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From 1803 ๊ณ 1 2018 All Rights Reserved. Written by Wayne | Contact us: wayne36@daum.net | Web: wayne.tistory.com


MUSIC_BOX

1 ์ฃผ์žฅ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์‹คํŒจ์— ๊ทผ๊ฑฐํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ์‚ฌ๋กœ์žกํžŒ๋‹ค. ์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด, ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ์ „์— ํŠน์ • ๋ถ„์•ผ์—์„œ ์‹คํŒจํ•œ ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ฐ™์€ ์ƒํ™ฉ์— ์ง๋ฉดํ•  ๋•Œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€ ์˜ˆ์ƒํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋‘๋ ค์›€์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์— ๊ฐ€๋‘์–ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค. ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋• ๋Š”์ง€์— ๊ทผ๊ฑฐํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ฒฐ์ •์„ ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๊ณ  ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ์žŠ๊ณ  ๋†“์•„์ฃผ๊ธฐ๋กœ ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•  ๋•Œ๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ํ˜„์žฌ์˜ ๊ฟˆ์„ ์•—์•„ ๊ฐ„๋‹ค.
Many people think of what might happen in the future based on past failures and get trapped by them. For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, when faced with the same situation, you anticipate what might happen in the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday. Do not base your decision on what yesterday was. Your future is not your past and you have a better future. You must decide to forget and let go of your past. Your past experiences are the thief of today's dreams only when you allow them to control you.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Many people think of what might happen in the future based on past failures and get trapped by them.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmight
...์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค/๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทfuture
๋ฏธ๋ž˜/์•ž์˜ 
โ–ทbased
๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜/๊ธฐ์ดˆ 
โ–ทpast
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜/์ง€๋‚œ 
โ–ทfailures
์‹คํŒจ/์‹ค์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค/์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š”  them.
๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์‹คํŒจ์— ๊ทผ๊ฑฐํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ผ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ์‚ฌ๋กœ์žกํžŒ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many people *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆthink ofโŒ‹ what might *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆhappen inโŒ‹ the future *๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ_์ˆ˜๋™โŒˆbased onโŒ‹ past failures and get trapped by them.


 โ™• For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, when faced with the same situation, you anticipate what might happen in the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทexample
์˜ˆ/๋ณธ๋ณด๊ธฐ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfailed
~ํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋‹ค/์‡ ์•ฝํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทcertain
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ/์–ด๋–ค 
โ–ทarea
๋ฉด์ /์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทbefore
์ „/์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทfaced
์–ผ๊ตด/์ง๋ฉดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€/๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทsituation
์ƒํ™ฉ/์‚ฌํƒœ 
โ–ทanticipate
~์„ ์˜ˆ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmight
...์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค/๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทfuture
๋ฏธ๋ž˜/์•ž์˜ 
โ–ทthus
๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ/๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทfear
๋‘๋ ค์›€/๊ณตํฌ 
โ–ทtraps
๊ฐ€๋‘๋‹ค/๋ซ 
โ–ทyesterday
์–ด์ œ/์ตœ๊ทผ .
์˜ˆ๋ฅผ ๋“ค์–ด, ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ์ „์— ํŠน์ • ๋ถ„์•ผ์—์„œ ์‹คํŒจํ•œ ์ ์ด ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ฐ™์€ ์ƒํ™ฉ์— ์ง๋ฉดํ•  ๋•Œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€ ์˜ˆ์ƒํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋‘๋ ค์›€์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์— ๊ฐ€๋‘์–ด ๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, *๋ถ€์‚ฌ์ ˆ์ถ•์•ฝโŒˆwhen facedโŒ‹ with the same situation *๋Œ“์ƒ๋žต you anticipate what might *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆhappen inโŒ‹ the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday.


 โ™• Do not base your decision on what yesterday was.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทdo
์•”์ปท/Department of Energy(์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ถ€) 
โ–ทnot
์œ ๋ช…/์ง€ํ 
โ–ทbase
๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜/๊ธฐ์ดˆ 
โ–ทdecision
๊ฒฐ์ •/ํŒ๊ฒฐ 
โ–ทyesterday
์–ด์ œ/์ตœ๊ทผ  was.
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋• ๋Š”์ง€์— ๊ทผ๊ฑฐํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ฒฐ์ •์„ ๋‚ด๋ฆฌ์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Do not base your decision on what yesterday was.


 โ™• Your future is not your past and you have a better future.
  
Need_Help?
your
โ–ทfuture
๋ฏธ๋ž˜/์•ž์˜ 
โ–ทnot
์œ ๋ช…/์ง€ํ 
โ–ทpast
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜/์ง€๋‚œ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbetter
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfuture
๋ฏธ๋ž˜/์•ž์˜ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๊ณ  ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ๋ฏธ๋ž˜๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Your future is not your past and you have a better future.


 โ™• You must decide to forget and let go of your past.
  
Need_Help?
you
โ–ทmust
...์ผ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/๋ฐ˜๋“œ์‹œ ...ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdecide
๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทforget
์žŠ๋‹ค/๋ง๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlet
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทpast
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜/์ง€๋‚œ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ์žŠ๊ณ  ๋†“์•„์ฃผ๊ธฐ๋กœ ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You must decide to forget and let go of your past.


 โ™• Your past experiences are the thief of today's dreams only when you allow them to control you.
  
Need_Help?
your
โ–ทpast
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜/์ง€๋‚œ 
โ–ทexperiences
๊ฒฝํ—˜/์ฒดํ—˜ 
โ–ทthief
๋„๋‘‘/์ ˆ๋„ 
โ–ทtoday
์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ /์˜ค๋Š˜ 
โ–ทdreams
๊ฟˆ/๊ฟˆ๊พธ๋‹ค 
โ–ทonly
๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค/์œ ์ผํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทallow
...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค/ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทcontrol
์ œ์–ดํ•˜๋‹ค/ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค  you.
๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์˜ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•  ๋•Œ๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ํ˜„์žฌ์˜ ๊ฟˆ์„ ์•—์•„ ๊ฐ„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Your past experiences are the thief of today's dreams only when you 5ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌ[ allow them to ] control you.


2 ์š”์ง€


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ "์Šน๊ฐ•๊ธฐ ๋Œ€์‹  ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์ด์šฉํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ง์žฅ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋ผ"๋ผ๊ณ  ์กฐ์–ธํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์ข‹์€ ์ „๋žต์œผ๋กœ, ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์˜ค๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ข‹์€ ์šด๋™์ด ๋˜๊ณ , ์ด๋™ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋Œ€๊ฐœ ์‹ ์ฒด์  ํ™œ๋™์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ•„์š”๋ฅผ ์ถฉ์กฑ์‹œํ‚จ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์—์„œ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์„ ํƒ์„ ๊ฐ€๋กœ๋ง‰๋Š” ์žฅ๋ฒฝ์— ๋ถ€๋”ชํžŒ๋‹ค. ์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์ธ๋„ ํ˜น์€ ํ‘œ์‹œ๋œ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ ์ฐจ์„ ์ด ์—†๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰์ด ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ์ง€๋‚˜๊ฐ€๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ๋˜๋Š” ๊ณต๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์˜ค์—ผ๋œ ๋„๋กœ์—์„œ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์„ ํƒํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ํ˜„๋Œ€์‹ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์—์„œ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•˜๊ณ  ์•ˆ์ „ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€, ๊ณ„๋‹จ์ด ํฌํ•จ๋œ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์˜ ์ˆ˜์ง ๊ณต๊ฐ„์—์„œ ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์˜ค๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์„ ํƒํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ด์™€๋Š” ๋Œ€์กฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ ๋„๋กœ์™€ ์‚ฐ์ฑ…๋กœ, ๊ณต์›, ์ž์œ ๋กญ๊ฒŒ ์ด์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์šด๋™ ์‹œ์„ค์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ๋™๋„ค์— ์‚ฌ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ž์ฃผ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์ฃผ๋ณ€ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์ด ์‹ ์ฒด ํ™œ๋™์„ ์žฅ๋ คํ•œ๋‹ค.
Experts advise people to "take the stairs instead of the elevator" or "walk or bike to work." These are good strategies : climbing stairs provides a good workout, and people who walk or ride a bicycle for transportation most often meet their needs for physical activity. Many people, however, face barriers in their environment that prevent such choices. Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes, where vehicles speed by, or where the air is polluted. Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings. In contrast, people living in neighborhoods with safe biking and walking lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them oftenโ€”their surroundings encourage physical activity.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Experts advise people to "take the stairs instead of the elevator" or "walk or bike to work."
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทexperts
์ต์ˆ™ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ/์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทadvise
์กฐ์–ธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทstairs
๊ณ„๋‹จ 
โ–ทinstead
๋Œ€์‹ ์—/๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทelevator
์—˜๋ฆฌ๋ฒ ์ดํ„ฐ 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทwork
์ผํ•˜๋‹ค ."
์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๋“ค์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ "์Šน๊ฐ•๊ธฐ ๋Œ€์‹  ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์ด์šฉํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ง์žฅ๊นŒ์ง€ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋ผ"๋ผ๊ณ  ์กฐ์–ธํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Experts advise people to "take the stairs *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆinstead ofโŒ‹ the elevator" or "walk or bike to work."


 โ™• These are good strategies : climbing stairs provides a good workout, and people who walk or ride a bicycle for transportation most often meet their needs for physical activity.
  
Need_Help?
these are
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทstrategies
์ „๋žต๋“ค 
โ–ทclimbing
์˜ค๋ฅด๋‹ค/๋“ฑ๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทstairs
๊ณ„๋‹จ 
โ–ทprovides
~์„ ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทwho
๋ˆ„๊ตฌ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทride
์—†์• ๋‹ค/์ œ๊ฑฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbicycle
์ž์ „๊ฑฐ 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทtransportation
๊ตํ†ต/์šด์†ก 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ/๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทmeet
๋งŒ๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทneeds
ํ•„์š”/ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทphysical
๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ์ ์ธ/์œก์ฒด์˜ 
โ–ทactivity
ํ™œ๋™ .
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์€ ์ข‹์€ ์ „๋žต์œผ๋กœ, ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์˜ค๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ข‹์€ ์šด๋™์ด ๋˜๊ณ , ์ด๋™ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๋Œ€๊ฐœ ์‹ ์ฒด์  ํ™œ๋™์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ•„์š”๋ฅผ ์ถฉ์กฑ์‹œํ‚จ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: These are good strategies : climbing stairs provides a good workout, and people who walk or ride a bicycle for transportation most often meet their needs for physical activity.


 โ™• Many people, however, face barriers in their environment that prevent such choices.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜/ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทface
์–ผ๊ตด/์ง๋ฉดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbarriers
์žฅ๋ฒฝ/์žฅ์• ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทenvironment
ํ™˜๊ฒฝ 
โ–ทprevent
๋ง‰๋‹ค/๋ฐฉ์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsuch
...๊ฐ™์€/๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ 
โ–ทchoices
๊ณ ๊ธ‰์˜ .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์—์„œ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์„ ํƒ์„ ๊ฐ€๋กœ๋ง‰๋Š” ์žฅ๋ฒฝ์— ๋ถ€๋”ชํžŒ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Many people, however, face barriers in their environment that prevent such choices.


 โ™• Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes, where vehicles speed by, or where the air is polluted.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”/๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทchoose
์„ ํƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทroadways
๋„๋กœ ๋ถ€์ง€/๋„๋กœ 
โ–ทlack
-์ด ์—†์ด ๋ถ€์กฑํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsafe
๊ธˆ๊ณ  
โ–ทsidewalks
๋ณด๋„/์ธ๋„ 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทmarked
๋งˆํฌ/๊ธฐ๋…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbicycle
์ž์ „๊ฑฐ 
โ–ทlanes
์ฐจ์„ /์ฐจ๋กœ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทvehicles
์ž๋™์ฐจ/์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰ํƒˆ ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทspeed
์†๋„/์Šคํ”ผ๋“œ 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทair
๊ณต๊ธฐ/๋Œ€๊ธฐ 
โ–ทpolluted
์˜ค์—ผ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค .
์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์ธ๋„ ํ˜น์€ ํ‘œ์‹œ๋œ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ ์ฐจ์„ ์ด ์—†๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ฐจ๋Ÿ‰์ด ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ์ง€๋‚˜๊ฐ€๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ๋˜๋Š” ๊ณต๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์˜ค์—ผ๋œ ๋„๋กœ์—์„œ ๊ฑท๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์„ ํƒํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ vehicles speed by, or where the air *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis pollutedโŒ‹.


 โ™• Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทfew
๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†๋Š”/๋ช‡๋ช‡์˜ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทchoose
์„ ํƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทstairs
๊ณ„๋‹จ 
โ–ทmodern
ํ˜„๋Œ€์˜/๊ทผ๋Œ€์˜ 
โ–ทbuildings
๊ฑด๋ฌผ/๊ฑด์ถ• .
ํ˜„๋Œ€์‹ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์—์„œ ๋ถˆํŽธํ•˜๊ณ  ์•ˆ์ „ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€, ๊ณ„๋‹จ์ด ํฌํ•จ๋œ ๊ฑด๋ฌผ์˜ ์ˆ˜์ง ๊ณต๊ฐ„์—์„œ ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ์˜ค๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์„ ํƒํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings.


 โ™• In contrast, people living in neighborhoods with safe biking and walking lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them oftenโ€”their surroundings encourage physical activity.
  
Need_Help?
in
โ–ทcontrast
๋Œ€์กฐ/๋Œ€๋น„ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทliving
์‚ด๋‹ค/์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทneighborhoods
๋™๋„ค์˜/์ด์›ƒ 
โ–ทsafe
๊ธˆ๊ณ  
โ–ทwalking
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทlanes
์ฐจ์„ /์ฐจ๋กœ 
โ–ทpublic
๊ณต๊ณต์˜/๋Œ€์ค‘ 
โ–ทparks
๋ฐ•/๊ณต์› 
โ–ทfreely
์•„๋‚Œ์—†์ด/์ž์œ ๋กญ๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทavailable
๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ/์ด์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทexercise
์šด๋™(ํ•˜๋‹ค) 
โ–ทfacilities
์‹œ์„ค 
โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทencourage
๊ฒฉ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทphysical
๋ฌผ๋ฆฌ์ ์ธ/์œก์ฒด์˜ 
โ–ทactivity
ํ™œ๋™ .
์ด์™€๋Š” ๋Œ€์กฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ์•ˆ์ „ํ•œ ์ž์ „๊ฑฐ ๋„๋กœ์™€ ์‚ฐ์ฑ…๋กœ, ๊ณต์›, ์ž์œ ๋กญ๊ฒŒ ์ด์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ์šด๋™ ์‹œ์„ค์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ๋™๋„ค์— ์‚ฌ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์ž์ฃผ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์ฃผ๋ณ€ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์ด ์‹ ์ฒด ํ™œ๋™์„ ์žฅ๋ คํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In contrast, people living in neighborhoods with safe biking *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand walkingโŒ‹ lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them oftenโ€”their surroundings encourage physical activity.


