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  From ๋ฆฌํŒŒ์œ ์™„2-1,2 2018 All Rights Reserved. Written by Wayne | Contact us: wayne36@daum.net | Web: wayne.tistory.com


MUSIC_BOX

2-1


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์ผ์ • ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ ์‹ฌ๋ฆฌ์  ๊ณผ์ œ๋Š” ํŒ€์˜ ์—ด์ •๊ณผ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์œ„์ถ•์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ์ ์ ˆํ•œ ํšŒ์˜์  ํƒœ๋„๋ฅผ ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ™œ๊ธฐ์™€ ๋‚™๊ด€์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ์ด์–ด์•ผ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์ƒ ์˜ˆ์ธก ๋ฌธ์„œ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ๋Š” ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ, ์ผ์ •์€ ๊ทธ์™€ ์ •๋ฐ˜๋Œ€์˜ ๊ด€์ ์—์„œ ๋‚˜์™€์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ผ์ด ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๊ธด ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆด ๊ฒƒ์ธ์ง€ ์ถ”์ •ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ธฐ์ž…๋˜๋Š” ์ˆซ์ž์—๋Š” ๋จธํ”ผ์˜ ๋ฒ•์น™("์ž˜๋ชป๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ž˜๋ชป๋˜๊ฒŒ ๋งˆ๋ จ์ด๋‹ค")์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ฐจ ์—†๊ณ  ์†”์งํ•œ ์กด์ค‘์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์ผ์ •์€ ์ตœ์ ์˜ ์กฐ๊ฑด์—์„œ ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ ๋œ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ๋Œ€์‹  ์ข‹์€ ์ผ์ •์€ ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ธฐ๋Œ€๋Œ€๋กœ ์ง„ํ–‰๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์Œ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฌด์—‡์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ๊ฒƒ์ธ์ง€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ์–ธ๊ธ‰ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ผ์ • ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์— ๊ฒ€์‚ฌ ๋ฐ ํ’ˆ์งˆ ๋ณด์ฆ ํŒ€์ด ์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ๋ฐ, ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์ž‘์—…์„ ์„ค๊ณ„ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ–ˆ๋˜ ๋Œ€๋กœ ํšŒ์˜์ ์ด๊ณ  ๋น„ํŒ์ ์ธ ์‹œ์„ ์„ ๋˜์ง€๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
A major psychological challenge for scheduling is to make use of proper skepticism, without deflating the passion and motivation of the team. Unlike the creation of a vision document, where spirit and optimism about the future must reign, a schedule has to come from the opposite perspective. The numbers that are written down to estimate how long things should take require a brutal and honest respect for Murphy's Law ("What can go wrong will go wrong"). Schedules should not reflect what might happen or could happen under optimal conditions. Instead, a good schedule declares what will happenโ€”despite several important things not going as expected. It's important to have the test / QA team involved in scheduling because they lend a naturally skeptical and critical eye to engineering work.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• A major psychological challenge for scheduling is to make use of proper skepticism, without deflating the passion and motivation of the team.
  
Need_Help?
a
โ–ทmajor
์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ, ํฐ 
โ–ทpsychological
์‹ฌ๋ฆฌํ•™์˜, ์ •์‹ ์˜ 
โ–ทchallenge
๋„์ „, ๋„์ „ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmake
~ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งŒ๋“ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทuse
์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทproper
์ ์ ˆํ•œ, ์ œ๋Œ€๋กœ 
โ–ทwithout
~์—†์ด, ~ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  
โ–ทpassion
์—ด์ •, ํฅ๋ฏธ 
โ–ทteam
ํŒ€, ๋ถ€ .
์ผ์ • ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ ์‹ฌ๋ฆฌ์  ๊ณผ์ œ๋Š” ํŒ€์˜ ์—ด์ •๊ณผ ๋™๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์œ„์ถ•์‹œํ‚ค์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ์ ์ ˆํ•œ ํšŒ์˜์  ํƒœ๋„๋ฅผ ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: A major psychological challenge for scheduling is to make use of proper skepticism, without deflating the passion and motivation of the team.


