ด์‹  #์ˆ˜๋Šฅ #ํ…์Šค #TEPS #ํ† ํ”Œ #ํ† ์ต
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