3 ์ œ๋ชฉ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์•„์ด๋“ค์ด ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋„๋ก ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„๊นŒ? ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋ฐ˜๋ณต์— ์˜ํ•œ ์•”๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋งŽ์€ ์–‘์˜ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ €์žฅํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ด€๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ง„ ๋‘๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์ž ์žฌ์ ์ธ ์ฒœ์žฌ๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋งŽ์ด ์‡ผํ•‘์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ์ ์„ ์ƒ์ƒํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ. ๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ฌ๊ฑ€์ด ์–ด๋”” ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๋งํ•ด ๋‹ฌ๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒ ๋Š”๊ฐ€? ๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋ณดํ†ต์˜ ์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ์ ์—๋Š” ๋งŒ ๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ๋„˜๋Š” ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ์„ ์ทจ๊ธ‰ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์–ด๋””์—์„œ ์ฐพ์„์ง€ ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์™œ ๊ทธ๋Ÿด๊นŒ? ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋ฒ”์ฃผ๋ณ„๋กœ ์ •๋ฆฌ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์—์„œ ๋ฐ˜๋ณต์ ์œผ๋กœ ์‡ผํ•‘์„ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ์ •๋ฆฌ๋œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ๊ณ„์† ๋ดค๊ณ , ๋ฒ”์ฃผ์— ์˜ํ•œ ๋ฐฐ์—ด์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์˜ ๋ฐฐ์น˜๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ํ•ด ์ค€๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•œ ๋งค์žฅ์—์„œ๋งŒ ํ•ด๋„ ๋งŒ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ์„ ๋ฒ”์ฃผํ™”ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information? Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, with brains designed to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition. Imagine the grocery store where you shop the most. If I asked you to tell me where the eggs are, would you be able to do so? Of course you could. The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items, yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them. Why? The store is organized by category, and you have shopped in the store repeatedly. In other words, you've seen those organized items over and over again, and the arrangement by category makes it easy for you to memorize the store's layout. You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information?
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ/์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทcan
์ง€ํŒก์ด/์„คํƒ•์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทwe
์•„์ฃผ ์ด๋ฅธ/์•„์ฃผ ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทteach
๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋‹ค/์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทmemorize
๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbroad
๋„“์€/๊ด‘ 
โ–ทrange
๋ฒ”์œ„/์‚ฐ๋งฅ 
โ–ทinformation
์ •๋ณด/์ž๋ฃŒ ?
์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์•„์ด๋“ค์ด ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋„๋ก ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„๊นŒ?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information?


 โ™• Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, with brains designed to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทlet
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด์ฃผ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทprove
์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทpotential
์ž ์žฌ์ ์ธ/๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทgeniuses
์ฒœ์žฌ 
โ–ทbrains
๋‡Œ/๋‘๋‡Œ 
โ–ทdesigned
๋””์ž์ธ/๊ณ„ํš 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทcontrol
์ œ์–ดํ•˜๋‹ค/ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทremember
๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlarge
ํฐ/๋Œ€๊ทœ๋ชจ์˜ 
โ–ทamounts
์–‘/๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinformation
์ •๋ณด/์ž๋ฃŒ 
โ–ทthrough
ํ†ตํ•˜์—ฌ/ ...๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทrepetition
๋ฐ˜๋ณต/๋˜ํ’€์ด .
๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋ฐ˜๋ณต์— ์˜ํ•œ ์•”๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋งŽ์€ ์–‘์˜ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ €์žฅํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ด€๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ง„ ๋‘๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์ž ์žฌ์ ์ธ ์ฒœ์žฌ๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, with brains designed to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition.


 โ™• Imagine the grocery store where you shop the most.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทimagine
์ƒ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทgrocery
์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ/์žกํ™”๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทshop
์‡ผํ•‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ/๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋งŽ์ด ์‡ผํ•‘์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ์ ์„ ์ƒ์ƒํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Imagine the grocery store where you shop the most.


 โ™• If I asked you to tell me where the eggs are, would you be able to do so?
  
Need_Help?
if i
โ–ทasked
๋ฌป๋‹ค/์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทtell
๋งํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฌ๋ณ„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทeggs
๋‹ฌ๊ฑ€/์•Œ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทable
...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”/์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทdo
์•”์ปท/Department of Energy(์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ถ€)  so?
๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ฌ๊ฑ€์ด ์–ด๋”” ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๋งํ•ด ๋‹ฌ๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒ ๋Š”๊ฐ€?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If I 5ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌ[ asked you to ] tell me where the eggs are, would you be able to do so?


 โ™• Of course you could.
  
Need_Help?
of
โ–ทcourse
๊ณผ์ •/์ฝ”์Šค 
โ–ทcould
...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค .
๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Of course you could.


 โ™• The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items, yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทaverage
ํ‰๊ท (์˜) 
โ–ทgrocery
์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ/์žกํ™”๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทover
...์ด์ƒ/๋๋‚˜์„œ 
โ–ทitems
๋ฌผํ’ˆ/ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ 
โ–ทyet
์•„์ง/๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทcan
์ง€ํŒก์ด/์„คํƒ•์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ/๋น ๋ฅธ 
โ–ทtell
๋งํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฌ๋ณ„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทfind
์ฐพ๋‹ค/๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ/๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜  of them.
๋ณดํ†ต์˜ ์‹๋ฃŒํ’ˆ์ ์—๋Š” ๋งŒ ๊ฐœ๊ฐ€ ๋„˜๋Š” ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ์„ ์ทจ๊ธ‰ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์–ด๋””์—์„œ ์ฐพ์„์ง€ ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items, yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them.


 โ™• Why?
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทwhy
์™œ/์ด์œ  ?
์™œ ๊ทธ๋Ÿด๊นŒ?
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Why?


 โ™• The store is organized by category, and you have shopped in the store repeatedly.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทorganized
์กฐ์งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทcategory
๋ฒ”์ฃผ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทrepeatedly
๋ฐ˜๋ณต์ ์œผ๋กœ/๊ฑฐ๋“ญํ•ด์„œ .
๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋ฒ”์ฃผ๋ณ„๋กœ ์ •๋ฆฌ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์—์„œ ๋ฐ˜๋ณต์ ์œผ๋กœ ์‡ผํ•‘์„ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The store *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis organizedโŒ‹ by category, and you have shopped in the store repeatedly.


 โ™• In other words, you've seen those organized items over and over again, and the arrangement by category makes it easy for you to memorize the store's layout.
  
Need_Help?
in
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทwords
๋‹จ์–ด/๋ง 
โ–ทseen
๋ณด์ด๋Š”/์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง„ 
โ–ทorganized
์กฐ์งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทitems
๋ฌผํ’ˆ/ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ 
โ–ทover
...์ด์ƒ/๋๋‚˜์„œ 
โ–ทover
...์ด์ƒ/๋๋‚˜์„œ 
โ–ทagain
๋‹ค์‹œ/๋˜ 
โ–ทarrangement
์ค€๋น„/๋ฐฐ์—ด 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทcategory
๋ฒ”์ฃผ 
โ–ทmakes
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค/๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทeasy
์‰ฌ์šด 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทmemorize
๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 's layout.
๋‹ค์‹œ ๋งํ•ด์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ ์ •๋ฆฌ๋œ ๋ฌผ๊ฑด์„ ๊ณ„์† ๋ดค๊ณ , ๋ฒ”์ฃผ์— ์˜ํ•œ ๋ฐฐ์—ด์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ์˜ ๋ฐฐ์น˜๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์–ตํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ํ•ด ์ค€๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In other words, you've seen those organized items over and over again, and the arrangement by category ๋น„ํƒ€๋™์‚ฌ[ makes it easy for you to memorize ] the store's layout.


 โ™• You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.
  
Need_Help?
you
โ–ทcan
์ง€ํŒก์ด/์„คํƒ•์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทitems
๋ฌผํ’ˆ/ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ / ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•œ ๋งค์žฅ์—์„œ๋งŒ ํ•ด๋„ ๋งŒ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ํ’ˆ๋ชฉ์„ ๋ฒ”์ฃผํ™”ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.


6 ์–ดํœ˜


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ •์ง์€ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๊ด€๊ณ„์˜ ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ์ธ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด๋‹ค. ์ž์‹ ์ด ๋Š๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์†”์งํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•˜๊ณ , ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜์„ ๋•Œ ์ •์งํ•œ ์˜๊ฒฌ์„ ์คŒ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์œ ๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ผ. ์ด ์ ‘๊ทผ๋ฒ•์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋ถˆํŽธํ•œ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ์ƒํ™ฉ์—์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด๋‚˜๊ณ  ์ •์งํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๊ณผ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก ๋„์™€์ค„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์‚ถ์—์„œ ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•œ ๋ฐฉ์นจ์„ ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ผ. ์ ˆ๋Œ€๋กœ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ. ํ•ญ์ƒ ์ง„์‹ค๋งŒ์„ ๋งํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ํ‰ํŒ์ด ์Œ“์ด๋ฉด, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์‹ ๋ขฐ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๋ˆ„๋ฆด ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. (๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€) ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ์กฐ์ข…ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ๋” ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์งˆ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํญ๋กœํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์œ„ํ˜‘ํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ณค๊ฒฝ์— ์ฒ˜ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ์ง„์‹คํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ถ์œผ๋กœ์จ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๋งŽ์€ ๊ณจ์นซ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ํ”ผํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋˜ํ•œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์ง“๊ณผ ๋น„๋ฐ€์ด๋ผ๋Š” ํ•ด์•…์ด ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ง„์‹ค์ด ์•„๋ฌด๋ฆฌ ๊ณ ํ†ต์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šธ์ง€๋ผ๋„ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ •์งํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋‘๋ ค์›Œํ•˜์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ. ์žฅ๊ธฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณด๋ฉด, ์„ ์˜์˜ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์€ ์ง„์‹ค์„ ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ๋งŽ์ด ์ƒ์ฒ˜๋ฅผ์ค€๋‹ค.
Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship. Use it to your advantage by being open with what you feel and giving a truthful opinion when asked. This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people. Follow this simple policy in lifeโ€”never lie. When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships based on trust. It will also be more difficult to manipulate you. People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie. By living true to yourself, you'll avoid a lot of headaches. Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets. Don't be afraid to be honest with your friends, no matter how painful the truth is. In the long term, lies with good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhonesty
์ •์ง 
โ–ทfundamental
๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทpart
๋ถ€๋ถ„/์ผ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทevery
๋ชจ๋“ /๋งˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstrong
๊ฐ•ํ•œ/๊ฐ•๋ ฅํžˆ 
โ–ทrelationship
๊ด€๊ณ„/์—ฐ์• ๊ด€๊ณ„ .
์ •์ง์€ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๊ด€๊ณ„์˜ ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ์ธ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship.


 โ™• Use it to your advantage by being open with what you feel and giving a truthful opinion when asked.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทadvantage
์œ ๋ฆฌ ์ด์  
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทbeing
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทopen
์—ด๋‹ค/๊ฐœ๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfeel
๋Š๋ผ๋‹ค/๊ธฐ๋ถ„ 
โ–ทgiving
์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtruthful
์ •์งํ•œ/์ง„์‹ค์ธ 
โ–ทopinion
์˜๊ฒฌ/์ƒ๊ฐ 
โ–ทasked
๋ฌป๋‹ค/์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋‹ค .
์ž์‹ ์ด ๋Š๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์†”์งํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งํ•˜๊ณ , ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๋ฐ›์•˜์„ ๋•Œ ์ •์งํ•œ ์˜๊ฒฌ์„ ์คŒ์œผ๋กœ์จ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์œ ๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Use it to your advantage by *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆbeingโŒ‹ open with what you feel *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand givingโŒ‹ a truthful opinion *๋ถ€์‚ฌ์ ˆ์ถ•์•ฝโŒˆwhen askedโŒ‹.


 โ™• This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people.
  
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this
โ–ทapproach
์ ‘๊ทผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcan
์ง€ํŒก์ด/์„คํƒ•์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทhelp
๋„์›€/๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทescape
ํƒˆ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทuncomfortable
๋ถˆํŽธํ•œ/๋ถˆ์พŒ๊ฐ์„ ์ฃผ๋Š” 
โ–ทsocial
์‚ฌํšŒ์˜/์†Œ์…œ 
โ–ทsituations
์ƒํ™ฉ/์‚ฌํƒœ 
โ–ทmake
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค/๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทfriends
์นœ๊ตฌ/ํ”„๋žœ๋“œ 
โ–ทhonest
์†”์งํ•œ/์ •์งํ•œ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ .
์ด ์ ‘๊ทผ๋ฒ•์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋ถˆํŽธํ•œ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ์ƒํ™ฉ์—์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด๋‚˜๊ณ  ์ •์งํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๊ณผ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก ๋„์™€์ค„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people.


 โ™• Follow this simple policy in lifeโ€”never lie.
  
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โ–ทfollow
๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋กœ์„œ ~์ด๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsimple
๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ/๋‹จ์ˆœํ•œ 
โ–ทpolicy
์ •์ฑ… ๋ฐฉ์นจ 
โ–ทlife
์‚ถ/์ธ์ƒ์ƒ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทlie
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง/๋ˆ•๋‹ค .
์‚ถ์—์„œ ๋‹ค์Œ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•œ ๋ฐฉ์นจ์„ ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Follow this simple policy in lifeโ€”never lie.


 โ™• When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships based on trust.
  
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when you
โ–ทdevelop
๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทreputation
๋ช…์„ฑ/ํ‰ํŒ 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทalways
ํ•ญ์ƒ/์–ธ์ œ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทtelling
๋งํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฌ๋ณ„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtruth
์ง„์‹ค/์‚ฌ์‹ค 
โ–ทenjoy
์ฆ๊ธฐ๋‹ค/๋ˆ„๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstrong
๊ฐ•ํ•œ/๊ฐ•๋ ฅํžˆ 
โ–ทrelationships
๊ด€๊ณ„/์—ฐ์• ๊ด€๊ณ„ 
โ–ทbased
๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜/๊ธฐ์ดˆ 
โ–ทtrust
์‹ ๋ขฐ/๋ฏฟ์Œ .
์ ˆ๋Œ€๋กœ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํ•˜์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships *๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ_์ˆ˜๋™โŒˆbased onโŒ‹ trust.