 โ™• Unlike the creation of a vision document, where spirit and optimism about the future must reign, a schedule has to come from the opposite perspective.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทunlike
~์™€๋Š” ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ, ๋‹ฎ์ง€ ์•Š์€ 
โ–ทcreation
์ฐฝ์ถœ, ์ œ์ž‘ 
โ–ทvision
์‹œ๋ ฅ, ํ†ต์ฐฐ๋ ฅ 
โ–ทdocument
๋ฌธ์„œ, ์„œ๋ฅ˜ 
โ–ทwhere
์–ด๋””, ๊ณณ 
โ–ทspirit
์ •์‹ , ์›๊ธฐ 
โ–ทoptimism
๋‚™๊ด€์ฃผ์˜, ๋‚™์ฒœ์ฃผ์˜ 
โ–ทfuture
๋ฏธ๋ž˜, ์•ž์˜ 
โ–ทreign
ํ†ต์น˜, ๊ตฐ๋ฆผ(ํ•˜๋‹ค) 
โ–ทschedule
์˜ˆ์ •, ์ผ์ • 
โ–ทcome
์˜ค๋‹ค, ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทopposite
์ •๋ฐ˜๋Œ€์˜, ์ƒ๋Œ€ 
โ–ทperspective
์›๊ทผ๋ฒ•,ํˆฌ์‹œ๋„๋ฒ• .
๋ฏธ๋ž˜์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ™œ๊ธฐ์™€ ๋‚™๊ด€์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ์ง€๋ฐฐ์ ์ด์–ด์•ผ ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๋ž˜์ƒ ์˜ˆ์ธก ๋ฌธ์„œ๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ๋Š” ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ, ์ผ์ •์€ ๊ทธ์™€ ์ •๋ฐ˜๋Œ€์˜ ๊ด€์ ์—์„œ ๋‚˜์™€์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Unlike the creation of a vision document *๊ด€๊ณ„์‚ฌ_๊ณ„์†์ ์šฉ๋ฒ•โŒˆ, whereโŒ‹ spirit and optimism about the future must reign, a schedule has to come from the opposite perspective.


 โ™• The numbers that are written down to estimate how long things should take require a brutal and honest respect for Murphy's Law ("What can go wrong will go wrong").
  
Need_Help?
the
โ–ทnumbers
์ˆ˜์น˜, ์ˆซ์ž 
โ–ทwritten
์“ด, ๋ฌธ์„œ์˜ 
โ–ทdown
๋‚ด๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทestimate
์–ด๋ฆผ์žก๋‹ค, ํ‰๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhow
์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ, ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ 
โ–ทlong
๊พธ๋ฌผ๋Œ€๋Š”, ๋™๊ฒฝํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทtake
(์‹œ๊ฐ„)์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ๊ฐ€์ง€๋‹ค 
โ–ทrequire
ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์š”๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทbrutal
์ž”์ธํ•œ, ๋ฌด์ž๋น„ํ•œ 
โ–ทhonest
์ •์งํ•œ, ์†”์งํ•œ 
โ–ทrespect
์กด๊ฒฝํ•˜๋‹ค, ์กด์ค‘ 
โ–ทmurphy
์•„์ผ๋žœ๋“œ ๊ฐ์ž,๋จธํ”ผ 
โ–ทlaw
๋ฒ•, ๋ฒ•์•ˆ 
โ–ทwrong
์ž˜๋ชป๋œ, ํ‹€๋ฆฐ 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทwrong
์ž˜๋ชป๋œ, ํ‹€๋ฆฐ ").
์ผ์ด ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๊ธด ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฑธ๋ฆด ๊ฒƒ์ธ์ง€ ์ถ”์ •ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ธฐ์ž…๋˜๋Š” ์ˆซ์ž์—๋Š” ๋จธํ”ผ์˜ ๋ฒ•์น™("์ž˜๋ชป๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ž˜๋ชป๋˜๊ฒŒ ๋งˆ๋ จ์ด๋‹ค")์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์ฐจ ์—†๊ณ  ์†”์งํ•œ ์กด์ค‘์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: The numbers that are written down to estimate how long things should take require a brutal and honest respect for *๋ณ‘๋ ฌ๊ตฌ์กฐ_์ˆ˜์ผ์น˜ โŒˆMurphy'sโŒ‹ Law ("What can go wrong will go wrong").