 โ™• It will also be more difficult to manipulate you.
  
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it will also
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทdifficult
์–ด๋ ค์šด/ํž˜๋“  
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทmanipulate
์กฐ์ž‘ํ•˜๋‹ค/์กฐ์ข…ํ•˜๋‹ค  you.
ํ•ญ์ƒ ์ง„์‹ค๋งŒ์„ ๋งํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ํ‰ํŒ์ด ์Œ“์ด๋ฉด, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์‹ ๋ขฐ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ ๊ตณ๊ฑดํ•œ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๋ˆ„๋ฆด ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It will also be more difficult to manipulate you.


 โ™• People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie.
  
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โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทwho
๋ˆ„๊ตฌ 
โ–ทlie
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง/๋ˆ•๋‹ค 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค/์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทinto
๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€๋‹ค/์†์œผ๋กœ 
โ–ทtrouble
๋ฌธ์ œ/๊ณค๋ž€ 
โ–ทsomeone
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€/์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทthreatens
์œ„ํ˜‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทuncover
๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlie
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง/๋ˆ•๋‹ค .
(๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€) ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ์กฐ์ข…ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋„ ๋” ์–ด๋ ค์›Œ์งˆ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie.


 โ™• By living true to yourself, you'll avoid a lot of headaches.
  
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โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทliving
์‚ด๋‹ค/์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtrue
์‚ฌ์‹ค/์ง„์ •ํ•œ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทavoid
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlot
๋งŽ์€/๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทheadaches
๋‘ํ†ต/๊ณจ์นซ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ .
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์„ ํญ๋กœํ•˜๊ฒ ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์œ„ํ˜‘ํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ณค๊ฒฝ์— ์ฒ˜ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: By living true to yourself, you'll avoid a lot of headaches.


 โ™• Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets.
  
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your
โ–ทrelationships
๊ด€๊ณ„/์—ฐ์• ๊ด€๊ณ„ 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทfree
๋ฌด๋ฃŒ์˜/๋ฉด์„ธ์˜ 
โ–ทpoison
๋…(์•ฝ)์ค‘๋…๋˜๋‹ค/๋… 
โ–ทlies
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง/๋ˆ•๋‹ค 
โ–ทsecrets
produce and release substance ๋ฌผ์งˆ/๋ณธ์งˆ  into an organism.
์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ์ง„์‹คํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ถ์œผ๋กœ์จ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๋งŽ์€ ๊ณจ์นซ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ํ”ผํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets.


 โ™• Don't be afraid to be honest with your friends, no matter how painful the truth is.
  
Need_Help?
don't
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทafraid
๋‘๋ ค์šด/๋ฌด์„œ์›Œํ•˜์—ฌ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทhonest
์†”์งํ•œ/์ •์งํ•œ 
โ–ทfriends
์นœ๊ตฌ/ํ”„๋žœ๋“œ 
โ–ทmatter
๋ฌธ์ œ/์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ/์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทpainful
๊ณ ํ†ต์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด/์•„ํ”ˆ 
โ–ทtruth
์ง„์‹ค/์‚ฌ์‹ค  is.
๋˜ํ•œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ด€๊ณ„์—๋Š” ๊ฑฐ์ง“๊ณผ ๋น„๋ฐ€์ด๋ผ๋Š” ํ•ด์•…์ด ์—†์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Don't be afraid to be honest with your friends, no matter how painful the truth is.


 โ™• In the long term, lies with good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.
  
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in the
โ–ทlong
๊ธด/์˜ค๋ž˜/ 
โ–ทterm
์ž„๊ธฐ/์šฉ์–ด 
โ–ทlies
๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง/๋ˆ•๋‹ค 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทintentions
์˜๋„/์˜์‚ฌ 
โ–ทhurt
๋‹ค์น˜๋‹ค/ํ•ด์น˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€/๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค/๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทtelling
๋งํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฌ๋ณ„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtruth
์ง„์‹ค/์‚ฌ์‹ค .
์ง„์‹ค์ด ์•„๋ฌด๋ฆฌ ๊ณ ํ†ต์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šธ์ง€๋ผ๋„ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ •์งํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋‘๋ ค์›Œํ•˜์ง€ ๋ง๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In the long term, *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆlies withโŒ‹ good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.


7 ์–ด๋ฒ•


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ตœ์ดˆ์˜ ์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์‚ฌ์ง„์€ William Thompson์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์˜๊ตญ์ธ์— ์˜ํ•ด ์ดฌ์˜๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. 1856๋…„์— ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ ์ƒ์žํ˜• ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ์ˆ˜ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ง‰๋Œ€์— ๋ถ€์ฐฉํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‚จ๋ถ€ England ์—ฐ์•ˆ์˜ ๋ฐ”๋‹ท์†์œผ๋กœ ๋‚ด๋ ค ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋‹ค. 10๋ถ„๊ฐ„์˜ ๋…ธ์ถœ ๋™์•ˆ ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ์— ์„œ์„œํžˆ ๋ฐ”๋‹ท๋ฌผ์ด ์ฐจ์˜ฌ๋ž์ง€๋งŒ ์‚ฌ์ง„์€ ์˜จ์ „ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์‚ฌ์ง„์ˆ ์ด ํƒ„์ƒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋ฌผ์ด ๋ง‘๊ณ  ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ ๋น›์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์ˆ˜๋ฉด ๊ทผ์ฒ˜์—์„œ๋Š” ์•„๋งˆ์ถ”์–ด ์‚ฌ์ง„์ž‘๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์ €๋ ดํ•œ ์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ๋กœ ๋ฉ‹์ง„ ์‚ฌ์ง„์„ ์ฐ์„ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ ๋†’๋‹ค. ๋” ๊นŠ์€ ๊ณณ์—์„œ๋Š”-๊ทธ๊ณณ์€ ์–ด๋‘ก๊ณ  ์ฐจ๊ฐ‘๋‹ค-์‚ฌ์ง„์ˆ ์ด ์‹ ๋น„๋กœ์šด ์‹ฌํ•ด์˜ ์„ธ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ํƒํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ณณ์˜ 95%๋Š” ์˜ˆ์ „์—๋Š” ์ „ํ˜€ ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค. 8 Since a great deal of dayยญ-to-ยญday academic work is boring and repetitive, you need to be well motivated to keep doing it. A mathematician sharpens her pencils, works on a proof, tries a few approaches, gets nowhere, and finishes for the day. A writer sits down at his desk, produces a few hundred words, decides they are no good, throws them in the bin, and hopes for better inspiration tomorrow. To produce something worthwhileโ€”if it ever happensโ€”may require years of such fruitless labor. The Nobel Prizeยญwinning biologist Peter Medawar said that about four-ยญfifths of his time in science was wasted, adding sadly that "nearly all scientific research leads nowhere." What kept all of these people going when things were going badly was their passion for their subject. Without such passion, they would have achieved nothing.
The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman named William Thompson. In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England. During the 10ยญminute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture survived. Underwater photography was born. Near the surface, where the water is clear and there is enough light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera. At greater depthsโ€”it is dark and cold thereโ€”photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep-ยญsea world, 95 percent of which has never been seen before.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman named William Thompson.
  
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the first underwater
โ–ทphotographs
์‚ฌ์ง„ 
โ–ทtaken
์ฐ์€/๋ฐ›์€ 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทnamed
์ด๋ฆ„/๋ช…์นญ 
โ–ทthompson
ํ†ฐํ”„์Šจ/ํ†ฐ์Šจ .
์ตœ์ดˆ์˜ ์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์‚ฌ์ง„์€ William Thompson์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์˜๊ตญ์ธ์— ์˜ํ•ด ์ดฌ์˜๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman named William Thompson.


 โ™• In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England.
  
Need_Help?
in 1856, he
โ–ทwaterproofed
๋ฐฉ์ˆ˜์˜ 
โ–ทsimple
๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ/๋‹จ์ˆœํ•œ 
โ–ทbox
์ƒ์ž/๋ฐ•์Šค 
โ–ทcamera
์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ/์‚ฌ์ง„๊ธฐ 
โ–ทattached
๋ถ€์ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทpole
๊ทน/๊ธฐ๋‘ฅ 
โ–ทlowered
๋‚ฎ์ถ”๋‹ค/๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทbeneath
์•„๋ž˜์—/๋ฐ‘์— 
โ–ทwaves
ํŒŒ/ํŒŒ๋„ 
โ–ทoff
์—†์–ด์ ธ/๋–จ์–ด์ ธ 
โ–ทcoast
ํ•ด์•ˆ/์—ฐ์•ˆ 
โ–ทsouthern
๋‚จ๋ถ€์˜/๋‚จ์ชฝ์˜  england.
1856๋…„์— ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ฐ„๋‹จํ•œ ์ƒ์žํ˜• ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ์ˆ˜ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ง‰๋Œ€์— ๋ถ€์ฐฉํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‚จ๋ถ€ England ์—ฐ์•ˆ์˜ ๋ฐ”๋‹ท์†์œผ๋กœ ๋‚ด๋ ค ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England.


 โ™• During the 10ยญminute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture survived.
  
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โ–ทduring
...๋™์•ˆ/ ...์ค‘์—๋„ 
โ–ทexposure
๋…ธ์ถœ/ํญ๋กœ 
โ–ทcamera
์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ/์‚ฌ์ง„๊ธฐ 
โ–ทslowly
์ฒœ์ฒœํžˆ/๋Š๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทflooded
ํ™์ˆ˜/์นจ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpicture
์‚ฌ์ง„/๊ทธ๋ฆผ 
โ–ทsurvived
์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋‹ค ๋ณด๋‹ค ์˜ค๋ž˜์‚ด๋‹ค .
10๋ถ„๊ฐ„์˜ ๋…ธ์ถœ ๋™์•ˆ ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ์— ์„œ์„œํžˆ ๋ฐ”๋‹ท๋ฌผ์ด ์ฐจ์˜ฌ๋ž์ง€๋งŒ ์‚ฌ์ง„์€ ์˜จ์ „ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆDuringโŒ‹ the 10ยญminute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture survived.


 โ™• Underwater photography was born.
  
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underwater
โ–ทphotography
์‚ฌ์ง„ 
โ–ทborn
ํƒœ์–ด๋‚œ/~ํƒœ์ƒ์˜ .
์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์‚ฌ์ง„์ˆ ์ด ํƒ„์ƒํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Underwater photography was born.


 โ™• Near the surface, where the water is clear and there is enough light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera.
  
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โ–ทnear
๊ทผ์ฒ˜/๊ฐ€๊น๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทsurface
ํ‘œ๋ฉด 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ/๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทclear
๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค/๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•œ 
โ–ทthere
๊ทธ๊ณณ/๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ 
โ–ทenough
์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ/์ถฉ๋ถ„ํžˆ 
โ–ทlight
๋ฐ๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทquite
๊ทธ๋งŒ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทpossible
๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ/ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทamateur
์•„๋งˆ์ถ”์–ด/๋น„์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทphotographer
์‚ฌ์ง„์‚ฌ/์‚ฌ์ง„์ฐ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทtake
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค/๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทgreat
์œ„๋Œ€ํ•œ/ํฐ 
โ–ทshots
๋ฐœ์‚ฌ/์Š› 
โ–ทcamera
์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ/์‚ฌ์ง„๊ธฐ .
๋ฌผ์ด ๋ง‘๊ณ  ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ•œ ๋น›์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ์ˆ˜๋ฉด ๊ทผ์ฒ˜์—์„œ๋Š” ์•„๋งˆ์ถ”์–ด ์‚ฌ์ง„์ž‘๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์ €๋ ดํ•œ ์ˆ˜์ค‘ ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ๋กœ ๋ฉ‹์ง„ ์‚ฌ์ง„์„ ์ฐ์„ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ์ƒ๋‹นํžˆ ๋†’๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Near the surface *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ the water is clear and *Xvs๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆthere is enoughโŒ‹ light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera.


 โ™• At greater depthsโ€”it is dark and cold thereโ€”photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep-ยญsea world, 95 percent of which has never been seen before.
  
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โ–ทat
๋จน์—ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทgreater
๋”/ํฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทdepths
๊นŠ์ด/๊นŠ์Œ 
โ–ทdark
์–ด๋‘์šด/์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทcold
์ถ”์šด/์ฐจ๊ฐ€์›Œ์ง„ 
โ–ทthere
๊ทธ๊ณณ/๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ 
โ–ทphotography
์‚ฌ์ง„ 
โ–ทprincipal
๊ต์žฅ/์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ 
โ–ทway
๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•/๋ฐฉ์‹ 
โ–ทexploring
ํƒ๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค/ํƒํ—˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmysterious
์‹ ๋น„์˜/๋ถˆ๊ฐ€์‚ฌ์˜ํ•œ 
โ–ทdeep
๊นŠ์€/์‹ฌ 
โ–ทsea
๋ฐ”๋‹ค/๋ฐ”๋‹ท๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทworld
์„ธ๊ณ„/์„ธ์ƒ 
โ–ทpercent
%/ํผ์„ผํŠธ 
โ–ทwhich
์–ด๋–ค/์–ด๋Š 
โ–ทnever
๊ฒฐ์ฝ”/์ ˆ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทseen
๋ณด์ด๋Š”/์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง„ 
โ–ทbefore
์ „/์ด์ „์— .
๋” ๊นŠ์€ ๊ณณ์—์„œ๋Š”-๊ทธ๊ณณ์€ ์–ด๋‘ก๊ณ  ์ฐจ๊ฐ‘๋‹ค-์‚ฌ์ง„์ˆ ์ด ์‹ ๋น„๋กœ์šด ์‹ฌํ•ด์˜ ์„ธ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ํƒํ—˜ํ•˜๋Š” ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด๋ฉฐ, ๊ทธ๊ณณ์˜ 95%๋Š” ์˜ˆ์ „์—๋Š” ์ „ํ˜€ ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: At greater depthsโ€”it is dark and cold thereโ€”photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep-ยญsea world, 95 percent of which has never been seen before.


9 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ƒ์  ์•ˆ์—์„œ, ๋ฒฝ์€ ๋งค์žฅ์˜ ๋’ค์ชฝ์„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด์ง€๋งŒ, ๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ…์˜ ๋์„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด์ง€๋Š” ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค. ์ƒํ’ˆ ํŒ๋งค์—…์ž๋Š” ์ข…์ข… ๋’ท๋ฒฝ์„ ์ž์„[์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ]์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋งค์žฅ ์ „์ฒด๋ฅผ ๊ฑธ์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์˜๋ฏธํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ข‹์€ ์ผ์ธ๋ฐ, ์ธก์ • ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์–ด๋–ค ์†Œ๋น„์ž ๋ณ€์ˆ˜๋ณด๋‹ค ์ด๋™ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธ ๊ณ ๊ฐ๋‹น ํŒ๋งค๋Ÿ‰๊ณผ ๋” ์ง์ ‘์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ด€๋ จ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค. ๋•Œ๋กœ๋Š” ๋ฒฝ์—์„œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ •๋ง๋กœ ๊ฐ๊ฐ์— ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ธ๋ฐ, ์‹œ์„ ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๋ฒฝ์˜ ์žฅ์‹๋ฌผ์ด๋‚˜ ๊ท€๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์šธ์ด๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋Š” ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ํ•ด๋‹นํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋•Œ๋กœ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ํŠน์ • ์ƒํ’ˆ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์Šˆํผ๋งˆ์ผ“์—์„œ ์œ ์ œํ’ˆ์€ ํ”ํžˆ ๋’คํŽธ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์ž์ฃผ ์šฐ์œ ๋งŒ ์‚ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์˜ค๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค. ๋น„๋””์˜ค ๋Œ€์—ฌ์ ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ƒˆ๋กœ ์ถœ์‹œ๋œ ๋น„๋””์˜ค์ด๋‹ค. 10. ๋นˆ์นธ์ถ”๋ก 
Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing. Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store. This is a good thing because distance traveled relates more directly to sales per entering customer than any other measurable consumer variable. Sometimes, the wall's attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear. Sometimes the attraction is specific goods. In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk. At video rental shops, it's the new releases.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing.
  
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โ–ทwithin
...์•ˆ์—/ ...์ด๋‚ด์— 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทwall
๋ฒฝ/๋ฒฝ๋ฉด 
โ–ทmarks
๋งˆํฌ/๊ธฐ๋…ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค/๋’ค 
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) 
โ–ทnot
์œ ๋ช…/์ง€ํ 
โ–ทend
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทmarketing
์‹œ์žฅ/๋งˆ์ผ“ .
์ƒ์  ์•ˆ์—์„œ, ๋ฒฝ์€ ๋งค์žฅ์˜ ๋’ค์ชฝ์„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด์ง€๋งŒ, ๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ…์˜ ๋์„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ด์ง€๋Š” ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing.


 โ™• Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store.
  
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merchandisers
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค/๋’ค 
โ–ทwall
๋ฒฝ/๋ฒฝ๋ฉด 
โ–ทmagnet
์ž์„/ ...์„ ๋„๋Š” 
โ–ทbecause
...๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—/์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทmeans
์˜๋ฏธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทwalk
๊ฑท๋‹ค/๋ณดํ–‰ 
โ–ทthrough
ํ†ตํ•˜์—ฌ/ ...๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— 
โ–ทwhole
์ „์ฒด/๋ชจ๋“  
โ–ทstore
๊ฐ€๊ฒŒ/์ €์žฅ) .
์ƒํ’ˆ ํŒ๋งค์—…์ž๋Š” ์ข…์ข… ๋’ท๋ฒฝ์„ ์ž์„[์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ]์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋งค์žฅ ์ „์ฒด๋ฅผ ๊ฑธ์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์˜๋ฏธํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store.


 โ™• This is a good thing because distance traveled relates more directly to sales per entering customer than any other measurable consumer variable.
  
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this is a
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทthing
๊ฒƒ/์ผ 
โ–ทbecause
...๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—/์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทdistance
๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ/๋จผ ๊ณณ 
โ–ทtraveled
์—ฌํ–‰/์ด๋™ 
โ–ทrelates
๊ด€๊ณ„์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdirectly
์ง์ ‘์ ์œผ๋กœ/๋˜‘๋ฐ”๋กœ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทsales
Salvation Army/salary 
โ–ทper
๋‹น/์ผ 
โ–ทentering
๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€๋‹ค/์ž…์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcustomer
๊ณ ๊ฐ/์†Œ๋น„์ž 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค/๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทany
์–ด๋–ค/์ „ํ˜€ 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทconsumer
์†Œ๋น„์ž/๊ณ ๊ฐ 
โ–ทvariable
๋ณ€์ˆ˜/๋ณ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” .
์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ข‹์€ ์ผ์ธ๋ฐ, ์ธก์ • ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์–ด๋–ค ์†Œ๋น„์ž ๋ณ€์ˆ˜๋ณด๋‹ค ์ด๋™ ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธ ๊ณ ๊ฐ๋‹น ํŒ๋งค๋Ÿ‰๊ณผ ๋” ์ง์ ‘์ ์œผ๋กœ ๊ด€๋ จ๋˜์–ด ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: This is a good thing because distance traveled relates more directly to sales per entering customer than any other measurable consumer variable.


 โ™• Sometimes, the wall's attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear.
  
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โ–ทsometimes
์–ธ์ œ/์กฐ๋งŒ๊ฐ„ 
โ–ทwall
๋ฒฝ/๋ฒฝ๋ฉด 
โ–ทattraction
๋ช…์†Œ/๋งค๋ ฅ 
โ–ทsimply
๋‹จ์ˆœํžˆ/๊ฐ„๋‹จํžˆ 
โ–ทappealing
ํ˜ธ์†Œ/๋งค๋ ฅ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทsenses
๊ฐ๊ฐ/์˜๋ฏธ 
โ–ทwall
๋ฒฝ/๋ฒฝ๋ฉด 
โ–ทdecoration
์žฅ์‹/์žฅ์‹๋ฌผ 
โ–ทcatches
์žก๋‹ค/๋ฐ›๋‹ค 
โ–ทeye
๋ˆˆ/์‹œ์„  
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทsound
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋“ค๋ฆฌ๋‹ค/๊ฑด์ „ํ•œ 
โ–ทcatches
์žก๋‹ค/๋ฐ›๋‹ค 
โ–ทear
๊ท€/์ฒญ๋ ฅ .
๋•Œ๋กœ๋Š” ๋ฒฝ์—์„œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ •๋ง๋กœ ๊ฐ๊ฐ์— ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ธ๋ฐ, ์‹œ์„ ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๋ฒฝ์˜ ์žฅ์‹๋ฌผ์ด๋‚˜ ๊ท€๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ์šธ์ด๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋Š” ์†Œ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ํ•ด๋‹นํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Sometimes, the wall's attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear.


 โ™• Sometimes the attraction is specific goods.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทsometimes
์–ธ์ œ/์กฐ๋งŒ๊ฐ„ 
โ–ทattraction
๋ช…์†Œ/๋งค๋ ฅ 
โ–ทspecific
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ/๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์ธ 
โ–ทgoods
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ .
๋•Œ๋กœ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์˜ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๋„๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ํŠน์ • ์ƒํ’ˆ์ด๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Sometimes the attraction is specific goods.


 โ™• In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk.
  
Need_Help?
in supermarkets, the
โ–ทdairy
์œ ์ œํ’ˆ์˜/์ –์†Œ 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทat
๋จน์—ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทback
๋Œ์•„๊ฐ€๋‹ค/๋’ค 
โ–ทbecause
...๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—/์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทfrequently
์ž์ฃผ/์ข…์ข… 
โ–ทcome
์˜ค๋‹ค/๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ / ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทmilk
์šฐ์œ /๋ชจ์œ  .
์Šˆํผ๋งˆ์ผ“์—์„œ ์œ ์ œํ’ˆ์€ ํ”ํžˆ ๋’คํŽธ์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์ž์ฃผ ์šฐ์œ ๋งŒ ์‚ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์˜ค๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk.


 โ™• At video rental shops, it's the new releases.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทat
๋จน์—ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทshops
์‡ผํ•‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทnew
์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด/์ƒˆ 
โ–ทreleases
๋ฐœํ‘œํ•˜๋‹ค .
๋น„๋””์˜ค ๋Œ€์—ฌ์ ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ƒˆ๋กœ ์ถœ์‹œ๋œ ๋น„๋””์˜ค์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: At video rental shops, it's the new releases.


11 ๋นˆ์นธ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์ˆ˜์—… ์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฅผ ์ขŒ์šฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ์ž ์‹œ๋งŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ. ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์€ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น  ๊ต์‚ฌ์™€ ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋“ค์„ ํ•™์ƒ์„ ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋˜ํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ๊ธฐ๊ด€์— ์ขŒ์šฐ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์–ธ์ œ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์–ด๋–ค ๋ฐฉ์—์„œ ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์ด ์—ด๋ฆด์ง€ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์— ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๋“ฑ๋กํ•ด ์ฃผ์–ด์•ผ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๋˜ํ•œ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๊ต๊ณผ์„œ๋ฅผ ์ง‘ํ•„ํ•ด์•ผ ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋งŽ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ์ฆ‰ ์ธ์‡„์—…์ž, ํŽธ์ง‘์ž, ํŒ๋งค์›, ์„œ์  ์ง์›๋“ค์˜ ๋„์›€์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์†์— ๋“ค์–ด์™”๋‹ค. ๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๊ณผ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ํ•™์šฐ๋“ค, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜๋งŒ ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋Š” ์ˆ˜์—…์€ ์‚ฌ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋ฐฑ๋ช…์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ๋…ธ๋ ฅ์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ์ด๋‹ค.
Just think for a moment of all the people upon whom your participation in your class depends. Clearly, the class requires a teacher to teach it and students to take it. However, it also depends on many other people and organizations. Someone had to decide when the class would be held and in what room, communicate that information to you, and enroll you in that class. Someone also had to write a textbook, and with the assistance of many other peopleโ€”printers, editors, salespeople, and bookstore employeesโ€”it has arrived in your hands. Thus, a class that seems to involve just you, your fellow students, and your teacher is in fact the product of the efforts of hundreds of people.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Just think for a moment of all the people upon whom your participation in your class depends.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ / ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทmoment
์ˆœ๊ฐ„/์ง€๊ธˆ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทupon
(๊ฒฉ์‹) on 
โ–ทwhom
๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋ฅผ 
โ–ทparticipation
์ฐธ์—ฌ/์ฐธ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…/๊ฐ•์˜ 
โ–ทdepends
~์— ์˜์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์ˆ˜์—… ์ฐธ์—ฌ๋ฅผ ์ขŒ์šฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ์ž ์‹œ๋งŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Just *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆthink forโŒ‹ a moment of all the people upon whom your participation in your class depends.


 โ™• Clearly, the class requires a teacher to teach it and students to take it.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทclearly
๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฒŒ/๋ช…ํ™•ํžˆ 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…/๊ฐ•์˜ 
โ–ทrequires
ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทteacher
๊ต์‚ฌ/์„ ์ƒ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทteach
๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋‹ค/์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ/์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทtake
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค/๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค  it.
๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์€ ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น  ๊ต์‚ฌ์™€ ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋“ค์„ ํ•™์ƒ์„ ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Clearly, the class requires a teacher to teach it and students to take it.


 โ™• However, it also depends on many other people and organizations.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜/ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทdepends
~์— ์˜์ง€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทorganizations
๋‹จ์ฒด/๊ธฐ๊ตฌ์กฐ์ง .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋˜ํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ๊ธฐ๊ด€์— ์ขŒ์šฐ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, it also depends on many other people and organizations.


 โ™• Someone had to decide when the class would be held and in what room, communicate that information to you, and enroll you in that class.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทsomeone
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€/์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทdecide
๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…/๊ฐ•์˜ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทheld
์—ด์—ˆ๋˜/ํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทroom
๋ฐฉ/๊ณต๊ฐ„ 
โ–ทcommunicate
์˜์‚ฌ์†Œํ†ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinformation
์ •๋ณด/์ž๋ฃŒ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทenroll
๋“ฑ๋ก์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค/์ž…๋Œ€์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…/๊ฐ•์˜ .
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์–ธ์ œ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์–ด๋–ค ๋ฐฉ์—์„œ ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์ด ์—ด๋ฆด์ง€ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜์—…์— ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๋“ฑ๋กํ•ด ์ฃผ์–ด์•ผ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Someone had to decide when the class would be held and in what room, communicate that information to you, and enroll you in that class.


 โ™• Someone also had to write a textbook, and with the assistance of many other peopleโ€”printers, editors, salespeople, and bookstore employeesโ€”it has arrived in your hands.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทsomeone
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€/์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทwrite
์“ฐ๋‹ค/์ ๋‹ค 
โ–ทtextbook
๊ต๊ณผ์„œ/๊ต์žฌ 
โ–ทassistance
์ง€์›/๋„์›€ 
โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทeditors
ํŽธ์ง‘์ž/ํŽธ์ง‘์žฅ 
โ–ทemployees
์ง์›/์ง์žฅ์ธ 
โ–ทarrived
๋„์ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhands
์†/์ฃผ๋‹ค .
๋˜ํ•œ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๊ต๊ณผ์„œ๋ฅผ ์ง‘ํ•„ํ•ด์•ผ ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๋งŽ์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ์ฆ‰ ์ธ์‡„์—…์ž, ํŽธ์ง‘์ž, ํŒ๋งค์›, ์„œ์  ์ง์›๋“ค์˜ ๋„์›€์œผ๋กœ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์†์— ๋“ค์–ด์™”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Someone also had to write a textbook, and with the assistance of many other peopleโ€”printers, editors, salespeople, and bookstore employeesโ€”it has arrived in your hands.


 โ™• Thus, a class that seems to involve just you, your fellow students, and your teacher is in fact the product of the efforts of hundreds of people.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทthus
๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ/๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทclass
์ˆ˜์—…/๊ฐ•์˜ 
โ–ทseems
...๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค/ ...๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทinvolve
๊ด€๋ จ๋˜๋‹ค/์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ / ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทfellow
๋™๋ฃŒ/์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทstudents
ํ•™์ƒ/์ƒ๋„ 
โ–ทteacher
๊ต์‚ฌ/์„ ์ƒ 
โ–ทfact
์‚ฌ์‹ค/์ผ 
โ–ทproduct
์ œํ’ˆ/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทefforts
๋…ธ๋ ฅ 
โ–ทhundreds
100/100๋‹ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ง€ํ 
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ .
๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„๊ณผ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ํ•™์šฐ๋“ค, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜๋งŒ ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋Š” ์ˆ˜์—…์€ ์‚ฌ์‹ค ์ˆ˜๋ฐฑ๋ช…์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ๋…ธ๋ ฅ์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Thus, a class that seems to involve just you, your fellow students, and your teacher is in fact the product of the efforts of hundreds of people.