 โ™• Schedules should not reflect what might happen or could happen under optimal conditions.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทschedules
์˜ˆ์ •, ์ผ์ • 
โ–ทreflect
๋ฐ˜์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทmight
~์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅธ๋‹ค, ~ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทunder
์•„๋ž˜์˜, ~๋ฐ‘์— 
โ–ทconditions
์กฐ๊ฑด, ์ƒํ™ฉ .
์ผ์ •์€ ์ตœ์ ์˜ ์กฐ๊ฑด์—์„œ ์ผ์–ด๋‚ ์ง€๋„ ๋ชจ๋ฅด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ์•ˆ ๋œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Schedules should not reflect what might happen or could happen under optimal conditions.


 โ™• Instead, a good schedule declares what will happenโ€”despite several important things not going as expected.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทinstead
๋Œ€์‹ ์—, ๋ณด๋‹ค 
โ–ทgood
์ƒ๋‹นํ•œ, ์นœ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทschedule
์˜ˆ์ •, ์ผ์ • 
โ–ทdeclares
์„ ์–ธํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋งํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทwill
์˜์ง€, ์œ ์–ธ์žฅ 
โ–ทhappen
์ผ์–ด๋‚˜๋‹ค, ๋ฐœ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทseveral
๋ช‡, ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๊ฐ€์ง€์˜ 
โ–ทimportant
์ค‘์š”ํ•œ, ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ 
โ–ทthings
๊ฒƒ, ์ผ 
โ–ทgoing
๊ฐ€๊ธฐ, ๊ณ„์† 
โ–ทexpected
์˜ˆ์ƒํ•˜๋‹ค, ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋‹ค .
๊ทธ ๋Œ€์‹  ์ข‹์€ ์ผ์ •์€ ๋ช‡ ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ธฐ๋Œ€๋Œ€๋กœ ์ง„ํ–‰๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์Œ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฌด์—‡์ด ์ผ์–ด๋‚  ๊ฒƒ์ธ์ง€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ์–ธ๊ธ‰ํ•œ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Instead, a good schedule declares what will happenโ€”despite several important things not going as expected.


 โ™• It's important to have the test / QA team involved in scheduling because they lend a naturally skeptical and critical eye to engineering work.
  
Need_Help?
it's
โ–ทimportant
์ค‘์š”ํ•œ, ์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ 
โ–ทtest
์‹œํ—˜, ์‹คํ—˜ 
โ–ทteam
ํŒ€, ๋ถ€ 
โ–ทinvolved
๊ด€๋ จ๋œ, ๊ด€์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทbecause
~๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ์™œ๋ƒํ•˜๋ฉด 
โ–ทlend
๋Œ€์ถœํ•˜๋‹ค, ๋นŒ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทnaturally
์ž์—ฐ์Šค๋Ÿฝ๊ฒŒ, ๋‹น์—ฐํžˆ 
โ–ทcritical
์ค‘์š”ํ•œ, ๋น„ํŒ์ ์ธ 
โ–ทeye
๋ˆˆ, ์‹œ์„  
โ–ทengineering
๊ธฐ์ˆ ์ž, ์—”์ง€๋‹ˆ์–ด 
โ–ทwork
์ผํ•˜๋‹ค, ์ž‘ํ’ˆ .
์ผ์ • ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์— ๊ฒ€์‚ฌ ๋ฐ ํ’ˆ์งˆ ๋ณด์ฆ ํŒ€์ด ์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ๋ฐ, ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์ž‘์—…์„ ์„ค๊ณ„ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ƒ๊ฐํ–ˆ๋˜ ๋Œ€๋กœ ํšŒ์˜์ ์ด๊ณ  ๋น„ํŒ์ ์ธ ์‹œ์„ ์„ ๋˜์ง€๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: It's important to have the test / QA te*์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆam involvedโŒ‹ in scheduling because they lend a naturally skeptical and critical eye to engineering work.


2-2


๐Ÿ‘บ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ œ๋ฐœ ์ฝ์ง€์ข€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”.


์•„๋™๋„์„œ๊ด€ ์‚ฌ์„œ๋“ค์€ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ๊ณผ์ •์— ์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ๋‹ค. ๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ๋” ์ž‘์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๋„์„œ๊ด€์—์„œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋‹จ์ง€ ๋‹ค์Œ ํ•ด์— ์จ์•ผ ํ•  ์•ก์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ํ†ต๋ณด๋งŒ ๋ฐ›์„ ๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ๊ณผ์ •์˜ ์ดˆ๊ธฐ์— ๊ทธ ์ž๊ธˆ์ด ์™œ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํƒ€๋‹นํ•œ ์ด์œ ๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•ด์„œ ๋‹ค์Œ ํ•ด์— ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ง‘ํ–‰๋ถ€์—๊ฒŒ ์•Œ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋™๋„์„œ๊ด€ ์‚ฌ์„œ์˜ ์ฑ…์ž„์ด๋‹ค. ์ž‘๋…„์˜ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์ด ๋ถˆ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์™œ ์ถ”๊ฐ€์ ์ธ ์ž๊ธˆ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์ง€๋ฅผ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๋ผ. ๊ตฌ์‹์ด๋ฉฐ ๋‚ก์€ ์†Œ์žฅ ๋„์„œ ์˜์—ญ์— ๊ด€ํ•ด ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด, ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ๋ˆ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๋Š” ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์ธ ์ง„์ˆ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฌผ์„ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์˜ฌ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋” ํฌ๋‹ค. ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ž๋‚˜ ๊ต์žฅ์ด ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ์ค€๋น„์— ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋„๋ก ์ž๋ฃŒ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ์š”์ฒญ์„ ์„œ๋ฉด์œผ๋กœ ํ•˜๋ผ.
Children's librarians frequently do not get involved in the budget process. In many smaller libraries, they are just informed of the amount they have to spend in the coming year. However, it is the responsibility of the children's librarian to inform the administration early in the budget process of needs for the next year, including a justification of why the funds are needed. If the budget for the previous year was inadequate, explain why additional funds are needed. Being specific about areas of the collection which are dated and worn is more likely to bring results than a general statement that more money is needed. Put the materials budget request in writing so the director or principal has it available for budget preparation.



์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋„ค๋ฒ„ ํ•ด์„ํ•˜์ง€ ๋งˆ์„ธ์š”. 1๋“ฑ๊ธ‰ ๋˜๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”~โค๏ธ


 โ™• Children's librarians frequently do not get involved in the budget process.
  
Need_Help?
children's
โ–ทlibrarians
์‚ฌ์„œ, ๋„์„œ๊ด€์› 
โ–ทfrequently
์ž์ฃผ, ์ข…์ข… 
โ–ทdo
์กฐ๋™์‚ฌ, ํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทget
๋ฐ›๋‹ค, ์–ป๋‹ค 
โ–ทinvolved
๊ด€๋ จ๋œ, ๊ด€์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” 
โ–ทbudget
์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์•ˆ, ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ 
โ–ทprocess
๊ฒฝ๊ณผ, ๊ณผ์ • .
์•„๋™๋„์„œ๊ด€ ์‚ฌ์„œ๋“ค์€ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ๊ณผ์ •์— ์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Children's librarians frequently do not get *๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ_์ˆ˜๋™โŒˆinvolved inโŒ‹ the budget process.


 โ™• In many smaller libraries, they are just informed of the amount they have to spend in the coming year.
  
Need_Help?
in many
โ–ทsmaller
๋” ์ž‘์€, small์˜ ๋น„๊ต๊ธ‰ 
โ–ทjust
๊ฒƒ๋งŒ, ๊ทธ๋ƒฅ 
โ–ทinformed
์•Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ํ†ต๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทamount
์ด๊ณ„, ์ด๊ณ„ โ€ฆ์ด ๋˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทspend
๋ณด๋‚ด๋‹ค, ์“ฐ๋‹ค 
โ–ทcoming
์˜ค๋Š”, ๋‹ค๊ฐ€์˜ค๋Š” 
โ–ทyear
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด .
๊ทœ๋ชจ๊ฐ€ ๋” ์ž‘์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๋„์„œ๊ด€์—์„œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋‹จ์ง€ ๋‹ค์Œ ํ•ด์— ์จ์•ผ ํ•  ์•ก์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ํ†ต๋ณด๋งŒ ๋ฐ›์„ ๋ฟ์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: In many smaller libraries, they are just informed of the amount they have to spend in the coming year.