12 ์ˆœ์„œ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ์–ด๋Š ๋‚  ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋Š๋ผ ๋ฐ”๋น ์„œ ์ ์‹ฌ ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์‚ด ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์—†๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์ •ํ•ด ๋ณด์ž. ๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์นœํ•œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋“ค๊ณ  ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ๋•๊ณ  ์‹ถ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์—, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์นœ๊ตฌ์˜ ๋„์›€์— ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ•  ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋†’๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๊ฐ™์€ ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋“ค๊ณ  ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์ค€๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋Œ€์‹ ์—, ํ˜ผ๋ž€์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šธ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ "๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๋ฐ, ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋–ค ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋จน๊ณ  ์‹ถ์€์ง€ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์•„์„ธ์š”?"๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค. ์ด ๋‘ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์ฐจ์ด์ ์€ ์‹ ๋ขฐ ์ˆ˜์ค€์ด๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์นœํ•œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์•„์ฃผ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ฏฟ์–ด์„œ ๊ทธ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ž˜ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ฑฑ์ •ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ˆ˜์ค€์˜ ์‹ ๋ขฐ๋ฅผ ์ฃผ์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
Suppose that you are busy working on a project one day and you have no time to buy lunch. All of a sudden your best friend shows up with your favorite sandwich. He tells you that he knows you are busy and he wants to help you out by buying you the sandwich. In this case, you are very likely to appreciate your friend's help. However, if a stranger shows up with the same sandwich and offers it to you, you won't appreciate it. Instead, you would be confused. You would likely think "Who are you, and how do you know what kind of sandwich I like to eat?" The key difference between these two cases is the level of trust. You trust your best friend so much that you won't worry about him knowing you too well, but you certainly would not give the same level of trust to a stranger.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Suppose that you are busy working on a project one day and you have no time to buy lunch.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทsuppose
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbusy
๋ฐ”์œ/๋ถ„์ฃผํ•œ 
โ–ทworking
์ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทproject
๊ณ„ํš 
โ–ทday
๋‚ /ํ•˜๋ฃจ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtime
์‹œ๊ฐ„/๋•Œ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทbuy
์‚ฌ๋‹ค/๊ตฌ์ž… 
โ–ทlunch
์ ์‹ฌ/๋„์‹œ๋ฝ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ์–ด๋Š ๋‚  ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ๋ฅผ ํ•˜๋Š๋ผ ๋ฐ”๋น ์„œ ์ ์‹ฌ ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์‚ด ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ์—†๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์ •ํ•ด ๋ณด์ž.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Suppose that you are busy working on a project one day and you have no time to buy lunch.


 โ™• All of a sudden your best friend shows up with your favorite sandwich.
  
Need_Help?
all of a
โ–ทsudden
๊ฐ‘์ž‘์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šด/๋Œ์—ฐํ•œ 
โ–ทbest
์ตœ๊ณ ์˜/๊ฐ€์žฅ ~ํ•œ 
โ–ทfriend
์นœ๊ตฌ/ํ”„๋žœ๋“œ 
โ–ทshows
๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์‡ผ 
โ–ทfavorite
์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š”/๋งˆ์Œ์— ๋“œ๋Š” 
โ–ทsandwich
์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜ .
๊ฐ‘์ž๊ธฐ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์นœํ•œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋“ค๊ณ  ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: All of a sudden your best friend shows up with your favorite sandwich.


 โ™• He tells you that he knows you are busy and he wants to help you out by buying you the sandwich.
  
Need_Help?
he
โ–ทtells
๋งํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฌ๋ณ„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทknows
์•Œ๋‹ค/์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbusy
๋ฐ”์œ/๋ถ„์ฃผํ•œ 
โ–ทwants
์›ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทhelp
๋„์›€/๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทout
๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค/๋ฐ–์— 
โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทbuying
์‚ฌ๋‹ค/๊ตฌ์ž… 
โ–ทsandwich
์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜ .
๊ทธ๋Š” ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋ฐ”์˜๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ๋•๊ณ  ์‹ถ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: He tells you that he knows you are busy and he wants to help you out by buying you the sandwich.


 โ™• In this case, you are very likely to appreciate your friend's help.
  
Need_Help?
in this
โ–ทcase
๊ฒฝ์šฐ/ํ™˜์ž 
โ–ทvery
๋งค์šฐ/์•„์ฃผ 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”/ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทappreciate
๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfriend
์นœ๊ตฌ/ํ”„๋žœ๋“œ 
โ–ทhelp
๋„์›€/๋•๋‹ค .
์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์—, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์นœ๊ตฌ์˜ ๋„์›€์— ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ•  ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋†’๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In this case, you are very likely to appreciate your friend's help.


 โ™• However, if a stranger shows up with the same sandwich and offers it to you, you won't appreciate it.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜/ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทstranger
๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ/๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทshows
๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์‡ผ 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€/๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทsandwich
์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜ 
โ–ทoffers
์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทappreciate
๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค  it.
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๋งŒ์•ฝ ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๊ฐ™์€ ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋“ค๊ณ  ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์—๊ฒŒ ์ค€๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ณ ๋งˆ์›Œํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, if a stranger shows up with the same sandwich and offers it to you, you won't appreciate it.


 โ™• Instead, you would be confused.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทinstead
๋Œ€์‹ ์—/๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทconfused
ํ˜ผ๋ž€์Šค๋Ÿฝ๋‹ค/ํ˜ผ๋™ํ•˜๋‹ค .
๋Œ€์‹ ์—, ํ˜ผ๋ž€์Šค๋Ÿฌ์šธ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Instead, you would be confused.


 โ™• You would likely think "Who are you, and how do you know what kind of sandwich I like to eat?"
  
Need_Help?
you
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”/ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwho
๋ˆ„๊ตฌ 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ/์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทdo
์•”์ปท/Department of Energy(์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ถ€) 
โ–ทknow
์•Œ๋‹ค/์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทkind
์ข…๋ฅ˜/ ...๊ฐ€์ง€ 
โ–ทsandwich
์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜ 
โ–ทlike
...๊ฐ™์€/์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทeat
๋จน๋‹ค/์Œ์‹ ?"
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ "๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๋ฐ, ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์–ด๋–ค ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์ƒŒ๋“œ์œ„์น˜๋ฅผ ๋จน๊ณ  ์‹ถ์€์ง€ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์•„์„ธ์š”?"๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ์‰ฝ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You would likely think "Who are you, and how do you know what kind of sandwich I like to eat?"


 โ™• The key difference between these two cases is the level of trust.
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทkey
ํ•ต์‹ฌ/์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ 
โ–ทdifference
์ฐจ์ด/์ฐจ์•ก 
โ–ทbetween
์‚ฌ์ด์—/ ...๊ฐ„์˜ 
โ–ทcases
๊ฒฝ์šฐ/ํ™˜์ž 
โ–ทlevel
์ˆ˜์ค€/์ •๋„ 
โ–ทtrust
์‹ ๋ขฐ/๋ฏฟ์Œ .
์ด ๋‘ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์˜ ์ฃผ์š” ์ฐจ์ด์ ์€ ์‹ ๋ขฐ ์ˆ˜์ค€์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The key difference between these two cases is the level of trust.


 โ™• You trust your best friend so much that you won't worry about him knowing you too well, but you certainly would not give the same level of trust to a stranger.
  
Need_Help?
you
โ–ทtrust
์‹ ๋ขฐ/๋ฏฟ์Œ 
โ–ทbest
์ตœ๊ณ ์˜/๊ฐ€์žฅ ~ํ•œ 
โ–ทfriend
์นœ๊ตฌ/ํ”„๋žœ๋“œ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€/๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทworry
๊ฑฑ์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทknowing
์•Œ๋‹ค/์ธ์‹ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtoo
๋„ˆ๋ฌด/๋˜ํ•œ 
โ–ทwell
๊ฑด๊ฐ•/์šฐ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทcertainly
๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ/ํ™•์‹คํžˆ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทnot
์œ ๋ช…/์ง€ํ 
โ–ทgive
์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsame
๊ฐ™์€/๋˜‘๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทlevel
์ˆ˜์ค€/์ •๋„ 
โ–ทtrust
์‹ ๋ขฐ/๋ฏฟ์Œ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทstranger
๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ/๋ชจ๋ฅด๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์นœํ•œ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์•„์ฃผ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ฏฟ์–ด์„œ ๊ทธ ์นœ๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์„ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ์ž˜ ์•Œ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ฑฑ์ •ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‚ฏ์„  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ˆ˜์ค€์˜ ์‹ ๋ขฐ๋ฅผ ์ฃผ์ง€ ์•Š์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You trust your best friend so much that you won't worry about him knowing you too well, but you certainly would not give the same level of trust to a stranger.


13 ์ˆœ์„œ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋‹ตํ•˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๋จผ์ € ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ฑ„ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ถ„์„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์•„๋งˆ๋„ ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ๋“๋ณด๋‹ค ์‹ค์ด ๋งŽ์€ ์ผ์„ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ์ •๋ณด์˜ ํ™์ˆ˜์— ๋น ์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ , ๋‚˜์ค‘์—์•ผ ๋น„๋กœ์†Œ ๊ทธ ์กฐ์‚ฌ์˜ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๋‚ญ๋น„์˜€๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ซ๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ํ”ผํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ „์— ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ ์„ค๊ณ„ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์„ธ์›Œ์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ์„ค๊ณ„ ๊ณ„ํš์—์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ํ•˜๊ณ , ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฐ€์„ค์„ ์ง„์ˆ ํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€์„ค๋“ค์„ ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ด๊ฑฐํ•œ๋‹ค. ์กฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์„ธ์šฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์˜ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ์„ ํฌ๊ฒŒ ์ฆ๊ฐ€์‹œํ‚ฌ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์ข…์ด์— ์ ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์ƒ๊ฐ์„ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋งŒ์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ทธ๋ฃน์„ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด ์ผํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์ด ๊ณ„ํš์€ ๋˜ํ•œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ํŒ€์ด ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ผ์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋„์™€์ฃผ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ฃน์˜ ๋ธŒ๋ ˆ์ธ์Šคํ† ๋ฐ ์‹œ์ž‘์ ์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
If you start collecting and analyzing data without first clarifying the question you are trying to answer, you're probably doing yourself more harm than good. You'll end up drowning in a flood of information and realize only later that most of that research was a waste of time. To avoid this problem, you should develop a problemยญsolving design plan before you start collecting information. In the design plan, you clarify the issues you are trying to solve, state your hypotheses, and list what is required to prove those hypotheses. Developing this plan before you start researching will greatly increase your problemยญsolving productivity. In addition, putting your plan down on paper will not only clarify your thoughts. If you're working in a group, this plan will also help your team focus on what to do and provide the starting point for your group brainstorming.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• If you start collecting and analyzing data without first clarifying the question you are trying to answer, you're probably doing yourself more harm than good.
  
Need_Help?
if you
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ) ์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcollecting
๋ชจ์œผ๋‹ค ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทanalyzing
๋ถ„์„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdata
์ž๋ฃŒ/๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ 
โ–ทwithout
...์—†์ด/ ...ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  
โ–ทclarifying
๋ช…๋ฐฑํžˆํ•˜๋‹ค/๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทquestion
์งˆ๋ฌธ/๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทtrying
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทanswer
๋‹ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทprobably
์•„๋งˆ๋„/์•„๋งˆ 
โ–ทdoing
์•”์ปท/Department of Energy(์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ถ€) 
โ–ทyourself
๋‹น์‹  ์ž์‹  
โ–ทharm
ํ•ด/ํ•ด์น˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค/๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ .
๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๋‹ตํ•˜๊ณ ์ž ํ•˜๋Š” ์งˆ๋ฌธ์„ ๋จผ์ € ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ฑ„ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ถ„์„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์•„๋งˆ๋„ ์ž์‹ ์—๊ฒŒ ๋“๋ณด๋‹ค ์‹ค์ด ๋งŽ์€ ์ผ์„ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If you start collecting *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆand analyzingโŒ‹ data without first clarifying the question *๋Œ“์ƒ๋žต you are trying to answer, you're probably doing yourself more harm than good.


 โ™• You'll end up drowning in a flood of information and realize only later that most of that research was a waste of time.
  
Need_Help?
you'll you will/you shall์˜ ๋‹จ์ถ•ํ˜•
โ–ทend
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทdrowning
์ต์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทflood
ํ™์ˆ˜/์นจ์ˆ˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinformation
์ •๋ณด/์ž๋ฃŒ 
โ–ทrealize
๊นจ๋‹ซ๋‹ค/์•Œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทonly
๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค/์œ ์ผํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทlater
ํ›„์—/๋‚˜์ค‘์— 
โ–ทmost
๊ฐ€์žฅ/๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ 
โ–ทresearch
์—ฐ๊ตฌ(ํ•˜๋‹ค) 
โ–ทwaste
๋‚ญ๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทtime
์‹œ๊ฐ„/๋•Œ .
์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ์ •๋ณด์˜ ํ™์ˆ˜์— ๋น ์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๊ณ , ๋‚˜์ค‘์—์•ผ ๋น„๋กœ์†Œ ๊ทธ ์กฐ์‚ฌ์˜ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์ด ์‹œ๊ฐ„ ๋‚ญ๋น„์˜€๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ซ๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: You'll *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆend up drowningโŒ‹ in a flood of information and realize only later that most of that research was a waste of time.


 โ™• To avoid this problem, you should develop a problemยญsolving design plan before you start collecting information.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทavoid
ํ”ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทproblem
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทshould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/์•„๋งˆ ...์ผ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค 
โ–ทdevelop
๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทproblem
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทsolving
ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdesign
๋””์ž์ธ/๊ณ„ํš 
โ–ทplan
๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbefore
์ „/์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ) ์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcollecting
๋ชจ์œผ๋‹ค ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทinformation
์ •๋ณด/์ž๋ฃŒ .
์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ํ”ผํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜์ง‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ „์— ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ ์„ค๊ณ„ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์„ธ์›Œ์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: To avoid this problem, you should develop a problemยญsolving design plan before you start collecting information.


 โ™• In the design plan, you clarify the issues you are trying to solve, state your hypotheses, and list what is required to prove those hypotheses.
  
Need_Help?
in the
โ–ทdesign
๋””์ž์ธ/๊ณ„ํš 
โ–ทplan
๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทclarify
๋ช…๋ฐฑํžˆํ•˜๋‹ค/๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทissues
๋…ผ์Ÿ(์  
โ–ทtrying
๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทsolve
ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทstate
๊ตญ๊ฐ€/์ƒํƒœ 
โ–ทlist
๋ชฉ๋ก/๋ช…๋‹จ 
โ–ทrequired
ํ•„์š”๋กœ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทprove
์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค  those hypotheses.
๊ทธ ์„ค๊ณ„ ๊ณ„ํš์—์„œ, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์€ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ํ•˜๊ณ , ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ฐ€์„ค์„ ์ง„์ˆ ํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ ๊ฐ€์„ค๋“ค์„ ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์„ ์—ด๊ฑฐํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In the design plan, you clarify the issues you are trying to solve, state your hypotheses, and list what *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis requiredโŒ‹ to prove those hypotheses.


 โ™• Developing this plan before you start researching will greatly increase your problemยญsolving productivity.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทdeveloping
๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทplan
๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbefore
์ „/์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทstart
(๋†€๋ผ) ์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทresearching
์—ฐ๊ตฌ(ํ•˜๋‹ค) 
โ–ทgreatly
ํฌ๊ฒŒ/๋ชน์‹œ 
โ–ทincrease
์ฆ๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทproblem
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทsolving
ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋‹ค  productivity.
์กฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์ „์— ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์„ธ์šฐ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์˜ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ์„ ํฌ๊ฒŒ ์ฆ๊ฐ€์‹œํ‚ฌ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆDevelopingโŒ‹ this plan before you start researching will greatly increase your problemยญsolving productivity.


 โ™• In addition, putting your plan down on paper will not only clarify your thoughts.
  
Need_Help?
in
โ–ทaddition
๋ถ€๊ฐ€์ถ”๊ฐ€/๋ง์…ˆ 
โ–ทputting
ํผํŒ…/ํ™€์„ ํ–ฅํ•ด ๋ณผ์„ ์น˜๊ธฐ(๊ณจํ”„) 
โ–ทplan
๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค/์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทpaper
๋…ผ๋ฌธ/์ข…์ด 
โ–ทnot
only ๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค/์œ ์ผํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทclarify
๋ช…๋ฐฑํžˆํ•˜๋‹ค/๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทthoughts
์ƒ๊ฐ/์˜ˆ์ƒ .
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์ข…์ด์— ์ ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ์ƒ๊ฐ์„ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•ด ์ฃผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋งŒ์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In addition *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, puttingโŒ‹ your plan down on paper will not only clarify your thoughts.


 โ™• If you're working in a group, this plan will also help your team focus on what to do and provide the starting point for your group brainstorming.
  
Need_Help?
if you're
โ–ทworking
์ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทgroup
๊ทธ๋ฃน/๋‹จ์ฒด 
โ–ทplan
๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhelp
๋„์›€/๋•๋‹ค 
โ–ทteam
ํŒ€/๋ถ€ 
โ–ทfocus
์ค‘์‹ฌ/์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทdo
์•”์ปท/Department of Energy(์—๋„ˆ์ง€๋ถ€) 
โ–ทprovide
~์„ ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทstarting
(๋†€๋ผ) ์›€์ฐ”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทpoint
์ /ํฌ์ธํŠธ 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทgroup
๊ทธ๋ฃน/๋‹จ์ฒด  brainstorming.
๋งŒ์•ฝ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์ด ๊ทธ๋ฃน์„ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด ์ผํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์ด ๊ณ„ํš์€ ๋˜ํ•œ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ถ„์˜ ํŒ€์ด ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ์ผ์— ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋„์™€์ฃผ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋ฃน์˜ ๋ธŒ๋ ˆ์ธ์Šคํ† ๋ฐ ์‹œ์ž‘์ ์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If you're working in a group, this plan will also help your team focus on what to do and provide the starting point for your group brainstorming.


14 ์‚ฝ์ž…


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ฒ ํ•™์ž G A Cohen์€ ์ด์ƒ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌํšŒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋น„์œ ๋กœ ์บ ํ•‘ ์—ฌํ–‰์„ ์˜ˆ๋กœ ์ œ๊ณตํ•œ๋‹ค. ์บ ํ•‘ ์—ฌํ–‰์—์„œ, ์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด "๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์ €๋… ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ ๋‚˜์˜ ๋›ฐ์–ด๋‚œ ์š”๋ฆฌ ์†œ์”จ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋„ค๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋ˆ์„ ์ง€๋ถˆํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด ์ €๋…์„ ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์–ด."๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ƒ์ƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Š” ์ฃผ์žฅํ•œ๋‹ค. ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค, ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ €๋… ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ํ…ํŠธ๋ฅผ ์น˜๊ณ , ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋ฌผ์„ ์ •ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” ๋“ฑ, ๊ฐ์ž ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์— ๋งž์ถ”์–ด ์ผํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ์žฌํ™”๋“ค์€ ๊ณต์œ ๋˜๋ฉฐ, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด ์˜์‹์€ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ฐธ์—ฌ์ž๋“ค์„ ๋” ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ์ž ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์žฌ๋Šฅ์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€๊ฐ€๋กœ ์บ ํ•‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ตœ๋Œ€์˜ ๋ณด์ƒ์„ ์–ป์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ์บ ํ•‘์—ฌํ–‰์€ ๊ณง ์žฌ์•™๊ณผ ๋ถˆํ–‰์œผ๋กœ ๋๋‚  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ์‹์œผ๋กœ ํ–‰๋™ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์บ ํ•‘ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์€ ๋ง์ณ์งˆ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋” ํ‰๋“ฑํ•˜๊ณ  ํ˜‘๋ ฅํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ์—์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ์‚ถ์„ ์‚ด๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
The philosopher G A Cohen provides an example of a camping trip as a metaphor for the ideal society. On a camping trip, he argues, it is unimaginable that someone would say something like, "I cooked the dinner and therefore you can't eat it unless you pay me for my superior cooking skills." Rather, one person cooks dinner, another sets up the tent, another purifies the water, and so on, each in accordance with his or her abilities. All these goods are shared and a spirit of community makes all participants happier. A camping trip where each person attempted to gain the maximum rewards from the other campers in exchange for the use of his or her talents would quickly end in disaster and unhappiness. Moreover, the experience would be ruined if people were to behave in such a way. So, we would have a better life in a more equal and cooperative society.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• The philosopher G A Cohen provides an example of a camping trip as a metaphor for the ideal society.
  
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the
โ–ทphilosopher
์ฒ ํ•™์ž 
โ–ทprovides
~์„ ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทexample
์˜ˆ/๋ณธ๋ณด๊ธฐ 
โ–ทcamping
์บ ํ”„/์ˆ˜์šฉ์†Œ 
โ–ทtrip
์—ฌํ–‰/๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmetaphor
์€์œ /์•”์œ ์€์œ  
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทideal
์ด์ƒ์ ์ธ/์ด๋…์ ์ธ 
โ–ทsociety
์‚ฌํšŒ/์—ฐ๊ตฌํšŒ) .
์ฒ ํ•™์ž G A Cohen์€ ์ด์ƒ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌํšŒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋น„์œ ๋กœ ์บ ํ•‘ ์—ฌํ–‰์„ ์˜ˆ๋กœ ์ œ๊ณตํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The philosopher G A Cohen ์ˆ™์–ด[ provides an example of a camping ] trip as a metaphor for the ideal society.


 โ™• On a camping trip, he argues, it is unimaginable that someone would say something like, "I cooked the dinner and therefore you can't eat it unless you pay me for my superior cooking skills."
  
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on a
โ–ทcamping
์บ ํ”„/์ˆ˜์šฉ์†Œ 
โ–ทtrip
์—ฌํ–‰/๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทargues
๋…ผํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsomeone
๋ˆ„๊ตฐ๊ฐ€/์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsay
~๋ผ๊ณ  ์“ฐ์—ฌ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทsomething
๋ฌด์–ธ๊ฐ€/์–ด๋–ค ๊ฒƒ 
โ–ทlike
...๊ฐ™์€/์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทcooked
์š”๋ฆฌ์‚ฌ/์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdinner
์ €๋…์‹์‚ฌ/์ €๋… 
โ–ทtherefore
๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด/๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด 
โ–ทcan
์ง€ํŒก์ด/์„คํƒ•์ˆ˜์ˆ˜ 
โ–ทeat
๋จน๋‹ค/์Œ์‹ 
โ–ทunless
...ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹ค๋ฉด/์ œ์™ธํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทpay
์ง€๋ถˆํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทsuperior
์šฐ์ˆ˜ํ•œ/์ƒ์‚ฌ 
โ–ทcooking
์š”๋ฆฌ์‚ฌ/์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทskills
๊ธฐ์ˆ /์‹ค๋ ฅ ."
์บ ํ•‘ ์—ฌํ–‰์—์„œ, ์–ด๋–ค ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด "๋‚ด๊ฐ€ ์ €๋… ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ค€๋น„ํ–ˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ ๋‚˜์˜ ๋›ฐ์–ด๋‚œ ์š”๋ฆฌ ์†œ์”จ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋„ค๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์—๊ฒŒ ๋ˆ์„ ์ง€๋ถˆํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด ์ €๋…์„ ๋จน์„ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์–ด."๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ƒ์ƒํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Š” ์ฃผ์žฅํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: On a camping trip, he argues, it is unimaginable that someone would say something like, "I cooked the dinner and therefore you can't eat it unless you pay me for my superior cooking skills."


 โ™• Rather, one person cooks dinner, another sets up the tent, another purifies the water, and so on, each in accordance with his or her abilities.
  
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โ–ทrather
...๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š”/์˜คํžˆ๋ ค 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ/๊ฐœ์ธ 
โ–ทcooks
์š”๋ฆฌ์‚ฌ/์š”๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdinner
์ €๋…์‹์‚ฌ/์ €๋… 
โ–ทanother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๋˜ 
โ–ทsets
์„ธ์šฐ๋‹ค/์ •ํ•ด์ง„ 
โ–ทtent
ํ…ํŠธ 
โ–ทanother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๋˜ 
โ–ทwater
๋ฌผ/๋ฐ”๋‹ค 
โ–ทeach
๊ฐ.../ ๊ฐ์ž 
โ–ทaccordance
~์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ/์ผ์น˜ 
โ–ทhis
์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค/๊ธ‰ํžˆ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทher
์—ฌ๊ธฐ/์ด๊ณณ  abilities.
์˜คํžˆ๋ ค, ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ €๋… ์‹์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ํ…ํŠธ๋ฅผ ์น˜๊ณ , ๋˜ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๋ฌผ์„ ์ •ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” ๋“ฑ, ๊ฐ์ž ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์— ๋งž์ถ”์–ด ์ผํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Rather, one person cooks dinner, another sets up the tent, another purifies the water, and so on, each in accordance with his or her abilities.


 โ™• All these goods are shared and a spirit of community makes all participants happier.
  
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all these
โ–ทgoods
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ/์ด์ต/์ƒํ’ˆ 
โ–ทshared
๊ณต์œ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทspirit
์ •์‹ /์›๊ธฐ 
โ–ทcommunity
์‚ฌํšŒ ๊ณต๋™์ฒด 
โ–ทmakes
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค/๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทparticipants
์ฐธ๊ฐ€์ž  happier.
์ด ๋ชจ๋“  ์žฌํ™”๋“ค์€ ๊ณต์œ ๋˜๋ฉฐ, ๊ณต๋™์ฒด ์˜์‹์€ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ฐธ์—ฌ์ž๋“ค์„ ๋” ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: All these goods *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare sharedโŒ‹ and a spirit of community makes all participants happier.


 โ™• A camping trip where each person attempted to gain the maximum rewards from the other campers in exchange for the use of his or her talents would quickly end in disaster and unhappiness.
  
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a
โ–ทcamping
์บ ํ”„/์ˆ˜์šฉ์†Œ 
โ–ทtrip
์—ฌํ–‰/๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทeach
๊ฐ.../ ๊ฐ์ž 
โ–ทperson
์‚ฌ๋žŒ/๊ฐœ์ธ 
โ–ทattempted
์‹œ๋„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทgain
(์‹œ๊ณ„๊ฐ€)๋นจ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€๋‹ค/์ด์ต 
โ–ทmaximum
์ตœ๋Œ€/์ตœ๊ณ ) 
โ–ทrewards
๋ณด๋‹ต/์ƒ/๋ณด๋‹ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทexchange
๊ตํ™˜(ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhis
์„œ๋‘๋ฅด๋‹ค/๊ธ‰ํžˆ ๊ฐ€๋‹ค 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทher
์—ฌ๊ธฐ/์ด๊ณณ 
โ–ทtalents
์žฌ๋Šฅ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทquickly
๋นจ๋ฆฌ/๋น ๋ฅธ 
โ–ทend
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทdisaster
์žฌ๋‚œ/์žฌ์•™ 
โ–ทunhappiness
๋ถˆ์šด/๋ถˆํ–‰ .
๊ฐ์ž ์ž์‹ ์˜ ์žฌ๋Šฅ์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€๊ฐ€๋กœ ์บ ํ•‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ์ตœ๋Œ€์˜ ๋ณด์ƒ์„ ์–ป์œผ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ์บ ํ•‘์—ฌํ–‰์€ ๊ณง ์žฌ์•™๊ณผ ๋ถˆํ–‰์œผ๋กœ ๋๋‚  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: A camping trip where each person attempted to gain the maximum rewards from the other campers in exchange for the use of his or her talents would quickly end in disaster and unhappiness.


 โ™• Moreover, the experience would be ruined if people were to behave in such a way.
  
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โ–ทmoreover
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€/๋”์šฑ์ด 
โ–ทexperience
๊ฒฝํ—˜/์ฒดํ—˜ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbe
๋ฒŒ 
โ–ทruined
๋ง์น˜๋‹ค/์œ ์  
โ–ทpeople
์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค/๊ตญ๋ฏผ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทbehave
ํ–‰๋™ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทsuch
...๊ฐ™์€/๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ 
โ–ทway
๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•/๋ฐฉ์‹ .
๊ฒŒ๋‹ค๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ์‹์œผ๋กœ ํ–‰๋™ํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์บ ํ•‘ ๊ฒฝํ—˜์€ ๋ง์ณ์งˆ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Moreover, the experience would be ruined if people *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆwere to behaveโŒ‹ in such a way.


 โ™• So, we would have a better life in a more equal and cooperative society.
  