 โ™• However, it is the responsibility of the children's librarian to inform the administration early in the budget process of needs for the next year, including a justification of why the funds are needed.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทhowever
๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ 
โ–ทresponsibility
์ฑ…์ž„, ์˜๋ฌด 
โ–ทlibrarian
์‚ฌ์„œ, ๋„์„œ๊ด€์› 
โ–ทinform
์•Œ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค, ํ†ต๋ณดํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทadministration
์ •๋ถ€, ํ–‰์ • 
โ–ทearly
์ดˆ, ์ผ์ฐ 
โ–ทbudget
์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์•ˆ, ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ 
โ–ทprocess
๊ฒฝ๊ณผ, ๊ณผ์ • 
โ–ทneeds
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค 
โ–ทnext
๋‹ค์Œ์˜, ์ดํ›„์˜ 
โ–ทyear
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด 
โ–ทincluding
ํฌํ•จํ•ด, ๋“ฑ 
โ–ทjustification
์ •๋‹นํ™”, ๋ณ€๋ช… 
โ–ทwhy
์™œ, ์–ด๋•Œ์š” 
โ–ทfunds
์ž๊ธˆ, ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทneeded
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค .
ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ๊ณผ์ •์˜ ์ดˆ๊ธฐ์— ๊ทธ ์ž๊ธˆ์ด ์™œ ํ•„์š”ํ•œ์ง€์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํƒ€๋‹นํ•œ ์ด์œ ๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•ด์„œ ๋‹ค์Œ ํ•ด์— ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ง‘ํ–‰๋ถ€์—๊ฒŒ ์•Œ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋™๋„์„œ๊ด€ ์‚ฌ์„œ์˜ ์ฑ…์ž„์ด๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: However, it is the responsibility of the children's librarian to inform the administration early in the budget process of needs for the next year, *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆincludingโŒ‹ a justification of why the funds *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare neededโŒ‹.


 โ™• If the budget for the previous year was inadequate, explain why additional funds are needed.
  
Need_Help?
if the
โ–ทbudget
์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์•ˆ, ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ 
โ–ทprevious
์ด์ „์˜, ์•ž์„  
โ–ทyear
์—ฐ๋„, ํ•ด 
โ–ทinadequate
๋ถ€์กฑํ•œ, ๋ถ€์ ์ ˆํ•œ 
โ–ทexplain
์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๋‹ค, ์•Œ๋ ค์ฃผ๋‹ค 
โ–ทwhy
์™œ, ์–ด๋•Œ์š” 
โ–ทadditional
์ถ”๊ฐ€์˜, ๋” 
โ–ทfunds
์ž๊ธˆ, ํˆฌ์žํ•˜๋‹ค 
โ–ทneeded
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค .
์ž‘๋…„์˜ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์ด ๋ถˆ์ถฉ๋ถ„ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด, ์™œ ์ถ”๊ฐ€์ ์ธ ์ž๊ธˆ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์ง€๋ฅผ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: If the budget for the previous year was inadequate, explain why additional funds *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare neededโŒ‹.


 โ™• Being specific about areas of the collection which are dated and worn is more likely to bring results than a general statement that more money is needed.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทbeing
~๊ฒƒ, ~๋จ 
โ–ทspecific
ํŠน์ •ํ•œ, ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์ธ 
โ–ทareas
๋ฉด์ , ์ง€์—ญ 
โ–ทcollection
์ „์‹œํšŒ, ์ปฌ๋ ‰์…˜ 
โ–ทdated
๋‚ ์งœ๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š”, ๊ตฌ์‹์˜ 
โ–ทworn
์ž…๋˜, ๋‚ก์€ 
โ–ทlikely
๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ ์žˆ๋Š”, ํ•  ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€ 
โ–ทbring
๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๋‹ค๋‹ˆ๋‹ค, ์ผ์œผํ‚ค๋‹ค 
โ–ทresults
๊ฒฐ๊ตญ, ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ 
โ–ทthan
๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋‹ค๋ฆ„์•„๋‹Œ 
โ–ทgeneral
์ผ๋ฐ˜์˜, ์žฅ๊ตฐ 
โ–ทstatement
๋ฐœํ‘œ, ๋งํ•จ 
โ–ทmoney
๋ˆ, ์ž๊ธˆ 
โ–ทneeded
ํ•„์š”, ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค .
๊ตฌ์‹์ด๋ฉฐ ๋‚ก์€ ์†Œ์žฅ ๋„์„œ ์˜์—ญ์— ๊ด€ํ•ด ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋งํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด, ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ๋ˆ์ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๋Š” ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์ธ ์ง„์ˆ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฌผ์„ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์˜ฌ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅ์„ฑ์ด ๋” ํฌ๋‹ค.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: *ํ‘œํ˜„์ฃผ์˜โŒˆ *๋™๋ช…์‚ฌS/๋ถ„์‚ฌ๊ตฌ๋ฌธโŒˆBeingโŒ‹โŒ‹ specific about areas of the collection which *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆare datedโŒ‹ and worn is more likely to bring results than a general statement that more money *์ˆ˜๋™ํƒœโŒˆis neededโŒ‹.


 โ™• Put the materials budget request in writing so the director or principal has it available for budget preparation.
  
Need_Help?

โ–ทput
๋„ฃ๋‹ค, ๋‘๋‹ค 
โ–ทmaterials
์ž๋ฃŒ, ๋ฌผ์งˆ์˜ 
โ–ทbudget
์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์•ˆ, ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ 
โ–ทrequest
์š”์ฒญ, ์š”๊ตฌ 
โ–ทwriting
์“ฐ๊ธฐ, ์ž‘๋ฌธ 
โ–ทdirector
๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ž, ๊ฐ๋… 
โ–ทprincipal
์ฃผ์š”ํ•œ, ์žฅ(้•ท), ๊ต์žฅ 
โ–ทavailable
์ด์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”, ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ 
โ–ทbudget
์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์•ˆ, ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ 
โ–ทpreparation
์ค€๋น„, ๋Œ€๋น„ .
๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ž๋‚˜ ๊ต์žฅ์ด ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ์ค€๋น„์— ์ด์šฉํ•˜๋„๋ก ์ž๋ฃŒ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ ์š”์ฒญ์„ ์„œ๋ฉด์œผ๋กœ ํ•˜๋ผ.
๋ฌธ๋ฒ•๋ถ„์„: Put the materials budget request in writing so the director or principal has it available for budget preparation.

๐Ÿ‘โค๐ŸฟVOCAB. ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๋ฒˆ ์“ฐ๋ฉด์„œ ์—ฐ์Šตํ•˜์„ธ์š”!!!
addition  ์ถ”๊ฐ€;๋ถ€๊ฐ€
additional  ๋ถ€๊ฐ€์ ์ธ
administration  
amount  ๊ธˆ์•ก;์–‘
avail  
budget  ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ;~์˜ ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์„ ์งœ๋‹ค
creation  ์ฐฝ์กฐ;์ฐฝ์กฐ๋ฌผ
critic  ๋น„ํŒ๊ฐ€
critical  ๋น„ํŒ์ ์ธ;์ค‘์š”ํ•œ
declar  
estimat  ์ถ”์ •ํ•˜๋‹ค
estimate  ๊ฒฌ์ ;ํ‰๊ฐ€
expected  ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜๋‹ค
frequent  ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํ•œ
frequently  ๋นˆ๋ฒˆํžˆ;์ข…์ข…
gene  ์œ ์ „์ž
inadequate  ๋ถ€์ ์ ˆํ•œ
including  (์ „์น˜์‚ฌ)ํฌํ•จํ•˜์—ฌ
involv  ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋‹ค
involved  ํฌํ•จํ•˜๋‹ค
justification  ์ •๋‹นํ™”
motivat  ๋™๊ธฐ๋ถ€์—ฌํ•˜๋‹ค
motivation  ๋™๊ธฐ
opposite  ์ •๋ฐ˜๋Œ€์˜;๋งž์€ํŽธ์˜
optimal  
passion  ์—ด์ •
perspective  ์›๊ทผ๋ฒ•;ํˆฌ์‹œํ™”๋ฒ•
preparation  ์ค€๋น„
previous  ์ด์ „์˜
principal  ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ;์šฐ๋‘๋จธ๋ฆฌ;๊ต์žฅ
process  ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ
proper  ์ ๋‹นํ•œ
psychological  ์‹ฌ๋ฆฌ์ ์ธ
reflect  ๋ฐ˜์‚ฌํ•˜๋‹ค;๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•˜๋‹ค
reign  ํ†ต์น˜
request  ์š”๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค;์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋‹ค
require  ์š”๊ตฌํ•˜๋‹ค;ํ•„์š”๋กœ
responsibility  ์ฑ…์ž„
specific  ๊ตฌ์ฒด์ ์ธ;ํŠน์ •ํ•œ
spirit  ์˜ํ˜ผ;์ •์‹ 
statement  ์ง„์ˆ 

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2018 All Rights Reserved. Written by Wayne | Contact us: wayne36@daum.net | Web: wayne.tistory.com


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