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so,
โ–ทwe
์•„์ฃผ ์ด๋ฅธ/์•„์ฃผ ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทwould
...ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค/ ...ํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbetter
๊ฐœ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทlife
์‚ถ/์ธ์ƒ์ƒ๋ฌผ 
โ–ทequal
๊ฐ๋‹นํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ~์™€ ๊ฐ™๋‹ค 
โ–ทsociety
์‚ฌํšŒ/์—ฐ๊ตฌํšŒ) .
๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๋” ํ‰๋“ฑํ•˜๊ณ  ํ˜‘๋ ฅํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ์—์„œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋” ๋‚˜์€ ์‚ถ์„ ์‚ด๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: So, we would have a better life in a more equal and cooperative society.


15 ์‚ฝ์ž…


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


ํ”ํžˆ ๊ณ ์ „ ๋™ํ™”์—์„œ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์€ ์˜๊ตฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ๋œ๋‹ค. ์˜ˆ์™ธ ์—†์ด ๋‚จ์ž ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต๊ณผ ์—ฌ์ž ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์€ ์˜์›ํžˆ ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค. ์ด์™€ ๋Œ€์กฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ๋งŽ์€ ์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ ์˜ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋“ค์€ ๋œ ํ™•์ •์ ์ธ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค. ํ”ํžˆ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ ์†์˜ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์€ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ ์œผ๋กœ๋งŒ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ๋˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์ด ๋“ฑ์žฅํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ด€๊ฐ๋“ค์„ ๋” ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋„๋ก ์ด๋ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ํŠนํžˆ ์Šค๋ฆด๋Ÿฌ์™€ ๊ณตํฌ๋ฌผ ์žฅ๋ฅด์— ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์žฅ๋ฅด์—์„œ ๊ด€๊ฐ๋“ค์€ ๋‚ด๋‚ด (์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ์—) ๋งค๋ฃŒ๋œ๋‹ค. Henrik Ibsen์˜ ํฌ๊ณก 'A Doll's House'๋ฅผ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ, ๊ทธ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ Nora๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์ •๊ณผ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ์ƒํ™œ์„ ๋– ๋‚œ๋‹ค. Nora๊ฐ€ ํ˜„๊ด€ ๋ฐ–์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๊ณ , "Nora๋Š” ์–ด๋””๋กœ ๊ฐ”์„๊นŒ", "๊ทธ๋…€์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ๊นŒ?"์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ๋‹ต์„ ์–ป์ง€ ๋ชปํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ๋“ค์ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‚จ๋Š”๋‹ค. ์—ด๋ฆฐ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์€ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ๋„๊ตฌ์ธ๋ฐ, ๊ด€๊ฐ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๊ณ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•œ๋‹ค.
In the classical fairy tale the conflict is often permanently resolved. Without exception, the hero and heroine live happily ever after. By contrast, many presentยญ-day stories have a less definitive ending. Often the conflict in those stories is only partly resolved, or a new conflict appears making the audience think further. This is particularly true of thriller and horror genres, where audiences are kept on the edge of their seats throughout. Consider Henrik Ibsen's play, A Doll's House, where, in the end, Nora leaves her family and marriage. Nora disappears out of the front door and we are left with many unanswered questions such as "Where did Nora go" and "What will happen to her?" An open ending is a powerful tool, providing food for thought that forces the audience to think about what might happen next.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• In the classical fairy tale the conflict is often permanently resolved.
  
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in the
โ–ทclassical
ํด๋ž˜์‹์˜/ํด๋ž˜์‹ ์Œ์•…์˜ 
โ–ทfairy
์š”์ •/๋‚จ์ž ๋™์„ฑ์• ์ž 
โ–ทtale
์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ/์†Œ์„ค 
โ–ทconflict
๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ/๋ถ„์Ÿ 
โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทpermanently
์˜์›ํžˆ/์˜๊ตฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ 
โ–ทresolved
determination/firmness of purpose .
ํ”ํžˆ ๊ณ ์ „ ๋™ํ™”์—์„œ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์€ ์˜๊ตฌ์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In the classical fairy tale the conflict is often permanently resolved.


 โ™• Without exception, the hero and heroine live happily ever after.
  
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โ–ทwithout
...์—†์ด/ ...ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  
โ–ทexception
์˜ˆ์™ธ/์ด์˜ 
โ–ทhero
์˜์›…/์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต 
โ–ทheroine
์—ฌ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต/์—ฌ์žฅ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทlive
์‚ด๋‹ค/์ƒํ™œํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappily
ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ/๊ธฐ๊บผ์ด 
โ–ทever
์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€/์ด์ „์— 
โ–ทafter
...ํ›„์—/ ...๋’ค์— .
์˜ˆ์™ธ ์—†์ด ๋‚จ์ž ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต๊ณผ ์—ฌ์ž ์ฃผ์ธ๊ณต์€ ์˜์›ํžˆ ํ–‰๋ณตํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์‚ฐ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Without exception, the hero and heroine live happily ever after.


 โ™• By contrast, many presentยญ-day stories have a less definitive ending.
  
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โ–ทby
์•ˆ๋…•/์ž˜๊ฐ€์š” 
โ–ทcontrast
๋Œ€์กฐ/๋Œ€๋น„ 
โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทpresent
ํ˜„์žฌ์˜/๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทless
๋œํ•œ/์ ๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทdefinitive
๊ฐ€์žฅ์‹ ๋ขฐํ• ๋งŒํ•œ 
โ–ทending
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง .
์ด์™€ ๋Œ€์กฐ์ ์œผ๋กœ, ๋งŽ์€ ์˜ค๋Š˜๋‚ ์˜ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋“ค์€ ๋œ ํ™•์ •์ ์ธ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์„ ๊ฐ€์ง„๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: By contrast, many presentยญ-day stories have a less definitive ending.


 โ™• Often the conflict in those stories is only partly resolved, or a new conflict appears making the audience think further.
  
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โ–ทoften
์ข…์ข…/์ž์ฃผ 
โ–ทconflict
๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ/๋ถ„์Ÿ 
โ–ทonly
๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค/์œ ์ผํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทpartly
๋ถ€๋ถ„์ ์œผ๋กœ/์ผ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทresolved
determination/firmness of purpose 
โ–ทor
๊ด‘์„/์›๊ด‘ 
โ–ทnew
์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด/์ƒˆ 
โ–ทconflict
๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ/๋ถ„์Ÿ 
โ–ทappears
~์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์ด๋‹ค/๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmaking
...ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค/๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทaudience
๊ด€๊ฐ/์ฒญ์ค‘ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfurther
๋”/๋” ๋‚˜์•„๊ฐ€ .
ํ”ํžˆ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ ์†์˜ ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์€ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์ ์œผ๋กœ๋งŒ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ๋˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ์ด ๋“ฑ์žฅํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ด€๊ฐ๋“ค์„ ๋” ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋„๋ก ์ด๋ˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Often the conflict in those stories is only partly resolved, or a new conflict appears *์‚ฌ์—ญ๋™์‚ฌโŒˆmaking the audience thinkโŒ‹ further.


 โ™• This is particularly true of thriller and horror genres, where audiences are kept on the edge of their seats throughout.
  
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this is
โ–ทparticularly
ํŠนํžˆ/ํŠน๋ณ„ํ•˜๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทtrue
์‚ฌ์‹ค/์ง„์ •ํ•œ 
โ–ทhorror
๊ณตํฌ 
โ–ทgenres
์žฅ๋ฅด/์œ ํ˜• 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทaudiences
๊ด€๊ฐ/์ฒญ์ค‘ 
โ–ทkept
๊ณ„์†ํ–ˆ๋‹ค/์œ ์ง€ํ–ˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทedge
๊ฐ€์žฅ์ž๋ฆฌ/๋ 
โ–ทseats
์ž๋ฆฌ์žก๋‹ค/์ž๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทthroughout
~๋‚ด๋‚ด/~๋™์•ˆ .
์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ํŠนํžˆ ์Šค๋ฆด๋Ÿฌ์™€ ๊ณตํฌ๋ฌผ ์žฅ๋ฅด์— ํ•ด๋‹นํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์žฅ๋ฅด์—์„œ ๊ด€๊ฐ๋“ค์€ ๋‚ด๋‚ด (์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ์—) ๋งค๋ฃŒ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: This is particularly true of thriller and horror genres *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ audiences are kept on the edge of their seats throughout.


 โ™• Consider Henrik Ibsen's play, A Doll's House, where, in the end, Nora leaves her family and marriage.
  
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โ–ทconsider
๊ณ ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทplay
๊ฒŒ์ž„ํ•˜๋‹ค/์—ญํ• ์„ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทdoll
์ธํ˜•/์ฐจ๋ ค ์ž…๋‹ค 
โ–ทhouse
์ง‘/์ฃผํƒ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทend
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทleaves
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋‘๋‹ค/ํœด๊ฐ€ 
โ–ทher
์—ฌ๊ธฐ/์ด๊ณณ 
โ–ทfamily
๊ฐ€์กฑ/๊ฐ€๋ฌธ 
โ–ทmarriage
๊ฒฐํ˜ผ/๋ถ€๋ถ€ ๊ด€๊ณ„ .
Henrik Ibsen์˜ ํฌ๊ณก 'A Doll's House'๋ฅผ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด ๋ณด๋ผ, ๊ทธ ์ž‘ํ’ˆ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ตญ Nora๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์ •๊ณผ ๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ์ƒํ™œ์„ ๋– ๋‚œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Consider Henrik Ibsen's play, A Doll's House *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹, in the end, Nora leaves her family and marriage.


 โ™• Nora disappears out of the front door and we are left with many unanswered questions such as "Where did Nora go" and "What will happen to her?"
  
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nora
โ–ทdisappears
์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋‹ค/์—†์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทout
๋‚˜๊ฐ€๋‹ค/๋ฐ–์— 
โ–ทfront
์•ž/์ „์„  
โ–ทdoor
๋ฌธ/๋„์–ด 
โ–ทwe
์•„์ฃผ ์ด๋ฅธ/์•„์ฃผ ์กฐ๊ธˆ 
โ–ทleft
๋‚จ์•˜๋‹ค/๋– ๋‚ฌ๋‹ค 
โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทquestions
์งˆ๋ฌธ/๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทsuch
as ~๊ฐ™์€/๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””/๊ณณ 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค/๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทher
์—ฌ๊ธฐ/์ด๊ณณ ?"
Nora๊ฐ€ ํ˜„๊ด€ ๋ฐ–์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๊ณ , "Nora๋Š” ์–ด๋””๋กœ ๊ฐ”์„๊นŒ", "๊ทธ๋…€์—๊ฒŒ ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ๊นŒ?"์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ๋‹ต์„ ์–ป์ง€ ๋ชปํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ์งˆ๋ฌธ๋“ค์ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‚จ๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Nora disappears out of the front door and we are left with many unanswered questions such as "Where *๋Œ€๋™์‚ฌโŒˆdidโŒ‹ Nora go" and "What will *1ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌโŒˆhappen toโŒ‹ her?"


 โ™• An open ending is a powerful tool, providing food for thought that forces the audience to think about what might happen next.
  
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an
โ–ทopen
์—ด๋‹ค/๊ฐœ๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทending
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทpowerful
๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ/ํŒŒ์›Œํ’€ํ•œ 
โ–ทtool
๋„๊ตฌ/์ˆ˜๋‹จ 
โ–ทproviding
~์„ ์ฃผ๋‹ค/์ค€๋น„ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹/์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทthought
์ƒ๊ฐ/์˜ˆ์ƒ 
โ–ทforces
๊ฐ•์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค/๊ตฐ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทaudience
๊ด€๊ฐ/์ฒญ์ค‘ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทthink
์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmight
...์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค/ ...ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค/๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทnext
๋‹ค์Œ์˜/์ดํ›„์˜ .
์—ด๋ฆฐ ๊ฒฐ๋ง์€ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ๋„๊ตฌ์ธ๋ฐ, ๊ด€๊ฐ์—๊ฒŒ ๋‹ค์Œ์— ๋ฌด์Šจ ์ผ์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๊ณ ํ•  ๊ฑฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: An open ending is a powerful tool *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆ, providingโŒ‹ food for thought that forces the audience to think about what might happen next.


16 ์š”์•ฝ


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋†€๋ž„ ๋งŒํผ ์˜๋ฆฌํ•œ ์กฐ๋ฅ˜์ด๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋‹ญ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์ƒˆ๋“ค๊ณผ ๋น„๊ตํ•˜์—ฌ ๋” ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋“ค์„ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ๋ถ€ํ™”ํ•œ ํ›„์— ๋‹ญ์€, ๋‘ฅ์ง€๋กœ ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ ธ๋‹ค ์ฃผ๋Š” ์–ด๋ฏธ์ƒˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์˜์กดํ•˜๋Š” ๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋ณด๋‹ค ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ถ„์ฃผํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ชผ์•„ ๋จน๋Š”๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‹ค ์ž๋ž์„ ๋•Œ ๋‹ญ์€ ๋งค์šฐ ์ œํ•œ์ ์ธ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๋Š” ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ์ง€๋‹Œ ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด, ๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๋Š” ๋ฐ ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ์œ ์—ฐํ•˜๋‹ค. ๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋˜ํ•œ (๊ฒฐ๊ตญ) ๋” ํฌ๊ณ  ๋” ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋ถ€ํ™”์™€ ๋‘ฅ์ง€๋ฅผ ๋– ๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ์‚ฌ์ด์— ์—ฐ์žฅ๋œ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„์„ ๊ฐ€์ง์œผ๋กœ์จ ์ง€๋Šฅ์„ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
Crows are a remarkably clever family of birds. They are capable of solving many more complex problems compared to other birds, such as chickens. After hatching, chickens peck busily for their own food much faster than crows, which rely on the parent bird to bring them food in the nest. However, as adults, chickens have very limited hunting skills whereas crows are much more flexible in hunting for food. Crows also end up with bigger and more complex brains. Their extended period between hatching and flight from the nest enables them to develop intelligence.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Crows are a remarkably clever family of birds.
  
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โ–ทcrows
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€/ํฌ๋กœ์šฐ 
โ–ทremarkably
ํ˜„์ €ํ•˜๊ฒŒ/๋‘๋“œ๋Ÿฌ์ง€๊ฒŒ 
โ–ทclever
์˜๋ฆฌํ•œ/๋˜‘๋˜‘ํ•œ 
โ–ทfamily
๊ฐ€์กฑ/๊ฐ€๋ฌธ 
โ–ทbirds
์ƒˆ/์กฐ๋ฅ˜ .
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋†€๋ž„ ๋งŒํผ ์˜๋ฆฌํ•œ ์กฐ๋ฅ˜์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Crows are a remarkably clever family of birds.


 โ™• They are capable of solving many more complex problems compared to other birds, such as chickens.
  
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they are
โ–ทcapable
~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”/์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทsolving
ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmany
๋งŽ์€/์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ 
โ–ทcomplex
๋ณต์žกํ•œ 
โ–ทproblems
๋ฌธ์ œ 
โ–ทcompared
๋น„๊ตํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทother
๋‹ค๋ฅธ/๊ธฐํƒ€์˜ 
โ–ทbirds
์ƒˆ/์กฐ๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทsuch
as ~๊ฐ™์€/๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ 
โ–ทchickens
๋‹ญ/์น˜ํ‚จ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋‹ญ๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์ƒˆ๋“ค๊ณผ ๋น„๊ตํ•˜์—ฌ ๋” ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋“ค์„ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: They are capable of solving many more complex problems *๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ_์ˆ˜๋™โŒˆcompared toโŒ‹ other birds, such as chickens.


 โ™• After hatching, chickens peck busily for their own food much faster than crows, which rely on the parent bird to bring them food in the nest.
  
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โ–ทafter
...ํ›„์—/ ...๋’ค์— 
โ–ทhatching
๋ถ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทchickens
๋‹ญ/์น˜ํ‚จ 
โ–ทpeck
ํŽ™/~์„ ์ชผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทown
์†Œ์œ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹/์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€/๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทfaster
๋” ๋นจ๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค/๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทcrows
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€/ํฌ๋กœ์šฐ 
โ–ทwhich
์–ด๋–ค/์–ด๋Š 
โ–ทrely
on ์˜์กดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทparent
๋ถ€๋ชจ/ํ•™๋ถ€๋ชจ 
โ–ทbird
์ƒˆ/์กฐ๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทbring
๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค/์ผ์œผํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹/์‹ํ’ˆ 
โ–ทnest
๋‘ฅ์ง€/๋ณด๊ธˆ์ž๋ฆฌ .
๋ถ€ํ™”ํ•œ ํ›„์— ๋‹ญ์€, ๋‘ฅ์ง€๋กœ ์ž์‹ ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ ธ๋‹ค ์ฃผ๋Š” ์–ด๋ฏธ์ƒˆ์—๊ฒŒ ์˜์กดํ•˜๋Š” ๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋ณด๋‹ค ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ๋นจ๋ฆฌ ๋ถ„์ฃผํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ž์‹ ์˜ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ชผ์•„ ๋จน๋Š”๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *๋ถ€์‚ฌ์ ˆ์ถ•์•ฝโŒˆAfter hatchingโŒ‹, chickens peck busily for their own food much faster than crows *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whichโŒ‹ rely on the parent bird to bring them food in the nest.


 โ™• However, as adults, chickens have very limited hunting skills whereas crows are much more flexible in hunting for food.
  
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โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜/ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทadults
์„ฑ์ธ/์–ด๋ฅธ 
โ–ทchickens
๋‹ญ/์น˜ํ‚จ 
โ–ทhave
๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค/5V.ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทvery
๋งค์šฐ/์•„์ฃผ 
โ–ทlimited
์ œํ•œ/ํ•œ๊ณ„ 
โ–ทhunting
์‚ฌ๋ƒฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทskills
๊ธฐ์ˆ /์‹ค๋ ฅ 
โ–ทwhereas
...์ž„์— ๋น„ํ•˜์—ฌ/ ...์ธ๋ฐ๋„ 
โ–ทcrows
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€/ํฌ๋กœ์šฐ 
โ–ทmuch
๋งŽ์€/๋งค์šฐ 
โ–ทflexible
๊ตฌ๋ถ€๋ฆฌ๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์šด/์œตํ†ต์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”์œ ์—ฐํ•œ 
โ–ทhunting
์‚ฌ๋ƒฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทfor
์•ž๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜/์ด๋ฌผ์— 
โ–ทfood
์Œ์‹/์‹ํ’ˆ .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‹ค ์ž๋ž์„ ๋•Œ ๋‹ญ์€ ๋งค์šฐ ์ œํ•œ์ ์ธ ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๋Š” ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ์„ ์ง€๋‹Œ ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด, ๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋จน์ด๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๋Š” ๋ฐ ์žˆ์–ด์„œ ํ›จ์”ฌ ๋” ์œ ์—ฐํ•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, as adults, chickens have very limited hunting skills whereas crows are much more flexible in hunting for food.


 โ™• Crows also end up with bigger and more complex brains.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทcrows
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€/ํฌ๋กœ์šฐ 
โ–ทend
๋ชฉ์ /๊ฒฐ๋ง 
โ–ทcomplex
๋ณต์žกํ•œ 
โ–ทbrains
๋‡Œ/๋‘๋‡Œ .
๊นŒ๋งˆ๊ท€๋Š” ๋˜ํ•œ (๊ฒฐ๊ตญ) ๋” ํฌ๊ณ  ๋” ๋ณต์žกํ•œ ๋‡Œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Crows also end up with bigger and more complex brains.


 โ™• Their extended period between hatching and flight from the nest enables them to develop intelligence.
  
Need_Help?
their
โ–ทextended
๋„“ํžˆ๋‹ค/๋ป—์น˜๋‹ค์—ฐ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทperiod
๊ธฐ๊ฐ„/์‹œ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทbetween
์‚ฌ์ด์—/ ...๊ฐ„์˜ 
โ–ทhatching
๋ถ€ํ™”ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทflight
๋น„ํ–‰/๋น„ํ–‰๊ธฐ 
โ–ทnest
๋‘ฅ์ง€/๋ณด๊ธˆ์ž๋ฆฌ 
โ–ทenables
๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทto
๋ฐœ๊ฐ€๋ฝ/๋ฐœ๋ 
โ–ทdevelop
๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทintelligence
์ •๋ณด/์ง€๋Šฅ .
๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋ถ€ํ™”์™€ ๋‘ฅ์ง€๋ฅผ ๋– ๋‚˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ์‚ฌ์ด์— ์—ฐ์žฅ๋œ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„์„ ๊ฐ€์ง์œผ๋กœ์จ ์ง€๋Šฅ์„ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Their extended period between hatching and flight from the nest 5ํ˜•์‹๋™์‚ฌ[ enables them to ] develop intelligence.

๐Ÿ‘โค๐ŸฟVOCAB. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ฒˆ ์“ฐ๋ฉด์„œ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜์„ธ์š”!!!
pole  
accord  ์ผ์น˜
addition  ์ถ”๊ฐ€;๋ถ€๊ฐ€
advis  
amount  ๊ธˆ์•ก;์–‘
analyz  ๋ถ„์„ํ•˜๋‹ค
anticipat  
appeal  ๋งค๋ ฅ;ํ˜ธ์†Œ๋ ฅ
appreciate  ์ดํ•ดํ•˜๋‹ค
approach  ๋‹ค๊ฐ€๊ฐ€๋‹ค;์ ‘๊ทผํ•˜๋‹ค
arrangement  ๋ฐฐ์—ด;์ค€๋น„
attach  ๋ถ™์ด๋‹ค
attach  ๋ถ™์ด๋‹ค;์ฒจ๋ถ€ํ•˜๋‹ค
attempt  ์‹œ๋„ํ•˜๋‹ค
attract  ๋งˆ์Œ์„ ๋Œ๋‹ค
attraction  ๋งค๋ ฅ
avail  
barrier  ์žฅ๋ฒฝ
behav  
behave  ํ–‰๋™ํ•˜๋‹ค
beneath  ~์•„๋ž˜์—
capable  ๋Šฅ๋ ฅ ์žˆ๋Š”;์œ ๋Šฅํ•œ
categoriz  
category  ๋ฒ”์ฃผ
clarify  ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ํ•˜๋‹ค
conflict  ๊ฐˆ๋“ฑ;๋…ผ์Ÿ
consequence  ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ
control  ํ†ต์ œ
cooperative  ํ˜‘๋ ฅ์ ์ธ
definit  
definitive  
depend  ์˜์กดํ•˜๋‹ค
differ  
disappear  ์‚ฌ๋ผ์ง€๋‹ค
disaster  ์žฌ๋‚œ
drown  
edge  ๊ฐ€์žฅ์ž๋ฆฌ
elevat  ์˜ฌ๋ผ๊ฐ€๋‹ค
employ  ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค(
enabl  
encourage  ๊ฒฉ๋ คํ•˜๋‹ค;ํ•˜๊ฒŒํ•˜๋‹ค
equal  ๊ฐ™์€;ํ‰๋“ฑํ•œ
escape  ํƒˆ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค
exception  
exchange  ๊ตํ™˜ํ•˜๋‹ค
explor  ํƒ๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค
expos  ๋…ธ์ถœ์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค
exposure  ๋…ธ์ถœ;์ ‘ํ•˜๊ฒŒ
extend  ํ™•๋Œ€ํ•˜๋‹ค
extended  ํ™•๋Œ€ํ•˜๋‹ค
failure  ์‹คํŒจ
fair  ๊ณต์ •ํ•œ;์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ
fellow  ๋™๋ฃŒ;์—ฐ๊ตฌ์›
flexible  ์œ ์—ฐํ•œ;์œ ์—ฐ์„ฑ
flood  ํ™์ˆ˜;๋ฒ”๋žŒํ•˜๋‹ค
force  ๊ฐ•์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค
frequent  ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํ•œ
frequently  ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํžˆ;์ข…์ข…
fundamental  ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ์ธ
fur  ๋ถ€๋“œ๋Ÿฌ์šด ํ„ธ;๋ชจํ”ผ
hang  ๋งค๋‹ฌ๋‹ค[
hatch  
headache  ๋‘ํ†ต
held  ์ฃผ์žฅํ•˜๋‹ค
horror  ๊ณตํฌ;์ „์œจ
hypothes  ๊ฐ€์„ค
ideal  ์ด์ƒ์ ์ธ
inexpensive  ๋น„์‹ธ์ง€ ์•Š์€
inspir  ์˜๊ฐ์„์ฃผ๋‹ค
inspiration  ์˜๊ฐ
instantly  
intent  ์˜์ง€;์˜ํ–ฅ
intention  
involv  ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋‹ค
layout  
lie  ~์— ์žˆ๋‹ค;๋†“์—ฌ์žˆ๋‹ค
limited  ์ œํ•œ๋œ
manipulate  ์กฐ์ข…ํ•˜๋‹ค
matter  ๋ฌธ์ œ;์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค
maximum  ์ตœ๊ณ 
means  ์ˆ˜๋‹จ
memorization  
metaphor  
miserable  ๋น„์ฐธํ•œ
mode  ๋ฐฉ์‹
moment  ์ˆœ๊ฐ„
motivat  ๋™๊ธฐ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
motivated  ์ ๊ทน์ ์ธ;๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
organ  ์˜ค๋ฅด๊ฐ„;์žฅ๊ธฐ
organiz  ์ •๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค
organizations  
organized  ์ •๋ฆฌํ•˜๋‹ค
pack  ์ง์„ ์‹ธ๋‹ค
painful  ๊ดด๋กœ์šด
participant  ์ฐธ๊ฐ€์ž
participation  ์ฐธ๊ฐ€
passion  ์—ด์ •
permanent  ์˜๊ตฌ์ ์ธ
permanently  
philosopher  ์ฒ ํ•™๊ฐ€
photograph  ์‚ฌ์ง„
photographer  ์‚ฌ์ง„์‚ฌ
policy  ์ •์ฑ…;๋ฐฉ์ฑ…
poll  
potent  
potential  ์ž ์žฌ๋ ฅ;๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ
principal  ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ;์šฐ๋‘๋จธ๋ฆฌ;๊ต์žฅ
productivity  ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ
project  ๊ณ„ํš;๊ณ„ํšํ•˜๋‹ค
proof  ์ฆ๊ฑฐ;์ฆ๋ช…
prove  ์ฆ๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค
quest  ํƒ๊ตฌ
range  ๋ฒ”์œ„;์˜์—ญ
reality  ํ˜„์‹ค
relate  ๊ด€๊ณ„์‹œํ‚ค๋‹ค
relation  ๊ด€๊ณ„
release  ~์„ ๋ฐฐ์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค;~์„ ์„๋ฐฉํ•˜๋‹ค
remark  ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค;์–ธ๊ธ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค
remarkably  ๋ˆˆ์—๋„๊ฒŒ;ํ˜„์ €ํ•˜๊ฒŒ
rental  
repeatedly  ๋ฐ˜๋ณตํ•ด์„œ
repetitive  
reputation  ๋ช…์„ฑ
require  ์š”๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค;ํ•„์š”๋กœ
resolve  
ruin  ๋ง๊ฐ€๋œจ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค;ํŒŒ๊ดดํ•˜๋‹ค
shared  ๊ณต์œ ๋œ ๊ณต์œ ํ•˜๋‹ค
sharp  ๋ช…๋ฐฑํ•œ
specific  ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์ธ;ํŠน์ •ํ•œ
spirit  ์˜ํ˜ผ;์ •์‹ 
stick  ๋ง‰๋Œ€๊ธฐ
strategies  ์ „๋žต
subject  ๋Œ€์ƒ;๋ฌผ์ฒด
superior  ์šฐ์ˆ˜ํ•œ
superior  ์šฐ์›”ํ•œ
surf  ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰ํ•˜๋‹ค
surround  ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ๋‹ค
surrounding  ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ธ๋‹ค
survive  ์‚ด์•„๋‚จ๋‹ค
threat  ์œ„ํ˜‘;ํ˜‘๋ฐ•
threaten  ์œ„ํ˜‘ํ•˜๋‹ค;ํ˜‘๋ฐ•ํ•˜๋‹ค
thrill  ์ „์œจ
transport  ๊ตํ†ต
transportation  ๊ตํ†ต
trust  ์‹ ๋ขฐ;์‹ ์šฉ
truthful  ์ •์งํ•œ์ง„์‹คํ•œ
uncomfortable  ๋ถˆํŽธํ•œ
uncover  ๋ฐœ๊ฒฌํ•˜๋‹ค
underwater  
variable  ๋ณ€ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์šด
vehicle  ์šด์†ก์ˆ˜๋‹จ
workout  ์—ฐ์Šต;์šด๋™
worth  
worthwhile  ํ• ๋ณด๋žŒ ์žˆ๋Š”;ํ›Œ๋ฅญํ•œ

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